Soot is both a healer and a fertilizer


We cleaned the chimneys in the country - do not throw away the soot, it will come in handy

It is known that when any stoves are fired with wood, soot is actively formed, from which you have to get rid of from time to time.

Any observant summer resident or gardener knows very well that when burning with raw wood, there will be many times more soot than when using dry wood. Softwood firewood produces more soot than deciduous firewood. Practice has shown that the use of aspen and alder firewood not only increases the amount of soot in the chimneys, but even helps the chimneys to partially get rid of soot. But in any case, during the summer season of soot, one and a half buckets accumulate in the chimney.

From the point of view of agricultural technology, soot has almost the same properties as ash, and, therefore, can be used on the site for almost the same needs. My personal experience and the experience of other gardeners and summer residents have shown that soot is especially effective in combating garden pests.

Most often, for this you need to take about 400 g of soot, grind it well and pour it into a bucket filled with one-third warm water with a thin stream. Then it must be thoroughly stirred until a creamy state, and then again diluted with water to the full capacity of the bucket. The resulting solution can be poured into a sprayer or watering can and treated with fruit trees and berry bushes. After such an operation, on the morning of the next day, you will see that almost all caterpillars lie dead on the ground under the plants.

It should be noted that such treatment turns out to be most effective when first the trunks are sprayed, then the branches, and at the end - the green crown. As practice has shown, no insecticide is capable of so effectively resisting various pests. From my own experience, I know that for apple, pear, plum, currant and gooseberry, usually only one such treatment is enough, and only in rare cases - two. Of course, such processing of the garden should be done only on days when rain is not expected, otherwise your work will be wasted.

To combat leaf-gnawing pests on vegetables, I also found another way to apply soot - pollination. Experience has shown that just one pinch of soot is enough to disappear the caterpillars of the white beetle on cabbage, and against the cruciferous flea on radishes and radishes, only 5-10 g of soot are required. When diseases appear on cucumbers, individual gardeners and summer residents practice wiping lashes and dusting them with soot, after which, as a rule, cucumbers get rid of diseases. There is also evidence that pollination of plants with soot can have an effect against the larvae of the Colorado potato beetle on potatoes.

Since soot, however, like ash, is very rich in calcium, potassium, phosphorus and various microelements, at the same time as opposing pests when treating garden crops with soot, a kind of feeding is achieved. Although this effect is difficult to assess, everyone who used soot for such purposes unanimously noted a significant increase in the growth and development of plants after soot treatment, as well as a higher yield of crops grown.

In conclusion, I note that the use of soot as a healer and fertilizer for the garden and vegetable garden will cost gardeners free of charge, which is also important in our difficult time.

Anatoly Veselov,
gardener


Sugar feeding

Cane or beet sugar is a favorite of most plants, especially cacti. On the surface of the soil, before watering, sprinkle 1 teaspoon of sugar (on a pot with a diameter of 8-10 cm). You can also water the flower with a solution of 0.5 teaspoon of sugar in 200 ml of warm water.

To feed indoor plants, sugar is used as a source of glucose, which provides energy for various processes in the plant.


Ammonia for the garden and vegetable garden

You can use ammonia in the garden in two ways:

  • Disinfection and pest control such as beetles, bear, whitefly, aphids, various larvae
  • Top dressing of seedlings and plants (nitrogen enrichment of the soil).

Ammonium in the garden use in the spring:

  • At a steady temperature of +10 degrees, it is necessary to spill soil in those places where plants do not grow, but pests proliferate and multiply with pleasure - a greenhouse, compost heaps, lawn grass. We make a very saturated solution - we dilute 40 g (small bubble) in 1 bucket of water and water the soil. This solution is very concentrated, it burns all the larvae of the bears and beetles.
  • With further warming, water the prepared bed for planting carrots, onions, radishes. This must be done in advance, a day before sowing, so as not to burn the seeds.
  • Before planting seedlings in the greenhouse, spill the soil and soil between the beds with ammonia solution.
  • Be sure to water the warm beds with a concentrated solution of ammonia, where the larvae of pests can hibernate.
  • Shrubs such as currants, raspberries, gooseberries during warming can be spilled with a solution of ammonia, against different larvae, raspberries, gooseberries when warming. Shrubs are shed, departing from the roots by 20 cm, pouring around the rhizome so as not to burn the roots.
  • When watering the soil in early spring, the problem with slugs is solved.


Urea against diseases and pests

In addition to being essential as a yield-enhancing fertilizer, urea can help fight pests and diseases. For example, with the onset of stable warming in suburban areas, weevils, copperheads, aphids and other insects that harm plantings become more active. To combat them, you can use a urea solution prepared from 500-700 g of dry fertilizer granules and 10 liters of water. With this agent it is necessary to spray the plants that have been attacked.

With the help of urea, you can also defeat some diseases, such as purple spot or scab on fruit-bearing trees and shrubs. For the treatment of plants, a urea solution is also used (500-700 g per 10 l of water). They can be sprayed with plants in early spring before the buds swell, as well as in the fall after the foliage has fallen off. Such treatment will protect the garden from diseases next year, as well as fertilize the soil.

Urea is a fertilizer that must be in the household of a gardener or gardener. After all, it not only helps to support plants during the period of growth and fruiting, but also solves other problems that may arise during their cultivation.


If there is no time for sowing green manure, use compost or humus. Grind the organic matter and sprinkle it on the dug soil, then form the beds. Do not use fresh manure or chicken droppings! And because of an excess of nitrogen, plants may refuse to bear fruit, begin to hurt and may die.

FACT: FEEDING IS NOT THE CASE WHEN YOU SHOULD FOLLOW THE BIGGER IS BETTER PRINCIPLE. OVER-SUPPLY OF BOTH MINERAL AND ORGANIC FERTILIZERS IN THE SOIL PASSIVELY INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF PLANTS.

PLANTS INDICATORS THAT THE GARDEN NEEDS TO FERTILIZE

  1. If in the last season nettle, yaskirka, shiritsa, hops, white dove, quinoa, motherwort, burdock grew well on the site - the earth was oversaturated with nitrogen.
  2. Clover, sundew, sedum, pupavka and all legumes "settle" on the soil poor in nitrogen.
  3. Ferns grow on the calcium-rich soil, but heather and violet do not grow.
  4. An excess of phosphorus is liked by lungwort and nightshade, and its lack - by sorrel, blueberries, lingonberries and cranberries.
  5. An indicator of a large amount of potassium in the soil is plantain thickets.


BIOHUMUS OWN HANDS - COOKING IN HOME CONDITIONS CONTINUING TALK ABOUT ORGANIC FERTILIZERS, STARTED BY SERGEY BATOV - A SPECIALIST IN THE FIELD OF LAND USE. TODAY THE SPEECH WILL BE ABOUT BIOHUMUS. In the 90s, when domestic animal husbandry was put "below the plinth", when the number of cattle and poultry was falling everywhere, agricultural specialists from despair due to the "invasion" of chicken legs and ...



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