The appetite of a rabbit can cause problems every season of the year. Rabbits eat flowers and vegetables in spring and summer. In fall and winter, they damage and kill valuable woody plants. Rabbit damage can be identified by the characteristic appearance of gnawing on older woody growth and the clean-cut, degree angled clipping of young stems. Distinctive round droppings in the immediate area are a good sign of their presence too.
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Rabbit Farming. Angora rabbit farming Angora rabbits are mainly raised for their wool, which is known for its quality. Angora rabbits are of many types.
The differences are mainly in the amount of wool produced and the percentage of guard hair in the wool. Among the various types, German Angora is the best and annually yield to gm of wool under ideal management practices. Rabbits can be adopted to any set of circumstances right from a kitchen garden to a large intensive commercial enterprise. The wool produced by rabbits are preferred for manufacturing of high value woollens which have got very good export potential.
The advantages of rabbit farming are i Rabbits are highly prolific in nature ii Consume a large amount of forages from diverse origins and so can be reared on small amounts of costly concentrates. Vii Apart from providing wool rabbits also provides income from manure etc. Scope for rabbit farming and it's national importance: Rabbit farming is another livestock activity with great scope as it is relatively easy, rewarding and takes little space compared to other livestock activities.
Rabbit farming can also provide a very valuable additional source of income in the rural areas. Another important consideration is food production cycle, which shows that rabbit need not be in competition with man for it's food.
For producing high quality woollens, blending with other fine quality fibres is essential. The other livestock species which is source of wool is sheep. The wool produced by Indian sheep breeds are of not fine quality. Therefore, currently we are importing the fine wool. The wool from Angora Rabbits is of very high quality and it's blending with carpet wool of sheep and silk improves the quality of woollens to a great extent. Further, it has created adequate infrastructure for training of the interested farmers for taking up the rabbit farming on scientific lines.
However, Angora rabbit can be reared only in hill areas. Therefore, Angora rabbit rearing is a boon to the farmers of hill areas, where the scope for other livestock activities is very limited. Package of common management practices recommended for rabbit farming: Well established scientific management practices should be adopted to maximise the economic benefits from rabbit farming.
The major norms and recommended practices are given below: Selection of breed: Select right type of the breed for maximization of economic benefits. Various wool type of rabiit breeds and their characteristic features are given in Annexure - II. Breeding males and females should be of different sire lines, below one year of age, devoid of visual deformities like patchy wool, buck teeth, sore hock, visual reproductive defects and should be true to the breed.
Purchase of breeding stock should be avoided from rabbitries with high incidence of diseases like pneumonia, sore hock, coccidiosis, enteritis or with poor reproductive efficiency i. Location and Housing: 4. Ensure adequate facility for clean water, electricity, approach road, supply of breeding stock, feed, fodders, veterinary aid and nearness to market for sale of wool and meat of culled animals. For small size rabbit farms hutch system may be adopted which is a self contained cage-cum-nest box with it's own roof.
In case of larger farms cages may be arranged inside the sheds in single or two tier under hanging or step wise rack system. Provide adequate floor space per rabbit. The space hutch sizes requirement for different categories of rabbits is given in Annexure - III.
Rabbitry roofing should be preferably of asbestos, wood, thatch or other locally available cheaper materials. Construct sheds in such a way that predators and birds do not enter the shed. In case of open hutches proper fencing should be provided to protect the rabbits from their predators.
Construct rat proof civil structures for feed and wool storage. Rabbit cages should be cleaned regularly, especially disinfected before kindling. Feeders and waterers should be cleaned regularly and mash feed should be removed from the feeders which can be used for feeding other livestock species. Equipment:Use scientifically designed cages and equipment. The ideal guage for floor of the cage is with a mesh size of 19x19 mm or 25x13 mm. The walls and roof can be constructed with lighter guage i.
The feeders should be designed and placed in such a manner that the feed can be poured from outside and should beThe watering equipment of ml. Feeding:Production performance depends upon the quality of feed offered. For high production levels balanced pellet feed in combination with hay should be given.
Fresh green plants like bean, Alfalfa, berseem, grass, tender banana, cane and bamboo leaves, cutup pieces of the stalks of plants such as maize or banana, roots such as cassava, yams, carrots, beefs and turnips inedible portions of cabbage and cauliflower etc. Different types of feeds that can be fed to rabbits are given in Annexure - IV a. If whole pellet is fed, feed is given at a time for many days. If concentrate and hay are given, then concentrate should be offered preferably in the morning and hay in the afternoon.
Recommended concentrate feed formulae for Angora rabbits are given in Annexure - IV b. A practical combination of different types of feeds and regular timetable for feeding is advisable so that rabbits do not feel any stress due to changes in their daily routine.
Watering:Water should be available round the clock particularly to a lactating doe. Always give fresh and clean drinking water. Always keep water pots clean and remove sediments daily. Water pots should be cleaned thoroughly every week. Use of properly designed Automatic watering equipment can also be made. Breeding Management:The average age at first mating is about months and it varies with the physical maturity of individual rabbit and also breed.
Mating should be done either early in the morning or in the evening. The doe is to be taken to the buck cage and never vice-versaThe breeding should be planned in such a way that about 3 to 4 litters per doe are obtained per year during multiplicative stage.
The nest box is kept in the cage around 25th day of pregnancy with loosened jute wool or wood shavings. Male rabbits can be used for mating until they are about three years. Inorder to prevent inbreeding depression rabbits from the same family should not be bred.
Therefore, replace male rabbit about once every year. After three years, the full grown female rabbits should be replaced either by new purchases or females of own farm. Care of young ones:The nest box should be removed after 5 weeks of kindling. Kits should be examined and dead ones should be removed daily.
If the bedding becomes wet it should be replaced by a fresh and clean one. Weaning should be done at 5th or 6th week after kindling. No sudden change in feed is advisable. Clean sanitary conditions of rabbit cages, sheds and equipment, balanced feed and fresh clean water are essential to prevent chances of infection.
The rabbits should be prevented from coming in contact with the feaces. Over crowding should be avoided. Proper ventilation should be provided. Flies which may act as carriers of the infection should be kept under control in the rabbitry. Rabbit cages should be disinfected with blow lamp after every shearing and kindling cages before the doe is shifted and after weaning. Burn dead sick rabbits at once to keep the diseases from spreading. The bedding of the nest box should be burnt after use.
The dead animals should be burried soon after post mortem if required. Shearing of wool should preferably be done when the wool is 5 to 6 cm long.
Certain quality standards adopted by rabbit wool exporting countries is given in Annexure - VI. Young ones should be sheared a week after weaning and subsequently at every weeks interval. Shearing should not be done on extreme cold days of December and JanuaryWhile shearing care should be taken to cut the wool as close to the skin in a single cut.
After shearing animal should be given protection against adverse climate for 15 days. The wool should be sorted out into various grades for better marketing. Ensure the constant and study demand for wool and pelts. Avoid shearing of pregnant females 15 days before due date of kindling.
Wool should be delivered in a clean manner to fetch premium price. Plan shearing of breeding stock days before start of breeding in your flock to avoid poor reproductive efficiency. Characteristic features of different wool breeds under Indian Conditions. Characteristic features. Housing specifications hutch sizes for Angora rabbits. Hay made from grass or legume Alfalfa Guniea grass, Napier grass Maize, Sorghum Alfalfa, Berseem Turnips, radish, carrots, sweet potatoes, yams Green leaves of cabbage, spinach, lettuce etc.
Banana leaves, various weeds, local grass Maize, Sorghum, millets, barley Soya flour, groundnut cake, cotton seed cake, meat, fish meal.
The farming of domesticated meat rabbits is not a traditional agricultural Compared to most livestock or outdoor pets, rabbits are quiet, odorless.
That keeps it ever new and exciting as we learn and share with one another. Fill houseplant pots and outdoor containers with potting mix to within a half inch of the rim. Lawns are healthiest with a mowing height of 3 inches. An easy guide is the human index finger. Each joint is about 1 inch in length, so grass after mowing should measure three finger joints when the index finger is poked into the lawn. Water lawns less frequently but deeper to encourage deep roots. One inch per week in one application is ideal. How long must a sprinkler run to apply 1 inch of water? Sprinkler brands vary in amounts applied, so locate a straight-sided soup or tuna can under your sprinkler and monitor for 1 inch.
The farmer Brown family garden is about m2. The garden is cultivated with peppers intercropped with noni plants, cocoyams, and cassava. Rabbit manure is used to fertilize the soil. Peppers harvested from the garden are sold on the market and also for home consumption. Excess peppers are sundried for preservation.
Many persons are interested in caring and raising rabbits as a backyard activity.
Vayda has an endless list of hobbies, interests and fascinations and even more imagination to fuel her adventures. The most frequently offered advice I give her is only commit to things you absolutely love. Time is finite and best spent pursuing passions rather than passing fancies. Her latest mission has been to get rabbits. She attended a field trip at the end of the school year to an FFA petting zoo at the high school in her school district. She instantly fell in love with Flemish Giants after meeting and petting a couple at the petting zoo.
Families that met the criteria for the project but whom did not have cultivation space were provided fresh vegetables on a weekly basis from the.
Some people are very negative about raising rabbits while others are enthusiastic. It is true raising. But I feel raising rabbits lies in the interest, real desire, sincere joy at farming and animal husbandry, willingness to work hard, and finally determination to hang in there until it pays off.
For information about UMaine Extension programs and resources, visit extension. Find more of our publications and books at extension. The popularity of raising domestic meat rabbits as a small-scale backyard enterprise is growing in Maine. The benefits include nutritious food at a relatively low cost, the potential for extra income, and educational experience for the whole family.
Did you know that there are between million pet rabbits living in the United States? That number places rabbits squarely in the Top 10 most popular household pets!
Rabbits need a safe environment and protection from hazards, whether it lives inside or outside the house. The environment also includes all the objects a rabbit comes into contact with and the materials, such as bedding, that it needs to stay healthy and happy. Consideration should be given to providing enough space with adequate ventilation, with protection from predators and extreme temperatures. A rabbit requires a resting area and an exercise area. All areas should be well ventilated, dry and draught free as damp, poorly ventilated, hot or dirty environments can cause illness. The resting area should ideally be permanently attached to an exercise area to which the rabbit has free access at all times.
Skip to content. Do your vegetable plants have leaves with holes chewed in them? Are the holes big or small? Have entire plants been chewed down to the ground?