Placun grass - so called by the people loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) for its ability to collect drops at the ends of leaves during a period of abundant dew or rain and drop them like tears.
If you believe other sources, the plant got this name because, according to the ancient belief, "Plakun-herb opens an attack to the sworn treasure" and makes evil spirits cry.
Willow loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) or plakun-grass - this legendary plant is quite common in Russia, and those who are friendly with nature could meet it along the banks of rivers and lakes, in wet flooded meadows and grassy swamps.
It is simply impossible not to notice its bright purple flowers in length - up to 60 cm - in a spike-shaped panicle, outwardly resembling a delphinium inflorescence, on stems about one and a half meters high with long lanceolate leaves, similar to willow ones. For a long time, in different provinces, the people assigned sonorous names to the loosestrife: God's grass, gerstel, blood maiden, maiden beauty, fiddler, oak tree, uterus, marshmallow, blue sultans, water gaze.
Plakun-grass has long been widely used by humans in economic and medical practice. Rhizomes that do not die off for the winter (loosestrife is a perennial plant) contain a large amount of tannins. Their broth was used to tan leather and impregnate fishing nets, which kept them from rotting. The loosestrife is especially appreciated by beekeepers. Its flowers release nectar abundantly in July-August. Honey has a pleasant tart, slightly astringent taste.
The aboveground part of the plant, in addition to tannins, contains essential oils, organic acids, flavonoids, tannins, starch, glucose, wax, vitamin C, carotene, pectin, mucous and other useful substances.
In many countries, loosestrife is recognized as a medicinal plant. In Tibetan medicine, it is used for nervous diseases. In Bulgaria and France, its antiseptic and astringent properties are used for gastrointestinal disorders. In Switzerland, the infusion of flowers and loot grass is used externally in the treatment of eczema and other skin diseases and internally as a tonic and hemostatic agent. By the way, the ability to stop blood is reflected in the botanical name of the loosestrife - Lythrum, which means "clotted blood".
In Belarus, a decoction of the herb is drunk with uterine bleeding and as a diuretic. Emaciated children are bathed in the broth. Tincture of roots on vodka (50 g per 0.5 l, insist for 10 days) is drunk with epilepsy, 40 drops three times a day.
In Russia, an infusion of loosestrife grass (1 tablespoon of dry raw materials per glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, take 1/4 cup 30 minutes before meals) is used for headaches, rheumatism, coughs, colds, epilepsy, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, dysentery , with toxicosis of pregnant women, convulsions, encephalitis. Outwardly, a decoction of roots and herbs is used in the form of baths, compresses and rinses for hernia, panaritium, purulent wounds, varicose ulcers and eczema. Fresh leaves are applied to bruises and bloody wounds. Dry inflorescences and leaves are added to herbal teas. The loosestrife gives them a pleasant astringent (tea) taste.
The medicinal raw material of the loosestrife (inflorescences and leaves) is harvested at the time of mass flowering - in the second half of July. The upper part of the plants is cut off, leaving stems 50-60 cm long. The raw materials are dried in the attic, spread out in a thin layer or suspended in small bunches, crushed and stored in paper bags.
The easiest way to carry out the blanks on your site, since the loosestrife is very easy to grow yourself. The loosestrife does not have to be planted on the shore of the pond. I have it for many years growing on an ordinary garden bed. I water 3-4 times a summer - no more than other plants, this is enough for him. Sowed in early spring to a depth of 0.5 cm in rows across a 1 meter wide bed every 30 cm. After emergence, he thinned out, leaving three plants in a row. Nine plants from an area of 1 m2 fully provide my family with medicinal raw materials.
Actually, it would be more correct to name the place where the loosestrife settled with me, not a garden bed, but a flower bed. Within two months, its lush inflorescences adorn the site. No wonder in a number of countries it is grown as an ornamental plant. And how much joy it is to watch the bees busily swarming in its flowers! The bees attracted by the loosestrife will not disregard other crops, for example, planting strawberries and will significantly increase their yield.
I also advise you to grow this plant from a fairy tale - a loosestrife. I will gladly help to acquire his seeds. You can order them, as well as planting material of maral root, rhodiola, wild garlic, kandyk, God's tree, golden currant, kalufer and more than 200 other rare medicinal, spicy plants, vegetables, flowers and shrubs from the catalog. It is enough to send a marked envelope - you will receive the catalog in it for free.
My address: 634024, Tomsk, st. 5th Army, 29-33, mob. t. +7 (913) 851-81-03 - Gennady Pavlovich Anisimov. The catalog can also be obtained by e-mail - send a request to E-mail: [email protected] The catalog can be found on the website sem-ot-anis.narod.ru.
Gennady Anisimov, Tomsk
Since the places with a sufficient amount of sun are the most favorable for the cultivation of the willow bush, we took it to decorate the area near the pond. But then it was moved closer to the garden - the height of the bush is disproportionately larger than our miniature pond. In general, its natural habitat is flooded meadows and the shores of reservoirs, so it looks great in the coastal zone.
Companions can be gentle astilbe, tradescantia, mountaineers, cereals, daylilies, monards. But there are also more daring combinations - with geleniums, bright red dahlias, phloxes and roses of cold crimson shades. This is Tatyana Koisman's favorite flower, and here is one of her landscape compositions:
Derbennik also makes extensive use of Pete Udolph, on whose ideas a whole trend in landscape design was born - the so-called. gardens of the New Wave.
Over the seven years of experience in growing Lythrum willow leaf in our garden, we did not find any flaws in the plant - it does not require frequent transplants, it blooms for quite a long time, and attracts beneficial insects to the garden. Therefore, we safely recommend growing a loosestrife, planting and caring for it is not burdensome, and there are many design applications.(11 estimates, average: 4,82 out of 5)
The willow loosestrife is a perennial plant with many medicinal properties. Unpretentious, it can decorate any garden with lush and long flowering. People call it plakun-grass. This is due to the peculiarity of the plant "crying" - after dew, drops collect on the tips of the leaves, which fall to the ground like real tears.
I would like to say that due to its unpretentiousness and magnificent appearance, the willow loaf has won the love and recognition of gardeners.
The use of different varieties and the ability to coexist with many plants will give you the opportunity to make thematic corners on your site, so to speak. You can make a medicinal (pharmacy) corner.
For this, neighbors can be - goldenrod, medicinal burnet and many others. A corner for butterflies can be completed with oregano, valerian, echinacea.
You should listen to the experience of herbalists, many recipes were passed down through the generations by our ancestors.
But herbal treatment should not be treated as a solution to all diseases in the world. It is best to consult your doctor first.
The loosestrife belongs to those garden plants that practically do not need care. The exception is crops that are planted in insufficiently moist soil. For such loosestriders, it is necessary to constantly compensate for moisture evaporation and maintain stable soil indicators. Regular and abundant watering, in particular, is necessary for all loosestrife growing on flower beds. But those that grow near water bodies do not need watering at all. But at the same time, one should not be afraid that a short-term drought and complete drying out of the soil will deplorably affect the attractiveness of plakun-grass: loosestriders really prefer wet conditions, but they are so hardy that they will not suffer from their absence for a certain period.
Willow loosestrife, or Plakun-grass. widnr
In order for the loosestrife to have enough nutrients in the soil for abundant and long flowering, it is necessary to maintain stable soil characteristics annually by the method of early spring feeding. It is best to mulch the soil with compost or peat, which will play the role of not only a long-lasting fertilizer, but also a means of maintaining stable soil moisture. It is advisable to carry out the first mulching immediately after planting, and then renew it annually in the spring. But you can replace mulching with fertilizers in the soil.
With the beginning of the flowering period, in order to achieve the greatest decorative effect of the loosestrife, it is advisable to use mineral fertilizers for additional stimulation of the formation of new peduncles. Any fertilizer mixture for garden flowering plants will work. The only requirement is the minimum nitrogen content in them. Placun grass, unlike all other perennials, reacts to an excess of nitrogen not by actively growing greenery, but by lodging shoots.
Pruning is a mandatory component of caring for this perennial. Traditionally, only one pruning is carried out, sanitary, removing the ground parts left over from the last year. The loosestrife can also be cut at the end of autumn, completely cutting off all aerial parts under the root, or leaving dry shoots to decorate the winter garden and carry out such a complete pruning in the spring.
Willow loosestrife. WhatsAllThisThen
Formative pruning is carried out depending on the quality in which the loosestrife grows and how important the shape and silhouette are for the beauty of the overall composition. In natural-style gardens, the loosestrife does not need such pruning, but if you want to maintain a more accurate and architectural form of the plant, then during the summer it is advisable to carry out a formation that gives the bushes a greater density and regularity of shape.
Do not forget to cut off the faded flower stalks before the seeds ripen. This plant is prone to self-seeding and due to this it is quite aggressive, the seeds germinate quickly and take root very well, therefore, the timely cutting of the inflorescences will prevent the unwanted spread of the loosestrife in the garden.
These large perennials are considered pest and disease resistant. But in garden culture, especially on flower beds with roses, they are often attacked by aphids, which easily move to dense loosestrife from neighboring plants
Therefore, in compositions with loosestrife, it is extremely important to conduct constant monitoring for the earliest possible detection of pests and prevent their spread. It is better to fight aphids on this plant immediately with insecticides.
Without exception, all loosestrife are hardy, hardy plants, for which, for successful wintering in the middle lane, there is no need to provide even the slightest shelter in the form of hilling with dry leaves, and even more so to create intensive protection.
There are several ways to grow a loosestrife.
Seed planting begins in March in prepared containers filled with soil. The seeds are placed on the soil surface and the container is covered with glass or foil. They are then placed in a warm room with adequate lighting.
The seeds should hatch quickly, and already when the first three leaves appear, the seedlings can be distributed in separate containers or peat cups.
It is recommended to plant seedlings in the ground after the night frosts end, around the end of May. The distance between the bushes should be about 40 centimeters.
If flowering in the first year is not necessary, then you can plant the seeds in the ground in early spring or autumn, and then the loosestrife will bloom only in the second year. Seedling seeds can be purchased at any seed store or gardening fair.
Planting in open ground should be carried out according to the usual scheme. A hole is dug, organic fertilizers are applied, planted, and after planting they are watered abundantly.
The bushes do not lose their decorative properties for many years and do not require constant transplants, rejuvenation and breeding. They can be transplanted when the sizes exceed the permissible ones or the bush begins to lose its decorative effect.
Loose bush bushes require little or no maintenance, but if planted on dry soil, they need constant maintenance of stable soil parameters.
If the bushes grow in flower beds, then they must be provided with regular watering. And those plants that are planted next to the reservoir do not need watering. It should be remembered that with a short-term drought, the plants will not suffer, as they have sufficient endurance.
Top dressing of bushes. The soil around the shrubs needs to be fed annually so that they have enough nutrients and they do not lose their attractiveness.
The easiest option is to feed with peat or compost, which are not only long-lasting fertilizers, but also maintain soil moisture. The first feeding is performed immediately after planting, and then it is carried out every year.
At the beginning of the flowering of the loosestrife, in order for the bush to have a greater decorative effect, mineral fertilizers are applied. For this, any fertilizer for flowers with a minimum nitrogen content is suitable. You can buy such fertilizers at any gardening store.
The loosestrife is pruned several times. Full pruning is usually done at the beginning of the year, removing all ground parts that are left over from the previous season.
But you can also perform it at the end of autumn, completely cutting off everything that is above the earth's surface.
To form a beautiful crown of the bush, it is imperative to carry out formative pruning.
With the help of it, you can give an architectural shape and an unusual silhouette that is necessary in landscape design. If the garden is formed in a natural style, then such pruning can be omitted.
It is also necessary not to forget to cut the flower stalks before the seeds ripen, since the plant can multiply by self-sowing and this will help prevent the spread of the loosestrife in the garden.
These shrubs are usually not susceptible to any disease and are resistant to pests, but in gardens they can be attacked by aphids. It is best to deal with it with insecticides.
All varieties of loosestrife are frost-resistant. They do not need any additional protection for the winter, which makes it very popular with gardeners.
By decorating a garden plot and combining a loosestrife with other plants, you can achieve a beautiful and spectacular look.
Do not plant a weeping grass next to the tansy, this will make the entire site look untidy. But by placing it next to the umbrella flowers, you can emphasize its greatness and color.
The loosestrife looks very impressive in mixborders, in combination with cereals, blueheads, and phlox, while it is better to plant the plants in large spots, and not one by one.
Near ponds, you can create a composition with contrasts using irises and single loosestrife. A striking solution would be to plant a loosestrife with lilac flowers against a background of yellow goldenrods.
Placun grass is not an aggressive plant, but due to its rapid growth, it can clog weak flowers. And this must be taken into account when composing compositions. It is better to plant strong plants next to it.
In addition to the fact that the loosestrife looks beautiful in garden compositions, it is also used in medicine. Preparations made from it have a healing effect, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and diuretic effect.
It is used to treat colds, fevers, diarrhea and dysentery, to treat back pain and headaches, colic in the intestines and stomach diseases, epilepsy and general weakness.
They are even used to alleviate toxicosis. Lotions from it are also used for the bites of poisonous snakes, ticks with encephalitis and rabid animals.
Dried flowers and leaves can be added to tea, which is drunk to get rid of depression, hysteria, or just when you are in a bad mood.
The loosestrife gives the tea a pleasant, slightly astringent taste. It is also added to baths to relax and relieve cramps in children. Fresh leaves can be applied to cuts and wounds to speed up healing.
The tannin contained in the roots of the plant is used for tanning leather, and is impregnated with it in fishing nets.
A decoction of dry leaves and inflorescences is very easy to prepare. It is necessary to add about 5 grams of herbs to a glass of boiling water and let it brew for more than 4 hours. You can take it by dividing one glass into three doses per day.
You can also make an alcohol solution, for this dry grass is poured with alcohols in the calculation of one to ten and insisted for 14 days.
It is taken three times a day, diluting from 20 to 40 drops in a small amount of water, before meals.
An infusion from the flowers of this medicinal plant is made as follows: a glass of water is added to one tablespoon of dried flowers and placed on the stove, where it is brought to a boil and allowed to cook for about five minutes.
Remove from the stove and let the broth brew for about an hour, filter through cheesecloth and drink one spoonful three times a day before meals.
According to the same recipe, a decoction is made from the roots of the plant, but it is taken in a quarter of a glass three times a day before meals.
You can buy dry herb for brewing at a pharmacy, or prepare it yourself in the summer.
Derbennik, like any medicine, has contraindications. It should not be given to patients who have increased blood clotting and have a tendency to form blood clots.
It is not recommended for use in any form in the elderly with constipation. Since the herb constricts blood vessels, it is contraindicated for hypertensive patients, and can increase blood pressure. Cannot be used for atherosclerosis.
Thus, the loosestrife can become the main decoration of the garden, and at the same time help with various diseases.
Choice of location. Since in nature the plant prefers shading, it is recommended to find a similar place in the garden - a warm (protected from wind and draft), humid zone. Of course, the loosestrife can adapt to any indicators of heat and soil, but in direct sunlight, foliage and inflorescences will lose their rich shade. It is best that the site for planting plakun-grass is located in partial shade, it will be especially comfortable for it to be near a stream or reservoir. But if you plan to land directly into the water (for the summer period), then the immersion depth should not exceed 30 cm.
If there is a plot in the garden with the proximity of groundwater, prone to flooding or stagnation of moisture during the period of melting snow or rains, you can plant a loosestrife on it without worrying about decay of the root system. Possessing high shoots, the podberezhnik in the summer heat will perfectly develop not only in highly moistened soil, but even with stagnant water.
Soil for planting loosestrife should be light, but at the same time rich in nutrients. Although in nature such plants can grow on sands, loams, very dry soil, it is not recommended to use such a substrate in the garden. Florists noticed that the color of plakun-grass flowers changes from acidity indicators. It is better to select a soil mixture with neutral acidity - pH 6.5–7.
Planting tips. Even a novice gardener can handle this. When seedlings or divisions are planted in the spring, the distance between the pits is maintained at about 35 cm in the first case, and up to half a meter in the second. But before planting loosestrife plants, it is necessary to perform pre-planting work:
Since the loosestrife is not at all afraid of waterlogged soil, the drainage layer in the holes is not used. After the plant is set in the hole, the soil mixture is poured to the top and abundant watering is performed.
In one place without loss of decorativeness, clumps of plakun-grass can grow for a long time (more than 10 years) and they do not need transplants. Such operations are performed in the case when the size of the bush began to exceed all the norms allowed for the site, or old plants no longer serve as a decoration for the flower bed, but only spoil the view.
Watering when caring for a loosestrife is the most important point. All varieties of podberezhnik prefer abundantly moist soil and there will be no normal development on dry soil. After the substrate dries up, the plant will struggle for its survival for some time, but if there is no watering or rain, the death of the weeping grass is inevitable. It is recommended to moisturize abundantly and regularly, and in a dry summer, do not allow the clod of earth to dry out. If the curtains are next to a reservoir, then you do not need to water.
Weeding and mulching the soil. When caring for a loosestrife, it is important to remove weeds in a timely manner, since weeds not only spoil the aesthetic appearance of the curtains, but also become a suitable environment for the spread of pathogenic microbes and fungal spores when growing. Also, due to weeds, pests are attracted and absorb a large amount of moisture from the soil, leaving nothing for the loose. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly (once a week) weed out the weeds and at the same time to loosen the soil. The latter aspect will facilitate the penetration of air and water to the root system of "swamp candles", making it difficult to form a dense earth crust.
To prevent the soil surface from hardening and staying wet longer, the root circle must be mulched using peat, compost or sawdust.
Fertilizers when caring for a loosestrife brought in for the purpose of enriching the soil on the site. To do this, annually with the arrival of spring, it is necessary to apply peat mulch (which was mentioned above). Such a layer is spread immediately after the seedlings of plakun-grass have been planted, and then it is replaced every year with a new one.
In order to increase the decorative effect of the bloom at the beginning of the formation of buds, it is fed with any complex mineral preparation (for example, Kemira Universal), this will also contribute to the formation of new flowering stems. But it is very important not to make fertilizing with a large amount of nitrogen-containing substances. Because of this, the growth of deciduous mass will not occur to the detriment of flowering, as is the case with other plants, on the contrary, the plump grass under the influence of such fertilizers lodges, and subsequently simply dies.
Application in landscape design. The loosestrife is recommended to be used for decorating the background of flower beds or flower beds. Because of the tall shoots, curtains can be used to mask fences or other unsightly places. Also, designers place plantings of "swamp candles" at the entrance to the site or next to a stream or pond, planting trees at the foot of the rockery.
The best "neighbors" for plakun-grass will be irises and hyssop, loosestrife and delphiniums, astilbe and lemon balm, goldenrod and foxglove, geleniums, aconites and rudbeckia also look good next to them. The lower part of the reed bushes can be covered with hosts and a soft cuff.
Additional rules for the care of a loosestrife consist in timely pruning of the aboveground part of the plant for the winter and preventing the spread of adult clumps beyond the borders of the flower bed. There is no need to transplant the plant, Lythrum does not need rejuvenation.
Pruning Swamp Candles performed with the arrival of autumn. Using a sharpened gardening tool or a simple knife, remove all stems. This prevents self-seeding (because of this, the culture becomes very aggressive). It is also important that the loosestrife curtain does not grow beyond the limits of the area allocated for it. They try to cut the shoot close to the soil surface. According to the recommendations of some gardeners, you can leave dried spike-shaped inflorescences that look spectacular next to autumn flowering plants (asters or chrysanthemums). But in this case, with the arrival of spring, it will be necessary to cut off all the shoots above the soil surface, in anticipation of young stems. Some designers use a shaping haircut to give the conceived silhouette of a curtain of plakun-grass, but if you adhere to a natural style, then this can not be done.
Loose leatherette care in winter. Plants, even young ones, do not need to be covered for the winter months. Since the podberezhnik easily adapts to conditions corresponding to central Russia and tolerates frosts without problems, the curtains are not sheltered even from dry foliage.