We use your sign-up to provide content in ways you've consented to and to improve our understanding of you. This may include adverts from us and 3rd parties based on our understanding. You can unsubscribe at any time. More info. Lavender is a beautiful plant, coming in a range of pretty purple hues, and exuding a floral scent.
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Lavender is a native plant to the dry heat of western Mediterranean regions and its long history dates back to the Old World. The sweetly fragranced perennial herb is a popular ornamental plant for a variety of garden and landscape uses, as well as an arsenal of medicinal and home applications. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. Lavender, of the genus Lavandula , is commonly grouped into four subgeneras, with a vast number of hybrids that have been cultivated for specific growing conditions and climates all around the world:.
It is drought-resistant, low-maintenance, and — thanks to the strong essential oil it produces — undesirable to foraging critters and pests. However, there are a few staunch guidelines that every gardener should keep in mind when starting out:.
If you fail to compensate for climate, then your plant will not yield as bountiful a harvest, or even fail to survive. Remember when I said lavender hates water? If you live in region with significant humidity, then your plants are going to need some serious elbow room to ensure maximum airflow and prevent disease. So proper drainage, airflow, and fast-drying stone mulch will ensure a healthy harvest. Consider a variety of Lavandula dentata or stoechas when growing in southeastern climates, as they naturally thrive in hot, steamy conditions.
Though the region presents more of a challenge when growing this species of plant, it can be done with a little extra love and patience. Many growers will plant in containers so they can be brought inside during the winter months. A good subspecies to grow for the colder northern climates is Lavandula angustifolia , a very cold-hardy hybrid.
There are many varieties that thrive in very specific climates, so once you know your zone, you can identify the best species for your garden by asking your local nursery or other gardeners in your area. Seedlings are available in five-inch pots from Nature Hills Nursery. Lavender is a delightful plant to grow that easily adds variety to every gardening scenario, from landscaping to wild garden beds. In order to ensure strong growth and a healthy life, I will walk you through the steps and considerations of when, where, and how to grow your plant outdoors.
If you are planting early in northern climates, you should skip ahead to the section on growing indoors. Planting in the spring is challenging with wet weather, but it gives your lavender enough time to acclimate and strengthen before the following winter. Remember, if your region experiences harsh winters with very wet weather, you should consider planting your lavender in a container so it can be brought in during the darkest winter months.
Lavender needs space to grow, allowing for maximum airflow — especially in southern regions with humid climates. A good rule of thumb is to plant them as far apart as they will grow tall. Strong southern varieties will grow much taller than the northern varieties, which remain short and dense due to the cold weather. If you are planting outdoors in a region with mildly cold winters, there are a few tricks you can use to naturally increase the temperature around your plants. Planting near southern-facing stone walls or building walls will naturally radiate heat from the sun and warm your plants.
Other surfaces like asphalt, or the addition of stone mulch, can increase the amount of heat your plants receive. And as I said before — lavender loves heat. Proper drainage is the key to a successful season, especially in regions with rainfall averaging around inches. Alternative places to plant lavender while maximize its growth potential include raised beds , containers, and pots. Now it is time to take a closer look at the other two elements that are vital to its successful growth: adequate space, and rich soil.
Is your soil acidic? No worries, just add a half cup of a lime and bone meal mixture to your planting hole to sweeten it up a bit. Continue promoting strong growth by adding this mixture to the soil every year. The third year of growth is when lavender reaches its peak. If you find you need to compensate for acidic soil, you can throw in a little crushed oyster shell to improve alkalinity. The mound will settle some, but by piling the earth up before planting you will maximize drainage around the plant.
The height also improves airflow, and as you already know, circulation is key! A spot with 6 or more hours of sunlight is ideal to keep your plants happy and warm. Pruning is very important as it aims to slow down the growth of woody stems, and forces the plant to produce new foliage.
Lavender should generally be pruned right after it flowers, and again at the end of the summer months to help prevent a damaging winter.
Pruning in early fall helps slow the process of woody stems and increases flower blossoms the following year. If you have an especially woody plant, prune lightly throughout the growing season for maximum results.
If you have chosen to grow your lavender in containers that can be brought in during the cold winter months, the following tips will come in handy when the time comes to bring them inside. Consider the Lavandula dentata variety when growing indoors, as the smaller plants do better in pots.
The biggest fallback of growing indoors is the lack of light. Sadly, with especially dark and cold winters, poor growth is to be expected when moving plants indoors. Pots should be close in size to the root ball of your plant. Any larger and you risk root rot from waterlogged soil. Consider adding a layer of gravel to the base of your pot to assist draining and use a terra cotta pot — its sides release moisture and prevent rot.
The soil in your pot should be monitored closely for acidity. Make it a habit to add lime every month or so to give your lavender the lean soil it craves. Water only when soil is dry up to one inch under the surface. You want to be sure to cut the lavender above the start of the woody stem and then allow it to dry for two weeks. Pretty simple, right?
You can bundle dried branches together for a sweet addition to a bouquet, or for an added sense of elegance around your home. Strip the blossoms off for use in potpourri or baking. The essential oils in these plants have various medicinal properties, and they are often used as antiseptics, sleep aids, and for stress relief.
These can easily be added to homemade soap, cleaning solutions, shampoos, lotions, and more. Years of growth and an abundance of uses when harvested make this plant ideal for any home garden or landscaping project. Have you had success growing this stunning perennial herb? Share your experiences or your favorite DIY home recipes in the comments below! Always consult with a medical professional before changing your diet or using plant-based remedies or supplements for health and wellness.
Casea Peterson is a writer and screenplay adviser specialist for businesses in the outdoor industry. She has been writing personally and professionally since , but when she doesn't have her pen in hand, she can be found somewhere in the woods hiking, hunting, or exploring the Pacific Northwest.
Thanks, Sherrol! Thank you. I love this plant but never tried to grow it in south Florida. I will give it a try to see if I succeed! Loved the article. Thanks for the tips so I can hopefully keep them going strong. Thanks for reading, Justina! Great article! Saw a lavender plant in a small pot with the perennials at a local nursery and bought it.
I live in northeast Ohio, so your tips for growing in cold climates hit the spot. I planted it in a large pot with herbs, so now I need to give the plant its own small pot with gravel for drainage and move to a sunnier spot. Thanks for the great tips about lavender not liking water and loving heat. Wish I had seen your article before I planted my two lavender plants. I watered them literally to death.
Will try again. Thanks for the very optimistic article! I live on an arid and windy South Caribbean island and have tried growing lavender several times. Even though I have not been able to grow it from seed, I have imported several small plants when travelling, with varied results. I tried angustifolias and stoechas with no luck every time plants wither and dry up , but have had good results with Multifida and with a Croatian variety which unfortunately, neither can be purchased on the island!
The only problem is that the plants continue to grow but they do not flower. Do you have … Read more ». There are three things you can try for more blooms Marie Anne. The first is to give your plants more sunlight. Eight hours a day is the ideal, with light shade in the hottest part of your Caribbean afternoons.
The second is to provide your plants with a 2-inch layer of sand or gravel as a mulch to help retain heat. Also, you might want to try a diluted amount of an all-purpose purpose fertilizer in the … Read more ». Lavender plants with leaves that are darkening and wilting, and roots that are rotting, may be suffering from too much water. Try incorporating some sand into your garden soil, and be sure that potted plants have enough drainage holes.
Lavender requires very little water. Potted plants should dry completely before being watered again. Facebook Twitter PinterestAbout Casea Peterson Casea Peterson is a writer and screenplay adviser specialist for businesses in the outdoor industry.
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Pruning French and Spanish Lavender also known as Lavandula stoechas. Lightly prune after flowering by around inches.
Growing lavender in Delmarva is easy because of its good Zone 7 climate, and its ideal sandy loam soil. The best time to plant is in the early May or September. The only way to kill the plant is by over-watering or planting it in a shady spot that tends to hold moisture. Remember lavender is native to the Mediterranean and prefers dry, sunny, windy and southern exposures best. Therefore, when planting, place in a sunny location with well-drained, neutral to alkaline soil 7. Add a little lime if the soil is too acidic. If planting in clay soil, mix in about one-third or more sand to insure drainage. We recommend mounding up the soil a little around the plant to further assure good drainage. Although not necessary, adding a little bone meal when planting will give it a good start. Plant it at least 24 inches apart to allow for adequate air circulation and growth.
Escambia County Master Gardener Volunteer Carol Perryman shares information to help choose and grow lavender in the herb garden. Will your lavender be an annual or a perennial? Hybridizers are always busy at work but, in the meantime: Choose the right variety. English lavender cannot easily be grown in our climate.
Lavender is an easy to grow, versatile evergreen semi-shrub that produces one of the longest-lasting and beautifully scented flowers around. A drought-tolerant plant that likes a sunny dry spot and thrives in borders, pots, herb or gravel gardens. Lavender is an evergreen shrub that looks like a perennial plant because most of its growth is soft and green. But deep at the centre of this moulded shrub, it is trying to turn to wood. Lavenders are relatively easy to prune and pruning every year will help slow down the formation of wood and extend the vigour and lifetime of your plant.
Lavenders are evergreen shrubs native to the Mediterranean, prized for their fragrance, medicinal uses and ornamental qualities. There are three primary types of lavender:. This type of lavender has a compact, bushy habit with narrow leaves and is considered semi-evergreen depending upon winter temperatures. English lavender plants are generally smaller than Spike Lavender with shorter stems and smaller, stouter flowers. The flowers have a sweet fragrance and are great for oils and culinary uses.
How to prune lavender - plant with butterfly Tackle pruning new lavender during the summer, after the plant has flowered.
Lavender, an herb with many culinary uses, also makes a stunning addition to borders and perennial gardens, providing sweeping drifts of color from early summer into fall. With its silvery-green foliage, upright flower spikes and compact shrub-like form, lavender is ideal for creating informal hedges. You can also harvest it for fragrant floral arrangements, sachets, and potpourri. Flower colors: Lavender, deep blue-purple, light pink, white.
It is a landscape stunner! Companion planting with lavender is a natural in a landscape with other drought-tolerant plants. Lavender also attracts a wide range of pollinators and beneficial insects: bumblebees, honeybees, butterflies, ladybugs and praying mantises to name a few. And, it is considered deer and rabbit resistant. There are more than named lavender varieties or cultivars. The foliage colors range from various shades of green through gray-green to silver and even variegated cultivars.
French lavender is a nice alternative to common lavender thanks to its very original flowers. Type — herb sub-shrub Height — 24 to 40 inches 60 to cm Exposure — full sun.
Lavender is one of the most popular small garden shrubs. Plants have narrow, oily and aromatic evergreen leaves and bear dense spikes of small tubular flowers in summer. Lavandula stoechas is commonly referred to as French lavender. For best results, grow Lavandula stoechas in well-drained soil in full sun. Cut back the flower stalks after they have finished, and then trim back plants in April, if necessary. Toxic to Cats. Toxic to Dogs.
Australian House and Garden. Lavender is an easy-to-grow flower that instils peace, creates a blanket of colour and has a serene fragrance that is unsurpassed. The silvery-grey foliage provides a delightful foil for the flowers, which can be blue, purple, mauve, pink, white or green. While you may not have seen some of these colours before, they are not new — the white variety has been grown for about years.