Backyard variety fruit trees


Be warned before you get started, this is not always easy. Growing fruit trees can be tough. But if you plant the proper varieties and are willing and able to give the trees the care they require, growing your own fruit can be one of the most rewarding experiences a gardener can have. Now is the perfect time for planting fruit trees for two reasons. When you go to a store to purchase fruit trees they may be sold in two different forms — bare root or container-grown. Either option is great for planting now, but you want to purchase a container-grown tree if you plant further on in the spring.

Content:
  • How To Start A Multi Fruit Backyard Orchard
  • Fruit trees: choosing the best
  • How to Choose Apple Trees for the Backyard Garden
  • Backyard Fruit Trees
  • Fruit Trees in Arkansas
  • Fruit Tree Selection
  • Complete guide to dwarf & miniature fruit trees
  • Fruit trees: the five easiest to grow
  • Backyard Orchards, Organic Style
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Grow 100+ Rare Fruit Trees - Backyard Orchard - Urban Food Forest

How To Start A Multi Fruit Backyard Orchard

How to select and care for fruit trees to ensure a bountiful, organic harvest. And you can enjoy a steady supply of fruit for much of the year. Besides fresh fruit in the fall, you can store apples through winter, and can preserve fruit for year-round use in cooking and baking.

Savings The cost of organic fruit is high. Averaged over a ten year period, organic apples from your own tree will cost only a few cents apiece. Compare this with the supermarket price for organic apples. Good for the Environment A fruit tree filters the air, conditions the soil, provides shade, shelters wildlife, and attracts pollinators to your garden. And there are no transportation impacts when growing fruit in your own yard. You can have all of the above for very low cost and a relatively small amount of annual maintenance!

The fruit is normal size, but the yield is less because of the smaller tree size. Dwarf trees are not as long-lived as the larger trees. Most dwarf trees begin bearing fruit in three to five years. Very productive, this size tree will produce hundreds of fruit per season. Occasionally, trees will take a year off and produce little or no fruit, especially after a season of heavy production. Most fruit trees planted today are semi-dwarf, because they produce a large crop from a tree with manageable size for pruning and harvesting.

Standards require more space and are a bigger job to prune and harvest. They take many years to reach full size, so it may be the grandkids who do the swinging. Most standard trees begin bearing in three to five years. Maintenance tasks, such as pruning and yard work beneath the tree, should also be considered when choosing tree size.

Smaller trees yield crops of manageable size and are much easier to spray, thin, prune, net, and harvest than large trees. Ask at your local nursery for the varieties which do best in your area.

Many exotic varieties are inviting, but the local varieties will produce best with the least effort. Plums, for example, do well in damp soil conditions which might not be good for apples. Pears and apples can handle drier soil, but need good drainage. Peaches can get blight from too much rain, so they will do better in semi-protected areas, like alongside buildings under eaves which offer some protection.

If you have a planting location in mind, consult with your local nursery or garden center. Not all fruit tree varieties are self-pollinating. Often, the right combination of varieties are necessary for fruit trees to produce fruit. Most apples are partially self-pollinating and will set some fruit off their own pollen, however these varieties will set more fruit if cross-pollinated with another variety.

Ask at your local nursery about the pollinating requirements for trees you are considering. If planting a few trees, choose varieties which will give you fruit for a longer time. With apples, for example, you can plant one early variety like Gravenstein for summer eating, a late summer variety like King for fall eating, and a winter keeper which can be stored all winter. Stored properly, the fruit from winter keepers will last to the following March or April.

Fruit trees do best when they grow straight. A slight lean in a young tree, if left unstaked, will develop into a large lean when mature and laden with fruit. A fruit tree which leans in one direction, out of balance, is more prone to blowdown from wind, or can fall under its own unbalanced weight.

A tree with no clear leader will require more frequent pruning to keep the shape in balance. This even growth will keep the tree balanced and growing straight, as well as maximizing fruit yield. Even fruit distribution also helps keep branches from breaking due to fruit overload. Branches should be starting from the same general area along the tree stem. Avoid trees with one lone branch, low down. This is out of balance, and low-lying fruit encourages pests like raccoons. Low branches also get in the way of lawn care beneath the tree.

A few feet of clear stem also enables you to wrap metal sheeting, if necessary, to prevent raccoons from climbing the tree. Roots on bare root starters should be well protected and kept damp before planting.

When selecting a bare root tree to buy, avoid nursery stock with roots exposed too long in the sun or damaged in any way. An important consideration when choosing where to plant a fruit tree is soil drainage. Fruit trees will not thrive in soil that drains too slowly. You can test for drainage by digging a hole about one foot 30cm deep and filling it with water. The hole should drain within three hours. A healthy fruit tree with a large spring bloom does not guarantee the tree will produce fruit in the fall.

Successful pollination must occur to produce viable seed, which leads to the development of mature fruit. Pollination can occur in several ways: some fruit tree varieties are self-pollinating, others are partially self-fertile, and others must be pollinated from another tree, usually the same type of tree but a different variety.

When buying fruit tree stock, ask about the pollination characteristics and requirements of the tree. Local advice is usually the best since pollination can vary within species in different climate zones. This is the most reliable way of ensuring successful crops. Even self-pollinating fruit trees will set more fruit when cross-pollinated. Bees are active pollinators and a valuable asset in any garden. Plant flowers of both early and late blooming varieties to ensure a good display of flowers throughout the season.

Toxic sprays kill beneficial insects as well as pests, and should be avoided especially during the pollinating season. Fruit trees are available with three of four compatible cross-pollinating varieties grafted to a single tree. This effectively converts a cross-pollinator to a self-pollinator. When poor weather results in low bee activity during the peak flowering time, you can take a branch from one tree and dust it in among the branches of another tree, effectively doing the job of a bee.

This is more difficult with larger trees or if you have more than a few trees to pollinate. Bare root fruit trees require careful handling since they can die of shock. When transporting a young fruit tree, be sure to keep the root ball damp and shaded from sun. Bare root fruit trees usually have had the particular variety grafted onto a hardier rootstock. When planting the tree, if the graft line is set below ground level the tree may revert to its root stock and give the wrong fruit — like crab apples!

When adding mulch, be sure to pull the mulch a few inches away from the tree stem. This will help ensure the soil level does not rise above the graft. If the size of the fruit produced from your tree is below expectations, it may be due to an over-abundance of fruit on the tree.

The tree has only so much energy to use to produce fruit, so thinning removing some of the fruit is essential to produce large fruit in some species, such as peach and apple. For best results, thin fruit trees early in the season, when the fruit is still quite small. Healthy, productive trees sometimes take a year off. However, if a fruit tree produces an overabundance of fruit which is not thinned, the tree may become a biennial producer.

Therefore, it is prudent to thin the fruit when trees produce a large amount of fruit. The apple maggot is the most destructive pest of apples grown in home orchards. This insect is a type of fly which pierces the skin of ripening fruit and lays eggs. In 5 — 10 days, the eggs hatch a maggot which burrows through the fruit.

These pests can be managed by using sticky red sphere traps. Hang one trap for every apples in a tree. For more information, see our product page for Apple Maggot Traps. There are numerous insect pests which can affect the production of your fruit trees. Insect pest invasions are often cyclical, and may persist through one season but not appear the following year. It helps to keep an annual record of fruit tree performance so you can identify problems which persist longer than one season, as well as which trees are most susceptible to pest problems.

To learn more about natural methods of controlling insect pests, see our page Natural Pest Control. Fruit tree leaves should not be used as mulch around the garden. If the leaves are still on the ground, cover the area with ground limestone. This will prevent spores on the leaves on the ground from developing. All major pruning should be done in late winter or spring.

Ask your nursery for a leaflet on pruning. Some pruning is usually required each year to keep the tree growing in a balanced shape. Do not depend on memory or the plant identification tags to know what you planted — both will fade with time. A weedeater can quickly damage a fruit tree by cutting the bark at ground level. This can stress the tree to cause reduced blooming and fruiting, and repeated injuries can even kill the tree.

A few simple steps taken after the trees have been harvested in the fall will give your fruit trees a head start for spring. Read our article Fall Care of Fruit Trees. You can use the following mix to promote root and vegetative growth for fruit trees in the spring:.

Choose from over species.


Fruit trees: choosing the best

Fresh fruit is incomparable in taste, texture, aroma, and color. Many fruits available in your supermarket produce section have travelled and ripened over time, producing a different result than those items fresh off the tree. Unfortunately, many of us don't have large yards in which to grow our own orchards to ensure these tree-to-table treats are widely available. While it may be difficult to cultivate large fruit trees at home, the good news is there are many smaller varieties available that can be worked into even a tiny yard, and even some fruits that will grow in pots that can be supported on backyard patios too. Dwarf fruit trees can often produce enough fruit to easily fulfill a family's needs, and are a fabulous alternative to traditional, larger varieties, according to SF Gate. Discover these 15 varieties of fruit tree to find the right one for your home. Fragrant flowers and tasty treats will soon be within reach.

For instance, to grow pears, you need two different varieties of pear trees. An apple tree will not act as a cross pollinator for a pear tree.

How to Choose Apple Trees for the Backyard Garden

Small fruits like blueberries and blackberries are simple to grow, but tree fruits are more challenging. Begin with trees that are dormant and soil that has suitable moisture to establish the root system. First, select the location of your orchard. Fruit trees will grow and produce on a broad range of soil types, but the best yields and longest-lived trees are planted on loamy, well-drained soil. Good internal drainage is essential. Do not plant trees on a site where water stands for more than an hour following a heavy rain. If a hardpan or poorly drained clay layer is present, the roots will develop poorly, and the plant may eventually die. Avoid sites on the north side of tall trees or buildings.

Backyard Fruit Trees

Plums are a natural for home gardens with their compact size and easy-growing nature. These trees tend to be beautiful specimens and bear heavy loads of fruit—not enough to overwhelm, but more than enough to balance fresh eating with sharing and putting by. Give yourself a treat by planting a cherry tree. Just make sure you protect your crop from hungry birds with a little scare tape or netting.

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Fruit Trees in Arkansas

A fruit tree in your landscape is an investment that will pay dividends for years to come. Once you allow a fruit tree to become established, it will provide a bountiful harvest of your favorite fruits that are fresher and so much sweeter than anything you can find in your local supermarket. Here is just a sampling of the varieties we carry in our stores. Growing apple trees in the home garden can be fun and rewarding. Several factors are important to consider before planting for successful apple production.

Fruit Tree Selection

When planning out your homestead growing space, the vegetable garden tends to get most of the attention. Growing fruit trees seems intimidating to the uninitiated, but the reality is that some prep work upfront can lead to years of abundance. When most people think of an orchard, they picture acres of uniform trees towering twenty feet or more into the sky. Few people have the space for this kind of setup, nor do they want to climb tall ladders to harvest hundreds of pounds of fruit. A better option is to densely plant a series of small trees throughout your yard, each a different variety. Not only does this lead to easier maintenance and harvesting, but the fruit should ripen at staggered intervals over the summer and fall. Likewise, by keeping your trees small, you can pack in more varieties within the same space. This gives you more options to work with, and it also reduces your overall risk of losing the entire bounty in any given year.

Cherry trees are kind of easy, but get really big and hard to pick. And only sour (“tart” or “pie”) cherries grow in this region — not the sweet.

Complete guide to dwarf & miniature fruit trees

Wouldn't it be wonderful to grow apples right in your own backyard? Apples are one of the most popular fruits, and for good reason. They're tasty, good for fresh eating or baking, and the excess can be transformed into applesauce and other products to preserve and store for the coming winter.

Fruit trees: the five easiest to grow

RELATED VIDEO: Growing FRUIT TREES in your Backyard // Urban Permaculture Edible Garden Tour // Australia

Want a truly stunning bonsai that offers a challenge with an incredibly fulfilling reward? Consider growing a fruit tree species as a bonsai. It takes a little extra work beyond that required by your average bonsai, but the results are absolutely worth it. A miniature tree with full-sized fruit is a sight to behold! Most of us are accustomed to the red pomegranates seen in the grocery store, but a variety of colors and flavors are available to grow aside from the old standby.

The prospect of growing fruit trees can be daunting — pollination groups, complicated pruning involving spurs and tips, countless tricky pests — but choose your variety wisely and you can sidestep many of the scarier aspects of fruit cultivation.

Backyard Orchards, Organic Style

Growing some fruit trees in your backyard does not have to be an overly complicated process. You could just go out and get a tree from your local nursery and be done with it. Some people though, like to research and do more extensive planning. From my own experience, I certainly wish I had considered additional factors before installing my plants. I'm glad I put them in. But still, there may be things we don't think about when we're first getting started. I want to share some perspectives that are worth consideration as you make your plans.

We have suspended our online order process for the duration of the holiday season and we will re-open after January 1st for orders that will ship in February and MarchHome Order Online About Ordering Bare Root Fruit Trees.



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