Semi-dwarf apple tree bears fruit every other year


Semi-dwarf apple tree bears fruit every other year.

The first commercial apple

cultivar was not introduced to the West until the early 19th century,

but apples were domesticated in Mesopotamia and Syria

around 5000 BC. The original domesticates were the sour (sour crisp

or acid) types that were good for food, but not good for juice.

Most

early apples were red and round, and it wasn't until the 16th

century that people figured out how to get the best flavor out of

the yellow-fleshed pomological mutant that would become the modern

apple. At first, the apple only grew in northern and central Europe.

In

France, the best known apple-growing area in the world, most of the

domestic apple varieties were developed by Louis-Joseph Pouget and

Claude Bernard in the late 1800s. The Pouget type comes in a variety

of sweet yellow and red fruits, the Bernard type has yellow apples

that are crisp, or semi-crisp (like Bartlett pears) that are used in

cider.

Apple Cultivars

The

domestic apples from the Pouget and Bernard breeders account for

about 90% of modern apple crops. The main varieties are:

Delicious

- Yellow

Golden

Delicious

- Yellow

Granny

Smith - Yellow

Pink

Lady - Yellow

Red

Delicious

- Yellow

Red

Granny Smith

- Yellow

Red

Jubilee

- Yellow

Winesap

- Yellow

The

Pouget type accounts for about 65% of current apple acreage in the

United States, while the Bernard type takes up 25%.

Most

commercial apples are hybrids or

concentrates of

the Pouget and Bernard varieties. The

cultivated apple was not introduced into California until around

1884. Until that time, the only domestic apples available in the

State were wild apples from China that were picked by Native

Americans or other settlers.

Apple orchards may

have originated in the

Greeks, Romans, and Celts who believed that they

could prolong their life by eating

freshly picked apples. By Roman times, apples were grown in

abundance throughout

Europe, Asia, and Africa.

In

the Middle Ages, apples were introduced into the

English market and

were

grown on a larger scale than during any previous time.

Today

most of the commercially grown apples

are

produced in Western Europe and

the

United States. In

many parts of the world, apple production is

increasing because of the need

for

fruit in

diabetes-preventative diets.

Types of Apples

Apple

varieties come in a variety of colors and shapes

including

oval, round,

conical, and

oblong.

They range in size from about

6.5cm (2.5in) to 14.5cm (5.5in). Apples are typically

considered to

be

fruit or vegetable.

Different varieties of apples

grow

well in different regions. This is because they thrive under

different

environmental conditions.

Apple

cultivars:

Ebbing and

Flowing

River

Garden

Delicious

Granny

Smith

Granny

Silver

Haralson

Jonathan

Jonathan

Golden

Jonville

Red

Cranberry

Red

Delicious

Rough

Tickler

Spurgeon

Stayman

Swamp

Olive

Wealthy

Cameo

Cultivated

apples:

Adirondack

Black

Delicious

Falling

Rain

Fuji

Galaxy

Geneve

Golden

Crispin

Idared

Lisianthus

Pink

Delicious

Roma

Rutgers

Smyrna

Sturmer's

Beauty

Tsugaru

Vladimir

Winesap

Waldron

Yellow

Delicious

Apple

Varieties

The

varieties

listed below may be

cultivated to

increase or

enhance apple

quality, or they may

be grown as food. The list below is not all-inclusive, and in

some cases it may

be more difficult to obtain a

cultivar in a specific

state.

Cultivated

varieties

of

apples

Almond

Apple

Carmel

Apples

Nanking

Apples

Mcintosh

Nautre

d'Agen

Newtown

Oregon

Spur

Stark

Crab

Triple

Crown

White

Spur

The following Apple tree

information is gathered

from the USDA

Arboretum at

West

Point. This

information

was last

changed on 2/16/01.

Apples

Tree

Varieties

Variety

Fruit

Size

Fruit

Color

Tree

Height

Stem

Size

Fruit

Maturity

Pitfall

Resistance

Hardiness

Caldwell

Medium

White

10-15

4-6

Medium

4

Moderate

Not

Available

Hardy

Caldwell

Medium

White

10-15

4-6

Medium

4

Moderate

Not

Available

Hardy

Cantalupo

Medium

White

20-35

4-6

Medium

5

Moderate

Available

Hardy

Carroll

Medium

White

15-25

6-8

Large

5

Low

Not

Available

Hardy

Golden

Delicious

Medium

White

15-20

4-6

Medium

5

Moderate

Not

Available

Hardy

Golden Delicious

Medium

White

15-20

4-6

Medium

5

Moderate

Not

Available

Hardy

Golden

Empire

Medium

White

20-30

4-6

Large

5

Low

Not

Available

Hardy

Grenadier

Medium

White

15-20

5-8

Medium

5

Moderate

Available

Hardy

Haralson

Medium

White

20-30

4-6

Large

5


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