Flowers are magic. Just one such bright lump of life can make a woman who has just been crying bitterly smile, transform the most gloomy office, make a hurrying car turn off the road ...
There are many different recommendations and advice on how to apply fertilizer to flowers, which describe the necessary trace elements and minerals that they need for full growth and development. But this information will not be enough without recipes for houseplant fertilizers that you can make yourself. Of course, it is possible, and in some cases simply necessary, to use purchased fertilizers, but the fact that they are of high quality cannot be completely sure. And the cost of some types of fertilizers is incredibly high. That is why a huge number of flower growers prepare these fertilizers with their own hands at home.
Litter manure is the most complete organic fertilizer. It is a mixture of solid and liquid excreta of farm animals with bedding (straw, sawdust, peat, dry leaves, etc.).
According to the degree of decomposition, there are 4 types of manure prepared on a straw bed: fresh, semi-rotted, rotted and humus.
In fresh, slightly decomposed manure, the straw almost completely retains its color and strength. It should be borne in mind that manure is the main source of weeds with increased viability. If you apply fresh manure, it will take a lot of effort to weed. In addition, with the introduced fresh manure, seeds will come, which can germinate in 1-2 years. Therefore, at the summer cottage, it is necessary to use only semi-rotted, rotted manure and humus.
Fresh manure is placed in a pile up to 2-2.5 m high, compacted (by walking along the pile), covered with a layer of peat (20-30 cm) or a film. If in a hot summer the mass dries up, make a notch (15-20 cm) along the entire pile and watered it 2-3 times. Use after at least 3-4 months of storage.
In semi-rotten manure, the straw becomes dark brown, loses its strength and easily breaks. The aqueous infusion of such manure is black, thick. Compared to fresh, semi-rotten manure loses 20-30% of its original mass.
In rotted manure, the straw is almost completely decomposed, turning into a black smeared mass. Semi-mature manure loses about 50% of the original mass and dry organic matter. The water solution of rotted manure is colorless.
Humus (rash) is a homogeneous, loose, dark-colored mass. Humus loses up to 70% of its original mass.
Litter manure must be quickly embedded in the soil. Otherwise, it loses nitrogen and mass.
Liquid manure obtained with limited use of litter. It is stronger than the bedding one, it works in the first year. It can be applied (poured) in approximately the same doses as litter, and also mixed with dried peat (1: 1).
Slurry is a fast-acting fertilizer. Can be applied to all crops.
Poultry manure is a complete fast-acting fertilizer in which nutrients are in a form readily available to plants. Chicken droppings contain more plant nutrients than duck and geese droppings. The average litter yield per year is (kg): from one chicken - 6, duck - 8, turkey - 8, goose - 10.
It is impossible to store bird droppings in a pure form - it dries out quickly, emits a fetid odor and loses a lot of mass. To reduce losses, primarily nitrogen, which in 1.5-2 months can reach 30-60% of its total content, raw manure should be stored in a mixture with peat crumbs (25-50% of the weight of the manure) or with sawdust in dry location.
Poultry droppings are used for all crops and on all soils, mainly when feeding plants. A very important condition is the uniformity of application throughout the entire area: if the application is uneven, "burns" of the plants are possible.
Dry manure is a very concentrated organic fertilizer in the form of granules or gray powdery mass. For cabbage, dry droppings are used at a dose of 0.5-0.6 kg / m 2 for other vegetables - 0.6-0.8 for potatoes - 0.3-0.5.
Compost is obtained by composting manure, peat, straw, household waste. In compost, the nutrients of organic fertilizers are converted into a form that is easily digestible for plants. In addition, nitrogen additionally accumulates in them.
Peat-manure compost is obtained by layering peat and manure: one part of manure and one or two parts of ventilated peat. A stack up to 1.5-2 m high is kept for 2-3 months or more. 100 kg of such compost contains 2-3.5 kg of nitrogen, 0.1-0.2 kg of phosphorus and 0.2-0.4 kg of potassium. It can be used for all crops in doses, similar to litter manure.
Peat compost prepare in the same way, interlayering lowland peat and droppings at the rate of 1: 0.5-1. After 2-3 months of exposure, it is applied in doses equal to litter manure.
Peat and faecal composts contain almost twice as much nitrogen as manure. Peat absorbs fecal liquid and eliminates unpleasant odors. All types of peat are suitable, with the exception of carbonate peat. With summer harvesting, peat-faecal composts mature in 2.5-3 months. They are brought under vegetable crops the next year. When composts are laid in autumn, the ripening period is extended to 6-8 months.
Peat and faecal compost should not be placed under vegetables that are eaten, as a rule, without heat treatment (tomatoes, cucumbers, green ones, etc.)
Prefabricated plant composts are prepared from kitchen waste, dry leaves, potato tops, weeds, peat, feces, manure, etc. All these materials are stored on a compacted area (so that the liquid part of the compost is not lost) in compost heaps up to 2 m wide and 1.5-1.7 m high.For better moisture absorption, a layer of peat with a thickness of 20-25 cm or such is placed in the base of the heap. the same layer of earth (leaves). As waste accumulates, it is best to place it in layers in the compost heap. Dry materials must be moistened. The edges of the heap are made slightly higher so that the liquid does not drain, but is absorbed. After watering, a layer of peat or earth is poured on top of the heap. Compost heap care consists in shoveling it 2-3 times during the summer. Difficult-to-decompose waste (sawdust, shavings, chopped branches, cardboard) are placed in separate heaps for a longer period of time for overheating. Compost is considered ready for use when it turns into a homogeneous crumbling mass. Before use, the compost is sieved or crushed with a pitchfork, a shovel. Introduce in the same doses as manure, in the fall for digging.
To what is called "slop", many housewives are contemptuous. If this is permissible in urban conditions, then it is completely in vain at the summer cottage. Examples convince. So, water after boiling potatoes (especially "in uniform") or beets, tea and coffee waste enrich the soil with nitrogen. Not into the sewer, but under the beds, drain the water in which you washed cereals, beans, mushrooms. Use water after washing dishes from kefir, milk, sour cream, vegetable oil - it contains fat that feeds beneficial microorganisms.
Vermicompost (ecogumus, vermigumus) - is obtained on the basis of processing manure, organic waste (shavings, paper, garbage) by a small red Californian worm. It is a dark brown or dark gray free-flowing homogeneous mass. It contains about 45% moisture and 50% organic substances, as well as readily available compounds of nitrogen, phosphates and potassium. Due to the high concentration of microorganisms, vermicompost heals the soil.
Sapropel (lake or pond silt) is an environmentally friendly natural organo-mineral fertilizer. It is rich in organic matter, lime (3-50%), contains available phosphates, a number of trace elements, as well as natural growth stimulants, hormones, antibiotics, etc. Sapropel has a light gray, bluish, dark gray and even dark color. It increases fertility and works for a number of years, but sapropel of light and grayish color must be ventilated - first scattered over the site, and then embedded in the soil. The introduction of sapropel is combined with fertilizers.
Straw can be directly used for fertilization after shredding in combination with liquid manure, slurry or mineral nitrogen at the rate of 1 kg of fertilizer nitrogen per 100 kg of straw. At the summer cottage, straw can be used to prepare a variety of composts.
Wood sawdust is a very difficult-to-mineralizable production waste. In their pure form, they are brought in at the rate of 20-30 kg per 100 m 2 in combination with slurry or liquid manure (40-60 kg per 100 m 2), with autumn plowing. But it is best to use them in bedding for animals, and then keep the manure in a pit or pile for 4-6 months. It should be applied after full maturation in doses equivalent to the doses of bedding manure.
Eggshell is a unique fertilizer that reduces acidity and increases soil fertility. For a year, the average family throws it out 5-6 kg. Eggshell contains calcium, micro-additives of phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur. They bring a clean crushed shell into the soil in the spring, for digging.
The advantages of buying agricultural goods from a garden store are not limited to the excellent value for money from manufacturers. Our managers will contact you as soon as possible in response to the application left on the company's website to clarify the details of the order and answer your questions.
Using convenient filters, you can easily select the necessary fertilizers at an affordable cost and can order them with fast and convenient delivery to all cities of Ukraine by New Mail. All categories of goods are sold wholesale and retail inexpensively.
Mineral fertilizers are of two types:
The concept of a simple fertilizer is conditional, as a rule, the chemical formula of such a fertilizer suggests the presence of additional chemical elements in it, which are in very small amounts compared to the main one.
In the composition of complex fertilizers, not one, but two or three main chemical elements in high concentrations, as well as a lot of additional ones in small amounts.
Industrial mineral fertilizers are produced in special packaging, which indicates the name, chemical formula and content of the nutrient in it. As a rule, instructions for use for various crops are printed directly on the package.
Slox-Eco - highly concentrated organic fertilizer. Slox-Eco is an odorless extract from horse manure with natural ingredients.
For the normal development of any living creatures, a nutrient medium is necessary. Grown products should not only be tasty - they should be healthy. Therefore, the "food" for plants must be natural. These are the natural organic fertilizers Slox-Eco. Their use improves the structure of the soil, creating a nutritious organic environment for plants and beneficial microorganisms, promotes the formation of the root system, increases growth energy, and increases disease resistance. They contain all the necessary components: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and other macro- and microelements, biological growth stimulants and substances that increase plant resistance to diseases. "Slox-eco" acts on the plant immediately after application, because all the necessary substances are in a dissolved form. The use of a special technology in the production of the drug - the method of anaerobic microbiological fermentation - made it possible to concentrate in 500 ml of the extract as much nutrients as 40 kg of horse manure contains, and therefore the effect of the introduction of these fertilizers, in comparison with unprocessed manure, is ten times higher ...
Three varieties of this Slox-Eco preparation are proposed for use: for complex plant feeding, for feeding and protecting plants from pests, for strengthening the root system.
How do the three proposed drugs differ from each other, in addition to the general properties described earlier:
- "SLOKS-eco" - ORGANIC FERTILIZER FOR COMPLEX FEEDING OF PLANTS "- provides better adaptation and survival of plants, it is recommended to use it for new plantings. In indoor floriculture, especially suitable for violets, palms, dracaena, yucca, ficus, citrus, ferns
- "SLOKS-eco" - ORGANIC FERTILIZER FOR PLANT FEEDING AND ROOT STRENGTHENING "- due to the addition of other natural components to the horse manure extract, it has new properties: vitamin B1 and castor oil promote the maximum absorption of the necessary components by the roots of plants, iodine stimulates the formation of new roots and plant growth, improves carbohydrate metabolism, increases the content of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in fruits and leaves, improving the quality of the harvest, horsetail extract provides the strength of the cellular tissue. The presence of these useful additives stimulates the formation of ovaries on plants when using the drug by spraying with dilution: 1 cap (60 ml) per 1 liter of water.
- "SLOKS-eco" - ORGANIC FERTILIZER FOR PLANT FEEDING AND PROTECTION AGAINST PESTS "- due to the presence of fir oil and wormwood extract, protects against pests living in the root coma of the earth, the horsetail extract increases the strength of plant cell tissue. It is recommended to use in combination with "Slox against plant pests", which will give the maximum protection effect.
It must be remembered that Slox-Eco's amenities are concentrates, which means they must be diluted.
Using Slox-Eco fertilizers you will grow your plants strong, healthy and get a good harvest.
Humates are the main component of the universal mineral fertilizer GumateEm. It has been proven that the use of humates contributes to the ecological restoration of the soil, the restoration of depleted and detoxification of contaminated lands. Humates bind radionuclides, pesticides, toxic substances and heavy metals in the contaminated soil, transforming them into insoluble forms and making it impossible for plants to assimilate them, which means ensuring the ecological purity of the crop.
Research on application Gumatem universal showed that the combination of feeding plants with basic fertilizer and spraying with certain infusions of herbs and plants several times during the season, practically prevented the appearance of the Colorado potato beetle and other flying plant pests by one hundred percent, and doubled the yield. Therefore, it was decided to create a mineral fertilizer Gumatem for plant protection, in which this combination is implemented immediately, a drug that strengthens the immunity of plants, immunity to diseases and at the same time provides their feeding.
Component properties.The acidic environment, obtained through the inclusion of effective microorganisms in HumateEm, helps to cope with onion flour, apple moth, weevil on raspberries, moths on currants and gooseberries and other diseases of fruit and berry crops. Flour from young shoots of pine and coniferous bark reduces the number of Colorado potato beetles after 4-fold processing of potato shoots. Wormwood and wild rosemary are effective against aphids, moths, fly larvae, and honeydews. The phytoncides contained in the flowers and bark of the bird cherry, which is part of the preparation, drive away harmful insects from the bushes of gooseberries, raspberries and currants.
The drug GumateEm is effective not only in the garden, but also helps to keep things from flying insects, for this you need to spray the pieces of cardboard and put them in the pockets of clothes placed for long-term storage. To kill bugs and fleas, the corners and the inner wood covering of furniture are sprayed. Outbuildings can also be protected from mice; mice do not tolerate the smell of wild rosemary and wormwood.
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Organic fertilizers include slurry, manure, feces, mullein, compost, peat, wood ash and plant residues. It is recommended to apply these fertilizers to the soil once every two years. It is better to apply manure in the fall, slightly dripping. It is especially important to observe this rule when using fresh manure. If it is sealed too deep, then microelements useful for plants will not form in it, and there will be little benefit from such fertilization. If the manure has decomposed enough, then it can be applied to the soil in the spring. It will also work well as a mulching material. Manure as a fertilizer is not a good source of plant nutrition. It contains little nutrients, but it improves soil structure well and serves as a source of humus. Therefore, it is recommended to use mineral fertilizers to increase yields.
If used correctly, peat can be a good fertilizer. It is scattered in the spring over the site, without embedding it in the soil, and loosened with a cultivator. Plants planted in such an area quickly form a strong root system.
Wood ash gives the plants calcium and protects them from pests. It is not recommended to use coal ash. It will do more harm than good.
The compost heaps are filled with slurry or faeces. They cannot be poured directly onto the ridges. These fertilizers contain elements that can harm plants. In only one case, the introduction of feces or slurry into the beds is allowed. This is done in winter or late autumn. In this case, the soil should freeze well. Goat, rabbit or poultry manure can only be used after composting.
Compost heaps are not recommended for open, sunny areas. There must be enough moisture in the heap, otherwise the bacteria that contribute to the formation of compost will not be able to exist. Only healthy plants are placed in the compost heap, since pathogens do not die even after the complete decomposition of plant residues.