LANGUAGE AND MEANING OF FLOWERS AND PLANTS
The periwinkle with its creeping stems forms beautiful evergreen lawns that are cheered up, from spring and throughout the summer, by delightful planters considered in Russia the "swallow of flowers" as linked to the beautiful season.
In the seventeenth century in England it was considered a sacred herb to Venus and it was said that if leaves were eaten by two spouses, love between them was propitiated. There was also the custom of making wreaths of flowers that were placed around the neck of the key caused nosebleeds as it was said to stop the bleeding.
The garlands of Periwinkle, however, were also intertwined to accompany the dead in their last journey but this was not seen as a negative expression: life and death were considered the two realities linked to earth and life.
Today in the language of flowers the Periwinkle has a melancholy meaning: it communicates to those who receive it as a gift that they will keep their memory forever.
There periwinkle or win of Madagascar it's a ornamental plant suitable for embellishing semi-shady areas of the garden and in pots to create beautiful splashes of color on balconies and terraces.
The Periwinkle is a delightful little plant that is highly appreciated and cultivated not only because it forms beautiful lawns but also because it gives us incredible blooms starting from spring and throughout the summer.
The Vinca genus, better known as Periwinkle, native to Europe and the Tropics, belongs to the Apocynaceae family and includes seven species.
The name derives from the Latin vincire = to tie due to the stems that intertwine in the ground.
These are evergreen plants, herbaceous or shrubby, rustic or not, with a creeping or upright habit, which form delicate flowers that bloom continuously from spring to autumn depending on the species.
The flowers are tubular formed by 5 rounded or elongated lobes of variable color depending on the species and varieties.
There are numerous species of Vinca among which we remember
VINCA DIFFORMIS (VINCA ACUTILOBA)
Vinca difformis has leaves carried by long branches of a beautiful intense green, lanceolate with white or lilac flowers that bloom in autumn.
Vinca herbacea has a creeping habit with very intense green leaves, mostly lanceolate.
The blue-purple flowers grow practically continuously as the plant develops.
VINCA MAJOR (PERVINCA MAJOR)
Vinca major is a typical European species, very common in Italy. It is a rustic species, with a creeping habit, native to Europe, with lanceolate-oval leaves of a beautiful intense green, glossy.
The flowers are reddish-blue in color and bloom from spring to autumn.
There are several varieties among which we remember: the Vinca major, Alba variety with white flowers, the Vinca major, very elegant variety with blue-purple flowers and leaves streaked with white.
VINCA MINOR (PERVINCA MINOR)
The Vinca minor is very similar to the Vinca major from which it differs for the much thicker foliage.
The leaves are oval-lanceolate, shiny and of a beautiful intense green. The flowers are lilac-blue which bloom in spring-summer.
Also of this species there are numerous varieties among which we remember the Vinca minor variety alba with white flowers Vinca minor variety albo plena with double white flowers Vinca minor variety atro purpurea with red flowers.
The cultivation of the Periwinkle does not present major difficulties.
They are plants that need a lot of light, full sun and a lot of air so in both summer and winter, ensure the plant as much light as possible.
The optimal cultivation temperatures are: in summer around 21 ° C which can even reach 29 ° C, in winter around 16-18 ° C. Below 15 ° C the plant begins to show signs of suffering.
If it is possible in summer it is good to keep the plant outdoors, even in full sun, in these conditions, with the right moisture content, the plant will bloom very generously from spring to summer and in some species even in autumn.
Many people treat this plant as an annual, that is, they eliminate it after autumn. This is not necessary because if you maintain mild winter temperatures, keeping it indoors, in the light, the plant will live very well.
The Periwinkle plant should be watered abundantly from spring and for most of autumn, taking care not to allow the water to stagnate in the saucer as it does not tolerate water stagnation.
In autumn and winter, water enough to keep the soil moist.
TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT
The Pervinca is repotted every year between January and March in gradually larger pots using a good fertile soil with a slightly acid reaction.
They can also be raised in suspended baskets thus forming splendid flowery cascades.
They do not like water stagnation therefore place pieces of earthenware on the bottom of the vase that favor the drainage of excess water.
We always recommend using clay pots that allow the earth to breathe.
The Periwinkle is a very generous species that blooms continuously from spring to autumn depending on the species.
To have a nice bushy habit it is a good practice to prune the plants quite vigorously leaving the stems about 10 cm high from the base while in the specimens that are raised in hanging baskets it is preferable to do the topping.
The color "periwinkle" is often referred to to indicate a very particular shade of blue-violet, rich in nuances.
The Periwinkles seem to have different therapeutic properties: digestive, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive. It has a substance, Vincamine, which acts on vascular disorders, typical of the elderly. In any case, when using this plant, consult your doctor as it contains some substances that can be toxic if ingested
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS AND PLANTS
The periwinkle with its creeping stems forms beautiful evergreen lawns that are cheered up, from spring and throughout the summer, by delicious flowers, was considered in Russia the "swallow of flowers" as it is linked to the summer.
In the seventeenth century in England it was considered a sacred herb to Venus and it was said that if the leaves were eaten by two spouses, love was propitiated between them. There was also the custom of making garlands of flowers that were placed around the neck of those with nosebleeds as it was said to stop bleeding.
However, the Periwinkle wreaths were also intertwined to accompany the deceased on their last journey, but this was not seen as a negative expression: life and death were considered the two realities linked to earth and life.
Today, in the language of flowers, the Periwinkle has a melancholy meaning: it communicates to those who receive it as a gift that their memory will be preserved forever.
It is a plant that is often grown in pots to embellish balconies and terraces.
The pot must have adequate dimensions for the development of the root and of the aerial part. As a soil, a substrate with an acid pH, leaf soil, sand or expanded clay as a base material can be used.
Generally it is done when the purchased plants are forced into small containers.
They are repotted at the same time using wider and deeper pots and new fresh soil rich in organic substance. Also for this operation, to avoid water stagnation it is important to put a draining layer of at least two centimeters on the bottom. The soil can be enriched with nutrients with a little floured manure or mature compost.