A vegetable garden for the "lazy" without much hassle: useful tips and tricks


Traditional farming with digging, hilling and weed control is gradually becoming a thing of the past. It is being replaced by new technologies that make it possible to equip the beds, which does not require much time and effort. Such a garden is called "lazy" because there is little work on it, and there is a lot of time for rest. How to equip a garden for the lazy on your site? More on this later in the article.

What does "lazy vegetable garden" mean?

Here it would be fair to replace the word "lazy" with the word "smart", because this technology was invented by very rational people who strive to obtain high results with a minimum expenditure of time and effort. This is the meaning of the idea.

Lazy farming principles

Lazy farming eliminates unnecessary labor and investment. Everything grows on organic matter, it is also used as fertilizer, the plots for the beds are ennobled, and the yield is growing every year. Yes, this is possible, because in the beds for the lazy, everything is done according to the mind and a new rational scheme.

What are the principles of this approach:

  • they do not dig the earth, but only loosen the top layer to a depth of 5-7 cm;
  • do not do weeding and loosening after rain - mulch copes with this;
  • do not water the plants often - the same mulch prevents the evaporation of moisture;
  • do not use mineral fertilizers, but increase soil fertility due to organic matter growing on the site.

Following these principles, the gardener significantly saves his time and energy, while receiving excellent harvests, as well as the opportunity to have more rest in the country.

Garden organization rules

The organization of lazy farming involves the observance of the following rules:

  • reduction of the cultivated area - achieved by arranging raised beds;
  • mulching the beds;
  • joint planting - some plants (garlic, lavender, marigolds) serve as good protection against pests, so it is recommended to plant them between vegetable crops;
  • repeated sowing - the place should not be empty, therefore, the garden for tomatoes and peppers is planted with radishes, spinach in the spring, and in the summer, after harvesting the garlic, greens are sown immediately;
  • sowing green manure - in organic farming this is the main method that allows you to increase soil fertility;
  • observance of crop rotation - it is impossible to plant crops of the same family on the garden bed from year to year.

Video "Smart beds: principles of organization"

This video provides useful tips and tricks for planning and plotting a plot for a vegetable garden.

We plan a vegetable garden

Now let's figure out what needs to be considered when planning the beds.

The area of ​​the organized beds

The area of ​​the beds on the site should occupy no more than a third of the entire territory. The length of the beds can be any, from 40 cm to several meters. But the width should be such that the gardener can easily reach the middle without stepping on the garden bed itself. The width of the aisles between the beds is calculated taking into account the growing crops. Usually 50-60 cm is enough, but if you plan to plant potatoes, cabbage, then the aisles should be increased to 80 cm. In a word, the width of the aisles should be such that it is comfortable to walk on them.

We recommend filling the space between the beds with something, otherwise weeds will grow. It is best to cover this area with gravel or sow lawn grass - it will be useful and aesthetically pleasing.

Author's advice

For many summer residents, the problem is the abundance of the harvest, which has to be distributed. And this happens due to the fact that vegetables and fruits are tied in a larger volume than the family needs, and at the same time extra work is invested. Therefore, think in advance what exactly and in what quantity you will grow, taking into account consumption and harvesting, then make a list of crops.

The table of crop yields will help to determine the list of plants and calculate the area of ​​the plot for the beds:

Accurate location

When planning the beds, first of all, the degree of illumination of the site should be taken into account. Almost all plants need a lot of sun. There are no vegetable crops that can grow in the shade at all, and if they are planted there, the yield will decrease many times. Therefore, it is better to allocate shaded areas for recreation areas, and allocate open areas for beds.

You need to decide on the place right away, since moving the beds is not desirable, because a fertile layer is formed there. It is also necessary to choose the location taking into account the cardinal points. Areas located from south to north are best illuminated, vertical beds on trellises can be placed along the southern walls. To make it easier to implement, draw a schematic plan in advance.

Cultures for cultivation

Smart people prefer to get a crop quickly and without unnecessary work, therefore, crops are chosen that do not require complex care. These include: beans, peas, pumpkins, zucchini, corn. These plants can be simply planted and remembered when the harvest is ripe. Seedling crops are also easy to care for: tomatoes, peppers, different varieties of cabbage. Be sure to grow greens, radishes, salad at hand.

Exotic and thermophilic crops should not be planted in lazy beds - they may not withstand winter frosts, especially in the Urals or Siberia. Always choose varieties that are suitable for your region, since certain types of cucumbers and tomatoes require the construction of greenhouses, and this is already costly.

By the same principle, you can plan a "smart" garden by choosing unpretentious trees and shrubs that do not need to be cut.

How to make smart beds with your own hands

For beauty and practicality, it is recommended to fence each garden bed around the perimeter. Curbs can be made from many materials at hand.

From planks

Arrangement of the fence must begin with the manufacture of a box of the required size. For strength, fasten the structure in the middle with slats. The boards themselves should be varnished and painted to prevent decay of the material.

Slate

A slate sheet is cut into pieces with a height of 0, 4-0, 5 m and dug in along the perimeter of the beds at half its height. In the corners, the structure is fastened with special ties; metal reinforcement is laid inside for strength, preventing the curvature of the walls.

From plastic boxes

If the farm has extra vegetable boxes, they can also be used as curbs. First you need to detach the walls of the box, then dig them in around the perimeter and fix them with wire. You can also use the boxes in their entirety, placing them over the entire area and filling them with soil.

Of bricks

Such a fence will last a long time, but you need to understand that it is impossible to transfer a brick structure without breaking it. For stationary beds, it is advisable to fill the foundation, on which then lay the bricks. An easier option is to dig in half of the bricks directly into the ground.

Mobile beds

In this case, all kinds of containers are used: barrels, containers, bags. Any container can be filled with soil and plants can be planted there. The advantage of mobile beds is that they can be moved around the site and, if necessary (frost, rain), brought into the room.

Organization of the irrigation system

Many summer residents organize watering with a hose, watering can or bucket. However, this is hard work that can be minimized. The smart garden uses a drip irrigation system. It is not difficult to make it, even beginners can do it.

The system can be stationary or temporary. For a stationary system, a main pipe is brought to the site. One end of it is attached to the water tap, and on the other, wiring is done at the level of the beds. The purchase of a ready-made plastic hose with already made holes will help to simplify the task.

Important! The scheme for laying pipes for drip irrigation must be developed even at the planning stage of the beds, before arranging the curbs.

Mulching the site

One of the rules of lazy farming says that there should be no bare soil on the beds. Thus, moisture evaporation decreases, the fertile layer forms faster and, most importantly, weeds do not grow. All this is achieved by mulching. It is better to use organic matter as mulch: rotted sawdust, needles, hay, straw, cut grass and seedless green manure. If it is not possible to update the mulch, you can use inorganic materials: black film, cardboard, expanded clay.

Helpful tips and feedback

Summer residents who have long been practicing lazy farming have the following recommendations for beginners:

  • bring only organic matter into the garden - mineral complexes destroy the fertile layer, which has been formed over the years;
  • sow green manure in the fall - as soon as the bed is free, immediately sow mustard, phacelia, oats;
  • during autumn sowing, it is not necessary to embed green manure in the soil, it is enough just to cut the tops and lay them in the beds;
  • cut green manures before the budding process begins - the softer the greens, the faster they rot;
  • for an early harvest, cover the garden with white covering material.

“These principles really work. Previously, we gave all the time to the dacha - we dug, weeded, and the harvest was just ridiculous. Then I heard about lazy farming and studied literature. We made high beds, we plant, we mulch with grass, we work less, and the harvest is greater. "

“I made several high beds. Now I don't spend all my time digging in the ground, I just plant seedlings, mulch and get great harvests. "

There is no smart dacha without lazy beds. However, the principle of lazy farming can be applied not only in the beds, but also throughout the entire area: a lawn instead of weeds, green manure and flowers in near-stem circles, flower beds of perennials. All this is easy to equip using the advice of experienced summer residents.


Beds for the lazy: photos and recommendations for creating a garden

This article discusses beds for the lazy: photos of the easiest structures to make for those who want to get a neat garden, while making a minimum of effort, the most common materials and technologies for creating structures based on them. The reader will learn how to combine vegetable crops on the same bed and prepare the soil for planting cucumbers. The article contains practical recommendations for novice summer residents.

The correct organization of the beds in the garden will help save time and effort when planting and harvesting.


Why is the garden lazy?

It is in vain that a vegetable garden adapted to reasonable technologies is called lazy. There is an opinion that lazy people are driving progress. Or maybe just rationalists. Why carry out those operations that you can do without? Many people do not understand how to do without:

  • digging
  • hilling
  • daily watering
  • weeding
  • chemical treatments.

But agrotechnical science and biotechnology have already reached the level of knowledge, experience and practice, when many operations can be dispensed with.


We plant potatoes without fertilization

Avid gardeners are used to planting potatoes only after thoroughly fertilizing the soil. And in order to thoroughly fertilize it, you need to completely dig up the garden. But the earth has its own special structure. Bacteria live in it at different depths, which have a beneficial effect on the vital activity of the soil. These are aerobes and anaerobes.

Aerobic bacteria are located at a depth of 20 to 40 centimeters. The process of their vital activity proceeds without the participation of oxygen. But anaerobic bacteria are located in the upper layers (up to 20 cm), and oxygen is necessary for their life. What do we usually do when we dig the earth? We purposefully change places of these very living organisms, knowingly killing life in them.

Now let's talk about weeds. Weed seeds are located on the ground (up to 5 cm). They get there during the whole gardening year. In the fall, we start digging. Turning the ground over, the seeds are hidden in depth, which contributes to their favorable wintering. In the spring we dig up the garden again, explaining this by the fact that it is necessary to loosen the soil that has caked up during the winter. In fact, we are turning the ground over again, along with the weed seeds that are ready to sprout.

With these manipulations, we only contribute to the excellent growth of the weed, which is what we get in the end. Therefore, there is no need to dig the potato beds.

And here's what you need to do:

  1. Choose a piece of virgin land.
  2. Remove the top layer of grass.
  3. Make a solid hole with a plow or shovel.
  4. Plant a hole with potatoes.
  5. Cover the bed with a layer of mulch.

Mulch is a protective layer of the earth, which should be used as straw, coarse wood shavings, pine needles or even previously plucked grass.

There is no need to remove grass roots remaining in the ground. They will perform well the function of drainage channels, through which water can better seep into the depths of the earth. Don't worry that these roots will sprout into new weeds. A layer of mulch will block the rays of the sun and the heat it needs from them, so over time they will simply rot, while fertilizing the potatoes.

It is often not necessary to water the potatoes. Enough 5-6 rains per season. But if the summer is dry, then you will have to water the site two or three times. A layer of mulch will keep moisture in the ground without letting the sun dry out the soil.

Such a garden without hassle is suitable for the elderly. Due to the lack of time-consuming digging, as well as everyday watering, on a suburban area you can relax in a cool garden.


A flower bed for the lazy: planted and forgot!

Beautiful flowers don't always require a lot of care.

It would be nice to make everything grow and bloom on the site and for this you would not need to make any special efforts! No, we, of course, also heard that you can't take a fish out of the pond without difficulty. But the nature of plants is very different: some require seating, transplants, shelters, protection, frequent watering, while others at this time calmly grow nearby and look no less beautiful!

- If there is no desire or opportunity to take care of the plants, but you want beauty, you can choose flowers, the minimum care of which boils down to watering in dry weather, and in the fall to cut off faded inflorescences, - says the landscape designer, director of the Agrarian Industrial House »Tatiana Evgenievna BELYAEVA. - The choice is wide: it can be both annuals and perennials. It is better to choose annuals that are sown directly into the soil, and not through seedlings - for example, chamomile, cornflowers, lavatera, whiskey, sweet peas. Perennial plants can not be grown from seeds, but you can buy rhizomes, plant and forget about caring for such a flower bed for a long time.

It must be remembered that perennials do not bloom all summer like annuals. Therefore, the flower bed must be planned so that the plants alternate with each other. For example, daylilies are of early, medium, and late varieties: some bloom in early June, others in July, and others in late August. Look at the packages for flowering times and select varieties to ensure continuous flowering throughout the summer.

- Daylily is an unpretentious and very elegant perennial, now there are many varieties, from miniature to large, and with small and large flowers, and with corrugated edges, and two-colored, - says the specialist. - Does not require hassle and hybrid anemones, geraniums look great.

We do not associate with plants that need to be dug up often

Many summer residents do not like plants that need to be dug up.For example, dahlias are wonderful flowers of various shapes and colors, they bloom beautifully and decorate the summer cottage all summer, but they must be dug up every year and stored somewhere at a certain temperature. You can't leave them in an unheated dacha, you can't bring them to a city apartment either. Therefore, not everyone likes to contact them.

But peonies are another matter! This magnificent elegant bush does not require special care and grows in one place for a long time. It is recommended to divide its rhizome about once every eight years, when it grows strongly and the plant already interferes with its own life. Then it is necessary to remove the old dead roots and plant parts of the rhizome with young buds. This rejuvenates the plant and keeps it looking great and blooming.

Siberian irises grow in one place for up to 40 years!

Another plant to the delight of lazy summer residents is the Siberian iris. This flower can grow in one place for up to 40 years, simply expanding in width.

- This is a very unpretentious and unusually beautiful plant! If earlier we sold only blue nondescript irises, now there is a huge selection of varieties, - says Tatyana Evgenievna. - Now they can be bicolor or pure white with a wide open flower of an unusual shape.

There are special varieties of roses for lazy summer residents.

It is generally accepted that roses are wayward flowers that are difficult to care for. But they are not capricious at all - the main thing is to choose unpretentious varieties. They should be looked for among park or ground cover groups of roses. The former grow in large bushes, are not afraid of frost and are resistant to diseases. The latter winter well under light shelter and hardly get sick, but they require a large area: they can grow up to three meters wide.

“All over the world, roses are used for urban landscaping, which means they do not require any special worries,” says our expert. “The only thing that needs to be taken care of is shelter for the winter. But even if you don't want to do this, you just need to choose frost-resistant varieties.

Ornamental shrubs: lilac, viburnum, jasmine

Ornamental shrubs are another way to decorate your site without much effort. I planted some beautiful bushes - and admire!

Lilacs are yellow

One of the most gorgeous shrubs for lazy gardeners is the lilac. The maximum that is required of you is to crop after the brush has bloomed. But even if it's too lazy to do it, it's okay. Now there are amazingly beautiful varieties of lilacs in all shades of white, red, pink, blue and purple. There are even varieties with yellow flowers! There is a lilac whose flower diameter is more than three centimeters.

The flowering period of the shrub can last up to a month. And if you select varieties with different flowering periods, you can achieve that the garden will bloom from the beginning of May to the end of June.

By the way, now in stores you can see small 15-centimeter lilac bushes in pots. These are plants that are grown in test tubes: they take root better in the soil, grow faster and by the third year already outperform a one and a half meter bush planted at the same time with an open root system in growth. They can be planted not only in spring but throughout the summer.

Sensation is a legendary variety from the famous Russian breeder Kolesnikov of a very rare two-tone color. The flowers are large, more than 2 cm in diameter, purple-red with a contrasting white border.

Madame Lemoine is a large tree bush. The creamy buds turn white as they unfold. The flowers are large, double, up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Inflorescences up to 30 cm long, blooms profusely and luxuriantly.

Another great plant for garden decoration that does not require much worries and hassle. Some varieties bloom right after the snow has melted, others by the end of summer. After flowering, the viburnum has fruits that also change their color, and in the fall this plant has incredibly beautiful foliage. It will be delightful: when everything has faded, your area will be decorated with a shrub with elegant leaves: red, plum or golden.

Viburnum Hillery Winton is a medium-sized shrub with many fragrant, creamy white flowers in early summer. The narrow leaves are bronze in spring, then turn green and in autumn they turn into plum-purple and red shades.

Viburnum folded Mariesi is a very hardy plant. It blooms in spring and summer. Leaves are oval, bright green in summer, change color to yellow and reddish-purple in autumn. White flowers are collected in large inflorescences, which cover the entire bush like snow.

Jasmine will scent the area

Growing jasmine (chubushnik) will also not cause much trouble. This plant is unpretentious to the soil, grows quickly, during flowering it looks very elegant and spectacular in the garden. And how it smells!

Chubushnik Bel Etole - hybrid is distinguished by one of the best aromas of flowers, a long flowering period and a compact bush shape. The flowers are usually solitary, about 2 cm in diameter.

Chubushnik hybrid Virginal - flowers are snow-white, double, fragrant, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences. There are so many of them that the bush seems to be covered with snow. It blooms in July and then again in September. One of the most late blooming.


Thinking, not plowing: a vegetable garden without hassle for the mind

Garden and vegetable garden for the lazy: organic farming at FORUMHOUSE

A typical summer resident always works hard in his garden. In the spring, he plows or digs up a plot, fertilizes the land, carries out sowing, which includes the constant planting of potatoes. Then, all summer long, he pulls out the weeds, runs to the beds with heavy watering cans, loosens, spuds, stepsons ... This approach to gardening at FORUMHOUSE is a thing of the past. In this article, we will tell you what modern methods are used by members of our portal.

The neighbors at the dacha dig, flood, water, and they consider mulching, flat cutters and narrow beds to be nonsense and nonsense. I don't want to offend anyone, but it is very difficult to take care of the garden, as my parents did.

Organic farming in the country

Many residents of FORUMHOUSE are the most ardent supporters of the method of organic farming, in which the cultivation of fruits takes place in full harmony with nature, according to the principle "do not remake nature, but help it." Strict followers of this method do not use a shovel and hoe, do not remove weeds, and work for several days during the season - the rest of the time they harvest.

Basic principles of organic farming. Organic farming advocates:

  • do not plow and do not dig up the ground, the maximum that is allowed is to loosen the soil with a Fokin flat cutter to a depth of 5-7 cm.
  • never use herbicides. Good agricultural technology is the key to a healthy plant, and there are no aphids, fungal diseases, and the Colorado potato beetle in the gardens of well-known organists. And if diseases and pests do appear, they are treated with microbial solutions, folk remedies or biological products.
  • do not use mineral fertilizers: you can only use compost, rotted manure, mulch, warm beds, etc.
  • try to attract as many earthworms as possible to their site and stimulate the work of soil microorganisms.
  • both beds and paths are actively mulching. Agronomist Nikolai Kurdyumov, author of the “smart garden” system, says that mulching will not get rid of weeds at all, but it’s easier to “rip out one weed exhausted by the struggle for rooting” than to be on duty with a hoe all the time. But the main purpose of mulch is not even to fight weeds, but to maintain moisture, increase soil fertility and improve its structure.

Adhering to these principles on his site, the summer resident pursues three goals:

  • increase soil fertility (every year it gets better and better)
  • grow exceptionally healthy and tasty fruits without any chemistry
  • to reduce the time spent on work in the beds, to facilitate work.

But OZ in the farm requires exceptional consistency and high technological discipline! And without this it is better not to start.

Sepp Holzer's Permaculture

Permaculture is a direction in organic farming, which was founded by the famous Austrian naturalist Sepp Holzer, together with two friends.

Permaculturologists set themselves the task of creating a garden-vegetable garden that will take care of itself. To do this, they select plants that stimulate each other's growth, do not compete for nutrients in the soil, and scare away pests from each other.

The Art of the Lazy Master! This is how I would describe the concept of permaculture for all of us.

Member of our portal with a nickname ShadeXXX using the principles of permaculture, he is trying to revive his site in the steppes of Kazakhstan. Now on his clayey area there is nothing living except dry stunted grass and mosquitoes, but he is sure that in a few years there will be a garden and a pond.

Bagel's lazy vegetable garden

One of the most famous permaculturologists of the post-Soviet space is Boris Bublik. He believes that any work with a hoe and a shovel harms the garden: you just need not interfere with nature, and even better help her by planting suitable plants nearby.

He does not remove weeds, works in the garden for only a few days a season, and practically does not care for him. The vegetable garden grows according to the principle of "edible forest", by itself, without human intervention. In the photo - Boris Bublik's garden.


A hassle-free vegetable garden for seniors - helpful tips and important tips!

The article will not exactly correspond to the title, it is impossible to do without hassle in the garden. But there are several effective ways to significantly reduce the amount of physical labor.

For those who want to have vegetables and fruits without any hassle, one piece of advice can be given: call the supermarket and order groceries delivered to your home.

Everyone else will have to work a little, which is very beneficial for the elderly (and not only for them).

How to make hard work in the garden easier

Most of the work is spent on digging, watering and fertilizing the land, we will tell you how you can do without these operations and at the same time get a good and environmentally friendly harvest. Additionally, soil fertility will not decrease, but increase. How can you significantly facilitate the cultivation of the garden and increase the productivity of agricultural crops?

A hassle-free vegetable garden for the elderly

Do not dig up the garden

For many summer residents, this call will seem at least strange, but in vain. Even in the distant times of the development of virgin lands, a method of non-moldboard cultivation was proposed, the soil layer was not turned over with a plow, but was cut with a flat cutter.

Unfortunately, in our country the method was not widely used, although it was immediately introduced abroad. Why this happened is a separate topic, but the fact remains.

What is the basis for the assertion that digging up the land is not only vain physical labor, but also a rather significant blow to the fertility of the land?

Soil is a complex biological system with numerous living organisms located in their spatial niches. When the soil layer is turned over, the places of residence of microorganisms change, those that live in the upper layers turn out to be deep underground and vice versa.

At the same time, most of them die, the land becomes less fertile. After all, it is these microorganisms that process nutrients into assimilable for plants. This means that the efficiency of all applied fertilizers drops sharply.

Another harm of digging is the violation of existing capillaries, through which moisture and air enter the fertile layer.

Digging soil can be more harm than good

Most summer residents consider digging to be the only method of weed control, and this is far from the case. During digging, weed seeds are transferred to the lower layer of the earth and winter there successfully. Even theoretically, they cannot lose germination in such conditions, in the spring there are friendly shoots. What to do?

In extreme cases, to control weeds, you can do with surface loosening or shedding to a depth of 2-3 centimeters.

Today, there are quite convenient and productive manual or mechanical flat cutters in the implementation, use them. It is advisable to cultivate the land in two passes, first along and then across.

This method of cultivating the land not only significantly reduces physical efforts, but also significantly increases the natural fertility of the soil.

Loosening instead of digging as weed control

Don't weed the weeds

In terms of labor intensity, weeding ranks second among all works in the garden.

Is it possible to grow a good crop of cultivated plants if you do not fight the weeds? You can, you need to fight weeds, just not with heavy weeding, but with light, timely shedding.

Systematic cutting of weeds under the root not only inhibits their growth, but also fluffs up the top layer of the soil, which reduces the amount of evaporated moisture.

Do we need weeding in the garden

By the way, never remove cut weeds, let them remain in the beds. After a year, they will turn into humus, and until that time, the cut stems serve as mulch.

And, of course, there is no need to do unnecessary work on taking the weeded plants out of the garden, arranging special places for making humus.

As practice shows, only two or three passes with a hoe during the growing season will make the garden clean and the land more fertile.

Instead of heavy weeding, we use a sander and remove weeds with it.

Another way to effectively control weeds without much effort is to provoke them to grow prematurely. In early spring, ash or peat should be scattered over the snow and covered with transparent film.

After such events, the snow will melt quickly, the earth will warm up to sufficient temperatures for the growth of weeds. After 10-12 days, the film is removed, the weeds are pruned with simultaneous loosening of the soil and cultivated plants can be sown.

If it is planned to sow late crops on this site, then the stimulation of the growth of weeds can be repeated again, only ash or peat is no longer used.

In the photo, the beds covered with foil

What if you sow crops that sprout for a very long time (parsley, carrots, etc.), and while they appear above the ground, weeds can occupy the entire area? They cannot be loosened, there is a high probability of damaging cultivated plants.

And there is a way out. To indicate the location, sow with them crops that give the first shoots after a few days (spinach, lettuce), they will be beacons, weeds can be cut without fear of damaging cultivated plants.

Weed Control Herbicides

How does weed control work?

Water wisely

Automatic watering can be done, but it is quite expensive and requires certain skills in performing assembly and commissioning work. Not all elderly people (especially women) will be able to learn the rules of handling automatic irrigation systems. What can you advise in such cases?

Correct organization of watering

Think about why the earth is watered. That's right, in order to be wet. Why does it dry out? Due to evaporation by plants and capillaries in the soil. If nothing can be done about the evaporation of plants, then the drying out of the soil due to the capillaries can be significantly reduced. This means that you will have to water the garden much less often.

Under natural conditions, the earth is protected from drying out in a simple and very effective way - a plant carpet. The shade from the plants themselves and from their residues prevents the sun's rays from reaching the ground, which reduces the amount of evaporated moisture by several orders of magnitude.

Planting plants correctly will allow less watering.

To facilitate work in the city, you do not need to reinvent the wheel, you should only adopt the experience of nature. It is not necessary to make the spacing very large, this will allow the tops or green stems to completely shade the ground. For example, a 4 × 4 cm area is enough for radishes, 5 × 5 cm for carrots, 20 × 20 cm for cucumbers, 35 × 35 cm for tomatoes.

To understand the possible positive effect, you need to know that 25-30 times less moisture evaporates through plant leaves than from the soil surface. And for the normal development of the root system, free areas of small size are quite enough. For plants that require more nutrients, additional feed can be used.

It is much easier than weed control and watering.

You can combine watering and feeding

The second way is mulching. You can use plastic films (the worst option), non-woven materials that let rainwater (the average option in terms of efficiency) or natural mulch made from woodworking industry waste.

The last option is the most acceptable, we recommend using only it. If there is a desire to use modern non-woven materials and completely cover the soil together with cultivated plants, then it must be borne in mind that the temperature under such materials is 6–10 ° C lower than that of open ground.

Such a difference can adversely affect the growing season of thermophilic plants.

Examples of the correct organization of work

For clarity, consider one of the best options for maintaining a home garden with minimal physical effort. We will use all three of the above options to facilitate manual labor.

Planting potatoes

Before planting, potato tubers must be treated for diseases with a solution of potassium permanganate or any modern drug, exposed to sunlight for greening (vegetable poison forms under the peel) and germinate.

This will take three to four weeks, depending on the weather and temperature. Tubers should be chosen completely healthy, the larger the diameter, the better.

The fact is that in the initial period of development, the sprouts use the nutrients of the tubers, the more there are, the faster the root system develops.

Planting potatoes should be done right on the virgin soil without prior digging. Place them at a distance of about 25 cm, make the beds narrow so that you can easily process the potatoes on both sides.

Placing potatoes in holes

Practical advice. Many summer residents do the wrong thing with small tubers, put them in several pieces and think that one powerful plant will grow out of them.

This is not so, several weak plants will grow from several small tubers, they cannot "grow together" and strengthen, but will only additionally oppress each other. We have already said above that large tubers should be taken for planting.

If a new variety is grown for seeds, then large tubers can be cut; in all other cases, this is strongly discouraged.

Growing potatoes under straw

When all potatoes are laid on the ground, they need to be protected from frost and drying out. For such purposes, it is better to use straw or old hay.

Hay should be handled with care as it can contain a large number of viable weed seeds. It is better to take wheat straw, it does not attract rodents. There is neither the first nor the second - collect the fallen leaves and use them for cover.

To protect the straw from the wind, you need to cover it with old bags, foil, and other materials.

Let the potatoes grow like this for a while. As the foliage grows, you need to put fresh cut grass, extra straw, etc. on the beds. Do not worry that the height of the pile is large. First, after the first rain, it will decrease significantly. Secondly, the tops grow up very quickly.

How to grow a good crop without the hassle

The potato has an interesting feature: the more the stem is closed, the more it takes root in these places, the higher the yield of tubers. During the traditional cultivation technology, two or three hillocks are made for these purposes. Everything is much simpler and easier with us. In addition, all the covering material for the next year will turn into organic fertilizers, the soil will not lose fertility.

Another plus of this technology is that the number of weeds is significantly reduced, and moisture evaporation is minimized. This means that you need to water much less often, and weeding generally disappears as an agricultural technique. And the last thing. Already after the beginning of flowering tops, it is possible to harvest the first harvest of young potatoes.

It is necessary to slightly open the covering layer, select the most developed tubers and return everything to its original place. The bush itself is not damaged at all and continues to develop normally further.

The field of autumn harvesting does not need to be removed anywhere, leave it on the same bed, it will be fertilizer for the next plants.

Harvest of potatoes grown under straw

Second season in the garden

For potatoes, you need to choose a new virgin land and grow it by the already known method with minimal labor costs. And in the old place, you can start planting new crops: zucchini, pumpkin, squash, etc.

There is no need to prepare the soil, it is moist, soft and almost free of weeds under the compost. Those who manage to grow up will die under the large leaves of new plants. Plant 2-3 seeds each. in one hole, depressions can be made with an ordinary stick.

On the field after potatoes, it is worth growing pumpkins or zucchini.

Planting pumpkin seeds in the soil

Important. Notice how the seeds are sown in nature - they lie on the surface of the earth. And in our case, they do not need to be closed, only with last year's humus.

If there is a chance of night frost or the ground has not warmed up enough, then after sowing the soil can be covered with a film. It will not only raise the temperature and retain unripe compost, but also significantly reduce moisture evaporation. By the way, the compost contains enough moisture from the plants; additional watering is not required.

How to choose a covering material

For your information. If evaporation occurs very quickly on a hot day, then the plants defend themselves: the leaves close the stomata (wither a little), due to this, the loss of moisture decreases.

Summer residents think that the plants are dying and begin to look for additional work for themselves - extraordinary watering.

Do not do this, overnight the plants will recover on their own, in the morning the leaves will be elastic again.

In the third year, virgin soil is again selected for potatoes, and for vegetables there are already two fertile and well-prepared beds. You can expand the list of grown plants using the same technology.

Of course, you should follow the basic rules of compatibility. The number of beds is brought to the desired one, and then the crop rotation is carried out in a circle.

That's it, with minimal effort you will have a high yield of organic products.



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