National Parks consist of terrestrial, river, lake or marine areas that contain one or more ecosystems intact or even partially altered by anthropic interventions, one or more physical, geological, geomorphological, biological formations, of international or national importance for naturalistic values, scientific, aesthetic, cultural, educational and recreational such as to require the intervention of the State for the purpose of their conservation for present and future generations.
Altogether they cover over one and a half million hectares, equal to approximately 5% of the national territory.
We can divide them into:
1) Gran Paradiso National Park
Regions of Piedmont and Valle d'Aosta, provinces of Turin and Aosta.
2) National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise
Regions of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise, provinces of L'Aquila, Frosinone, Isernia.
3) Circeo National Park
Lazio Region, Latina province.
4) Stelvio National Park
Regions of Trentino Alto Adige, Lombardy and the provinces of Bolzano, Brescia, Sondrio and Trento
5) National Park of Calabria
PARKS ESTABLISHED UNDER THE LAW 11 MARCH 1988, N. 67 (Financial law) and LAW 29 AUGUST 1989, n. 305
(Three-year program for environmental protection)
6) Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park
Veneto Region, province of Belluno
7) National Park of Casentino Forests, Monte Falterona and Campigna
Tuscany Region, provinces of Arezzo, Florence and Forli
8) National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago
Tuscany Region, provinces of Grosseto and Livorno
9) National Park of the Sibillini Mountains
Marche Region, provinces of Ascoli Piceno, Macerata and Perugia
10) Pollino National Park
Calabria Region, provinces of Cosenza, Matera and Potenza
11) Aspromonte National Park
Region of Calabria, province of Reggio Calabria
PARKS ESTABLISHED ON THE BASIS OF LAW 394/91 of 6/12/91
12) National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano
Campania region, province of Salerno
13) Gargano National Park
Puglia region, province of Foggia
14) National Park of Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga
Abruzzo region provinces of Ascoli Piceno, L'Aquila, Pescara, Rieti and Teramo
15) Majella National Park
Abruzzo Region, provinces of Chieti, L'Aquila and Pescara
16) Val Grande National Park
Piedmont Region, Novara province
17) Vesuvius National Park
Campania Region, province of Naples
PARKS ESTABLISHED BY LAWS SUBSEQUENT TO LAW 394/91
18) National Park of the Archipelago of La Maddalena
Region of Sardinia, province of Tempio-Olbia
19) Asinara National Park
Region of Sardinia, province of Sassari
20) National Park of Gennargentu and the Gulf of Orosei
Sardinia Region, Nuoro, Ogliastra and Cagliari provinces
21) National Park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines
Emilia Romagna region, Reggio Emilia and Parma province - Tuscany region, Massa Carrara province
22) Sila National Park
Calabria Region, provinces of Catanzaro, Cosenza and Crotone
Note: The information is an elaboration of the news reported by the Ministry of the Environment and the protection of the territory and the sea
Between Piedmont and the Valle d'Aosta extends the Gran Paradiso National Park, the first national park established in Italy in the now distant 1922. Mountain lovers cannot miss it: here the landscape alternates dense woods with alpine meadows - which in summer are filled with flowers - up to the highest peaks with their snow-covered glaciers for the whole period winter. In freedom they run ibex and chamois and, for those who are more interested in flora, there is also a botanical garden where all sorts of mountain species are grown: paradise is within walking distance!
Click on the images and discover 10 beautiful ski slopes in Italy!
These parks safeguard natural environments and protected species. A unique heritage of Italy and the entire planet Earth. Preserving and caring for it is everyone's job. Going to visit these wonderful places is a tip to be taken on the fly for a holiday immersed in greenery and nature.
The Italian National Parks and Similar Reserves Committee born in 1977 in the frame of the Botanical Garden of Rome by the hand of Franco Tassi, Director of the Abruzzo National Park from 1969 and 2002.
The Committee groups together those responsible for the Italian national parks, and throughout its history it has been sponsored by the Ministries of the Environment (since 1987) and of the Merchant Navy (since 1988).
The Committee's pride is its autonomy and firmness in maintaining the original mission, far from flattering sirens and external and interested economic contributions.
Camerino's 1980 “10% challenge”, completed in 2000, and its continuous challenges in defense of national parks and the species that live in them are memorable.
First of all the Lynx, to which an entire project and study group has been dedicated, the Lince Italia Group born in 1993 as part of the Biodiversity Project, which over the years has shed light on the magnificent and mysterious feline, or Lupo Italia groups is Cryptzoology.
In this long list of national parks, which as mentioned are 25 in all, and occupy an area of over 15,000 square kilometers , we must also mention that of Five lands , in Liguria, the park of Tuscan archipelago , which includes many islands of this archipelago and smaller islets, as well as underwater areas, the Circeo park , in Lazio, the park of Vesuvius , in Campania, the park of Alta Murgia , in Puglia.
The last national park established in Italy, in the summer of 2016, is that of Pantelleria.
In the coming weeks, slowly, the isolation meshes will begin to loosen. In fact, with the new Dpcm, from 18 May it is possible to move throughout the Region without limitations, while from 3 June it is possible to go from one Region to another (although the various territories may waive permits based on the health situation). However, it will be the moment when we can return to immerse ourselves in nature, respecting all the precautions required by law and which we also talked about in our last post dedicated to the mountains.
And what could be the first destination to choose if not a national park? Almost all regions of Italy have at least one within their borders, so just look around and choose your next destination. Do you know how many national parks are in Italy? There are 23 officially recognized, flanked by 29 protected areas.
We have chosen some, among the most representative, historical ones, with the best naturalistic attractions. In short, unique places where you can experience firsthand what Forestasi means.
It is the oldest park in Italy, established in 1922, and covers an area of over 70 thousand hectares. It is located between the Aosta Valley and Piedmont. Inside, it houses, the only peak over 4 thousand meters entirely in Italy, five concentric valleys in which there are typical alpine environments, with glaciers, rocks, larch and fir woods. The animal symbol of the park is the alpine ibex, a species highly endangered before the establishment of the protected area but which today thrives in an environment that is unique in the world.
With its 130,700 hectares, the park includes a territory divided into two regions, Lombardy and Trentino Alto Adige. The heart of the protected area is made up of the Ortles-Cevedale group. The fauna is made up of numerous specimens and counts, among vertebrates alone, over 260 species. These include the presence of large birds of prey (golden eagle and bearded vulture), the rich populations of ungulates (especially deer and ibex) and the presence of many species typical of mountain habitats (alpine galliformes, marmot, white hare, ermine, etc. ). The park also has a historical value, as here, during the First World War, it ran the western end of the fighting front.
One of the main scientific reasons for the birth of the park is the great wealth and rarity of its flora. Geology is also important, thanks to the presence of numerous karst formations and the longest and deepest cave in the whole of Veneto, within the Eterni Plans-Grotta Isabella complex: still under study, it is over 35 km long and 1,052 meters long. depth.
It is among the smallest in Italy and at the same time the most densely populated. Here the hand of man has made itself felt for millennia, shaping the landscape in a unique way. Its terraces, dry stone walls and the five villages that make it up are very famous all over the world: Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza and Monterosso al Mare. The entire territory is now a World Heritage Site.
The park is located between Marche and Umbria and well represents the Apennine landscape typical of these areas. Here rivers and streams have drawn the territory into narrow and very deep gorges. Also within the park are the Piani di Castelluccio, famous for their spring colors. Unfortunately, the entire complex has been strongly affected by the numerous seismic events of recent years and consequently some paths may still be inaccessible.
This park is a very rich deposit of geological, environmental, anthropological and cultural assets. Inside stands the Gran Sasso d’Italia, which with its 2912 m is the roof of the Apennines. The park is famous for hosting numerous wolf packs and herds of horses and cows in the wild. The Marsican bear has recently returned to stay in these woods.
Known more as a tourist destination, this part of Puglia is also one of the richest in different habitats and biodiversity. It is a rich and varied habitat, as it is difficult to find in Italy. The authentic puzzle of environments concentrated in such a small area make the Gargano more of an island than a mountain, which moreover only reaches 1,065 meters with Monte Calvo.
This park is the first established in Sardinia and the only one in Italy consisting of the entire territory of a single municipality. It is a geomarine park that extends over an area - between land and sea - of about 18 thousand hectares. The marine area can offer sightings of large mammals such as fin whales, sperm whales, bottlenose dolphins and coastal dolphins that can be seen frequently within the archipelago. Without forgetting one of the symbols of the park, the Caretta caretta turtle.
One of the Italian parks with the greatest plurality of landscapes. We pass from the Mediterranean scrub to the mountain beech woods, hosting more than 175 species of vertebrates. The wolf and the many birds of prey that populate the area are famous. The richness and value of the park's naturalistic values are confirmed by the presence of numerous other protected areas, recognized at national and European level. In fact, 28 sites of the European Natura 2000 Network are totally or partially included in the perimeter of the park, including 25 SCIs and 3 SPAs, and 9 State Natural Reserves which extend over an area equal to 46 per cent of the territory.
One of the southernmost national parks in Italy, it is capable of hosting over 1,500 different species. The park has a high floristic richness, linked to the geographical position of the Aspromonte massif, which is located in the center of the Mediterranean. This position favored the overlapping of floras of different origins during the Tertiary and Quaternary era which, at least in part, adapted by differentiating local lineages at various levels (species, subspecies and varieties). The high diversity in plant species is also linked to the environmental heterogeneity found in the territory of the park, a direct consequence of its geomorphological and climatic characteristics, with significant differences in climate between the slopes overlooking the Ionian and the areas facing the Tyrrhenian Sea.