Sunflower seeds are one of the favorite delicacies of the people of Russia. This plant, or rather, its seeds were first brought to Europe from Mexico in the 16th century.
They began to be sown, and the sunflower was then called "grass of the sun" or "Peruvian flower of the sun." And this is not at all surprising: a large, bright yellow, like the sun, inflorescence, turning towards the sun's rays, attracted everyone's attention.
The Slavs recognized the sunflower in the 18th century, primarily, mainly in Ukraine, where it was planted right next to the huts.
The sunflower, or "swine" (local name), is an unpretentious plant, it does not require any special care, if only the seeds get directly into the moist soil, and it grows well almost everywhere.
But not everyone knows that sunflower is not only a widespread delicacy, but almost the entire plant, from roots to flower petals, is a powerful traditional medicine. It is on this property of it that I want to dwell in more detail.
Sunflower leaves are used first for treatment, when they reach 6-8 cm. They are cut off, dried in the shade in a draft and ground into powder. They help to cleanse lime deposits on the vessels of the heart and brain. They also help with spleen disease. The powder is taken in 0.5 tablespoons, adding to coffee or tea once a day. Week - reception, week - break. The course is four times a year until the condition improves.
This unique remedy is obtained from the yellow petals of sunflower baskets. In any glass jar, you need to ram the petals almost to the top, then pour alcohol or good vodka, then roll up with a metal lid and put in a warm, dark place. The tincture is ready when the liquid turns brown and oily.
After that, the petals are squeezed out, the liquid is poured into a separate bowl and an invaluable medicine is used for the treatment and prevention of colds. Adults are recommended to take 1 tablespoon three times a day 20 minutes before meals, children 5-14 years old - 1 dessert spoon twice a day 10 minutes before meals. This tincture is potent and can only be taken for three days. After a while, the treatment can be repeated.
The sunflower hat is also used in folk medicine. It is useful for diseases of the liver, stomach, duodenum, intestines, pancreas.
The hat is cut off when the seeds in it, when squeezed, are smeared between the fingers. All the petals are torn off, and the hat itself with seeds is passed through a meat grinder. The resulting mass is mixed with sugar in a 1: 1 ratio, laid out in glass jars, covered with paper, tied with twine (no lids are used) and put in the refrigerator. Take 1 tablespoon in a glass of tea or coffee three times a day. In the treatment of diseases, the remedy is taken for one month, for prophylaxis - a week.
Raw semi-ripe (not dry) seeds help normalize blood pressure, prevent the appearance of sclerotic plaques on blood vessels, and calm the nervous system. Pour 2 liters of water into a saucepan, pour a half-liter jar of raw seeds into it, bring to a boil and simmer for two hours. The resulting broth is drunk gradually throughout the day. Drink for two weeks, then a break for 5 days. And so on until the condition improves.
From the inside of the basket (cotton), a good rubbing is obtained for sore joints. We fill the jar with this pulp a little more than half, top up with moonshine or vodka, leave for 10 days. Then we use it for joint diseases.
Sunflower roots are also used in folk medicine. They have amazing healing power in the removal of stones from the kidneys and gallbladder, in the cleansing of joints from salt deposits and in the cure of osteochondrosis. As the body is cleared, the pressure is normalized, headaches and heartaches disappear, and a general cleansing takes place. You will feel lightness when moving. What will come out of you along with urine is, to put it mildly, shocking: flakes, sand, salts, mucus of a dirty rusty color.
The sunflower root has healing power only in a fully ripe plant, when it takes on a brown color, and the cap is ready for cutting.
So, you have prepared the roots - let's start preparing the broth: boil one faceted glass of crushed roots in three liters of water for 5 minutes from the moment of boiling over low heat. Cool the broth, drain and store in the refrigerator, the roots too. Drink the broth in three days - 1 liter per day, gradually, before or after meals.
Then boil the same roots again in three liters of water for 10 minutes, drink in the same way. And once again (last) boil the same roots for 15-20 minutes in three liters of water, drink as usual, and discard the roots. A full two-month course of treatment requires 7 glasses (300-350 g, depending on humidity) of roots. During treatment, exclude from the diet spicy, sour, smoked foods, as well as alcohol, including beer.
When harvesting roots, many will face such a problem - the roots of a sunflower sometimes reach the size of a thick, long carrot. They are as strong as an oak; you cannot take them with a knife or a meat grinder, only with a hatchet. The root must first be cleaned of small lateral roots. Break the thick central root with an ax in length into 4-6 parts as thick as a pencil, dry under a canopy in a draft. Break it into pieces 1-1.5 cm in size with nippers or tongs, and only then the raw materials are ready for use. Of course, there are a lot of troubles with them, but, as they say, health is more expensive. The roots are stored for up to 3 years in an airtight container.
The roots for the preparation of a medicinal drink can be thrown into both cold and boiling water, the main thing is to adhere to the recipe and observe the prescribed time for boiling the broth. The course of treatment is two months, in one month of treatment, up to 1 cm of the stone dissolves, and since stones are of different sizes, calculate for yourself how many courses you need to undergo to completely dissolve the stones.
Sometimes after you start taking the decoction, a slight burning sensation begins in the joints and bones. There is no need to be afraid of this, it is the deposits of salts that we accumulate all our lives that begin to dissolve and are excreted from the body. Everyone has them. And after 10 days of admission, observe the urine, and by the end of the two-month course, it will become light and transparent.
And one cannot fail to mention one more product obtained from sunflower. I mean sunflower seeds. Their nutritional value lies not only in calorie content, but also in a unique combination of easily digestible protein rich in essential amino acids (its core contains more than 20%) and oil (up to 63%), as well as a high content of vitamin E and microelements.
Eating 200 grams of fried sunflower seeds (this is about two glasses), you will provide your body with 100 g of butter, which is superior in calories to butter, and 40 g of protein. Moreover, there are absolutely no medical contraindications for the consumption of this product. It does not increase the acidity of the stomach, and metabolic disorders have never been noted. On the contrary, the consumption of 15-20 pieces of fresh sunflower seeds can relieve the unpleasant heartburn syndrome!
But most often we do not use fresh, but fried seeds. And in order for them to become a fragrant delicacy, they must be properly prepared. Before frying, the sunflower seeds must be rinsed under running cold water to remove dust and coloring pigment, and then immediately pour into a hot (150-200 ° C) frying pan, preferably cast iron.
It is necessary to fry, constantly stirring them with a wooden spoon, and after the seeds begin to crackle, remove the frying pan from the heat without stopping stirring. This procedure must be repeated 3-4 times, after which the seeds are poured onto a wooden surface and covered for 5-8 minutes with a linen or cotton cloth to “ripen”. With this method, real "kaleki" are obtained - a well-known delicacy.
To obtain such a delicacy, sunflower varieties with large striped seeds are very well suited - Giant Kuban and Gulliver.
In addition, breeders have created decorative sunflower varieties - with bright baskets, which serve as dominants in landscape compositions.
Sunflower is easy to grow, it is enough to sow the seeds into the soil at the proper distance and shoots will appear. In more northern regions, in order to extend the growing season, you can sow sunflowers in cups, and then transfer the grown seedlings to a permanent place and plant them out of the cup. The sunflower does not need constant attention, the only thing is that after flowering and pollination, the caps-baskets need to be sheltered from sparrows, since these birds will quickly leave you without a crop. Do not be lazy, grow this useful and medicinal delicacy on your plots, and it will help you in difficult times.
For those wishing to grow sunflower, I can offer the seeds of the above varieties. They can be ordered on the website: http://www.semenabrizhan.ru/shop, +7 (861) 646-28-76, Valery Ivanovich Brizhan, (from 16:00 to 18:00 and from 08:00 to 09: 00 MSK)
Sunflower contains almost 23% of primary proteins. It also contains significant amounts of all essential amino acids. The seeds contain about 50% polyunsaturated fats, the largest percentage of which is essential linolenic fatty acid - an important precursor of omega-6 fatty acids (they are known to lower blood cholesterol). It also contains a significant percentage of oleic acid. Sunflower seeds are high in vitamin E - very helpful in cancer prevention. The seeds are a good source of various minerals: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium and iron, as well as vitamins, especially the B complex and vitamin A. Due to the richness of vitamins it contains, it should be consumed regularly in the diet.
The flower, along with the leaves and stem, is well suited for making tinctures that can be used to treat influenza, malaria, fever, lung diseases, and the like. Sunflower seeds are an excellent and essential food for our brain today, especially when eaten with raisins. Consuming sunflower seeds increases urination, that is, lowers blood cholesterol levels. In this way, we help the thyroid gland, liver, kidneys, skin and stomach function.
Oil is a good food for all patients who, for health reasons, are prohibited from eating meat, meat products and animal fats, but must use vegetable fats. These are patients with stomach problems (stomach and duodenal ulcers), with a weak and edematous liver, those who have problems with vascular diseases, with poor work of bile, and the like.
Sunflower roots, the use of which we have considered above, is quite simple to prepare. To do this, you must adhere to a simple scheme and do not forget to follow all the recommendations. Let's take a closer look at the process.
When the hats are ripe, we take a shovel and go in search of adventure. We select the largest sunflower, dig in around it (cut off the lateral processes), then uproot the stem itself. We will have in our hands a root up to 25-30 centimeters long.
First you need to wash it well. Next, we cut. You can use a knife or an ax - no difference. The main thing is that you get to make oblong strips from the main root. We cut off all the threads from them, clean them, then chop them into pieces of 1-2 centimeters.
You won't be able to overdo it here. You need to dry it as much as possible, you can do this on a dryer or just in the sunlight - attach it to a wire for drying clothes, let it stay there for a couple of weeks.
Mice love this product very much, so you need to make a special box or store it hanging in the attic or in the kitchen. The main thing is to choose a dry place.
Now our sunflower roots, which can already be treated, are ready for the winter and will certainly not disappear. The shelf life of drying is about 5 years, then it loses its presentable appearance, turns a little black.
For many centuries, lovage has been used in cooking, as well as in folk medicine. Its medicinal properties make it possible to use this plant in the healing of purulent wounds, abrasions, to get rid of freckles, age spots and dandruff. A decoction of lovage root can be used for diseases of the digestive, nervous system, and this plant also stimulates the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract, has a choleretic, anthelmintic effect. In addition, lovage is widely used as a stimulant of male strength, and the extract of essential oil serves as a good aphrodisiac. Another interesting use of lovage is that it helps to get rid of alcohol addiction. There are many recipes based on this plant; tinctures, decoctions, extracts from its roots are prepared.
The beneficial properties of lovage are due to its rich composition; organic acids, minerals, tannins, resins and some vitamins are found in its roots. However, you need to use lovage very carefully, because if you overdose or use it incorrectly, the extracts and decoctions of this plant can cause kidney failure and poisoning of the body.
You can buy sunflower root on the Internet, but this is fraught with unpleasant consequences:
However, it is easy to identify a fake, it is enough to pour boiling water over the raw material and let it brew for 10 - 20 minutes. The infusion should acquire a characteristic light brown color and the smell of sunflower oil. Determination of the content of toxic substances is possible only in laboratory conditions.
To protect yourself from unpleasant surprises, the ideal option is to set aside a plot on your personal plot for planting 20-50 sunflower specimens.
There is an opinion that it is necessary to harvest the roots after harvesting. Logically, this is wrong: after the seeds ripen, the root loses its medicinal properties, since its function at this stage has been exhausted. The most valuable raw material is harvested in the phase of "wax" ripeness, that is, until the seed coat has acquired hardness (but has already been colored). Therefore, if you need raw materials for treatment, forget about the harvest of seeds!
Although green tea is not classified as a drug, it contains a large amount of substances that are no less effective than many medicinal drugs, and in Chinese medicine it is recognized as one of the main sources of health.
Green tea is recognized as the first of 10 foods to promote longevity and health. In addition to its wonderful taste and aroma, it contains a significant amount of substances that a person needs: vitamins C, P, B, K, PP, caffeine, essential oils, tannin, theobromine, as well as fluorine, zinc, iodine, copper and manganese.
Experts at the Center for Cancer Research in Japan examined 9,000 people for ten years and found that those who drank 9-10 cups of green tea a day lived on average six to seven years longer than those who drank less than three cups. In addition, it turned out that among fans of green tea, there were 25-30% fewer cases of all types of cancer. Also, green tea accelerates the decomposition of fats and cholesterol in the blood, and this is atherosclerosis, heart disease.
Regular consumption of tea maintains the elasticity of blood vessels, inhibits general aging of the body and prevents fatty liver. Green tea also contributes to weight loss, blood pressure, and leaching of salts. The ability of tea to strengthen the immune system, relieve spasms of the cerebral vessels, activate the heart, relieve depression, improve sleep, strengthen the nervous system, and increase sexual energy have been scientifically proven.
In the Netherlands, scientists conducted special testing on volunteers. Some of them drank 5 cups of tea every day, the other part drank coffee. A month later, tests showed that people who drank tea had higher rates of immune system activity.
Green tea is known to have a strong bactericidal effect. Moreover, the higher its grade, the better its antimicrobial activity. It is also very important that the infusion of green tea that has stood for two or three days, losing its aromatic and taste properties, acquires great bactericidal power. So do not rush to pour out the tea - this infusion can be used externally.
Green tea is even used to prevent tooth decay, you just need to periodically rinse your teeth with freshly brewed tea. Tea is also often used as a weight loss aid. It enhances metabolic processes and accelerates the elimination of fat from the body. Green tea has been shown to prevent diabetes. The polysaccharides found in green tea help stabilize blood sugar levels.
In addition to normalizing the body's work, green tea is also a powerful spiritual stimulant. This is why green tea is used in Chinese and Japanese tea ceremony. Green tea has been proven to prevent diabetes. In particular, the polysaccharides found in green tea help stabilize blood sugar levels.
Green tea extract is widely used in cosmetics due to its ability to preserve the beauty and youthfulness of the skin, improve complexion and slow down the aging process, it is included in many scrubs, creams, masks and shampoos.