The short Russian summer does not indulge in an abundance of sunny days, so the idea of planting grapes in a greenhouse seems quite logical and correct. Growing in greenhouses significantly increases the chances of getting a good harvest of grapes, but only if agricultural technology is followed.
In some regions of Russia, due to the peculiarities of the climate, it is simply useless to arrange vineyards in the open air, the berries do not have time to ripen until the end of the season. In such conditions, gardeners have no choice but to move heat-loving plants to the greenhouse. However, in the south, the greenhouse method is also used: local growers successfully grow super-early varieties and sell berries profitably at the very beginning of the season, making a solid profit. In heated greenhouses, the first crop can be harvested already in May-June!
The choice in favor of a greenhouse is worth making for the following reasons:
Video about the features of caring for grapes in a greenhouse
On top of that, you can plant tulips, strawberries, radishes or greens in the greenhouse using the free space between the vines.
For planting indoors, it is better to take early and very early grape varieties. According to the experience of gardeners, good results are shown by: Timur, Queen of Vineyards, Early Gourmet, Prometheus, Super-early Elegant, Arcadia, Victoria, Laura, Krasa Nikopol, Alladin, Moldova, Krasa Severa, Presentabil, Gift to Zaporozhye, Kesha-1.
Do not grow varieties with dense brushes in a greenhouse, since fungal diseases can damage them due to poor ventilation. Try to choose grapes with a loose brush (for example, Codryanka).
Prepared seedlings should be planted in rows, retreating from the walls of the greenhouse at least half a meter. There should be at least a meter between the rows, otherwise impassable thickets will turn out. In a small greenhouse, you can plant grapes in the northern corner and distribute their shoots horizontally along the wall so that the fruiting vines are directed upwards.
Landing is carried out at the end of February in the usual way, without any special features. The main thing to remember is that grapes need loose soil (you can mix loam with peat and sand, adding mineral fertilizer) and good drainage.
In the photo grape seedlings
After placing grape seedlings, stretch the supporting wires along the walls of the greenhouse at intervals of 20-30 cm. The topmost wire should be located no closer than 35 cm from the glass, otherwise the plants will suffer from sunburn.
In greenhouse conditions, the grapes will feel good only if the temperature is right. It should be increased gradually, starting from +10 degrees at the time of planting and up to +24 degrees by the budding period (+16 degrees will be enough for grapes at night). When the berries begin to set and ripen, temperatures up to +30 are allowed during the day. They control the temperature in the greenhouse using a slightly open window or arrange forced ventilation. And to protect from the hot summer sun, you can use a greenhouse shade net, which is sold in specialized stores.
Watering greenhouse grapes deserves special attention.:
To prevent the berries from bursting due to waterlogged air, you should not water the plants in the evening, and at night it is useful to open the window on the leeward side.
In the photo watering the grapes
Along with watering, it is convenient to apply fertilizers. First, greenhouse grapes are fed with potassium every two weeks, with the appearance of flowers, fertilizing becomes weekly and fizzles out by the time the color of the berries begins to change. Nitrogen or a complete mineral fertilizer can come in handy if the vine is not growing well.
You need to pollinate the grapes manually, simply by hitting the stems or shaking them, although in some varieties you have to collect the pollen in the palm of your hand, gently tapping the flowers, and then transfer it to the pistils.
In order for the berries to receive more light and develop well, it is imperative to pinch the greenhouse grapes several times per season and remove unnecessary shoots, leaving the strongest, with the best inflorescences. Tie the selected stems to a wire and make sure that they grow in the right direction. Cut the lateral shoots of the second-order grapes to the first leaf, the sterile stems to the fifth leaf. By the end of the season, it is recommended to leave a couple of shoots near the top of the main stem so that excess juice goes into them. This will further help keep the grapes from cracking.
Video about growing grapes in a greenhouse
Do not forget to also thin out the bunches when the grapes are no larger than a pea (they pour quickly). Use scissors with long blades, removing the inner berries first, and then the smallest ones. A distance of about 7-8 mm should remain between the berries, and it is desirable to leave more grapes at the top of the bunch. As the bunches ripen, it is necessary to periodically cut off the cracked or diseased berries.
In autumn, cut off the fruiting branches to one bud, the main stem by two-thirds. For the winter, it is enough to bend the vine and cover it with straw, or dry sawdust, old blankets, padding polyester or other permeable covering materials. If the roof of the greenhouse is removed, then the grapes winters well under the snow.
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Tomato varieties differ not only in the taste and size of the fruit, but also in the method of planting the bush. Tomatoes are grown in open or closed ground, like many vegetables. Depending on where the bushes will be planted, the required variety is selected.
However, for various reasons, the bush may be planted in unsuitable conditions. Then, in order for it to bear fruit, you need to properly care for it.
In the article we will tell you what are the differences between street and greenhouse varieties, as well as whether it is possible to plant street tomatoes in greenhouses.
The main feature of this growing method is its simplicity. In fact, there are practically no significant differences from planting in the ground, except that the seedlings must be planted in a container, that is, in a bucket.
This method of planting is available to absolutely everyone, does not require any specific knowledge or preparation, so even if you are a beginner in this field, knowledge of this agricultural technique will not be difficult. The main thing is to deal with some of the nuances, and then everything will go like clockwork, and the tomatoes in buckets will certainly thank you with a good harvest.
The success of this method is quite simply explained: in a limited space, that is, in a bucket, the soil and water warm up much faster, which contributes to a faster ripening of the crop in the future.
Such plantings are much easier to care for, due to the fact that they are mobile, in the first place, and also water and fertilizers go directly to the rhizome of the plant, and do not dissipate in the soil.
Tomatoes in buckets not only ripen early, but also differ in larger sizes, high quality and keeping quality, due to the fact that they do not burst, but remain elastic for a long time.
Important! The process of replacing soil in containers is not as laborious as in the beds throughout the greenhouse. All that needs to be done once a season is to replace the soil in the containers.
Tomato varieties that have a too powerful root system are not suitable for planting in buckets. You should also give preference to those tomatoes that do not have too leafy shoots. When using this method, it must be borne in mind that watering must be carried out more often than when planting in beds.
When starting the industrial cultivation of vegetables in a greenhouse all year round, a business must be registered, since corporate clients prefer to cooperate with legal SPDs. In addition, the presence of an official status somewhat simplifies the procedure for obtaining various quality certificates and other accompanying documents. A novice entrepreneur in the process of creating a greenhouse business can use one of the following forms of ownership:
In the process of registering a peasant farm, individual entrepreneur or LLC, an entrepreneur must choose a taxation system for the Unified agricultural tax with payment of 6% of the profit, and also indicate in the application the corresponding OKVED code for growing protected ground vegetables (01.13.12).
Strawberries in a greenhouse in winter require special care and close, almost every minute attention. After all, it is worth once overcooling or undernourishing the plants, and the entire plantation can lose the crop or die, and all the work and investments will be in vain.
After the construction and technical equipment of the greenhouse is completed, it's time to start preparing the soil. If growing berries is a business for you, and you want to know exactly how many strawberry bushes to plant in the greenhouse so that it is profitable to grow it, then you should not save on the soil. Use coconut fiber, rock wool, or a ready-made substrate.
If you grow berries exclusively for your own needs, then you can prepare the soil yourself. To do this, spill the garden soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, add into it a bucket of rotted manure and low-lying peat, half a bucket of coarse-grained river sand, 70 g of superphosphate, 2 glasses of ash and 20 g of carbamide per 1 sq. Mix the resulting soil thoroughly, remove all stones, plant debris, larvae and insect eggs.
How soon the first flowers and ovaries will appear on the strawberries depends on the growing conditions of the bushes. Typically, each variety requires specific planting and growing conditions. But there are also general rules for all that guarantee a good harvest.
In warm and humid greenhouse conditions, not only strawberries develop well, but also pests and diseases affected by such unexpected conditions for winter. They will attack the winter greenhouse with triple force, so it is better not to forget about prevention, so as not to lose such expensive berries.
All diseases typical for strawberries on the street are also found in its greenhouse relatives, and the treatment is no different.
To avoid these kinds of problems, follow a few simple rules:
Now that you know how difficult it is to grow strawberries in a greenhouse all year round, you will understand why these berries are so expensive in winter and they are rarely found on the shelves.
Knowing how to properly grow cucumbers in a greenhouse, following all the recommendations at each stage of growth, you can not only collect an excellent harvest, but also enjoy the process.
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