Tulips are good for everyone: and the colors are cheerful after the boring winter monotony, and give hope for an early summer, and even a subtle smell does not irritate. The only pity is that, like all spring flowers, tulips fade too quickly. Although in order to extend the flowering period of tulips, you just need to properly care, especially since caring for tulips is easy, but they require constant attention to themselves - from the moment the sprouts appear until they wither.
After planting tulip bulbs in the ground, care must be taken not to be bothered by weeds. It is better to remove pirate plants by hand, without using a hoe, so as not to accidentally damage the tulip bulbs.
The soil must be loosened regularly: loosening the earth is an additional way of soil drainage and allows the soil to be saturated with moisture deeper. Pay special attention to the aisles. Use a dedicated hand baking powder.
Since tulips are herbaceous plants, their stems often do not support the weight of the flowers and droop, bending towards the ground. For better stability, you can spud each bush higher - to form an earthen mound at the base of the stem, which will help the flower to maintain balance. Hilling also prevents the bulbs from washing out of the soil during heavy spring rains with thunderstorms.
Tulips are very moisture-loving flowers, but moderation is needed in everything, so it is important to avoid stagnation of moisture in the soil, as this leads to rotting of the bulbs and the death of flowers.
It is necessary to water tulips without waiting for the soil to dry out. Water should be used warm, settled. When watering tulips, do this so that the drops do not fall on either the leaves or the flowers, otherwise spots may appear on the petals, and the buds that get water may wither without opening.
No need to pour water directly under the tulip bush: dig grooves in the aisles and fill them with more water. After the water has been absorbed, fill in the grooves so that moisture does not evaporate from the surface of the soil.
Fertilizer for tulips is recommended to be applied to the soil when tulips are planted. But autumn rains sometimes wash out nutrients from the soil and the flowers do not get anything. In such cases, fertilizing can be done in the spring during watering by dissolving fertilizers in water.
What fertilizers should be used for feeding tulips? It is best to apply complex mineral fertilizers, which contain already verified proportions of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. Experienced flower growers recommend the following proportions: nitrogen (1 part), phosphorus (2 parts), potassium (2.5 parts).
Organic fertilizers also have a good effect on the growth of tulips, but they must be of guaranteed quality. It is better to purchase fertilizers not from private farms, but from agricultural firms, where organic matter is disinfected from pathogens and bacteria. Otherwise, it is untreated or low-quality organic fertilizers that can cause diseases of the bulbs and the flowers themselves. It will be especially offensive if varietal flowers die.
If tulips lack nitrogenous compounds, they do not hold the vertical position well, their leaves become small and, when wilted, acquire a reddish tint. Such tulips do not last long in a bouquet. To avoid these troubles, feed the tulips with diluted ammonium nitrate.
When tulips lack phosphorus and potassium, buds and flowers suffer. They become smaller and show signs of deformation. Lack of phosphorus and potassium is also manifested in the fact that the edges of the leaves acquire a blue-green tint. In this case, you need to add superphosphate and potassium nitrate.
When the tulips bloom and wither, you need to carefully remove part of the peduncle and wilted tops, leaving a few of the healthiest leaves so that the bulb can complete the formation of children and gain the strength necessary for rest.
You can dig up early tulip bulbs already at the end of May - mid-June. Later varieties are dug up later - in July. Dry the bulbs for ten days, then peel them, separate the babies and store in a dark, cool and dry place.
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Tulips came to Europe in the middle of the 16th century. They began their march from Germany, but Holland is now called the land of tulips.
In the spring, planting bulbs in a permanent place depends on the region and climatic characteristics.
Usually these flowers are planted in the autumn, so you need to take into account that if you plant tulips in the spring, then they will be able to bloom only the next season, that is, in a year.
This is due to the long maturation of the flower bud in the bulb.
It is necessary to plant bulbs not earlier than a stable temperature mark of +5 and not higher than +10 degrees. The intermediate temperature between these values is great for planting tulips, so they can take root better.
Planting must be completed by the end of June, otherwise the plant will not have time to ripen by next year.
Usually early varieties are planted by the end of March, but in case of frost, the flower may die. Therefore, the optimal terms are selected according to the climatic characteristics of each region.
In order to successfully grow such unusually beautiful flowers, you should definitely learn how to properly care for them. At the same time, the rules for caring for tulips are not very complicated, and even a florist with very little experience can cope with their cultivation.
These flowers can live in one place for up to five years. Do not disturb them for an annual transplant, otherwise the plants may not bloom so abundantly. But if the stems begin to get crowded and have already grown quite a lot, then it's time to plant them.
For a transplant, you will need:
Daffodil bushes are planted right away; young roots cannot be allowed to dry out. Pick a late afternoon in early August, when the midday heat has subsided, and get started.
1) To begin with, the bushes are carefully dug up.
2) Then they are divided into smaller ones and laid out for processing.
3) For prevention, plants can be sprayed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a suitable fungicide.
4) In a new place, the holes are prepared and daffodils are transplanted into them with maximum accuracy.
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