When in bloom, American pennyroyal attracts a number of pollinators and other beneficial insects , including carpenter bees and dagger bees. Keep in mind, however, when using European pennyroyal that it can be a bit invasive, like its mint relatives, and may spread out into unwanted areas if it is not regularly cut back or contained with strong, deep borders to block its roots from spreading out. American pennyroyal, on the other hand, is not invasive, but still has pest deterring potential as a companion plant in garden beds. There are two different kinds of pennyroyal, both of which are toxic, and both of which are used as flea deterrents and pest repellants, and both of which have potential as a protective companion plant for pest prone plants in the garden.
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Compiled by Marc Williams marc botanyeveryday. The Mint family is one family everyone should know! Almost all mints have square stems and opposite leaves. Though, not all square stemmed opposite leaved plants are mints. They all also have four stamens, with two long two short, a united corolla with two lobes up and three lobes down. Many members have characteristic aromas and pointed leaves with edge serrations.
Several members volunteer readily and often grow wild. They often bring beneficial insects to the garden while repelling pests. They are a great source for edible flowers. Many plants in this family aid digestion and soothe stomachaches. Taxonomy :. Food :. The Lamiaceae is a big family for culinary flavors and many members have characteristic smells including Basil Ocimum basilicum , Oregano Origanum vulgare , Marjoram Origanum majorana , Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis , Lavender Lavandula spp.
Sage Salvia spp. The leaves of Teak Tectona grandis are used in the Javanese dish Gudeg and to culture the rhizopus spores of tempeh while the wood is used to color Easter eggs in Germany and flavoring the liquor Arrack elsewhere Facciola,The leaves of Malay Bushbeech Gmelina arborea are used by the Dai people of China for a traditional New Year cake while the yellow fruits are edible as well Facciola,Medicine :.
Many of the plants from the Lamiaceae can and have been traditionally used as medicine all over the world Tierra,One common use is for stomachaches. Particularly famous medicines include Skullcap Scutellaria spp.
The aptly named Chaste Trees Vitex agnus-castus , V. Frank Cook cited Stephen Buhner with the information that Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea can remove heavy metals in his copy of Botany in a Day 5 th ed. Particular plants favored by Juliet Blankespoor www. Toxicity :. Contact dermatitis can also occur from the houseplant Coleus Solenostemon scutellarioides. Insects :. Bees love many members of the Lamiaceae.
The naturally occurring compound Thymol is also a natural insecticide against mites that infest bee hives. Members of the Lamiaceae also often bring in beneficial insects to the garden. The Hermit sphinx moth is hosted by Mints Tallamy,Many members of the Lamiaceae also attract butterflies D. Stokes, L. Chaste Tree Vitex attracts almost any butterfly around when it is flowering including Hairstreaks, Blues and Swallowtails Lewis,Invasiveness :. Quite a few introduced members of the Lamiaceae are aggressive and can take over areas.
Burrell,Two Weevils Phrydiuchus tau and P. Dye Plants :. Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca Bugleweeds Lycopus spp. Fern,Krochmal,Crafts :. Sachets can be made from many members. Several members also make good dry flowers. Sages, Bergamots and Mountain Mints may be dried to good effect in particular. Many members of the Lamiaceae make good cut flowers i.
Bee Balm Monarda spp. Clerodendrum Clerodendrum spp. We have one species called Harlequin Glorybower Clerodendrum trichotomum that is just barely hardy in Asheville. Many other members from this family are famous ornamentals. Literature Cited. Ball, D. Weeds of the West. Whitson, R. Cudney, Eds. Jackson, WY: University of Wyoming. Bliss, A. North American Dye Plants. Loveland, CO: Interweave Press. Buchanan, R. Burrell, C. Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants.
Coombs, E. Couplan, F. Elpel, T. Facciola, S. Vista, CA: Kampong Publications. Fern, K. Plants for a future - useful plants database. Plants For a Future. Frohne, D. Heywood, V. Flowering Plant Families of the World Revised. Hogan, S. Flora Vols. Krochmal, A. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Lewis, A. Butterfly Gardens. Royer, F. Weeds of the Northern U. Winnipeg, Manitoba: University of Alberta Press. Spears, P. Stokes, D. New York: Little, Brown and Company. Tallamy, D. Portland, OR: Timber Press. Tierra, M. Planetary Herbology 1st ed.
Toggle navigation. Food : The Lamiaceae is a big family for culinary flavors and many members have characteristic smells including Basil Ocimum basilicum , Oregano Origanum vulgare , Marjoram Origanum majorana , Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis , Lavender Lavandula spp. Medicine : Many of the plants from the Lamiaceae can and have been traditionally used as medicine all over the world Tierra,Insects : Bees love many members of the Lamiaceae.
Invasiveness : Quite a few introduced members of the Lamiaceae are aggressive and can take over areas. Crafts : Sachets can be made from many members.
Literature Cited Ball, D. Donate to Botany Every Day.
Your help is appreciated. We depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to date for you. Can you please help us? Copyright: various copyright holders. To reuse an image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Non-native: introduced intentionally or unintentionally ; has become naturalized.
Healthy soil yields healthy plants. Proper soil care will help grow high- yielding herbs. Cultivation. Before planting herbs, make sure weeds are.
Delicate blue-flowered annual naturally found at the edges of woods and on shady country paths. Rubbing the leaves on oneself will repel mosquitos and ticks - also a well-known flea repellant. Long history of medicinal use but ingestion has it's risks. Naturalizes easily. All rights reserved. Request Price List. C ompanion Plants We carry hundreds of common and exotic live herb plants and seeds.
This name is reported by Lamiaceae as an accepted name in the genus Hedeoma family Lamiaceae. Upland woods; N. Explore the data Find out about Check a plant name. Sign in.
Plants with enough water will grow as perennials but also reseed readily. Sweet, tiny flowers with foliage that has a pleasant mint-like scent.
Ah, summer is here, at least that is what the calendar says. My idea of summer is sitting on the porch with a cool glass of any iced drink to which mint has been added. No matter how hot it is, mint makes it feel so much cooler. Mint is very versatile. It enhances food, is used in cosmetics and medicines, and is often considered a weed as it is so easy to grow. No matter whether mint is native or hybridized, it is easily recognized by its fragrance and its unique square stem.
Gardening is beneficial to your health. There has been plenty of evidence to show that gardening is beneficial to the mind, body, and spirit — not just. There has been plenty of evidence to show that gardening is beneficial to the mind, body, and spirit — not just your yard. Gardens and landscapes have long been used as stress relievers. And it turns out that there are a number of reasons why garden plants might help us feel joyful. Gardening can do wonders for your self-esteem.
Hedeoma Persoon sect. mm; plants sparsely villous, puberulent; leaves ovate to ovate- South China Botanical Garden Herbarium Type Specimens.
So every spring I carefully map out a garden plan complete with successive plantings and companion plants neatly pencilled in. Along with my usual beans and greens, I order packets of seeds for plants with long Latin names I can barely pronounce. By July my garden bears no resemblance to those carefully drafted plans neatly tucked into my garden notebook and languishing beneath a pile of stuff accumulating on the hutch. By July, my garden is wild.
Hedeoma pulegioides L. Lamiaceae The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated. General Information Hedeoma pulegioides is an annual plant that can grow up to 0.
Both American Hedeoma pulegioides and European Pennyroyal Mentha Pulegium contain pulegone and have been used interchangeably. This fragrant terpenoid ketone is one that can provide potent benefits or fatal consequences depending upon how it is used. Finding a patch of this useful plant along a woodland edge delighted me and came at a perfect time when I was considering potency and responsible use of herbs and their essential oils. Pennyroyal is the perfect herbal poster child for this topic. Some dogs will roll in a patch when they come across it, effectively self-treating themselves instinctively.
Compiled by Marc Williams marc botanyeveryday. The Mint family is one family everyone should know! Almost all mints have square stems and opposite leaves.