Aeonium (lat.Aeonium) - a genus of plants of the Tolstyankovye family, originating from the Canary Islands and northern Africa. Aeoniums are also naturalized in Southwestern Australia.
According to The Plant List, there are 36 primary and 39 hybridogenic species in the genus. Some members of the genus are popular houseplants.
Read more about the cultivation of aeonium below.
At home, aeoniums are grown longline, virgin, decorative, home, Lindley and other species. Some of them live only a couple of years, but there are also long-livers among the indoor aeoniums. Most of the aeoniums are succulents that resemble a garden plant that was rejuvenated. In height, their bare, unbranched, woody stems with time can reach from 10 to 100 cm. Some plants form aerial roots. The aeonium's leaves are always sessile, fleshy, narrowed towards the base. They form dense rosettes like a dahlia or a rose with a diameter of several centimeters to one meter. The leaves can be green, reddish, purple and even brown.
Eonium almost never blooms at home, in nature, this succulent forms a pyramidal brush of rapidly fading yellow flowers, but after flowering, the rosette that gave the peduncle dies.
The houseplant aeonium is not capricious, but requires certain conditions of keeping. Aeoniums are sun-loving, and especially brightly colored species and varieties need bright illumination: even in light partial shade, their stems stretch and bend, and the leaves lose their original color. Therefore, it is best to keep the aeonium flower on a southern or southeastern windowsill, slightly shading it from direct rays in the afternoon with a light curtain.
In the photo: Eonium at home
But the succulent eonium does not tolerate heat well: the temperature in the room where the aeonium grows in the warm season should not be higher than 25 ˚С, and in winter it is advisable to keep the plant at 10-12 С. Aeoniums need fresh air, so the room must be regularly ventilated, protecting the plant from drafts.
Eonium happily spends summer vacations outdoors, and you can take it out into the garden as soon as the air warms up to 10 ˚C, and it is advisable to return the succulent to the room with the onset of the autumn cold snap.
You don't have to water the aeonium flower often. In summer, the soil in the pot is moistened more often, less often in winter, but the principle of moistening is the same at any time of the year: between waterings, the earthen lump should dry out almost completely. On average, in winter, watering is carried out once a month, and during the period of active growth - 1-2 times a week. For humidification, use settled water at room temperature. You need to pour water into the pot on the inside of the container so that it does not fall on the base of the stem and does not accumulate in the outlet, otherwise the plant will start to rot.
Aeoniums are indifferent to air humidity and do not need either spraying or washing: hygiene is maintained by sweeping dust from the leaves of the plant with a dry brush.
Eoniums are fed only during the period of active growth, once every 2-3 weeks. Mineral complexes for cacti or succulent plants are used as fertilizers. No fertilization is required in winter. The plant does not require additional fertilizing even if it has just been transplanted into a fresh substrate.
Young aeoniums are transplanted annually, and adults - once every 2-3 years, when the old pot becomes cramped for them. A thick layer of drainage material should be put in a new container - 7-8 cm, after which the plant is removed from the old pot and transferred together with an earthen lump into a new one, and the remaining space is filled with fresh substrate consisting of equal parts of coarse sand, turf earth, leaf land and peat.
It is a good idea to add a little charcoal to the substrate in order to prevent the development of putrefactive infections in the future.
You can change the substrate partially: large and old specimens do not like to be disturbed, therefore, in their pots, they annually replace 5 cm of the old substrate with a fresh one.
In the photo: Handsome decorative aeonium
When transplanting, the plant is deepened to the same level at which it grew in the old pot. If you suspect that the root system of the aeonium is damaged, after removing the flower from the pot, free its roots from the old substrate and carefully examine them.
If necessary, remove rotten and damaged areas with a sterile instrument, treat the wounds with charcoal powder, and only then plant the plant in a new pot and fresh substrate.
Eoniums reproduce by seed and vegetative methods. When seed reproduction Seeds purchased in the store are sown on the surface of the seedling soil, moistened with a spray bottle, covered with glass or film and kept awaiting shoots at a temperature of about 20 ° C. Fortified seedlings of aeonium are planted in separate cups and grown, and when they form a rosette of leaves, they are transplanted into pots.
For reproduction of aeonium by cuttings the stem with a rosette of leaves is separated from the mother plant with a sharp sterile knife, making an oblique cut at an angle of 45˚. The cut surface is treated with coal powder and the cuttings are allowed to dry for 2-3 days, after which they are planted in a disinfected mixture of sand and leafy earth, deepening by 2-3 cm. They take care of the cuttings, keeping the soil in a slightly damp state: this will accelerate the regrowth of roots. Contain a stalk under bright, diffused light. Rooting takes place in one and a half to two months.
Aeonium leaf can also be used as a cutting for vegetative propagation, carefully separating it from the outlet. The leaf is dried for several hours, after which the cut of the leaf blade is buried in the soil mixture for rooting. The moisture content of the soil is maintained by spraying from a sprayer with settled water at room temperature. The conditions for the rooting leaf are the same as for the outlet. After a while, you will see that small rosettes have formed on the surface of the substrate near the cuttings. Let them grow and plant them in pots.
The aeonium plant does not often suffer from diseases, and this is mainly due to improper care, namely from excessive moisture. In stagnant water, the roots of the plant begin to rot, causing the stems to wither and droop, and the leaves to darken and fall off. To prevent this from happening, you must remember that any succulent, including aeonium, it is much easier to tolerate a lack of moisture than an excess of it.
In the photo: Variegated aeonium
Eonium leaves can darken, turn pale and lose turgor even in conditions of too low temperature, but if only the lower leaves fall, there is no need to worry: this is a natural process.
Dark or yellow spots on the leaves of aeonium can appear from direct sunlight.
Under certain conditions, spider mites, aphids, scale insects and mealybugs can parasitize on aeonium, making punctures in its fleshy leaves and feeding on plant sap. If you do not control pests, the plant can decay. Wash the succulent with soapy water, and after a while rinse off the soap with clean water, covering the substrate in the pot with plastic. When a plant is damaged worms or shields it is necessary to remove pests from the aeonium with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol before washing. If there are too many insects, you will have to resort to treating the plant with an insecticidal preparation, and it is better to do this outdoors.
Concerning spider mites, then they settle on the plant in conditions of low air humidity. Their presence can be detected by a thin web on the leaves and stems of the aeonium. These pests are destroyed with acaricidal preparations.
In the fight against any pest, Actellik, Akarin or Fitoverm drugs will help you.
A plant with a rosette up to 50 cm in diameter, which is formed by juicy olive leaves curving along the edge. This plant blooms with powerful inflorescences of small flowers, resembling the outline of a tree crown on a high trunk.
In the photo: Aeonium nobile
A miniature and spectacular hybrid species with beautiful dark stems and rosettes up to 10 cm in diameter, consisting of juicy, green at the base and brown-orange at the top of pointed leaves.
In the photo: Aeonium burchardii
A popular in indoor culture shrub up to half a meter high with rough shoots and neat pink-shaped rosettes of smooth, pink-green, sharp-toothed leaves up to 3 cm long along the edge. The variety of aeonium tricolor is most in demand in culture.
In the photo: Aeonium decorum
A plant with almost no stems visible: they are hidden under squat rosettes of large brown-green leaves with an original bend. Over time, the rosette grows in diameter up to 50 cm and becomes loose.
In the photo: Aeonium canariense
A plant with dense cilia located along the edge of round leaf plates covered with velor pubescence. The rosettes of this species are almost flat, emitting a delicate aroma and resembling bright green pillows.
In the photo: Aeonium virgineum
A branchy succulent plant, reaching a height of 30 cm. It has open, curving stems with dark ovoid leaves that form rosettes like zinnia. The variegated variety of the home Aeonium domesticum variegata aeonium is popular.
In the photo: Aeonium domesticum
A plant with a thick silvery stem, covered with scars, and large rosettes up to 30 cm in diameter, similar to a half-open bud of rounded, brightly colored, densely set and tapering to the base of the leaves.
In the photo: Aeonium undulatum
Or aeonium arboreal, or aeonium arboreum - a relatively branching species, the shoots of which stiffen at the base. Reaching a diameter of 20 cm and located at the tops of the stems, the rosettes consist of spatulate, usually brown leaves, sometimes with light green blotches.
In the photo: Aeonium arboreum
View with straight, slightly hanging at the ends of the shoots and thick spatulate yellow-green leaves, decorated in the center and edges with a purple stripe. The leaves are formed into a rosette with a diameter of up to 20 cm.
In the photo: Golden Eonium (Aeonium holochrysum)
Strongly branching plant up to 30 cm high with thin, curly brown shoots, on the tops of which there are dense dark green rosettes of fragrant and fluffy sticky leaves with rounded edges.
Photo: Aeonium lindleyi
A stunted plant striking in its symmetry. The stem of this plant is invisible, the sessile rosette with a diameter of up to 50 cm has the shape of a flat plate and is formed by sessile spatulate leaves covered with white cilia and located tiled.
In the photo: Layered aeonium (Aeonium tabuliforme)
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Crassula Succulents Plants on E
Eonium (Aeonium) is a genus of succulent plants from the Tolstyanka family. It unites about 40 species of perennials that grow in the subtropical climate of the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands, Madeira. They all have certain similarities. Their fleshy leaves form rosettes that grow in dense spirals located at the ends of the leafless stems. By arrangement, the leaves are similar to the scales of cones.
Eonium is a direct relative of the "money tree". And although it is inferior to the latter in popularity, it surpasses it in decorativeness and species diversity. It is not only beautiful but also hardy plant. It can easily adapt to the dry air of city apartments. Also, eonymum is a long-liver and can delight with its natural beauty for many years.
Arrowroot belongs to herbaceous perennials. The homeland of this plant is the swampy tropics of America. The name is associated with the name of the scientist B. Maranta.
In the wild, arrowroot is a small plant, about 20 cm in height, with straight or creeping shoots. Leaves, depending on the species, are lanceolate, rounded or oblong. Against an even background (its color can be different - from very light to dark green), spots and veins stand out brightly.
On a flat background of arrowroot leaves, spots and veins stand out brightly
Arrowroot is often confused with a relative of calathea. However, these plants have obvious differences. Calathea is higher (from 60 cm to 1 m), with long delicate leaves. They, unlike arrowroot leaves, are located on the petioles in two rows. In addition, arrowroot flowers are inconspicuous, and calathea flowers are spectacular and bright.
Arrowroot leaves are so unusual and beautiful that this plant is bred precisely because of their decorative effect. The plant is unpretentious in care and adapts well in the home or office, in open and closed florariums.
A feature of arrowroot is that when the plant feels good, it places the leaves horizontally, but under unfavorable conditions (especially with insufficient lighting), the leaves fold and rise vertically. For this plant was nicknamed "praying grass".
Today there are more than 40 species and hybrid varieties of such plants, we will not describe the characteristics of each species, we will focus on a few of the most popular:
All varieties and hybrids of this indoor flower are unpretentious in care, easily multiply and give pleasure with their appearance not only to the owners, but also to guests who have visited the rooms where dieffenbachia grows.
It looks a bit like a small tree. From below, its leaves gradually die off, as a result of which a bare stem is formed under the outlet, which looks like a trunk.
It has a short trunk and very juicy leaves, which are curved along the edges of a green-olive color. The diameter of the rosette is up to 50 cm, and the height of the peduncle is about 40 cm. Flowering lasts a little more than a month.
It is a semi-shrub with a slightly branched, erect stem. Rosettes of leaves are dense, located at the top of branches and stems, about 20 cm in diameter. Leaves with a short tip, obtuse, spatulate, light green, and their edges with white cilia.
Aeonium domesticum (Aeonium domesticum)
Small dense shrub, reaching 30 cm in height. It has a woody base, from which branches branch off, bending near the top. Dark green leaves up to 2 cm long, covered with hairs.
This shrub is highly branched, its height is 20-30 cm. Its branches are thin, numerous, curved and slightly brownish. The rosettes are very dense and small, they are located at the ends of the branches. The leaves are small, shiny, dark green, covered with short hairs that are barely visible.
Like all succulents, aeoniums need a permeable, very light and friable substrate. Optimal for it are considered to be soil mixtures, consisting of equal parts of leafy, soddy soil, coarse sand and peat. Suitable for the characteristics of this plant and ready-made substrate for cacti. The addition of charcoal to the soil prevents most diseases of the aeonium.
Plant transplanting will also not cause trouble for flower growers. Only young plants are transplanted annually, but adults need to replace the container and substrate only with a frequency of once every 2-3 years. Plants can be reloaded or partially removed from the substrate. But since aeoniums are hypersensitive to root rot, a high drainage layer with a minimum height of 7-8 cm must be laid for them. It is advisable to keep the level of deepening the same.
Clerodendrum is an unpretentious plant with beautiful flowers and a delicate aroma
It is great for home breeding and rarely complains to its owner. You can find out more information about caring for a tropical beauty in the video below.
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