To create a beautiful, cozy and attractive garden, it is not enough to use the laws of harmony.
By varying the combinations of different textures of leaves, shapes and sizes of plants, colors of flowers, beautiful contrasting compositions are created. The strong contrast gives the garden a touch of originality and appeal.
By grouping plants in an effort to achieve a pleasing contrast, you create a spectacular floral arrangement.
Amazing compositions can be created from complex plant textures. To create the desired contrast, a combination of thin, small, graceful, elegant textures of leaves with coarse and large ones is used. Plants with small leaves and flowers such as alyssum, cleoma, thin-leaved coreopsis and woolly thyme, wormwood have a wonderful texture that creates an airy, light effect.
Plants with large, large and strong flowers and wide, smooth, flat, even and straight leaves, such as cannes, create a heavy tropical look even from a distance, especially when planted in a group.
If there are too many plants, then large, strong species can lose the effect and look rough, bulky and awkward. Likewise, many beautifully textured plants grouped together look dull and uncomfortable as your gaze cannot stop at anything.
Consider a combination of small-leaved gypsophila and Siebold hosts with cordate-ovoid, dense, waxy leaves in the shade of a garden. This combination is very reliable in both texture and color and creates a wonderful effect. Small leaves and flowers of gypsophila, forming a waterfall, gently fall on the leaves of the hosta, increasing the characteristic natural advantages of each other. A cloud-like vault of leaves and flowers of gypsophila, vibrating at the slightest breath of wind, can complement slender lilies, paniculate phlox.
The decorative effect of not only individual plants, but also the entire garden, single plantings or group plantings, that is, any type of flower arrangement - a rabatka, a border or a mixborder, largely depends on the successful or, on the contrary, unsuccessful, selection of leaf textures.
If the texture of the plants in the garden is not used sufficiently, then the garden becomes hectic, uncomfortable, and appears to be messy and uninteresting. By using texture in the right way, you can make your garden pleasant, sweet, perfect, serene, calm, or flashy and energizing. By skillfully combining texture and color, you can avoid clutter in the garden.
Plants, different in size and shape, are grouped together to create contrast. Gardens of some delicate forms look superfluous, uninteresting and boring, but can easily be enlivened with tall spire-shaped flowers.
Remember that spiers often occupy the main, dominant position, as they create a dominant appearance with their appearance. Contrast can be enhanced by planting plants of different colors without overpowering some of the others. You can create a combination of plants of the same species, but different colors, or two different types of plants. Imagine, for example, a group of dwarf crops of bright, variegated flowers against a loose mass of white or purple echinacea or chamomile.
Many plants have cheerful plumage of straight, aerial spiers.
Mallow (stock-rose) - a giant with tall racemes of large funnel-shaped simple flowers of various colors.
Bell (campanula) - there are many varieties, large flowers are in the shape of a star or a bell.
Delphinium (larkspur, burgundy) - violet-blue, blue-blue, white, pink and many other colors and shades; terry, semi-double and non-double. Plant height up to 2 meters.
Host (function) - with green, white-variegated, white and yellow edges, with yellow, gray and blue leaves; leaf shapes - from narrow lanceolate to rounded, height from 10 to 100 cm. Hosts have beautiful bell-shaped flowers on slender, stable, strong peduncles.
Knifofia (tritoma) - bush, arrows are crowned with brushes of long tubular flowers; plant height - 0.5-1.8 m, inflorescences are often red or orange, and below - yellow.
Liatris - Leaves are narrow, long, collected in dense basal rosettes, peduncle - up to 50 cm. Spike-shaped inflorescences - up to 30 cm, made up of tight-fitting flower baskets. The color is lilac-pink.
Ligularia (buzulnik, blue) - plant height - 0.9-1.5 m. Flowers form large spreading umbrellas; leaves are heart-shaped, below - lilac or red.
Lupine... Height - 0.9-1.5 m; the color of flowers is varied, lupine is one-color or two-color.
Salvia (sage) - mostly red-flowered, but there are lilac, red-pink, blue. Plant height - 0.25-0.7 m.
Stakhis (bear paw) - the plant is completely covered with silvery hairs in the form of a thick gray velvety felt. Peduncle of small pinkish-blue flowers.
Veronica - height 5-150 cm, narrow spike-shaped inflorescences of white, pink, blue, ultramarine color.
Aconite (wrestler) - up to 1.5 m high, flower stalks are purple, blue with white, pink.
Astilba - inflorescences of various shades of pink, red, white, cream, lilac colors.
Tsimtsifuga (black cohosh) - a tall plant with beautiful large dissected leaves. When blooming, it reaches a height of 2 meters. Inflorescences are dense, candle-like and pyramidal.
Lobelia - plant height - 0.5 m, inflorescence in a thin apical brush up to 20 cm, bright blue flowers.
Perovskiy - a plant up to 1.2 m high with very small delicate leaves and lavender flowers.
Camassia - up to 1 m high, peduncles bear numerous flowers of white, light blue or violet-blue color.
Canna - plant height up to 1.2 m; flowers are large yellow, pink, red and white. Very large leaves of bronze, purple or green color.
Gladioli (skewer)... The peduncle reaches 1.5 m. The flowers are very diverse in shape, size, color and flowering time.
Montbrecia (crocosmia) up to 0.9 m high; its stems are branched with yellow and red funnel-shaped flowers.
Floral decoration with a rich variety of compositions combining hairpin plants in contrast to tiny, dwarf or medium-sized flowers is widely and successfully used in our gardens.
The right balance of tall plants with the surrounding background is of decisive importance in floral design. For example, in the center is high astilba (mallow, delphinium, salvia or other tall plants), next to it is a belt of lower plants - ageratum, geranium, lobelia, etc. At the very edge of the flower garden there are border plants: primroses, ayugas, yaskolki, oxalis, sedums. The border is often planted with low-growing plants with bright colors and fragrant flowers.
Stakhis (bear paw)
The beauty of flower beds is based on the knowledge of the harmony of color contrasts. In short, we can say that flowers of dark colors (red, blue, purple) are placed in the foreground, since they are lost in the distance. Flowers blue, purple, pink can be placed further as they are visible. White, yellow, orange flowers are clearly visible at long distances, so they can be placed further from the point of view.
Combinations of opposite colors are called contrasting. Active colors - red, orange and yellow oppose passive colors - green, blue, purple. Each pair - red-green, orange-blue, yellow-violet mutually complement and reinforce each other in a contrasting combination. White and black are neutral colors. The many shades of green in the garden create a softening backdrop for vibrant colors and soothe the eyes.
Based on these general provisions, combinations of plants in a floral contrasting composition are selected.
In contrasting compositions, herbaceous perennials are perfectly combined with shrubs - Thunberg's barberry and peony; common barberry and Thunberg - with astilba, hosta, buzulnik; spirea argat - with daffodils. Exquisite compositions with coniferous trees and shrubs: blue spruce with bright red roses; steppe almonds (bean) with thuja; chubushnik with golden yellow leaves with barberry. The texture of maple leaves is well combined with rudbeckia.
There are many options, but in any case, only well-groomed plants will be decorative.
Flower beds, flower beds, lawns, alpine slides and other plant compositions are found everywhere in personal plots. Basically, a variety of flowers, herbaceous and ornamental plants are used to create them. Until recently, coniferous crops were not very popular. The variety of evergreen conifers allows you to create original landscape projects, opening up a wide scope for imagination and creativity. Photos of junipers in landscape design in combination with other plants will help gardeners in creating their own compositions.
A composition of stones with your own hands may differ in style. Before deciding to create a particular garden decoration, think about how the decorative elements will look against the general background. Vases, sculptures, fountains and other architectural forms should carry a semantic load, fit the general style of buildings. The most popular destinations are rock gardens, Japanese gardens or Czech rolling pins.
For rock gardens, planting plants that are undemanding to care for are suitable. The use of natural (natural) relief is allowed. The ravine can be used as a mountain gorge, the slopes turn into alpine hills, and the plains turn into neat (or not always) placers. Stony rocks dominate these designs. In the formation of rock gardens, smooth boulders are optimal, they are buried in the ground by 2/3.
Japanese gardens will perfectly complement the composition with a large stone. Austere and laconic shapes welcome minimalist fashion. Mixes of boulders on which gravel is scattered will look great.
Above, you can make incredible patterns in the form of waves. These fragments are able to complement many buildings made in strict geometry. But the use of such products in the country style or in the style "a la rus" is not allowed.
The Czech rolling pin is formed by stacking stones in a vertical direction. Plates of different lengths and thicknesses are placed in a specific area. Beautiful plants, coniferous compositions with stones, bulbous flowers are planted between them. Give preference to perennial crops.
Waveforms are also appropriate in these designs. In this case, it is better to use cobblestones, large blocks and a small amount of garden crops. The main point to focus on is to repeat the wavy lines, combine them in color. If there are wooden buildings nearby, the lawn can be mulched by applying a brown material in a single color to the logs.
There are a lot of tall snow-white representatives. Let us stop our attention only on a few of them, the abundant flowering of which delights those around:
Shrubs will help support the snow-white symphony in the garden. Their lush bloom will be the perfect complement to a flower garden. The names of white perennial shrubs can be listed endlessly - these are spring-flowering spireas, lilacs, jasmine, various varieties of roses. By combining plants of different heights and flowering periods into one ensemble, you can make a magnificent, snow-white corner of the garden that will not leave anyone indifferent.
The white perennials presented in this article do not exhaust all the snow-white splendor of the flora. In decorating the garden, you can use exotic species of herbaceous plants, which will greatly expand the choice. The main thing when choosing specimens is to focus on the preferences of flowers and the existing natural conditions on the personal plot.