Familiar plants in the country, which are actually poisonous

Some common flowers and herbs are actually poisonous and can do a lot of harm. Especially if they get inside the body.

Marsh wild rosemary

The plant is rarely grown in the garden. Despite the beauty of the inflorescences, even being near the rosemary is dangerous to health. Its smell and the essential oil released at the same time act at a distance. Poisoning occurs when any parts of the plant are ingested, inhalation of the aroma causes paralysis of the respiratory system, depression of the nervous system, a decrease in pressure. In case of poisoning, it is necessary to ingest activated charcoal, sometimes artificial respiration is required.

Rhododendron golden

The plant is very beautiful: creamy, pink and yellowish corollas of flowers are found on the banks of rivers, in the mountain forests of Siberia and the Far East. Since the culture is unpretentious and blooms very beautifully, it is grown by amateurs and in personal plots.

Rhododendron is widely used in medicine, preparations containing a flower tone up, have bactericidal and anti-inflammatory properties.

But both types of rhododendron - both golden and Pontic - are poisonous. They are especially dangerous for people with kidney and breathing problems. In case of an overdose, suffocation occurs, a drop in pressure, and pain in the stomach appears. Even honey collected from its flowers is dangerous: only 2-3 tablespoons of such honey lead to loss of consciousness.


The plant is widespread among meadow grasses; found in summer cottages, like a weed. It is a powerful medicine, and many traditional medicines are made from yarrow. It helps with internal bleeding, respiratory diseases and allergies, but remember that this culture is quite poisonous. The flower is especially dangerous for people with blood diseases, asthmatics, children, pregnant women. Misuse of yarrow medications can cause serious harm to health.


An unpretentious creeping plant with blue flowers grows very quickly and looks good in a flower bed during flowering. However, this flower contains dangerous alkaloids, so it must not be allowed to enter the body. Do not allow children to pick and chew the young leaves. Also, be careful when taking periwinkle-based medications - an overdose can cause itching, allergies, headaches, shortness of breath, a drop in blood pressure, and in some cases even cardiac arrest.


The beautiful plant with yellow and orange globular buds attracts attention. In nature, it is found near water bodies. At the dachas, they grow a swimsuit near ponds, it grows well even in the shade. The culture contains many useful substances, it is used for medical purposes. But it should be used carefully, since the swimsuit is capable of affecting the nervous system. The roots contain toxic substances. It is necessary to procure raw materials according to the rules, otherwise it can be toxic.


The plant is found in vegetable gardens, it is bred as a spice and medicinal, as well as decorative, to decorate flower beds and flower beds. It grows in the form of a half-shrub, has beautiful carved feathery leaves and greenish-yellow flowers. The herb of rue is known in pharmacology, it has a tonic, hemostatic, antitoxic effect. But the root requires caution when applied. Overdose causes swelling of the respiratory system, fainting, convulsions, vomiting, weakness.


Delphinium flowers are beautiful as a hedge. Tall inflorescences of blue, yellow, white, pink shades are a real decoration of the garden. But you need to remember that the handsome man is very poisonous.

If the family has children or pets, it is better to refuse to grow this flower.

It is dangerous even to smell it, as the aroma intoxicates the mind. Delphinium honey is poisonous, and using any part of the plant as self-medication is life-threatening.


Affectionately it is called blue-eyed, blue buttercup, and sometimes - wolf root, goat's death. Aconite is grown by gardeners for the sake of beautiful flowers. Curly species decorate gazebos, verandas, are spectacular in single and group plantings.

But all parts of the plant are poisonous, especially the root. In India, poison for arrows was made from its juice, and in ancient times, death sentences were carried out with the help of aconite poison.

Preparations from this flower are widely used in medicine. But self-medication is categorically impossible - 2-4 g of any part of the plant can kill an adult. Aconite poisoning manifests itself in burning and chest pain, diarrhea, vomiting, visual impairment, paralysis.


Culture is found almost everywhere, and garden plots are no exception. Euphorbia is easy to recognize, as white juice is released from the stem on the break. It is used medicinally.

Due to the beneficial properties and attractive appearance, many types of milkweed are grown in gardens, vegetable gardens, even indoors.

Despite its benefits, juice is also extremely dangerous. Contact with skin and mucous membranes causes burns. When you take the juice inside, you will inevitably have an upset stomach and even clouding of mind.


Beautiful large flowers of lumbago in the form of bells are admirable. It is often grown as an ornamental plant to decorate flower beds. This is facilitated by early flowering and unpretentiousness. Preparations from lumbago are used in medicine as a hypnotic, pain reliever. But a strict dosage is required, since all parts of the plant contain poison. Its juice causes burns to the hands, and ingestion guarantees poisoning.


The unpretentious viola is often called "pansies". It is found everywhere: on lawns, flower beds, mixborders. The culture is unpretentious, its lovely flowers go well with other plants.

Pansies are not only an ornamental, but also a medicinal plant.

This is due to the presence in all of its parts of glycosides - saponin, inulin, violin. From viola, infusions are made to reduce toothache, from hernia, cough, scrofula and other diseases, but the alkaloids contained in viola cause spasms, intoxication and tachycardia in case of overdose. The plant can harm pregnant women or young children, asthmatics and allergy sufferers.

Poisonous plants - forest and field

The nature around us contains many secrets and mysteries, and man has not yet managed to unravel them all. Plants that attract us with their beautiful flowers or delicate foliage can sometimes bring not only harm, but also bring to death if you do not know their properties. These can be poisonous forest and meadow plants, as well as garden ones. Even an apple, apricot or cherry can cause poisoning if you eat a lot of their seeds and kernels from the seeds. Green potatoes and rhubarb leaves also pose a threat to human health.

Almost any inhabitant of nature, be it a beautiful flower or an inconspicuous herb, is useful in one way or another. They contain biologically active substances. But at the same time, they can become dangerous if you use them at random, or make a mistake with the view while collecting medicinal herbs. At the same time, poisonous plant juices, dangerous to humans, do not in any way affect domestic or wild animals that serve as their usual food. But it also happens the other way around.

The influence of poisonous plants on human health is diverse. Some can cause minor harm in the form of mild dizziness, nausea and vomiting, while others can lead to paralysis and death.

Poisonous plants in the garden. Top 10 hazardous to health

Poisonous plants in the garden. Top 10 hazardous to health

Everything plantsplanted in your garden should bring harmony and aesthetic pleasure. But sometimes there is danger behind the external beauty. there is plantsto be wary of.

Some plants endowed by nature poisonous properties and unknowingly, you may not even suspect that your garden pet can cause harm health to you and your loved ones.

We present to you 10 poisonous plants, with which you need to be extremely careful and careful. Please note, maybe some of them grow in your garden too!

Common ivy (Hedera helix)

Common ivyis perhaps the most popular type, planted in gardens and even on balconies. Its popularity is probably due to its low breeding requirements and attractive, somewhat mysterious appearance. Unfortunately, common ivy has strong poisonous properties.

The most common case is poisoning by swallowing its berries. When ripe, they seduce with their intense rich color and mouth-watering appearance. Besides gardens, you will often find ivy in old parks or cemeteries, so be extra careful with children in these areas.

Medicinal peony

Healing peony - a flower loved by many gardeners. Looks beautiful in the garden and in a home vase. An asset as great as its appearance is the insane, slightly sweet smell.

Unfortunately, the whole plant is very poisonous.

May lily of the valley

Popular May lilies of the valley contain cardiac glycosides. Although these compounds increase heart function, they also have toxic properties.

Scientists have discovered about 40 different glycosides found in lilies of the valley. These compounds are very toxic to all vertebrates except foxes. Sensitive organisms in children are at greatest risk. Make sure that not a single part of the lily of the valley, including the water in which there is a bouquet of May flowers, accidentally gets into their mouth

Clematis (Clematis)

Clematis belongs to the group of the most commonly grown garden flowers. They are beautiful, unfortunately also very toxic. Clematis have poisonous juices, leaves, flowers and fruits.

Take special care with small children, dogs and cats. Eating any part of clematis can lead to serious poisoning.


If you are prone to serious allergic reactions or have small children at home, it is best to avoid growing hyacinths.

Their intense aroma and enchanting flowers and leaves cause redness, itching of the skin and even painful and unsightly blisters. It's not over yet! If you experience unnecessary, frequent headaches, diarrhea or vomiting in yourself or other family members - be careful, this could be a sign of hyacinth poisoning.


Hydrangeasadorable, extremely fashionable garden flowers this season. However, you must be very careful with them.

All parts of hydrangea, in particular flower buds, contain cyanogenic glycosides, the consumption of which causes abdominal pain, vomiting and weakness of the whole body. Additional symptoms of hydrangea flower poisoning are headache, nausea, and diarrhea.

Yew (Taxus baccata)

Yew berry - An ornamental shrub with dark green needles and characteristic red soft patches is a popular decoration in many gardens. All parts of the yew tree are inedible and poisonous.

The least toxic element is fruit, but it is not recommended to eat it, especially for children. Symptoms of poisoning with this plant can be vomiting, diarrhea, heart failure, and in the worst case, even death.

Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis)

Snowdrops are snow-white - these are beautiful, delicate, inconspicuous looking flowers. Unfortunately, it should be borne in mind that they contain numerous alkaloids with properties harmful to health.

Snowdrop bulbs are the most poisonous. Their use causes a gag reflex, diarrhea and pupillary constriction. In people with sensitive skin, skin contact with the bulbs can lead to serious allergic reactions. Snowdrops eaten by pets increase sensitivity and threaten to faint.

European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus)

Euonymus it is distinguished by its unusually characteristic, multi-colored foliage and pink fruit bags. Looks great in naturalistic, luxuriously curved gardens.

Unfortunately, the whole plant is very poisonous. Swallowing it can lead to diarrhea, heart problems, paralysis and ultimately death. About 35 fruits are enough to kill an adult.


Common wolfberry Is a bush with characteristic pink-purple flowers. It is a highly poisonous and allergic plant.

Daphnin and mesereincontained in its fruits, have a two-stage toxic effect. It initially causes numbness and swelling of the lips, larynx, or entire face, and difficulty in drooling and swallowing. This is followed by severe abdominal pain, dizziness, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and dementia. It takes about 10 fruits for adults and up to 1 for children to cause death.

Castor bean seeds are poisonous. Just a few pieces of berries are enough for severe poisoning, and a large dose, consumed in food, can be fatal. In order not to aggravate the problems, exclude the possibility of the formation of castor bean seeds in your area.

Poisonous plant. Better to stay away from him. A few berries can cause indomitable vomiting, just like castor oil plants, wolf bast berries in large doses are deadly. The juice of the berries can cause redness and even small ulcers on the skin.

Wolf bast

Wolf's bast attracts animals and people with its bright berries, which you just want to put in your mouth. However, the plant is inedible and poisonous. Only five berries eaten can kill a child, and twelve are fatal to an adult.

Entering the body in smaller doses, the poison causes:

  • redness of the skin
  • severe headache
  • significantly affects the functioning of the stomach and kidneys
  • loss of consciousness
  • cardiac arrest.

If wolf berries have been eaten, then immediately rinse the stomach and call a doctor.

In Russia, the plant is used as landscaping of the territory. In the springtime, it is especially beautiful, as small flowers with pink or purple petals make their way among the greenery. But for especially sensitive people, it is better not to walk near flowering bushes. Pollen causes headaches. Interesting that wolf bast itself needs protection... It is listed in the Red Book.


Let's start with the flora that is more dangerous in terms of location. It is much more difficult to protect our smaller brothers from her, because she is in a house or apartment and most often - within walking distance. Let's list the main plants that contain toxic substances.


The second name, familiar to most people, is aloe vera. The most common succulent on our windowsills, known for its healing properties, turns out to be also harmful to cats and dogs. If a curious pet tastes a piece of this plant, then the saponins and latex contained in it will provoke diarrhea and, as a result, dehydration.

Kalanchoe Blossfeld

The list of popular, but unsafe plants is continued by the flower of the Crassula family. In the wild, it is found in Madagascar, in all other cases - on indoor windowsills. And, nevertheless, the Kalanchoe contains a number of components that cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, and its juice can disrupt the heart rhythm. But you can't explain this to a pet, and therefore the only way out is to place the plant so that it is inaccessible.


Alpine violet, which we know as cyclamen, is dangerous to dogs and cats.This is especially true of the tuber of the plant, which animals can perceive as a toy and are often dug up. And having damaged it, they themselves can suffer.


Another threat to playful animals is the hippeastrum. As in the case of cyclamen, the underground part of this plant can attract pets who, for some reason, like to dig it up. Meanwhile, the bulb of this plant, like other parts of it, is slightly or moderately toxic to cats and dogs due to the presence of licorin in it, an alkaloid that, when consumed in large quantities, causes abdominal pain, nausea, twitching and cramps in the limbs.

Hippeastrum, a bulbous plant that produces an arrow with bright flowers, was once called exclusively amaryllis, but was then singled out by botanists as a separate genus. However, it still belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family.

Monstera gourmet

In our latitudes, it can often be found growing in large floor pots. The plant is distinguished by large fleshy leaves and thick stems. Despite the external beauty and grace, both are toxic, because they contain toxic substances. If your pet feasts on a monster, then it runs the risk of getting numbness and irritation of the mouth and throat, painful swelling, loss of the ability to make sounds and disorder of the act of swallowing. Therefore, if you transplanted the monster into a floor pot, put it in a place where your pets cannot reach.


Ficuses of various types contain milky juice, which, if it gets on the skin, can cause redness and itching, and if it gets on the mucous membranes, it can cause severe irritation. Therefore, you should not let your pet near this plant if he likes to taste the plants.


The fact that this plant contains poisonous substances is a well-known fact. Its juice is especially scary - so if your dog or cat decides to chew the leaves or the stem of this plant, they risk getting a burn to the throat and skin.

Motley codiaum

The plant belongs to the Euphorbia family, just like croton is a completely different plant, with which codiaum is often confused. Another name for the latter is "Joseph's cloak". All parts of this plant can be toxic to some extent to cats and dogs. The reason is in the poisonous milky juice, which can cause poisoning, vomiting and a strong allergic reaction.

Even when transplanting Dieffenbachia and Codiaum, flower growers recommend wearing rubber gloves, and then washing your hands with soap and water.

Schefflera woody

Another name for this plant is the umbrella tree. Sometimes it is mistakenly referred to as safe, but this is far from the case. The plant contains "sharp" insoluble calcium oxalate crystals that damage the cells and tissues of the animals that swallow them. Depending on the amount of these crystals absorbed by the pet, damage to the digestive tract can be fatal for it.

Drooping cycad

From its homeland - the Japanese islands of Kyushu and Ryukyu - it has spread far beyond its usual habitat due to its frost resistance. The cycad is also grown as a houseplant. However, all of its parts, especially the seeds, can harm your pets, as its consumption can provoke poisoning and even seizures. Even so, it still remains attractive to cats and dogs.

False Nightshade

Differs in beautiful flowering and bright fruits that remain hanging on the branches even in winter. There is a version that for this reason, False Nightshade is sometimes called a winter or Christmas tree. Despite all the beauty, the fruits of this plant are of exclusively decorative origin and in no case should they be eaten because of their toxic properties. The leaves of the plant are also dangerous: they contain juice that can irritate the skin.


All types of dracaena also cannot boast of harmlessness, including bordered dracaena, which is the most common in our premises. It is especially attractive to cats, as its appearance reminds them of grass, which they love to feast on for health. Unfortunately, with dracaena everything is different: the substances contained in its juice classify it as a low-toxic plant that can provoke a disorder of the digestive system.

Epipremnum golden, potos, or scindapsus

This popular indoor vine is unpretentious to care for and grows quickly, so even a beginner who does not know how to properly take care of flowers can grow it. Potos is considered a moderately poisonous plant. Its parts contain substances that can cause swelling of the tongue, difficulty in swallowing and breathing, convulsions. This plant rarely attracts dogs, but cats may become interested and chew on the dense leathery leaves.

Poinsettia, or the most beautiful euphorbia

This evergreen shrub is often grown as a container crop. Poinsettia blooms in December-February and is especially beautiful around Christmas. Therefore, it is often called the Christmas star. The parts of the plant themselves are not poisonous, but the white juice of the most beautiful milkweed can irritate the skin, and if it enters the stomach, it can cause vomiting and pain.


Despite its popularity with flower growers, azalea is poisonous. And this applies to all parts of this plant - leaves, stems and even flowers. The harmful substances that make up this plant affect the muscles and the central nervous system. This applies not only to animals, but also to humans - so place the azalea as far away as possible, not only from the cat or dog, but also from children.

Deadly poisonous plants for humans - names and photos

Aconite... Poisonous substances are found in the leaves and roots. Can be fatal if swallowed.

Black henbane... All parts of the plant are poisonous and, when eaten, lead to a mental disorder, up to a person falling into a coma.

Belladonna, or belladonna. All plants are poisonous. Misuse leads to respiratory paralysis and possibly death.

Elderberry is black. The consequences of its use inside affect shortness of breath, tachycardia, up to coma.

Hemlock. When poisoned with this plant, suffocation occurs, leading to respiratory arrest.

Veh, he's a cicuta, the most terrible plant in its effect. 50 grams of roots is enough to poison a sheep. Nervous system paralysis and death.

Crow's eye four-leafed... It affects the human nervous system, causes a malfunction of the heart, which leads to death.

Datura ordinary. Not only to use inside, but even to smell this plant is impossible. Sharply affects the human psyche, leading to madness.

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