Herniar (lat.Herniaria) - a genus of plants of the Clove family, numbering about 30 species, growing in Europe, Western Asia and Africa. The scientific name of the genus comes from a word that is translated from Latin as "hernia".
In Russian, a hernia is also called a hernia, dog soap, gladun, ostudnik, make-up, field soap. Some types of hernia are medicinal herbs used in traditional medicine.
Read more about growing a hernia below.
The genus Gryzhnik is represented by herbaceous annuals and perennials with a stubble woody branched root and numerous creeping or ascending branching stems up to 25 cm long. The leaves of hernia are small, opposite, solid, yellowish-green, with membranous stipules. Small, yellowish with green, unisexual or bisexual flowers are formed in the axils of the leaves into capitate-spike inflorescences. Hernia fruit is a small oblong or spherical nut with glossy dark brown seeds. Hernia blooms in May-August, and bears fruit in July-September.
Hernia seeds can be purchased or collected with your own hands from wild plants: cut off twigs with heads in July-August, wrap them in paper, and when they dry, slightly thresh them. Where does the hernia grow? In nature, it can be found in bright sun or in partial shade on poor or dry sandy soils, so a nutritious garden soil is quite suitable for this plant, provided that it is well-drained. Hernia grass does not grow only on saline soils. In heavy and clayey soil, to improve drainage properties, add a bucket of sand for every 1-2 m².
In the photo: Growing a hernia
Hernia seeds are sown into the ground before winter, only lightly sprinkled with earth on top. They will be hardened in the soil over the winter and germinate in the spring.
Small shoots of the hernia become noticeable only in July, when lateral shoots will develop in the seedlings. In the first year, the hernia needs to be watered regularly so that it grows faster, but in the future this drought-resistant plant has enough natural precipitation. But the stagnation of water in the roots of the hernia does not tolerate well.
The hernia does not need feeding, but it will be grateful if you bring into the soil once a season a solution of organic fertilizer - mullein or bird droppings.
Gryzhnik is winter-hardy and does not need shelter for the winter.
The hernia is resistant to both pests and diseases, but it can suffer in a rainy summer from root rot, especially if it grows in heavy soil. To prevent this from happening, during the period of prolonged rains, cover the area with the hernia with a film. Remove rotten specimens found from the site as soon as possible.
In damp weather, slugs may appear on the bed with a hernia, which are collected by hand.
Several types of hernia are grown in culture as medicinal and ground cover plants.
Or hernia is naked - herbaceous annual, type species of the genus. The plant has a thin, woody, taproot root. Numerous recumbent, flattened, slightly pubescent or almost naked branched stems reach a height of 5 to 10 cm and are covered with small opposite elliptical or obovate leaves up to 10 mm long and up to 3 mm wide. Light or yellowish green leaf blades can be glabrous or slightly pubescent. Small sessile flowers up to 1 mm in diameter in an amount of 5 to 10 pieces form spike-shaped glomeruli. In folk medicine, this plant is used as a diuretic.
In the photo: Herniaria glabra
Or hairy hernia - also an annual with a thin root, ascending and branching from the base with short-pubescent shoots from 3 to 15 cm long and oblong-obovate leaves, narrowed towards the base into a short petiole. Old leaves are almost glabrous, but young ones are covered with bristly hairs. Almost sessile flowers are collected in 5-8 pieces in glomeruli.
In the photo: Herniaria hirsuta
Or fragrant hernia - perennial up to 20 cm high with strongly branching, ascending or outstretched, sparsely pubescent stems. The leaves of the plant are slightly covered with pile or glabrous, lanceolate or oblong-elliptical, up to 15 mm long and up to 13 mm wide. Unisexual or bisexual sessile flowers form spike-shaped inflorescences or glomeruli in the leaf axils.
In the photo: Herniaria polygama
Or hernia grayish - also a perennial plant up to 25 cm high with a thick rhizome and branchy open or ascending stems, woody at the base. Grayish-green leaves up to 18 mm long and up to 3 mm wide, sometimes bare or slightly pubescent with a short nap, sometimes turn yellow during fruiting. Axillary flowers are collected in glomeruli.
In the photo: Herniaria incana
It is a perennial dwarf shrub, sometimes forming turf. Its root is thick, with numerous dormant buds in the upper part. Woody, ascending, outstretched stems, pubescent and branching in the upper part, reach a length of 15 cm. Ovate or rounded leaves on short petioles glabrous on both sides, young leaves ciliate along the edge. Small flowers form glomeruli in the leaf axils.
In the photo: Caucasian herniar (Herniaria caucasica)
As a medicinal raw material for traditional medicine, the herb of polygamous, smooth and hairy hernias is harvested, the chemical composition of which is almost identical. These plants contain essential oil, alkaloids paronyhin and lycorin, flavonoids, carotene, methyl ester, ascorbic acid, coumarin, allantoin, mineral salts of manganese, zinc, copper, iron and other biologically active substances, which determine the beneficial properties of the hernia.
Hernial herb and its preparations are used as a choleretic, astringent, analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent in the treatment of gout, vitiligo, cystitis, dropsy, rheumatism, tuberculosis, acute respiratory diseases, urolithiasis and kidney stones, gastritis, arthritis, stomach catarrh and lichen.
Infusion and decoction of herbs used as a wound healing agent for lotions, poultices and baths for acne, scrofula, eczema, diathesis and psoriasis.
The ability of the hernia to form an abundant foam when rubbed with water allows it to be used as a substitute for soap for washing wool and silk, as well as for washing animals, especially since an additional effect of using a hernia for hygienic purposes is the disappearance of fleas and ticks. And the sap of the plant treats urinary retention in animals.
Herniarin and herniaric acid contained in hernia raw materials have a strong hemolytic effect, that is, they destroy red blood cells in the blood, therefore, hernia preparations can only be used for treatment as directed and under the supervision of a professional doctor. Overdose can cause poisoning and even paralysis of the central nervous system.
In the photo: Gryzhnik - a useful plant
Hernia preparations are contraindicated for pregnant women, breastfeeding, children under 12 years of age, patients with glomerulonephritis, acute gastritis, stomach and duodenal ulcers. A contraindication is also a tendency to bleeding and the presence of tumors in the genitourinary organs. Patients with kidney stones can only take hernia medications if there are no large stones, otherwise the stones may become stuck in the ureter, and an urgent surgical operation will be required.
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Annuals Medicinal Clove (Carnation) Weeds on G
The flowering plant Aralia is a member of the Aralia family. Under natural conditions, it can be found in subtropical and tropical regions, and even partially in places with a temperate climate in Australia, Asia, Central and North America. This genus unites about 70 species, but only Manchurian Aralia is cultivated by gardeners as a medicinal, ornamental and melliferous plant.
Cultivated species of bullocks are grown from seeds. Before sowing, the planting material undergoes stratification for about a month. The seeds are placed in wet sand, poured into a wooden or plastic box, which is stored in a refrigerator, keeping the temperature not higher than 0˚C. As soon as the bullock seeds are hardened, you can start sowing. The container is filled with garden soil and shallow grooves are made in it. The soil around the crops is thoroughly watered. The first green shoots appear soon.
When the seedlings of the buckwheat grow up and get stronger, the seedlings are transferred to the open ground. The plot in the garden is chosen sunny, so that young plants quickly take root in a new place. The distance between individual bushes should be at least 30 cm.If sowing before winter, then seed stratification is not required. They are immediately sent to the soil in the fall before the onset of frost.
The root of a plant is used as a medicinal raw material, less often its grass and seeds. It contains many useful biologically active compounds.
Its expectorant, diuretic, tonic, soothing, choleretic, carminative, tonic, blood-purifying and antiseptic activity is successfully used in folk medicine.
Infusions and decoctions of roots are used in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, heart, liver, stomach, intestines, kidneys and urinary tract. They help fight bronchitis and bronchial asthma, cholecystitis, rheumatism, gout, cardiac dropsy, neurosis, headache, palpitations, various edema, constipation, worms, asthenia, anemia, colic of various origins, renal failure, menstrual irregularities.
Outwardly, with a decoction of roots or herbs, lotions are made and purulent wounds are washed. An infusion or decoction is used for taking baths, rinsing hair, in case of hair loss.
Pounded lovage leaves applied to the head soothe headaches. They are also used in the form of tea, infusion, infusion or powder.
For bronchitis, colitis, intestinal spasms, use root infusion - 2-3 tsp. raw materials in 250 ml of boiling water (daily dose). An infusion of 4 g of seeds in 150 ml of boiling water, which is taken 15 ml three times a day, also helps.
In case of heart diseases, boil 30-40 g of root in a liter of water for 7 minutes. This rate is drunk during the day in 5 doses.
Expectorant, diuretic, carminative is root or seed powder. It is taken three times a day for 0.4-0.8 g.
With neuroses, a dry root (3-6g) is chewed on an empty stomach.
As a diuretic and carminative, a root tincture of 50 g in 500 ml of 40% alcohol is used. Drink it before meals for 30-40 ml.
With pinworms, eat a mixture of 1-2 tablespoons on an empty stomach. root powder with 3 tbsp. honey.
Despite the rich composition of useful properties, the medicinal herb is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women. Also, the flower is not recommended for hypertensive patients and people with poor blood clotting. With prolonged use, side effects may occur: dizziness, nausea, allergic reactions in the form of a rash.
The medicinal properties of the plant have been known for a long time.
The plant loves moisture, therefore, throughout the entire period of growth of an earthen pear, you should ensure that watering is regular and abundant. One bucket of water will be sufficient for one plant. In the rainy period and on cool days, with temperatures below 15 degrees, Jerusalem artichoke can not be watered.
the soil is fertilized with compost in advance, before planting Jerusalem artichoke
when planting, the soil is saturated with phosphorus-potassium fertilizing from bone meal and dry droppings
during flowering, fertilizers with the addition of minerals are suitable.
Gentiana looks good when creating mono flower beds: bright flowering will pleasantly delight with its appearance. When creating a flower garden, tall species, such as yellow gentian and ginseng gentian, are located in the central part, and shorter ones in the front zones.
A good solution is the proximity to other ornamental and medicinal herbs, such as sage, lemon balm, elecampane. The gentian will perfectly complement these low-growing plants.
Gentian cruciform, dinar, alpine are used to decorate curbs, paths, rocky hills.
Urnula Gorchaka is used to create alpine slides and stone compositions.
Low-growing species are perfectly combined on alpine slides with saxifrages, dwarf edrayantus, auricul primrose, marginate primrose, spring lumbago.
The combination of gentians with different flowering periods allows you to maintain constant flowering on your garden plot, from spring to autumn.