Northern arizona fruit trees


Northern arizona fruit trees

fruiting plants for early spring and early autumn ripening asparagus crops. The western native berries are the airela and bilberry (bayberry) cotoneaster lilacs phlox

and pyracantha pin cherry. Other plants include species of aletris milkweed dogwood mountain willow cherry

eastern blueberry huckleberry butternut buckeye acorn sumac saw palmetto.

Contents

April

September

October

November

Dead wild fruit trees and canes remain in the Forest, but whether there is any ripening is a matter for the eye, just as with cultivated fruit trees in gardens, orchards, and elsewhere. Some trees, especially the types that ripen their fruit between the months of September and April, retain a fairly rich foliage through the remainder of the year. One sees, therefore, throughout October and November, the foliage of such trees as the different kinds of hawthorn, pear, crabapple, and others. It is in mid-winter, when we lose all trace of the previous autumn, that we are glad to observe that the trees are shedding their leaves. Only at that time, then, do they show us that their fruiting season has passed, their autumns have come, and their lives are drawing to a close.

The plants that produce their seed between June and September, or during any part of the month of September, can be seen in almost all forests. The fruit of the bee balm (monarda), the flowers of the vetchling, and the bulbs of the spring beets or shamrock are the most common of this class of plants. The flowers of the prickly pear, and many of the species of cactus have edible fruit. Among the genus of ocotillo or hedgehog cactus are fruits called physalin, used by the Indians as food, but only sparingly. The true prickly pear, which is cultivated, yields a fruit, while the ocotillo is found wild in all the temperate portions of the country. Some species of these cacti are so large that the fruit is cut into quarters and used as a table-fruit. The bulb of the perennials and the bulb of the lily are often placed in winter on window-sills and in other exposed situations, where they come up the following spring and blossom. One plant of this class is a bright yellow or orange one with small star-like flowers, the species of which is perhaps Lilium magnificum. This bulb may be sown early in the spring and placed in a light, warm bed, where it will send up a striking-looking plant the following autumn.

Many plants produce their fruit late in autumn, and there is little for them to ripen during the month of October. In the autumn of 1883 a company of citizens of the town of San Jose, California, visited the same forest which is being described in the present article, and with saws and axes cut down to the roots several hundreds of large, old-growth firs, which stood for the purpose of a thorough inspection of the natural fruitfulness of the forest. In the spring of 1884, these trees, without any artificial protection, were alive with acorns, which matured and ripened to a rich brown. The oranges and lemons that may be seen on market stalls and store-rooms in autumn are also mostly grown under artificial care, with the object of facilitating their transport and marketing. However, in the autumn of 1883, one who took a stroll through the forest found, quite naturally, some of the first autumnal fruits of the growths that were just beginning to assume their mature shape.

"The first fruits I found were those of the late wild plum, the popular apple, and the barren cherry, but my hopes soon failed, and I was disappointed at every step I took. All along the pathway grew maple, beech, and others that bore fruit. Here were trees that ripened their crops in July or August, which were abundant when we walked in the forest."

Botanists have also found it curious that many trees bear fruits the second year. Huckleberries, cranberries, huckleberries, and cranberries abound. Strawberries and other fruits ripen late in autumn in the Northwest, and in the summer there is a profusion of crops on the lower parts of the Blue Mountain in the Sierra Nevada, and on the ridges, which are divided into broad spaces by the valley bottoms. These fruits are ripened in the same way that those of cultivated plants are, and are eaten at the end of summer. However, late in the season, there are found wild fruits of different kinds, of which the most conspicuous are those of the the huckleberry, blueberry, and cranberry. Other late fruits are the pineapple, tree-fungus, and mountain mulberry. The fruits of these last named are smooth and kidney-shaped. They have a very rich flavor, but are soft and unpleasant to the touch. A family of the true apples, the pears, yield a fruit that is firmer than any of those which are eaten and cooked, and it is the best to be had in autumn. It is found in the Northwest, and is in the form of a conical ball, having a straight stem terminating in two sharp pointed rays. It has been proven by experiment that the fruit ripens early in October. The western natives are not found by the Indians until November and December.

The winter rains


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