Potatoes are a thermophilic plant. But not all gardeners live in the south. Scientists have tried to create varieties for various climatic conditions, and now we can say with confidence that even in unpredictable weather conditions, it is possible to get an excellent potato crop. You just need to choose the right variety and follow the planting and care rules.
The homeland of the potato is the warm, one might say, hot countries of South America - Peru and Bolivia, where the tubers were not only eaten, but also were the object of religious worship.
Potatoes are still honored in Peru
A lot of time has passed since then. The painstaking work of breeders has led to the emergence of new varieties of this wonderful vegetable. At the moment, potatoes can be grown even in places of so-called risky farming - for example, in the North-West region.
A feature of the region, located within the temperate continental climate, is the abundance of precipitation, which often leads to waterlogging of the soil. And the summer cannot be called too warm - the average temperature norm in July is only 14.3aboutC. In order to grow a good potato crop under such conditions, it is necessary to use competent agricultural technology and choose varieties that are not afraid of low temperatures and high humidity.
The choice of a landing site plays an important role. The main condition for potatoes is a large amount of sunlight, which illuminates and warms the plantings. There is no need to be afraid that direct rays will burn the tops - if you use the correct agricultural technology, this will not happen. But the shadow will negatively affect the quality of the crop. It is advisable to protect potato bushes from the prevailing winds. And of course, you need to take into account the terrain, potatoes are planted only on flat areas.
Be sure to follow the crop rotation. Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants are not the best precursors for potatoes. These plants harbor pathogens that can threaten potatoes. By the way, the pests of the representatives of the nightshade family are also the same.
It is impossible to plant potatoes from year to year on the same site. The site must rest for at least 3 years before being used again for planting. Legumes, root vegetables, cucumbers, cabbage will be ideal precursors.
Potatoes are a thermophilic plant, for planting you need to find the most illuminated place
In order for a variety to fully reveal its qualities, it is necessary to take into account the structure of the soil and its nutritional value. The root crop prefers to grow in unrestricted conditions, it needs loose soils that conduct moisture well and have unhindered air exchange.
All types of podzolic soils, loams and sod-podzolic soils prevail on the territory of the North-West region, including the Leningrad region. These types of soils are not very suitable for growing potatoes. To improve their mechanical properties, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work before planting the root crop. It includes the following steps:
Some additional tips:
Before planting potatoes, the soil must be dug up and fertilized.
Early potatoes can only be harvested if sprouted tubers are planted. About a month before planting, the selected potatoes are taken out of storage and sorted again. The most suitable tubers for germination are the size of a hen's egg.
If you are a little late with the start of germination, and the planting time is running out, there is one wonderful method - a peat-humus mixture with sand. It is poured into containers, potatoes are placed on top. Temperature and light indicators should be the same as for germination by the usual method. Periodically wetting the tubers with water will help them quickly grow sprouts with a root system. The only disadvantage of this method is that you will have to plant it manually and very carefully so as not to damage the fragile roots.
Potatoes are germinated before planting.
Many gardeners of the North-West region consider the beginning of flowering of bird cherry and the blooming of young leaves on birch as a guideline for planting potatoes. The main thing is that at a depth of 8 cm the earth has time to warm up to 10aboutFROM.
During planting, you should take into account the features of the spring period:
In the Northwest region, gardeners choose the same planting methods as in other regions. Someone prefers to use the classic "shovel" method. This method is mainly used on small flat areas located in the southern part of the garden. Its advantages are simplicity and time saving.
Planting potatoes in holes is used in small areas
The ridge method is more suitable for heavy soils, in which the potatoes grow deformed and shallow due to lack of space for the development of tubers. The same method is used in swampy and often flooded areas where potatoes can simply rot in the water.
The ridge method is used in clay or flooded areas
Many gardeners in the region try to plant their potatoes in furrows or trenches, directing them from south to north so that the potato bushes can get more light and heat. Ridge and trench methods are suitable for owners of walk-behind tractors and large plots of land.
Trenches should be located from south to north so that the potato bushes are well lit
With the above planting methods, you can get good yields of early and medium early potatoes. The fast growing season allows the tubers to mature in a short time.But in the climatic conditions of the North-West region, when grown in open ground, medium-late and late varieties do not always manage to form a crop in time. What to do? The answer lies under the tape in the literal sense of the word. So that late varieties of potatoes can please you with the taste and size of the tuber, use greenhouses and film shelters (greenhouses).
Potatoes are planted in a greenhouse much earlier than in open ground. This is possible because the soil in an enclosed space warms up much earlier. In addition, in greenhouse conditions it is quite easy to maintain the temperature necessary for the growth and development of potatoes. The planting technology is the same as in the open field, but there are more advantages:
There are many benefits to growing potatoes in a greenhouse
A film shelter or greenhouse will also allow you to plant potatoes a little earlier. The plastic wrap will protect the tubers from frost, and you will get the harvest 2 weeks earlier. It is very easy to build such a shelter. Metal arcs are installed on the potato bed, a transparent film is stretched from above and fixed at the base. But growing under cover has one caveat. As long as the potato sprouts sit in the ground, they don't need ventilation. But the emerging seedlings need air. The film delays it, so you have to periodically lift it. And when the tops grow 15 cm, holes are made on the surface of the film in a checkerboard pattern to ensure ventilation of the shelter.
In a greenhouse, potatoes are not afraid of frosts
Another important point when growing potatoes under a film is to maintain the temperature inside the greenhouse. If the weather is sunny, then the ground under the structure can warm up to 40 ° C and higher. This high temperature will stop the development of tubers. Therefore, in sunny weather, the film can be removed, but if the frost returns, the structure should be returned to its original appearance.
The agricultural technology of the potatoes grown in the North-West region is not much different from the generally accepted one, with the exception of hilling and watering. If the weather is damp during the growing season, then you do not need to water the potatoes. At the beginning of development, the plant has enough water and nutrition, which are in the mother tuber. But when the moment of budding comes, fluid intake increases. And if during this period there is hot weather without rains, then the potatoes must be provided with abundant watering.
Hilling in difficult climatic conditions is carried out more often - up to 3 times. For the first time, the sprouts are covered to the very top of the head to avoid exposure to frost. At each regrowth of seedlings, the procedure is repeated until the threat of recurrent cold snaps has passed.
The row spacing will have to be loosened at least 2 times. This procedure retains moisture in the soil and enhances air exchange in the roots. For the North-West region and the Leningrad region, where it often rains in summer, loosening is even better than moisture. In addition, loosening is an excellent way to combat weeds, and this is especially important at the very beginning of tuber germination. In addition, many pests, including wireworms, do not like this procedure.
Hilling and loosening potatoes in the Northwest region is a very useful procedure
Of course, potatoes will not do without nutrients, especially the late varieties. Taking into account the mineral fertilizers introduced during planting, potatoes need at least two additional fertilizing: the first time before the first hilling, the second - during the flowering period. It is more advisable to combine top dressing with watering or carry it out after rain. Preference should be given to organic fertilizers - a solution of chicken manure (1 part to 15 parts of water) or ash (2-3 tbsp. L. Under a bush).
Unfortunately, diseases and pests do not bypass potato planting.For the North-West region, the main problems are late blight and scab. For the prevention of these diseases or at the first sign, be sure to treat the bushes with Abiga-Peak or BisolbiFit preparations.
Among the pests, the most common are golden potato nematode, Colorado potato beetle, potato aphid and wireworm. To prevent the invasion of unwanted guests, it is necessary to correctly carry out agrotechnical techniques. You can plant fragrant herbs - their smell will scare away pests. And of course, crop rotation must be observed.
When growing potatoes, it is necessary to take into account the climatic characteristics of the region. In the northwest, most gardeners prefer to grow early and mid-early potatoes. But even the late varieties, as practice has shown, should not be abandoned. Moreover, late potatoes are valued for their taste. To better understand the varieties, let's get acquainted with their characteristics.
Early potato varieties are considered the most popular among gardeners, and this is not surprising. Who would refuse young and fragrant potatoes with dill? And there are many advantages during cultivation:
But there is also a drawback - short storage. Varieties of early ripening have a very thin peel, which is why the tubers quickly lose moisture, becoming unpalatable.
|Weighttuber||120 g||120-250 g||90-130 g||83-143 g||71-122 g|
|Description tuber||Smooth, oval-shaped root vegetables, covered with a thin skin of a pleasant light pink color. White-fleshed variety with good taste. Purpose - dining room.||Rounded potatoes with few eyes. The pulp is milky. The skin has a light yellow tint. Very good at preparing various dishes.||The root crop resembles a regular oval in shape. Covered with a light beige skin. The white-fleshed variety does not darken on the cut. Its taste is rated satisfactory and good.||The potato is rounded and covered with a smooth white skin. The eyes are shallow, unpainted. Milky white flesh will not darken during cooking. The taste is good.||The potato is elongated and oval. The surface is covered with shallow eyes. The rind is of medium thickness, smooth, yellow in color. The pulp is rich yellow color and good taste. Appointment canteen. It is used in dietetic food.|
|disadvantages||Sensitive to late blight of tubers and tops.||May suffer from golden nematodes and Alternaria.||Excessive moisture in poorly heated soil is undesirable.||In years when plant infections are widespread, it can suffer greatly from phytophthora.||Possible defeat by rhizoctonia.|
|Yield||400-450 c / ha||300-500 c / ha||380-500 c / ha||290-400 c / ha||216-390 c / ha|
|Weighttuber||95-217 g||88-150 g||85-135 g||100-130 g||96-168 g|
|Description tuber||The cover color is yellow, the skin is not rough. The oval-elongated root vegetable is covered with small eyes. The pale yellow flesh has good taste.||An oval root vegetable with a yellow top coat. The eyes are small, in small numbers. The pulp is light yellow with good taste. Refers to table varieties.||The potato has an oval shape and is covered with a smooth yellow skin. The superficial eyes cover the tuber evenly. The pulp is pale yellow, does not darken on the cut and has good taste.||Small-set eyes are located over the entire surface of the oval tuber. The integumentary color is yellow. The pulp is pale yellow in color. Taste rating is high. A versatile variety, ideal for making chips.||The oval-oblong root crop is covered with very shallow eyes. White-fleshed variety, yellow and smooth skin. The palatability is noted as good and excellent.|
|Dignity||highly resistant to potato crayfish and golden cyst nematode.|
|disadvantages||Average resistance to late blight on tops and root crops.||In the conditions of field trials, a rather strong defeat by late blight is noted.|
|Yield||On the 45th day after germination - 107–207 c / ha. On the 55th day, the second digging is 202–300 c / ha. The maximum yield is 477 c / ha.||367 kg / ha is the maximum figure. Marketable yield - 180-360 kg / ha.||291-300 c / ha. The maximum data is 462 c / ha.||The commodity indicator is 200-390 c / ha. The maximum data is 450 c / ha.||The maximum yield is 419 c / ha. The commodity yield is at the level of 164–384 c / ha.|
Mid-season varieties ripen 80–90 days after germination. Such potatoes have a high starch content (over 15%).
|Weighttuber||93-128 g||86-156 g||80-156 g||81-106 g||90-120 g||70 - 120 g|
|Descriptiontuber||The potato is oval shaped. The pulp is milky cream. The skin can be called smooth, it is pinkish-brown in color. The eyes are shallow, red. Appreciated for its excellent taste.||A yellow, even crust covers the creamy flesh. The root crop is oval-rounded, with superficial eyes. The taste rating is excellent and good.||The oval potato is covered with a red crust. Against its background, the pulp of a light yellow color looks bright. Good taste is noted.||Oval root vegetable with shallow eyes. Yellowish skin. The pulp is milky.||Designed for table use. The shape of the potato is oval. The skin is smooth, of the same color as the pulp - light yellow. The eyes are of medium depth. It has an excellent taste.||Small pink eyes are located on light beige skin.The light yellow flesh tastes good.|
|Dignity||Provides resistance to nematode and potato crayfish.|
|disadvantages||Poorly resists late blight and Colorado potato beetles.||Shows medium resistance to wrinkled mosaics.||Not defined.||Shows medium resistance to late blight.||Moderate persistence of scab and rhizoctonia.||Shows moderate resistance to late blight.|
|Yield||Product yield - 214–396 c / ha. The maximum is 416 c / ha.||The maximum rate is 188 c / ha. Marketable - 153-176 kg / ha||The maximum rate is 366 c / ha. The commodity is also at a high level - 271–332 kg / ha.||Maximum - 360 c / ha. The commodity indicator is 195-311 c / ha.||300-540 c / ha.||380-440 c / ha.|
These potato varieties are not very popular in the Northwest region due to the short summer. They just do not always have time to ripen, because their vegetative period lasts from 95 days to 4 months. But these potatoes taste great and can be stored for a long time. Gardeners who dare to grow late potatoes under a plastic cover or in a greenhouse will probably be happy with the result.
|Weight tuber||86-125 g||90-120 g||70-135 g|
|Description tuber||The tuber has an elongated shape and small eyes. The skin is yellow, not rough. The flesh has a pleasant creamy color and excellent taste.||The white-fleshed variety has excellent taste. The shape is round-oval, the integumentary color is light. Shallow eyes will not cause problems when cleaning.||The rounded root vegetable is covered with a white, mesh-like shell. There are many eyes, but they are shallow and slightly colored. White-fleshed variety, does not darken on cut and has excellent taste.|
|disadvantages||May suffer from phytophthora.||Poor drought tolerance. Low resistance to cancer and scab.||There are cases of infection with scab and black leg. The root crop is sensitive to late blight.|
|Yield||Commodity - at the level of 177-278 kg / ha. The best indicator is 375 c / ha.||250-350 c / ha.||Marketable - an average of 170-294 kg / ha. The best result is 410 c / ha.|
In terms of climatic indicators, the Leningrad region is not much different from the North-West region. The short and humid summer gives way to rainy autumn. In such conditions, bushes and root crops often suffer from late blight and rot. Of course, gardeners first of all try to plant early varieties of potatoes - there is less risk and a very quick return of the product.
Both domestic and foreign varieties are grown in the region. Among the domestic ones, Zhukovsky is the early leader, his characteristics have already been described.The following varieties have also proven themselves perfectly:
Some varieties left the race, unable to withstand the competition, and some have not left the podium for many years. But science does not stand still. New varieties of potatoes with improved qualities appear.
Be sure to take the opportunity to try to grow new selection. Perhaps you will find exactly the variety that will become a favorite on your site.
Do not be afraid to experiment and plant different varieties of potatoes on your site. Even late potatoes are quite realistic to grow in the conditions of the North-West region. Of course, you have to work hard, but the result is worth it. It is so nice to grow your own young potatoes, and in the winter, the supply of this vegetable will also not be superfluous.
In the capricious climate of the Leningrad Region, summer residents manage to grow excellent harvests of garden strawberries. The secret lies not only in the exact adherence to agricultural techniques, but also in the correct choice of strawberry variety.
The variety presented by breeders is very large, but not every strawberry is suitable for planting in the region. Which of the characteristics to pay attention to, which species have successfully passed the adaptation - such information will be useful to many.
Medium-early ripening variety, table purpose.
The bush is of medium height, semi-spreading. The leaves are large, light green.
The average yield of the variety is 181-371 c / ha.
The tuber is oval in shape, the eyes are small. The rind is light beige. The pulp of the tuber is light yellow. The average tuber weight is 94-128 g. Starch - 11.1-14.2%.
The taste is good. Marketability 88-97%. Keeping quality is good, 96%.
Resistant to pathogens of such potato diseases:
To late blight - average resistance.
A variety of medium-early ripening, table purpose.
The bush is medium, semi-erect. The average yield of the variety is 165-408 c / ha.
The tuber has an elongated oval shape, the eyes are small. The skin of the tuber is red. The pulp is light yellow. Tuber weight 104-132 g. Starch - 13.0-15.4%.
The taste is great. Marketability 79-97%. Keeping quality 94%.
Resistant to pathogens of such potato diseases:
To late blight - average resistance.
A variety of early ripening, table purpose.
Bushes of medium height, semi-erect. The leaves are large, light green. The edges of the leaves are strongly wavy.
The yield of the variety is 228-321 c / ha.
The tuber is oblong-oval in shape, the eyes are small. The peel is yellow. The pulp of the tuber is light yellow. Tuber weight 100-143 g. Starch - 14.3-17.0%. The taste is great. Marketability 82-98%. Keeping quality 96%.
Resistant to pathogens of such potato diseases:
The variety showed an average resistance to such diseases:
The cultivar is susceptible to golden potato cyst nematode.
Potatoes reproduce well with tubers, which are selected from the total harvest, so many gardeners continue to grow "grandfather's" potatoes for decades. But this approach cannot be considered correct, since over the years, viral and mycoplasma organisms accumulate in the tubers. Even with a good selection of seed potatoes (sampling in the field from well-developed healthy bushes of medium-sized tubers) and observance of storage conditions, the degeneration of varietal traits occurs over time.
As a result, summer residents complain that the potatoes are getting smaller and the taste is not at all the same as before. In order to avoid a decrease in yields and an outbreak of viral diseases, it is recommended to periodically renew the potato planting material by purchasing high-quality varietal seed tubers from seed farms or from intermediaries.
Consider the popular varieties of potatoes for growing on a personal plot, when it is not the number of tubers in the bush that comes to the fore, but their size and taste.We recommend growing on the site several varieties at once with different ripening periods and varying degrees of resistance to weather factors, which will always allow you to stay with a good harvest, even in adverse weather conditions during the growing season.
It is also necessary to remember that a good variety will fully reveal its potential only in the zoning zone. By purchasing non-zoned varieties, gardeners always run the risk of being disappointed with the result.
In varieties with an early ripening period, the growing season (from germination to harvesting) averages 75 days. The most popular varieties in this group are: Red Scarlet, Luck, Rosara, Bellarosa, Impala.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 164 - 192 kg / are, maximum - 400 kg / are.
Bush morphology: compact, undersized, light purple flowers.
Tubers: oblong, even with a smooth surface, small eyes, lilac peel, poor yellow flesh, average weight 80 g, in a bush 10 - 15 pcs.
Taste: average taste, does not boil when boiled, good in frying and for cooking french fries.
Cultivation areas: zoned for the Moscow region and the entire Central region, approved for cultivation in the North-West, Volgo-Vyatka and West Siberian regions, also recommended for the southern regions of Russia.
Features: heat-resistant, stable, resistant to nematodes and potato cancer, high yield of marketable tubers.
Disadvantages: susceptibility to late blight.
Growing recommendations: numerous reviews of the variety indicate a good yield and high marketability even in unfavorable years. To prevent the development of late blight, it is necessary to carry out pre-planting treatment of tubers with fungicides approved for use in private household plots.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 300 - 400 kg / are, maximum - 500 kg / are, stable in different years.
Bush morphology: medium-sized, spreading, white flowers.
Tubers: oval with a light yellow thin skin and white flesh, eyes are poorly expressed, average weight 150 - 200 g, in a bush 15 - 20 pcs.
Taste: good, but mediocre according to some reviews.
Cultivation areas: North-West region, Far East, Volga region, Central Chernozem region.
Features of the: has a high resistance to diseases, drought-resistant, tolerates waterlogging, lodging.
disadvantages: susceptible to nematode.
Growing recommendations: ecologically plastic variety, adapts well to extreme weather conditions and to all types of soil. Planting is recommended in well-warmed soil. Tubers grown using potash fertilizers darken during cooking.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 200 - 300 kg / are, maximum - more than 500 kg / are, stable in different weather conditions.
Bush morphology: medium-sized, semi-spreading, purple flowers.
Tubers: oval (sometimes drop-shaped), leveled, red skin color of varying intensity, surface with slight roughness, yellow flesh, minor eyes are shallow, average weight 90 - 120 g, 15 - 18 pcs in a bush.
Taste: excellent, low starch content, does not boil during cooking, ideal in salads and for frying.
Cultivation areas: South Urals, Far East and middle zone of Russia.
Features of the: equally tolerates drought and waterlogging, resistant to nematodes, scab and late blight, a very early variety with high keeping quality.
disadvantages: not identified by gardeners.
Growing recommendations: the variety retains yields for up to 5 years and does not require frequent seed renewal.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 170 - 330 kg / are, maximum - 385 kg / are.
Bush morphology: tall, erect with large leaves, red-violet flowers.
Tubers: rounded, aligned, color of the peel is light red or pink, the surface is slightly rough, the pulp is light yellow, the eyes are shallow, the average weight is 110 - 210 g ("giants" up to 800 g), 9 pcs per bush.
Taste: high taste, friable boiled potatoes.
Cultivation areas: zoned for the Central European part (middle zone of Russia) and the Urals.
Features of the: high-quality variety with leveled tubers, resistant to viruses, nematodes, scab, cancer and late blight, very early.
disadvantages: average keeping quality.
Growing recommendations: to regulate the size of the tubers, the planting scheme is changed: by increasing the feeding area, large tubers are obtained, and with more frequent planting, medium-sized tubers. Cultivated on all types of soils. Popularly, this proven variety is often called Cherry, possibly because of the special fastening of the tubers and their appearance.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 180 - 360 kg / are, maximum - 367 kg / are.
Bush morphology: tall, powerful, white flowers.
Tubers: oval with sparse eyes, the color of the peel is white-yellow, the surface is smooth, the flesh is light yellow, the average weight is 100 - 150 g, 18 pcs per bush.
Taste: good taste, does not darken during cooking.
Cultivation areas: resistance to unfavorable weather factors and early maturity make it possible to grow this variety in most regions of Russia (Leningrad region, Moscow region, Volga region), it is popular in Belarus and Ukraine.
Features of the: very early (vegetation period 50 days), tubers are formed quickly and even in the first digging give a good yield with high marketability, well stored, resistant to nematodes and tuber cancer, weakly affected by scab and viral diseases.
disadvantages: susceptibility to rhizoctonia and late blight.
Growing recommendations: the variety has positive reviews from both summer residents and large producers. In the southern regions of Russia and Ukraine, farms practice double planting of this variety (early spring and summer) for re-harvesting. To do this, the plants are dug out on a cloudy day, the formed tubers are carefully peeled off, and the bush is planted again, watered abundantly with water. In the middle lane, planting is carried out in early May after warming up the soil. It is strictly forbidden to cultivate without crop rotation.
This group includes varieties with an average ripening period of 75 - 85 days. In this category, gardeners prefer varieties such as Gala, Nevsky, Charodey and Adretta.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 400 kg / weave.
Bush morphology: medium-sized with large leaves, single white flowers.
Tubers: round with small, shallow eyes and yellow veined skin, bright yellow flesh, average weight 70 - 120 g, 25 pcs in a bush.
Taste: good, low starch content, remains firm when cooked, suitable for salads and soups.
Cultivation areas: zoned for the North-West, Central and Volga-Vyatka regions, universal for cultivation in other regions of Russia.
Features of the: resistant to nematodes and specific diseases.
disadvantages: susceptibility to rhizoctonia.
Growing recommendations: the variety emerges evenly, the bushes form compact, which is convenient when leaving (weeding, hilling). Ideal for mechanized harvesting. A very unpretentious variety, gives excellent yields when cultivated on dry land. To increase the shelf life, it is recommended to mow the tops 2 weeks before harvesting, which will allow the tubers to ripen and stock up on nutrients.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 380 - 500 kg / are, maximum - over 600 kg / are, stable.
Bush morphology: medium-sized, lush, white flowers.
Tubers: smooth oval with reddish eyes on a smooth white peel, white flesh, average weight 90 - 130 g, in a bush 8 - 15 pcs.
Taste: good, the starch content is below average, the peeled tubers do not darken for a long time, they do not boil during cooking.
Cultivation areas: zoned in all regions of Russia.
Features of the: high marketability, good keeping quality, drought-resistant, resistant to cancer, late blight and rhizoctonia.
disadvantages: does not tolerate cold snaps during planting and harvesting, early germination of tubers.
Growing recommendations: when planting sprouted tubers, do not break off the sprouts. The variety is responsive to fertilization and watering, therefore it is suitable for intensive cultivation. It is not recommended to plant in unheated waterlogged soil.
Productivity of marketable tubers: strongly depends on the region of cultivation and ranges from 174 to 370 kg / are, maximum - 420 kg / are.
Bush morphology: erect with light green leaves, white flowers.
Tubers: oval with small inconspicuous eyes on a smooth yellow skin, white pulp, average weight 73 - 116 g, the number of tubers is not constant on different soils.
Taste: good, sweetish tubers are easy to peel, do not darken during cooking, but become slightly crumbly ideal for mashing.
Cultivation areas: zoned in the Northern, North-Western, Volgo-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, North Caucasian and Middle Volga regions of Russia.
Features of the: high marketability, high keeping quality, drought-resistant, resistant to cancer, medium resistance to late blight.
disadvantages: susceptibility to nematode.
Growing recommendations: mandatory prophylactic treatments against pests, rare planting scheme.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 214 - 396 kg / are, maximum - 450 kg / are.
Bush morphology: erect, vigorous, white flowers.
Tubers: rounded-oval with small and sparse eyes on a rough yellow peel, light yellow flesh, average weight 130 g.
Taste: medium, when boiled, tubers with a high starch content are boiled, suitable for mashed potatoes.
Cultivation areas: zoned in the Volga region, Western Siberia and the Far East.
Features of the: high marketability, good keeping quality, high resistance to viral diseases, early formation of tubers.
disadvantages: were not marked.
Growing recommendations: an unpretentious variety in cultivation, but does not tolerate a lack of moisture in the soil and irregular watering.
An intermediate group of varieties with an average ripening period of 100 days. Tuleevsky, Roko and Aurora are in the greatest demand.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 180 - 424 kg / are, maximum - 500 kg / are.
Bush morphology: medium-sized, white flowers.
Tubers: oblong with small eyes, yellow peel with slight roughness, yellow flesh, average weight 122 - 270 g (tubers are found and 500 g each).
Taste: excellent, medium starchy tubers.
Cultivation areas: zoned in Western and Eastern Siberia and the Far East.
Features of the: high marketability, good keeping quality, resistance to scab, slightly affected by late blight.
disadvantages: susceptibility to nematode.
Growing recommendations: application of mineral fertilizers and irrigation adversely affect the marketability and safety of root crops during storage.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 136 - 261 kg / are, maximum - 400 kg / are, stable.
Bush morphology: erect, not spreading, red-violet flowers.
Tubers: oval with sparse eyes, the peel is red, smooth, the flesh is creamy, the average weight is 75 - 120 g, in a bush 8 - 12 pcs.
Taste: good, medium starch content.
Cultivation areas: zoned in the Middle Volga region.
Features of the: marketability and keeping quality at an average level, resistance to cancer, late blight and nematode, drought resistant, good for processing.
disadvantages: not the best grade for long-term storage in non-equipped cellars.
Growing recommendations: unpretentious, quite hardy to unfavorable soil and climatic conditions.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 214 - 396 kg / are, maximum - 416 kg / are.
Bush morphology: tall, with large leaves, purple flowers.
Tubers: oval with superficial eyes, beige peel, reddish in the area of the eyes, cream flesh, average weight 93 - 128 g, in a bush 20 - 25 pcs. (according to some reviews, in some years this figure is close to 40).
Taste: excellent, high starch content, crumbly.
Cultivation areas: zoned in the Northern, Northwest and Central regions.
Features of the: high marketability, keeping quality at an average level, resistance to cancer and nematodes, high drought resistance.
disadvantages: a high level of agricultural technology is required.
Growing recommendations: Tall stems need regular hilling to keep the shrub from decaying. Top dressing significantly increases yields.
This group includes varieties with a growing season of about 130 days. These varieties, as a rule, are distinguished by high yield and good keeping quality. The varieties Picasso and Zhuravinka deserve the greatest attention.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 193 - 315 kg / are, maximum - 321 kg / are.
Bush morphology: medium-sized, white flowers.
Tubers: oval with superficial eyes, yellow peel, pinkish in the eye area, cream flesh, average weight 75 - 126 g, 20 pcs per bush.
Taste: good, low starch content, does not boil over.
Cultivation areas: Ideal for the Moscow Region and the Central Black Earth Region.
Features of the: good keeping quality, resistance to cancer and nematodes, attractive appearance of aligned tubers, heat-resistant and drought-resistant.
disadvantages: marketability strongly depends on growing conditions, susceptible to late blight.
Growing recommendations: it is advisable to grow according to intensive technology with the introduction of mineral fertilizers and organic matter. Germination of tubers is recommended before planting. It is better to plant less often, otherwise bulging of tubers to the surface is observed.
Productivity of marketable tubers: 400 - 600 kg / are, maximum - 750 kg / are.
Bush morphology: medium-sized, slightly spreading, red-violet flowers.
Tubers: rounded with shallow eyes, peel of uniform red color, pale yellow pulp, heterogeneous in weight (about 100 g or more), in a bush up to 18 pcs.
Taste: good, used for making chips and Belarusian potato pancakes, high starch content, highly boiled.
Cultivation areas: zoned in the North-Western and Volgo-Vyatka regions, recommended for cultivation in the Central region.
Features of the: good keeping quality, resistance to cancer, scab, late blight, viruses and nematodes.
disadvantages: requires proper and careful care, but according to summer residents it is possible with minimal participation.
Growing recommendations: reacts negatively to increased doses of nitrogen fertilizers, is cultivated with regular irrigation (although, according to reviews, it tolerates irrigation interruptions well), prefers light soils. It is recommended to warm up the tubers before planting to stimulate the exit from the dormant period.
In addition to the varieties included in the state register, gardeners successfully grow unregistered hybrids and varieties. A brief description of potato varieties for an experiment in trial plantings will help you choose the most exclusive options.
A new achievement of breeding is the mid-late variety Granada (Germany), which has a high yield (up to 600 kg / are), good keeping quality, resistance to major diseases and excellent taste with minimal care requirements. Recommended for cultivation in central Russia and Ukraine.
An old but little-known variety is Kiwi, which got its name from its dirty orange, rough peel, reminiscent of kiwi fruit. The pulp is white and cooks quickly.A feature of the variety is its excellent taste and resistance to the Colorado potato beetle. In each bush, about 20 medium-sized rounded tubers are formed.
The mid-season Sineglazka variety is loved by summer residents of the Moscow Region for its excellent taste and high potential, turning a blind eye to the insufficient keeping quality of tubers. However, it is ideal for summer consumption and private cultivation.
The early Riviera variety, entered in the register only in 2013, is also interesting, so there is still little information on the results of its cultivation. Patent holders declare this variety as high-yielding, with high storage capacity and relative resistance to major diseases. Its advantage is its high taste and rapid formation of tubers, which allows you to make the first digging already on the 45th day.
Even experienced potato growers will not be able to unequivocally answer the question of which potato variety is better. It all depends on the growing area, the type of soil, the characteristics of care and the level of agricultural technology. Early varieties are grown mainly for summer use, and it is preferable to lay varieties with late ripening for winter storage.
Potatoes love sunlight and warmth, and in the North-West region, where autumn comes in mid-August, winter in November, and the summer heat lasts 2 weeks at most, not all types of potatoes will be able to fully grow and ripen. Today, potato varieties have been developed for the North-West region, resistant to climate change and having an early ripening period.
The best potato varieties for the Northwest region
The choice of a variety is influenced by its characteristics:
According to the description, this variety stands out among the domestic species. This is a productive variety: up to 450 kg are harvested from a hundred square meters. The flesh of the fruit is white, the tubers are oval, with a pink skin. Potatoes of this species are resistant to weather changes in the North-West region and to the golden nematode, which fills the entire site with high humidity.
The species has no immunity to scab and late blight.
The sorcerer is a mid-early species with a yield of up to 400 kg per hundred square meters and is distinguished by a pleasant sweetish taste. The pulp of the variety is light cream in color, does not darken in boiling water, the peel is yellow.
The variety is characterized by uneven growth of tubers: they differ significantly in size. The advantages of this species are ease of care, drought resistance, high keeping quality, transportability. Potatoes do not suffer from sprout breakage.
Gardeners should not neglect old mid-season varieties such as Resurs and Bronnitsky. Such varieties of potatoes grow well in the Leningrad and Vologda regions.
The yield of the Resource variety is as follows: it brings 450 kg per hundred square meters even in the most northern regions. It is weakly affected by viral diseases.
The Bronnitsky variety has good seed characteristics. In Russia it is one of the best varieties for growing in cold and humid climates. The peel of the fruit is thin, light golden in color.
Bronnitsky can easily compete with well-known German and Dutch varieties: his yield is 540 kg per hundred square meters. At the same time, root crops have a weight of 90-120 g.
Charoite is a new variety, in the North-West region it is called St. Petersburg Skorospelka. The first fruits can be harvested 60 days after planting. yield - 320 kg per hundred square meters. Charoit has good taste, light yellow rind. For an early maturing species, it is preserved almost perfectly: the keeping quality rating is 96%.It has a high resistance to cancer, moderate - to late blight and scab.
The disadvantages of the Charoite variety include its tendency to be affected by the golden nematode, so some gardeners continue to look for new types of potatoes, similar to Charoite, but more resistant to diseases and pests.
A medium early type of Manifesto potato is considered to be more productive than other similar varieties. With an optimal combination of fertilizers and proper care, 460 kg are harvested from 100 sq. m. Root crops are red.
The mid-early type Damaris also has an excellent yield - 450 kg per hundred square meters. Potatoes have beige peel, oval shape, light yellow flesh, delicate taste. Damaris keeps well for a long time.
Manifesto and Damaris are considered popular varieties in Russia, moderately susceptible to late blight and almost unresponsive to pathogens of cancer, scab, both types of mosaics, leaf-rolling virus and golden nematode.
Dutch varieties are popular in our country
In the Netherlands, summer is short and unpredictable, the weather can be called hot 2-3 weeks a year, and the humidity of the air and soil is almost 100%: all this resembles the conditions of the North-West region in Russia, which is why the cultivation of Dutch varieties of potatoes is so popular in our country.
Red Scarlet will suit lovers of young potatoes. Up to 500 kg of crops are harvested from a hundred square meters. The tubers are reddish, very smooth. Gardeners appreciate the variety for its immunity.
The maximum yield of the early Impala is 370 kg per one hundred square meters. Impala is immune to cancer and golden nematode, reacts calmly to short-term drought, undemanding to the type of soil. Impala is susceptible to late blight.
It takes 60-70 days for Fresco to fully mature. Productivity - 230 kg per one hundred square meters. Gardeners recommend harvesting Fresco tubers as early as possible, until potato late blight appears on them.
This variety is insensitive to crayfish and nematodes, 50 to 50 to viruses, black and common scab. Medium-sized yellow and round potatoes are suitable for making chips and crispy fries.
The Fresco variety is stored poorly: the slightest increase in temperature in the cellar provokes germination.
German varieties are also great for growing in the Northwest region, especially in the Leningrad, Arkhangelsk, Kaliningrad and Murmansk regions of Russia.
Adretta brings 450 kg from 100 sq. m, has large yellow tubers that taste great. The tops grow quickly, the tubers are formed early, the variety tolerates drought calmly.
Adretta is perfectly stored, provided that the tubers are harvested on time and the temperature in the cellar is not too high. In good weather in Russia, the species is resistant to late blight, cancer and viruses, but vulnerable to common scab, rhizoctonia and black leg.
According to the description, the yield of the Karatop variety averages 440 kg per 100 acres of land. Cultivation is carried out in the Leningrad, Moscow, Vologda and Kaliningrad regions. Tubers can be tried as early as 50 days after the first sprouts emerge.
One fruit comes out weighing up to 100 g. Karatop is weakly susceptible to late blight, cancer, nematode.
The best potato varieties are varieties that are suitable for one or another characteristic, for those who grow them: high yield, disease resistance, unpretentious cultivation, early maturity, taste, marketability and other qualities. There are a great variety of such varieties, therefore, we present the most popular and tested ones.
Among early varieties potatoes one of the best Dutch varieties should be noted - Red Scarlet... Early maturing variety. From planting to assembly - 75-80 days... The plant is short with reddish-purple flowers. Yield depends on climatic conditions, but enough high 450 - 600 c / ha... Well suited for the southern regions of the country. Tubers are smooth, oblong, beautiful, have a red color, size of one potato 90 - 130 grams... Smooth, even surface, few eyes.
The main advantage of this variety: does not darken when the surface is damaged, does not change color after cooking. Red Scarlet potatoes easily endure dry summers. It is in great demand and popularity among potato growers. Nice presentation and good taste. Good resistance to nematodes and cancer. Stores well and easily tolerates long-term transportation. With constant planting of its seeds, it retains varietal qualities for a long time.
Disadvantages: slightly below average resistant to viral diseases, to common scab. When overgrowing, tubers may lose their even shape.
Potato variety Red Scarlet
An early variety - Gala. This is from rt st of tin designation, German selection. From the moment of disembarkation of this grade until fully ripe harvest takes place about 80 days... The Gala variety has large leaves, a potato clump of average size, weak flowering (white flowers). The weight of one tuber is 80-130 grams. Average yield - 250 kg / ha... Maximum up to 420 c / ha... This variety is very good for sale, as the yield of commercial quality tubers is up to 96%. The tubers are oval, round, even, well suited for mechanical cleaning. The variety is very resistant to diseases and viruses. Good taste. Well stored and transported. Suitable for most regions of our country.
Pros of the Gala variety: unpretentious to soil and climatic conditions, with proper observance of agrotechnical measures - it gives a high yield of high-quality tubers. Resistant to many diseases. Resistance to mechanical damage - high.
Minuses: low resistance to rhizoctonia and late blight. This variety has very few disadvantages, especially if the growing rules are followed.
One of the best varieties of early potatoes is considered Timo. Germinates in all regions of Russia, is well stored, high resistance to potato diseases (potato cancer). The yield of this variety is 350 - 600 c / ha. Potatoes are medium in size, round in shape, the skin of young potatoes is light in color.
Potato variety Impala considered very early, since harvesting can be done 50 days after planting. This variety is in great demand and popularity, especially in the southern regions of our country. Practically in various climatic conditions (drought, abundance of precipitation) - it gives a stable high yield, due to the rapid maturation and use of the spring moisture reserve.
Potato variety Impala, some farms in the Southern regions use for double planting in one season. Bushes are tall with white flowers. Skin color of potato tubers: yellow, shape: oval. This potato variety has a high keeping quality and transportation. Excellent yield of marketable potatoes 85 - 95% Resistance to diseases and viruses - high and medium.
Variety Zhukovsky early refers to very early varieties of potatoes. He has a high, stable yield in different climates and different soils. The Zhukovsky variety blooms strongly, with red-purple flowers. Ku st of average height with numerous shoots. Tubers with pink skin, oval shape. Excellent taste (from potatoes it is suitable for making chips).
A large yield of marketable tubers (that is, they are all large, small ones are practically absent). This potato variety is resistant to cancer, potato golden nematode, common scab and some other viruses and diseases. It should be noted that the potential yield of the early Zhukovsky variety is 600 c / ha. - this is a very high yield. And the average is 300-400 c / ha.
Potato variety Zhukovsky early
Another very early and high yielding potato variety - Bellarosa. The variety is drought tolerant and suitable for most types of soils. The bush is tall with red-violet flowers. Round oval tuber with pink skin. The pulp is light yellow with high palatability. The beautiful presentation and good keeping quality of this variety make it popular and well-sold. Bellorosa potatoes are highly resistant to viral diseases and diseases. Productivity - 320 kg / ha and more.
Luck - early maturing, high-yielding potato variety. With the release of marketable tubers up to 100%, good keeping quality and safety in winter. The bushes of the Luck variety are medium with white flowers. Potato tubers are large, oval in shape with a light yellow skin. The pulp is white. Good taste. Feature - planting must be carried out in well-heated soil. This early ripening potato variety possesses - high resistance to viruses, medium to disease and very resistant to mechanical damage.
Adretta – medium early, high yielding potato variety with good and high resistance to diseases and viruses. Medium bush with white flowers. Adretta tubers are very well stored without losing their high taste.
Romano – medium early potato... It is one of the best potato varieties of this ripening period due to its high taste (Romano is suitable for cooking any dishes), good stable yield, good keeping quality, is not inclined to intensive germination. Tall plant with red-violet flowers. The tubers are oval, the peel is pink, the flesh is light cream. Average resistance to diseases and viruses. It is affected by common scab, therefore, additional treatments of the Romano variety are needed against it.
Mid-early variety Nevsky. Very popular from mid-early , due to the highest yield among Russian varieties. The plant is medium, well branched with a lot of leaves. The flowers are white. The shape of the tubers is oval, the color of the peel is light yellow, the flesh is creamy. High yield of marketable tubers - up to 95%. Keeping quality is good, but at a lower temperature x x wound, as it has early germination of shoots.
The peculiarity of the Nevsky variety is planting in warm soil, without injuring tubers and fragments of sprouts. Maintaining an optimal state of soil moisture at the time of tuber formation. Medium and high resistance to viruses and diseases. It responds well to optimal soil fertilization.
Rocco – medium early potato with very beautiful red tubers. Plants are medium-sized, erect, with red-violet flowers. Flowering is rare or absent. The tubers are oval with red skin. The pulp is creamy. The yield is high - up to 400 kg / ha. Disease and virus resistance - medium and high. Ideal for retail sales, keeps well and is easy to grow.
Variety Picasso – medium late high yielding variety Dutch selection. Very beautiful tubers, but picky about fertilization. High palatability. Stores well. Tall plant with white flowers. Flowering is strong. The tubers are large, oval. The color of the peel is yellow with pink splashes. The yield of marketable tubers is very high, up to 95%. Stores well. Resistance to diseases and viruses is high and very high.
Aurora – mid-early table potato with high taste. Plant from tall to very tall with reddish purple flowers. The color of the peel is light brown with red blotches. The pulp is creamy. To diseases and viruses - resistant and moderately resistant.
Sorcerer early variety of potatoes with good taste, very resistant to hot climatic conditions. Medium-sized plant with white corollas. The tubers are oval in shape with a yellow and smooth skin. The color of the pulp is white. Keeping quality is very high. Medium resistant to viruses and diseases. High commercial quality.
Variety Visa grows in the Northern and Middle Volga regions. Potato tubers have a round-oval even shape, a small number of medium-sized eyes. The dense peel has a red tint, inside the flesh is pink or bright yellow. Potatoes are ideal for preparing side dishes and main courses. Productivity up to 500 kg / ha
Odysseus - a variety of potatoes with tubers of 95 - 110 grams, from the mouth it prefers to germinate in the Central Region of Russia. Large tubers have an even oval shape, firm brown rind, light yellow flesh. After boiling, the potato has a soft texture, does not boil over, and has a sweetish taste.
The most common form for the North-West region of Russia is Peter's riddle... The tubers have a specific oblong oval shape, the peel is pink, the flesh is creamy pink. Potatoes go well with vegetables and meat, when cooked they have a sweet taste. The yield of this variety is small, 180 - 300 kg / ha. Also this group includes potato varieties: Kolobok and Pyrol. These varieties are perfectly stored in dark rooms throughout the winter, with a yield of 150 - 220 kg / ha.
Potato variety Peter's Riddle
Maestro - table variety of potatoes, easy to prepare, low starch content, about 12%. Productivity up to 155 kg / ha. Smooth medium-sized tubers of light brown color, the flesh is almost white.
Colombo - an ultra-early variety of potatoes from the Netherlands, characterized by a high and stable yield, excellent taste, evenness of tubers and resistance to most diseases. Medium-sized plants with white flowers can be semi-erect or spreading. Oval tubers, 12 to 15 per nest, have medium and large size, light yellow, smooth peel and yellow, slightly crumbly when cooked, pulp. A month and a half after planting, the potatoes are ready for use, the full cycle of the growing season is 60 days. Shelf life is six months. The yield of this variety reaches 400 kg / ha.
Mid-season variety from Belarus, Scarb, favorably stands out for its high and stable yield, long shelf life, resistance to scab, blackleg and viral diseases. It sprouts slowly and unevenly, gaining strength over time and turning into semi-sprawling plants of medium height, semi-erect type, with white flowers. Under one bush, there are up to 14 tubers with yellow, dense and smooth skin. The pulp is yellow, watery, poorly boiled. Drought resistance is average, does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil at the beginning of development, is susceptible to late blight. Differs in high yield - 500 - 600 kg / ha.
Potatoes Tuleyevsky - the result of the work of Russian breeders. The mid-early variety is readily grown for private consumption and for commercial purposes on large farms. Semi-upright, medium-sized plant with large white flowers has an incredible yield. The very large oval tubers with mesh skin have a tasty yellowish flesh with a medium starch content. They can be stored without signs of deterioration for a long time. The advantage of the variety is its low susceptibility to viral diseases, potato cancer, scab, late blight and Alternaria. The yield reaches up to 420 c / ha.
Potato variety Tuleevsky
Uladar - an early ripe potato variety. bred by Belarusian breeders. Possesses excellent resistance to diseases, high taste characteristics, accelerated formation, resistance of tubers to mechanical stress. Of the minuses: attractiveness for the Colorado potato beetle and exactingness to agricultural technology. Semi-upright plants of medium height, purple flowers with a reddish tint. Potatoes are harvested 65 days after planting. The nest contains 8 to 12 medium and large oval tubers. Under the smooth yellow rind, there is a pale yellow pulp with little digestibility.A very productive variety - 500 - 600 kg / ha.
Belarusian potatoes Breeze refers to specimens of medium early maturation. It is characterized as a high-yielding variety (up to 600 c / ha), stable, resistant to impacts and most common diseases. An exception is the golden cyst nematode. Medium-sized, semi-erect plants bloom with white inflorescences. Large oval tubers are covered with a slightly reticulate yellow skin. The yellowish flesh hardly boils well and tastes good. The rapid formation of tubers occurs until the middle of the growing season. It is grown on all types of soils for 70-80 days before harvesting.
German ultra early potatoes Veneta deserves the attention of many gardeners due to its excellent immune system and resistance to many diseases. The positive characteristics of the variety also include stable yield, excellent keeping quality and marketability. An erect, spreading, undersized bush, covered with snow-white corollas during flowering, produces up to 15 tubers. Digging can begin one and a half months after disembarkation. Medium-sized oval-round tubers have a yellow, reticulated skin. The pulp is slightly crumbly. Average yield - up to 400 kg / ha.
Ultra early variety Riviera - the result of Dutch selection. Potatoes are endowed with excellent resistance to viral diseases, high yields and pleasant taste. Medium-sized plants can be semi-erect and spreading, bloom with white flowers. They are characterized by intensive growth at the beginning of development. The variety is suitable for growing under film. Under favorable conditions, it is possible to harvest twice. Each nest grows, on average, 12 light beige oval tubers with a slight roughness of the skin. Creamy pulp is slightly boiled. Productivity - 400 kg / ha.
Potatoes Jelly medium ripening, originally from Holland, is striking in the content of vitamins, proteins and microelements. Tall, semi-erect or spreading bushes with white flowers give out up to 15 oval-round tubers with a smooth, slightly rough, yellow rind. Dense, dark yellow pulp, practically does not boil soft. Technical maturity occurs in three months. Seed storage can last for several seasons. Jelly is not susceptible to major diseases, only late blight can cause minor damage. The yield can reach up to 500 kg / ha.
Popular potatoes from Germany, Colette, reaches technical maturity in 75 days. This makes it possible to grow a double crop. Germination is recommended. Semi-erect, medium-sized plants bloom with rather large flowers of red-violet color. The distinctive features of the variety include amicable harvest, long shelf life, transportability, low susceptibility to nematodes, suitability for making chips. Smooth elongated tubers are covered with a beautiful yellow rind. The yellowish pulp is a little soft and has an excellent taste. Productivity with proper agricultural technology is 550 c / ha.
Laura - German variety of medium early ripening. Tall, sprawling bushes stand out for their multi-colored flowering - from white to light purple. The red peel effectively sets off the rich yellow color of the pulp, which is very tasty and aromatic. One nest grows up to 20 even, elongated-oval tubers. The crop is harvested no later than 80 days from the time of planting and stored without loss for up to six months. Digging can be done much earlier. Potatoes have good resistance to viral infections and diseases. Undemanding to weather conditions, but hardly tolerates drought. The average yield of the variety is - 300 - 400 c / ha.
It is also worth noting such mid-late varieties as: Gull , Saturn, Valentine, Torch, Story.
Another one of the best representatives of late-ripening potato varieties - Surplus ... Geographically, this potato variety grows in the central part of the country. The tubers have a pronounced oblong shape, the peel is yellow, the flesh is light yellow. This variety contains a large amount of starch, up to 25%. Also, this group of late-ripening potato varieties includes: Belorussian, Outflow , Orbit, Pace, Lorch, Olev... They are characterized by signs: round shape, average tuber size 90 - 130 grams, white flesh on the cut, not darkening, small eyes on the surface.
Variety of potato varieties
The cultivation of early varieties of potatoes provides the population with this product already in the first half of the summer. Such tubers contain a large amount of vitamin C. Such potatoes are recommended to be eaten in their skins. Longer ripening varieties bring most of the potato harvest. These tubers are high in dry matter, protein and starch.
In order not to be mistaken when choosing a potato variety, it is necessary to study the soil and climatic conditions of the place for the germination of the crop. There are varieties that germinate well in sandy loam soils, while others - only in fertilized, strong soils. Your result for the winter will depend on the correct choice of the variety. Early varieties are worse stored in winter, they are grown as a "delicacy" for the summer. For late varieties, it is necessary to prepare not only the soil, but also the storage conditions. But with the correct cultivation of late varieties and adherence to all agrotechnical requirements, you will get the highest yield from them with long-term storage capacity, subject to all conditions.
Potatoes are a plant that requires heat and light. How to grow it in conditions of frequent changeable weather and excessive abundance of natural precipitation.
The climate in the Northwest region of Russia is influenced by Arctic, Atlantic and continental air masses. Winter here lasts from November to February. March is the sunniest of all months of the year, while April is foggy and cloudy. The hot period of summer is no more than two weeks, all other days are cloudy and precipitation. Autumn begins in mid-August. Not every potato variety is suitable for growing in this region.
There are many factors to consider when choosing a potato variety.
Potatoes are planted, as a rule, in early May, when leaves bloom on birches. The specific date is determined using the lunar calendar. An important rule is the warming up of the soil at a depth of 10 cm to no less than 8-12 degrees Celsius.
Potatoes are planted only in well-heated soil.
A plot for potatoes is chosen sunny and protected from free winds. It cannot be planted in the same place every year. The best predecessors are cabbage, cucumbers, legumes. But best of all, in the fall, in the place where you plan to grow potatoes, plant rye or mustard. Rye planted in winter will enrich the soil with nitrogen, potassium, and organic matter. It is a wonderful green manure that makes the ground loose and breathable.
Rye enriches the soil with nutrients useful for potatoes
Podzolic and peat bog soils, which require large amounts of fertilizers, prevail in the North-West region of the country. They need to be applied in autumn and spring, before plowing. The most suitable are poultry droppings and manure, in the fall you can apply fresh, but in the spring - only in a rotted state.
The soil for planting potatoes must be fertilized
In order for the soil to warm up faster in spring, in the fall it needs to be loosened or high ridges formed. Also, to speed up the process, you can cover it with a film after the snow melts.
In order to obtain an early harvest, only germinated tubers need to be planted. To do this, about a month before sowing, they are taken out of storage, the healthiest ones, weighing 60–80 grams, are chosen, and germinated: laid out on a flat surface and kept in a warm, well-lit place, periodically turning over. You can put the tubers in boxes with wet peat or sawdust, sprinkle them, not forgetting to sprinkle with warm water from time to time. You need to be very careful with the sprouts, you cannot damage them, otherwise there will be no seedlings.
For planting potatoes, you need to use only sprouted tubers.
Potatoes are planted in three classic ways:
For each type of site, the method must be selected individually. For example, in waterlogged soil, growing in ridges is well suited. The soil in them dries out faster, and the roots of plants are better enriched with oxygen, which has a very good effect on the speed and quality of the fruits formed. Optimal planting depth for medium-sized potatoes — 8-9 cm, in the ridges — 10-12 cm. The basic rule for any method of planting potatoes is that the arrangement of the rows must be observed strictly from north to south.
For waterlogged soils, growing potatoes in ridges is well suited
Summer in the Northwest region is rather short, so only early and middle type of potatoes can be grown in the open field. To fully form their fruits late varieties, you need to use hotbeds or greenhouses.
In the greenhouse, the optimal air temperature and humidity are created for the plants, they ripen earlier than in unprotected soil, and there are no diseases and various pests.
The greenhouse is the perfect place for potatoes
Potatoes are planted in a greenhouse earlier than in open ground, because the soil there warms up faster. In the Northwest region this period usually begins in April. The cultivation process is the same: the soil is dug up and fertilized, a hole is dug, a sprouted tuber is put, sprinkled with earth, the plants are loosened, weeded, spud, watered.
Potatoes are planted in the greenhouse earlier than in open ground
To shorten the growing season of potatoes, which is important when growing late varieties, the seedling method is used. To do this, 3-4 weeks before planting, sprouted tubers are planted in peat, plastic pots, or cut bottles, sprinkled with soil or sand, watered and loosened in a timely manner. Plants obtained in this way take root better in the soil.
Seedling method of growing potatoes shortens the growing season
If the greenhouse is occupied for planting more thermophilic crops, then potatoes in the open field can be covered with foil or agrofibre, and it is better to make a greenhouse. To do this, you need to install arcs on a garden bed with potatoes and cover them with a film, securing the edges well. This shelter will help protect plants from temperature extremes. Periodically, in good sunny weather, the greenhouse will need to be opened to weather the excess accumulated moisture, water, fertilize the plants, loosen the soil and close it again. In greenhouses, potatoes ripen at least 2 weeks earlier, and the quality of the crop is much higher than that grown in the open field.
Greenhouse allows you to get an earlier harvest of potatoes
Gardeners of the North-West region are constantly experimenting. They grow potatoes in barrels, buckets, bags, wooden boxes, under straw and hay, in the Dutch, Chinese way. Someone eventually switches to these alternative planting methods completely, while someone grows, as they say, in the old fashioned way. But whichever method you choose, the potatoes definitely need full care, otherwise there will be no high yields. It includes weeding, hilling, loosening the soil, watering and fertilizing, protecting against diseases and pests.
Most often, potatoes are watered with natural precipitation, but two weeks after germination, as well as during the beginning and end of flowering, the plants need additional watering with top dressing. A good fertilizer is diluted mullein or nettle infusion. Thus, potatoes are watered and fertilized at least three times during the entire growing period. This number increases during dry seasons.
Over the entire period of growth, potatoes must be watered at least three times.
Hilling plants, you save them from cold snaps, remove weeds, saturate the roots with oxygen, and stimulate the growth of green mass. The first time hilling is carried out at the emergence of seedlings, and then after watering and rains. Flowering signals the beginning of the formation of tubers, therefore, during this period, air access is especially necessary.
Hilling saturates the plant roots with oxygen
In the North-West region, plants are most often protected from late blight, the development and widespread distribution of which is provoked by increased moisture in the air and soil. Ash is a good helper in this, the plants are watered with its solution, and the tops are showered in a dry form.
Late blight is a consequence of increased soil and air humidity
Of the pests in the North-West region, shrews are especially common, which are especially gluttonous. The benefit of these animals is that they eat a huge number of insects. The harm is the destruction of root crops.
The shrew is one of the most common potato pests in the Northwest region.
Potato planting material directly affects the harvest. The best option is elite varieties. They practically do not get sick, and pests bypass them, in addition, their quality and taste are higher than other varieties. Among other things, they do not degenerate longer, but they cost an order of magnitude higher than other varieties, and not every gardener has the opportunity to purchase them.
Elite varieties are the best option for growing potatoes
It is better to plant several types of potatoes at once, with different duration of the growing season, because it is not known what kind of weather this summer will please and what variety can grow and give a harvest.
Potatoes are divided into three types:
Early potatoes ripen early, before late blight begins to spread. This is its undeniable advantage. The disadvantage is that it is very poorly stored, so it is most often grown in small quantities, and having dug it out, they try to cook it right away.
For the North-West region, many varieties of potatoes have been zoned. Basically, gardeners are guided when choosing their yield.
|Variety name||Maturation |
(from one hundred square meters)
|Sustainability||Fruit||Pulp||Taste||Starch||Characteristics of the variety|
|Adretta||60–80||450 kg||Cancer, viruses.||Oval, yellow, weight 100-150 grams.||Yellow.||Very good.||13–18%||Rapid growth of tops. Early tuberization. Drought resistance.|
|Alova||60–70||190-480 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, yellow, weight 90-210 grams.||Yellow.||Good.||10–12%||The first harvest is 45 days after germination.|
|Spring white||60–70||270-380 kg||Viruses, alternaria.||Oval, beige, weight 100-180 grams.||White.||Good.||11–15%||The first harvest is 45 days after germination.|
|Zhukovsky early||60–70||400-450 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, pink, weight 100-120 grams.||White.||Good.||10–12%||Unpretentiousness. Very good keeping quality.|
|Impala||60–70||180-370 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, yellow, weight 90-150 grams.||Yellow.||Good.||10–14%||Good adaptation to all weather conditions.|
|Karatop||60–65||200-440 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Round, yellow, weight 60-100 grams.||Yellow.||Good.||10–14%||Stable yield. The first harvest is possible 50 days after germination.|
|Latona||60–70||290-460 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, yellow, weight 80-130 grams.||Yellow, does not darken on cut.||Good.||12–16%.||Undemanding to the type of soil. Drought resistance. Good keeping quality.|
|League||60–70||210-430 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, yellow, weight 90-120 grams.||Yellow.||Good.||12–16%||Suitable for the production of chips and starch. Good adaptation to soil and climate. Unpretentious care.|
Mid-season potatoes are the preferred type for the Northwest region, with an optimal growing season, good taste and shelf life.
|Variety name||Maturation |
(from one hundred square meters)
|Sustainability||Fruit||Pulp||Taste||Starch||Characteristics of the variety|
|Aurora||70–90||210-410 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, partly red, weight 90-130 grams.||Creamy.||Nice and great.||13–17%||Good drought tolerance.|
|Aspia||80–90||380-440 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, yellow, weight 70-120 grams.||Yellow.||Good.||12–14%||Good tolerance to cold snaps and dry periods.|
|Bronnitsky||80–100||300-540 kg||Late blight.||Oval, yellow, weight 90-120 grams.||Yellow.||A great.||16–18%||Suitable for making French fries.|
|Desiree||80–100||100-380 kg||Cancer.||Oval, thick-chested, pink, weight 50-100 grams. They do not tolerate frost and high humidity.||Yellow.||Good.||13–21%||Recommended for the production of chips and instant food. Drought-resistant. Does not degenerate.|
|Naiad||80–85||190-380 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, yellow, weight 70-120 grams.||White.||Nice and great.||12–16%||Beautiful, fruitful.|
|In memory of Osipova||70–90||150-370 kg||Cancer.||Round, yellow, weight 80–120 grams.||Creamy.||Nice and great.||11–14%||Harvestable, for dining purposes.|
|Petersburg||80–85||300-370 kg||Moderate - to late blight and viruses.||Beige, rounded, weight 90–120 grams.||White.||Good.||13–16%||Nests are compact, with 12–16 fruits.|
|Resource||80–85||400-450 kg||Moderate - to late blight.||Beige, rounded, weight 100-130 grams.||White.||Good.||13–16%||It is highly productive even in the northern regions.|
|Romance||90–95||270-370 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Oval, red, weight 80–150 grams.||Yellow.||Good.||11–15%||Unpretentiousness to the climate. Good keeping quality.|
Due to the long growing season in the North-West region of the country, late varieties of potatoes are not grown outdoors. But because of their good taste and ability to be stored for a long time, some gardeners make a choice in their favor and grow in greenhouses and greenhouses.
|Yield||Sustainability||Fruit||Pulp||Taste||Starch||Characteristics of the variety|
|Lady Rosetta||115–120||120-460 kg||Cancer, golden nematode.||Rounded, pinkish, weight 50–120 grams.||Yellow.||Good.||14–22%||High solids content - good when processed into chips, straws, flakes, French fries.|
|Lorch||115–120||250-350 kg||—||Beige, rounded, weight 90–120 grams.||White.||A great.||15–20%||A variety for universal use.|
|Nikulinsky||115–120||170-410 kg||Cancer.||Rounded, white, weight 70-130 grams.||White, does not darken on cut.||Good.||12–21%||Good tolerance to rains, droughts, hail, cold winds, changeable weather.|
In the area under consideration, gardeners are also preferred to early potato varieties due to the short and humid summer.
Despite the abundance of varieties, breeders are constantly breeding new potatoes, with good resistance to diseases and pests, beautiful and tasty fruits. For the Northwest region, such ones as Charoite, Manifesto and Damaris are suitable.
Manifesto is a mid-early variety. Tubers are oval, elongated, red, weight 100–130 grams, amber pulp, excellent taste. The yield is high (160-460 kg per one hundred square meters), depends on fertilizers, keeping quality is good. Resistant to golden nematode and leaf roll virus. Medium susceptible to late blight.
Manifesto - a variety without flaws
Charoite is an early potato variety; you can start digging tubers after 60 days from the moment of germination. For the rapid formation of fruits, it is popularly called the Rapid Ripe of Peter. Tubers are elongated, oval, yellow, weighing 100-140 grams. The taste is excellent, the yield is high (230–320 kg per one hundred square meters). Stores well. Resistant to cancer. Susceptibility to late blight is average. It is affected by the golden nematode.
Charoite is the best variety for the North-West region of Russia
Damaris is a medium early variety, with beige oval tubers of good taste, weighing 90–130 grams. A productive variety (180-450 kg per one hundred square meters), well stored. Resistant to diseases such as cancer, scab, mosaic, black leg. Medium susceptible to late blight. Not affected by golden nematode.
Take a note of the variety you like and plant it on the site. Experiment additionally: look for and plant new varieties, apply new growing methods.Search directly for yourself, the best potatoes for your taste.
Potatoes are one of the most popular vegetables, the varieties of which, like many representatives of summer cottages, eggplants, for example, are great, but which of them are the best is quite difficult to determine.
In order for the harvest of this vegetable crop to be the best, and during ripening the tubers are not affected by diseases and pests, it is necessary to choose potato varieties specially zoned for a certain climate.
This approach to planting will provide excellent survival rate and yield of vegetables.
Zoned potato varieties are bred taking into account the characteristics of the climatic zone and the state of the soil of each individual territory, in addition, the selection takes into account the duration of the period that is favorable for growing vegetables. Taking these features into account, the territory of Russia is conditionally divided into regions where certain and best varieties of potatoes are zoned.
And since everyone sows their own potatoes, who in what way (all kinds of schemes, methods, ridges, ...), then the "yield" of the harvest of varieties below will be given in centner / ha (centner per hectare). And the weight from 1 centner / ha, if we translate this into "digestible" and understandable to many figures, compared with 1 kg / sq. meter, will mean the value is exactly 100 times less (for example, 400 c / ha = 4 kg / sq. m.).
It is not easy to grow potatoes here, and late-ripening varieties are almost impossible. However, even in such harsh conditions, a rich harvest of this crop is possible:
An early favorite for this region is the Fresco potato. This variety is immune to many diseases, but it is partially susceptible to late blight (to eliminate which hands and drugs are given). The ripening period of vegetables, each weighing 110-120 grams, is 75-80 days. Productivity 220-370 kg / ha.
Nevsky potatoes are popular with many summer residents who prefer medium early varieties. It is frost-resistant, has excellent preservation and, if properly cared for, meets the gardener with large crop tubers (270-340 c / ha) of white color with the same pulp. The vegetation period is 80-90 days, the average tuber weight is 90-130 grams.
One of the best mid-season varieties for the Northern region is Ladoga. He has rather large tubers (from 100 to 350 g), with white pulp and golden glossy rind. Ladoga is resistant to attacks of many pests, however, it is partially susceptible to late blight. The ripening period of vegetables with a yield of 200-450 c / ha is within 82-87 days.
Not every medium-late potato (just over 120 days) manages to form full-fledged tubers in the climate of the Northern region, however, Nikulinsky is a pleasant exception.
It is immune to many parasites, except for blackleg and common scab. Light beige medium-sized vegetables (75-130 g), with a whitish pulp and a lot of small eyes and a mesh skin.
320-440 c / ha will delight the gardener.
The climate is quite cold here, and out of 59 potato varieties that take root here, only 5 are late and medium-late.
Early Borodyansky pink is the best choice for those who prefer to feast on potatoes (200-420 c / ha) already at the beginning of August. The growing season is only about 75 days.
At the same time, there are many tubers of the same size in the nest, 100-130 gr. The flesh of vegetables is creamy yellow, crumbles when cooked.
The variety does not survive storage very well: it is susceptible to disease and rot, so it should not be planted as the main one.
Especially popular among experienced summer residents are potatoes of the middle ripening period Gala, the most preferred variety for planting (220-250 c / ha) in the North-Western part of Russia.
Tubers (80-120 gr) give round, with a yellowish skin and yellow pulp. Despite the fast ripening period (no more than 80 days), vegetables are highly keeping quality.
Its only drawback is susceptibility to the fungus rhizoctonia, however, timely preventive treatment will exclude the disease.
There are many outstanding potatoes in terms of many indicators of suitability for the conditions of this part of Russia, and one of them is the mid-season Bronnitsky variety (320-510 c / ha).
The tuber shape is an oval. The pulp and skin are yellowish. Differs in high resistance to late blight. An average tuber weighs approximately 100-110 grams.
For cultivation, loamy soils are more suitable for him.
For a temperate continental climate, characterized by relatively warm summers and relatively cold winters, it is preferable to choose the following best varieties:
Vineta (early maturing, within 75 days) has been selected for planting by Russian summer residents since 2002. Its feature is its high drought resistance.
The tubers grow oval, yellowish in color. Their number is equal to 10-12 potatoes from one bush. Tubers can have a mass of 75 to 85 grams. The variety (350-550 c / ha) is immune to cancer and late blight.
Distributed in areas with little rainfall.
Among the zoned (75-95 days) light yellow tubers and the same pulp Marfona stands out. A tuber can weigh about 85-105 grams. It is characterized by resistance to late blight and ring rot and a yield of 200-350 c / ha.
The varieties with an average ripening period include Polonez. Its highest yield rises to 200-270 kg / ha. The tubers grow in the shape of an oval with small eyes. The rind is yellow and the flesh is creamy. The mass of one tuber can vary from 95 to 120 grams. Plants are immune to the nematode.
When choosing late potatoes, it is worth stopping at the Vesnyanka multi-tuber variety. The tubers ripen in 125-135 days. The peel is smooth to the touch, colored yellow.
Vegetables, with an average weight of 95-120 grams, have the shape of an oval. Plants are not affected by nematodes, as well as scab and most viruses.
The high degree of keeping quality allows you to store the tubers of the crop (250-340 c / ha) for a long time.
Podzolic soils prevail here, and fertile soils to the south of the Volga, the region is favorable for growing a large number of various varieties.
Among the early varieties, Red Scarlett is the best. Its growing season lasts from 70 to 75 days. Red Scarlett is stored for a long time. Tubers (60-100 gr) do not tend to darken. In shape, vegetables with a red skin and yellow flesh are oval, slightly elongated. Under optimal growing conditions, the yield is 170-180 c / ha.
The mid-early Sorcerer is remembered for its sweetish taste. After cutting, the pulp (white) does not darken in water. The ripening period for vegetables weighing 80-110 grams is 85-95 days. From one hectare, under favorable conditions, gardeners harvest from 220 to 310 centners of potatoes.
As a mid-season variety (85 days), Lugovsky potatoes occupy a prominent place. The vegetables are oval in shape. The yield of Lugovsky is stable, but good weather will not hurt much either - about 500 c / ha. The tuber weighs from 90 to 120 grams.
Sifra is a good example of a potato that has a short growing season and excellent yields. The presence of rounded yellow tubers - the flesh is white (80-140 g), with a smooth peel. Their mass can reach 100-160 g. The growing season is 120-125 days. The yield is 220-470 kg / ha. Highly resistant to cancer and nematodes.
The late variety Simpli Red bears fruit only 125-130 days after germination. Oval potatoes (110-130 gr) have a red skin and a creamy flesh. Small eyes are present on the surface of the tubers. The yield (210-380 c / ha) is characterized by the presence of immunity to scab, as well as cancer.
A variety of early (75 days) ripening Povin is familiar to a small number of summer residents. It was launched in 2007.Indicators of marketable yield are average - 140-230 c / ha. Tuber weight is on average 90-140 grams. After the emergence of full shoots, the tubers grow after 45 days. The skin is smooth to the touch, with a reddish tint. It is immune to cancer.
Medium early (75-90 days) Innovator is renowned for its resistance to nematodes. Potato yield is average - 160-250, the best - 310 c / ha. The eyes are small. Tubers (90-140 g) have a rough skin structure.
Carolyn can be safely attributed to the mid-season (82-87 days). The plant is characterized by an erect stem and white flowers. The peel of a tuber weighing 70-110 g has a yellow tint. High safety and stable yields (130-260 kg / ha).
Medium late hybrid Pobeda has a tall bush and powerful roots. Plants bloom with a bright red-purple hue, giving fruits in 110-140 gr. Ogorodnikov is also pleased with the yellow color of the tubers. Their skin has a smooth surface and small eyes. Does not turn black when cut. Ripening with a yield of 370-480 c / ha falls on 116-123 days.
Late-ripening potatoes (125-145 days) Naroch (85-135 grams each) was bred taking into account the climate of the Central Black Earth region. The pulp is creamy. The variety is resistant to many viruses in yield and has an average yield.
In this region, the climate predisposes to the cultivation of many types of potatoes.
Vitesse (early ripening variety - 72-78 days) forms tubers with yellow skin. The mass of each of them is 75-125 grams. The marketable yield of Vitesse is 210 - 280 kg / ha. High keeping quality allows long-term storage of potatoes of this name.
Alvara - mid-early, red-skinned (light yellow pulp!) Potatoes (vegetable weight 95-100 g), distinguished by a decent yield of 310 c / ha and a pleasant taste, ripens on 75-95 days. Zoned for the south of Russia and is immune to scab, cancer, nematode.
Nalchik - mid-season (75-85 days) light beige in color vegetables, allowing you to collect 130-180 centners per hectare. Tubers weighing 80-85 grams are represented by specimens of an oval shape, with small eyes and beige skin.
The favorable climate of the North Caucasus region favors the cultivation of varieties of mid-late vegetables. These include the round-oval Hermes potatoes. The yield is guaranteed within 130-210 kg / ha, will contain tubers weighing 60-80 grams.
The mid-late varieties (120-135 days) include Lasunok potatoes. The flowers are white. However, vegetables (weight of each fruit 160-190 g) with a yield of up to 500 c / ha require strict storage conditions: - from +1 to -1 degrees.
In this region, mainly early and mid-early varieties are zoned, but they do not shy away from medium-late ones.
Miranda potatoes can be safely attributed to the early ripening (73-78 days) representatives of these vegetables for this region. The harvest (140-310 c / ha) has a large proportion of large (110-160 g) specimens.
Adretta is zoned for cultivation on the territory of the Middle Volga region. This mid-early variety is unpretentious in production, but does not like to grow on too dry soils. This potato with a tuber weight of 100-140 grams is popular with sophisticated gourmets. It surpasses in its characteristics many other species grown on the Middle Volga. Some people receive up to 350 c / ha.
The mid-season variety Resurs produces tubers (110-125 g) of a light beige color with shallow eyes. Representatives of these vegetables with white flesh, the yield of which can be in the range of 410-440 c / ha, have a distinctive immunity to most potato diseases.
Lorkh belongs to the middle late varieties (ripens by 120 days). Popular among gardeners for many decades. The color of tubers (260 -340 c / ha) with a light beige tint. White pulp does not crumble during cooking, it has an excellent taste. Resistant to many diseases besides cancer. Tuber weight reaches 95-115 gr.
The pink-colored potatoes Zdabytak belong to the late varieties (125-131 days) and have excellent characteristics. The plant produces reddish oval-oblong tubers. We will be pleased with tubers weighing 105-120 grams. The yield is high, but it depends on the area, therefore, there is a large run-up in the harvest - 320-560 c / ha.
The climate of the Ural region is rather harsh and there are few varieties zoned in this area (about 30). And only 9 of them are mid-ripening and mid-late, late-looking vegetables do not have time to ripen in this climate.
Lyubava is the best among early ripening varieties, zoned for the Urals. Rough-skinned vegetables are immune to many diseases, but susceptible to cancer and hookworms.
The ripening period does not exceed 70 days. The tubers are large (130-200 g), the flesh is white, the peel is reddish, rough.
During storage, potatoes with a yield of 300-390 c / ha do not sprout for a long time.
Mid-early yellow potatoes Skazka are famous as multi-tuberous (up to 30 pieces per bush). The variety is bred immune to late blight, macrosporiosis and cancer. Tubers of vegetables of medium size (85-125 g) are light, with pink spots around the eyes, the flesh is white. Full ripening time 85-95 days.
Agnes potatoes are one of the best zoned for the Ural region. It is susceptible to most diseases, including leaf curling. Tubers of vegetables are elongated, large (105-155 g), oval with a creamy yellow peel and pulp. The ripening period of the crop, which reaches 270-360 c / ha, is 81-87 days.
Medium late Nikulinsky potatoes (80-125 gr) are extremely common among summer residents. The variety gained its popularity for its regular yield (320-460 c / ha) and the presence of immunity to many diseases. The growing season of the culture is 120-125 days. The color of the peel and flesh ranges from cream to yellow.
The harsh Siberian climate requires special characteristics from plants. Potatoes are grown here mainly early, mid-early and mid-season.
The Karatop variety has a tuber with a yellowish peel and a somewhat rough surface. The average mass of tubers is small - from 65 to 95 grams. Ripening period up to 75-80 days. By the end of the ripening period, the yield can reach 300-410 c / ha.
The best of the mid-early (77-87 days) is the Malamur variety. Elongated tubers (125-145 gr) are colored yellow and have small eyes. Susceptible to golden nematode. The marketable yield is 340 c / ha, but if the weather is good, the figure can be increased to 540.
Diamond (early maturing, no more than 75 days) is characterized by a yield of 200-290 c / ha. The commercial white tuber has a mass of 55-125 grams and an oval shape. The pulp is creamy; when cooked, it darkens slightly and falls apart.
The mid-early (maximum 90 days) variety Zekura is distinguished by its prevalence not only in central Russia, but also in the Far East. Breeders have combined resistance to numerous diseases in potatoes (its fruits weighing 75-145 grams). The yield of 225-315 c / ha is also not bad.
Sokolsky potatoes are popular among the varieties of the middle ripening period. It has an average yield (210-290 kg / ha) and an oval red tuber. Good taste of vegetables (90-110 g) and high preservation made these vegetables popular among many Russian summer residents.
Low-growing, spreading plants characterize the Veteran potato variety. He is mid-late. The average tuber weight is 95-145 grams. The yield is about 250-320 kg / ha.
Choosing the best potato variety for a particular region is associated with familiarization with the various characteristics of this crop and its whimsy in relation to the characteristics of the climate of the region.