Haemanthus deformis (Dwarf Haemanthus)


Scientific Name

Haemanthus deformis Hook.f.

Common Names

Dwarf Haemanthus, White-flowered Snake Lily, Waterlily Haemanthus

Synonyms

Haemanthus baurii, Haemanthus mackenii

Scientific Classification

Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Haemanthus

Description

Haemanthus deformis is an evergreen bulbous plant with thick, fleshy roots and 2 or 4 broad, grey or greenish-grey leaves that are spreading or lie flat on the ground. The leaves are fleshy and have hairy margins. The mature plant reaches up to 4.8 inches (12 cm) high in flower and produces a single thick, bent, short, hairy flower stem in the center, between the leaf bases. The flower head consists of a dense cluster of erect, white flowers with white filaments, bright yellow anthers, and long, white, protruding styles. The flowers are enclosed by broad, strong white bracts that are distinctly recurved in the upper part. The fruit is a fleshy, dark orange berry containing a few hard, oblong seeds.

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zones 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 45 °F (+7.2 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Paint Brush is an ideal plant for a shady rock garden or for difficult parts of the garden receiving poor light, where it can be left to multiply for many years.

It is one of the easiest of all the Haemanthus species to grow. It requires a dappled shade position and likes to remain undisturbed for many years once established. The soil must be well aerated. A suggested medium is equal parts of well-rotted compost, coarse river sand, and loam. Plant the greenish bulbs with the upper half exposed, and the thick fleshy roots spread out horizontally over the soil.

It also makes an excellent subject for plastic or terracotta containers, and these need not be deep as the roots naturally spread out horizontally. Pots of Paint Brush can be grown very successfully on a shady veranda, and it is also suitable as an indoor plant where it should be placed in a position receiving dappled light but not direct sunlight. Plants like to become pot-bound and mature bulbs flower reliably every year, and only need to be divided every 7 or 8 years when flowering performance starts to diminish. Paint Brush is not hardy and has to be grown under the protection of the cool greenhouse in countries with very cold winter conditions.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for a Paint Brush (Haemanthus albiflos).

Origin

Haemanthus deformis is native to South Africa.

Links

  • Back to genus Haemanthus
  • Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus

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Haemanthus deformis

Introduction

A dense cluster of white flowers borne atop a short hairy stem and large, fleshy grey leaves make Haemanthus deformis one of South Africa 's most extraordinary bulbous plants. Although poorly known in cultivation, its preference for shade and ease of culture make it an invaluable subject for the gardener and specialist bulb-grower alike.

Description

Description

Haemanthus deformis is an evergreen bulbous plant with thick fleshy roots and two or four broad, grey or greenish grey leaves that are spreading or lie flat on the ground. The leaves are fleshy and have hairy margins. The plants are evergreen, The old set of leaves then withers and dies over a period of several months. The mature plant reaches up to 120 mm high in flower and produces a single thick, bent, short, hairy flower stem in the centre, between the leaf bases.

The flower head consists of a dense cluster of erect, white individual flowers with white filaments and bright yellow anthers, and prominent long white protruding styles. The flowers are enclosed by broad, strong white bracts that are distinctly recurved in the upper part. The fruit is a fleshy, dark orange berry containing a few hard, oblong seeds.

Conservation Status

Status

Haemanthus deformis is a protected plant and is not currently known to be threatened in any way.

Distribution and habitat

Distribution description

Haemanthus deformis has a limited distribution in the northeastern parts of the Eastern Cape (in the former Transkei ) and in the coastal and Midland areas of KwaZulu-Natal. It grows in moist, shaded conditions amongst bushy undergrowth or between rocks on shady slopes. As it is an evergreen plant, it likes moisture throughout the year, especially in summer, but less during the winter months. It is sensitive to frost.

Derivation of name and historical aspects

History

The genus Haemanthus takes its name from the Greek haima meaning blood, and anthos meaning flower. This refers to the reddish flowers of many Haemanthus species, such as the well known H. coccineus and H. sanguineus, two of the first-described members of this genus. H. deformis was named in 1871 by Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, the famous nineteenth century English botanist, explorer and plant collector, and friend of Charles Darwin. The specific name deformis he chose probably refers to the very short, bent flower stem, and the extraordinary manner in which the flower head appears in the centre at the base of the two evergreen leaves, not from a lateral point as in the other evergreen Haemanthus species, H. albiflos and H. pauculifolius.

Haemanthus is an entirely southern African genus of some 22 species. It has a true bulb as its storage organ and is endemic to South Africa, the southern and southwestern parts of Namibia, and the mountain kingdoms of Lesotho and Swaziland. All its members are deciduous with the exception of three evergreen species, H. albiflos from the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, H. deformis, and H. pauculifolius from the Mpumalanga Escarpment. H. coccineus is without doubt the most recognizable member of the genus to residents of the Western Cape, with H. sanguineus a close second both are widely known as April fool lilies here, for their tendency to bloom around 1 April following early autumn rains.

Ecology

Ecology

The plants are evergreen, producing a set of two new leaves straight after the flower head appears. The old set of leaves then withers and dies over a period of several months. The flowers of Haemanthus deformis are probably pollinated by honey bees. The flowers bloom mainly in late autumn but may appear at any time until late spring. The oblong seeds are borne in rounded, dark orange berries that emit a strong, musty smell. The ripe berries drop to the ground where the pulpy layer disintegrates, the seeds germinating almost immediately.

Haemanthus deformis is not known to be used for medicinal or magical purposes. The plants are mostly grown by specialist bulb collectors, usually as container subjects.

Growing Haemanthus deformis

Haemanthus deformis presents no great difficulty in cultivation. In temperate climates it is most suitably grown in semi-shaded to fully shaded positions such as on a patio in pots with a diameter of at least 25 cm, in raised beds or rock gardens. In countries with cold winter climates, they are best grown in containers in a cool or slightly heated greenhouse. Plant the bulbs with the neck at, or just below soil level in a well-drained, slightly acid medium comprising equal parts of well decomposed compost or finely milled bark, and river or silica sand. The plants must have at least partial shade and thrive in even heavy shade. Water the plants heavily once per week during the summer growing period, but reduce watering in winter to once every two weeks.

Propagate the plants by offsets or from seed. Offsets are rather slow to form, and are best separated from the mother bulb straight after flowering, just as the new leaves begin to develop. Sow the seeds as soon as they are easily removed from the dark orange, ripe berries. Place the berries in a bowl of water and remove the sticky outer pulp, thus exposing the seeds. Clean the seeds in the water and allow to dry for about an hour. Sow the seeds in seed trays in the same medium recommended for adult bulbs, and cover with a sowing medium to a depth of up to 5 mm. Seeds may take up to two months before the first leaf appears above ground, and a further four to five years to flower for the first time.

The bulbs and leaf bases of Haemanthus deformis are susceptible to attack by mealy bugs, and the leaf margins are chewed by snout beetles at night.

When grown in the garden, Haemanthus deformis makes an excellent companion subject to other shade-loving plants such as Clivia caulescens, Dracaena aletriformis and Drimiopsis maculata.

References

  • Duncan, G.D. 1998. The Kay Bergh bulb house. Veld & Flora 84: 80, 81.
  • Duncan, G.D. 2000. Grow bulbs. Kirstenbosch Gardening Series. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.
  • Duncan, G.D. 2005. Haemanthus and their cultivation. The Plantsman (new series) 4: 220-226.
  • Du Plessis, N.M. & Duncan, G.D. 1989. Bulbous plants of southern Africa. Tafelberg, Cape Town.
  • Snijman, D. 1984. A revision of the genus Haemanthus L. (Amaryllidaceae). Journal of South African Botany supplementary vol. 12. National Botanic Gardens of South Africa, Cape Town.

Credits

Graham Duncan
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden

May 2007

Plant Attributes:

SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal


RARE Haemanthus Deformis Starter Plants for Sale 2" Pot

Live RARE Haemanthus Deformis Starter Plants for Sale 2" Pot

This listing is for a Rare Haemanthus Deformis Starter Plant. These are beautiful established plants that are healthy and well maintained. Buyer will receive a plant similar to the one in the 1st photo. It is a well established plant with a healthy root system. Ships in 2" Pot.

This species is known to originate in few populations along the coastal northeastern parts of the Eastern Cape and in the coastal and Midland areas of KwaZulu-Natal.

This plant grows in moist and shaded conditions. The bulbs are partly exposed above the gournd. These are grown in clumps or between moist rocky stream banks and on cliff ledges. This evergreen plant likes moisture throughout the year, particularly in the summer time, and less during the winter months. The flowers of Haemanthus deformis are likely pollinated by honey bees. In habitat it can withstand temperatures down to -12º C.

These plants require regular watering (approximately 2-3 day/wk). They also make great houseplants. Fertilize them for best results. If the roots have become mushy and overly soft, the plant could be experiencing root rot. Cut away black or overly soft roots.

Returns available within 3 days of receipt. Damaged Plants are insured and must be resolved through the USPS claims. **Buyer pays for return shipping.

Important Shipping Information

  1. PLANTS ARE SHIPPED in 2" Pot. If you would like additional handling, please send us a message to discuss. Extra charges will apply.
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Haemanthus deformis (Dwarf Haemanthus) - garden

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It is a restricted micro-endemic species scattered in small populations in the municipalities of Aramberri, Doctor Arroyo and Mier y Noriega in the state of Nuevo Leon.

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Turbinicarpus krainzianus grows in semi-desert (matorral) in limestone hills among calcareous rocks. The population is declining due to the ongoing removal of plants by collectors both for human consumption (narcotic) and for ornamental purposes. The total population size is less than 2,500 mature individuals. Mining of limestone for cement production is also a threat in some places.

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Trichocereus terscheckii has a relatively wide range in Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Jujuy, La Rioja, San Juan and Tucumán provinces) and Bolivia (Tarija).

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Othonna retrorsa is a a range-restricted habitat specialist species found only between Springbok, Hondeklipbaai and Kamieskroon, Namaqualand, Northern Cape, South Africa.

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Mammillaria karwinskiana is a solitary, or slowly branching dichotomously (or basally) cactus, with cream coloured 'snowy' tomentum on the top of the plant. Four subspecies are recognized, the nominate, ssp. beiselii (Diers) D.R Hunt, ssp. collinsii (Orcutt) D.R.Hunt and ssp. nejapensis (R.T.Craig & E.Y Dawson) D.R.Hunt.

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Mammillaria matudae is endemic to Mexico, where it is distributed in the state of and Mexico close to the border with the state of Michoacán, Guerrero Mexico (Northern America).

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This cactus can be found in calcareous soils in matorral. This species is abundant and common over its limited distribution, but mining, land use conversion for agriculture, and habitat degradation due to grazing of goats are impacting some subpopulations of this species.

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They grow in the shade of bushes and occasionally in open areas. They grow underground with only the apex of the leaves rising above the soil surface so that they are difficult to find. This is an excellent protection against herbivores . This very singular plant has contractile roots that will pull the plant into the ground during times of drought, leaving only the windowed tops exposed.

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Haworthia pumila is one of the most impressive and eventually large species of the genus easily distinguished by its slender, pointed leaves with white tubercles, which in some cultivars may be dough-nut shaped. It is one of the larger Haworthias, but slow growing and will take years to reach its mature dimension.

Currently growing in 3.5 inch pots.

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It is endemic to a very small habitat within the western borders of Haworthia truncata distribution area. It grows in the shade of bushes and occasionally in open areas. It grow underground with only the apex of the leaves rising above the soil surface so that the plants are difficult to find. This is an excellent protection against herbivores . This very singular plant has contractile roots that will pull the plant into the ground during times of drought, leaving only the windowed tops exposed.

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This plants habitat is Huisrivier Canyon Calitzdorp area, South Africa. Similar to D. elephantipies when young, although D. hemicrypta grows an irregular shaped caudex which can be smooth or rough. It also usually grows most of its caudex above ground. It is primarily a winter grower, but when young can grow all year long. It grows best in light shade but keep the caudex in full shade.

Currently growing in a 3 gallon pot.

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Crassula plegmatoides has a restricted distribution at the southern end of the Namib coastal desert between Port Nolloth in Namaqualand in South Africa and Alexander Bay and northwards into the Buchu Mountains (Bocgoeberge) in south-western Namibia.

Currently growing in 3.5 inch pots

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Calibanus hookerii is an interesting looking plant that is related to the agaves, it looks like a trunk-less Nolina topped by perennial grasslike, silver-blue, raspy-surfaced leaves that expand from a woody caudex (Swollen succulent rootstock) that over several years, can reach one or more metres in diameter. Young plants of this species resemble little more than a confused tangle of thick grass, as the dense foliage can tend to conceal the presence of the tuberous caudex.

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Aztekium ritterii is one of the slowest growing plants on Earth, but on graft it crawls swiftly. I have so much love for this plant, more than my heart can contain.

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Corkscrew Albuca ( Albuca spiralis ) is a small geophyte growing singly or forming small groups by division. This Albuca gives an interesting show even when it is not in flower. During the winter months when it is actively growing its wiry foliage corkscrews and twists in a most fascinating manner. The degree of spiral depends on the clone and the amount of sunlight the plant receives when the leaves started growing. The flowers are green with pale yellow margins, nodding, sweetly scented, reportedly of butter and vanilla, and look like helicopters.

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Tylecodon are found within the crassulacea family. The genus of around 46 species, is very diverse in habitat and quite variable in form, ranging from dwarf single leaved to large thick-stemmed, wich can attain a height of 2,5 mts.
The distribution of Tylecodon is , restricted to the Northern, Western and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa and Sourhern Namibia. The most typical vegetation type in which Tylecodon species are found is Succulent Karoo. The plants occur quite abundantly in habitats that vary from the rocky coastal shores rock crevices in mountainous terrain and in sandy hilly terrain. In very hot, dry environements, plants are usually confined to the cooler south facing slopes.

Currently growing in 3.5 inch container

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This species is found among other succulents on rocky
slopes in the dry mountains forming the karoo northern border. Its tubers can be tightly wedged among the rocks. It’s grey green, elliptic, finely pubescent leaves can also be found jetting out of rocky slopes.

Was growing in a 1 gal pot.

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Ariocarpus retusus subs. horacekii differs from the standard Ariocarpus retusus subs. trigonus only for its smaller body, all the other characteristics, namely tubercles shape and flowers colour clearly show that they are conspecific.

Currently growing in a 3.5 inch pot.

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The superb features of this rare plant are due to the intersection between the traits of the ancestors.The flower are also very beautiful. This hybrid is very variable and differences among specimens may be considerable.

Currently growing in 3.5 inch pot.

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Many species of Aloe appear to be stemless, with the rosette growing directly at ground level other varieties may have a branched or unbranched stem from which the fleshy leaves spring. They vary in color from grey to bright-green and are sometimes striped or mottled . Some aloes native to South Africa are tree-like (arborescent).

This plant is currently growing in an 3.5 inch pot

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Grows in steep gypsum hills together with Thelocactus conothelos v. aurantiacus , Neolloydia conoidea. The species is impacted by illegal collecting.

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Haemanthus deformis is a lovely much shorter evergreen bulbous plant similar to Haemanthus albiflos and was introduced to cultivation in 1869. The short broad, succulent leaves spreading or lying flat on the ground and the dense brush of white flowers borne atop a short hairy stalk make Haemanthus deformis one of South Africa's most strange bulbous plants. The mature plant reaches only 8-12 cm high in flower. The name "deformis" simply refers to the unusual occurrence of leaves and flowers together.

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This is a very slowly growing species. Generally solitary but old specimens may cluster from the base.

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This Fouquiera is the most prized of the genus- developing a bottle shaped trunk over time with bluish green patterning. As it ages, narrow leaves give this plant a bristly appearance that is almost pine tree like. This tree species of Fouquieria also does well in Bonsai cultivation.

These plants are over 15 inches tall and currently growing in 3 gallon pots.

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Related to the yam, Dioscorea elephantipes is the world’s most special potato. Some extremely old plants in habitat have been recorded reaching up to 7 feet in diameter. Although most Dioscorea in cultivation are much smaller, they are no less impressive—shooting off a vine that grows faster than you can water it. Because this species was almost harvested to extinction in the 1950s, and due to the fact that it grows very slowly, a specimen this large is a serious statement piece for collectors in-the-know.
A perfect windowsill plant.

These are currently growing in 2 inch pots.

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Cyphostemma juttae is a slow-growing succulent ornamental tree with several huge swollen bottle-shaped stems.

This specimen is just starting to come out of its winter dormancy and will grow back it's leaves soon.

Currently growing in an 8 inch pot.

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Columnar, shrubby cactus branching basally with several erect stems, covered with dense fine white hairs.

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Myrtillocactus cv. fukurokuryuzinboku is sometimes referred to as "boob cactus" because it resembles.

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The Huichol call A. retusus Tsuwiri which means "False Peyote". It is said that if you're not properly purified, spirits will lead you to the False Peyote (hence why you have found yourself here drooling over this photo).

Ariocarpus retusus is extremely slow growing - taking at least 10 years to reach flowering age. The plant pictured is an old lady.

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The Huichol call A. retusus Tsuwiri which means "False Peyote". It is said that if you're not properly purified, spirits will lead you to the False Peyote (hence why you have found yourself here drooling over this photo).

Ariocarpus retusus is extremely slow growing - taking at least 10 years to reach flowering age. The plant pictured is an old lady.

This two year old seedling is growing in a 2 inch pot

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Gasteria glomerata grows in inhospitable rugged terrain and the plants occur on sheer, vertical, shady, south-facing rocky ledges (altitude 500–700 m), in minerally poor, slightly acid quartzitic sandstone soils with a ph of 6.4. The climate is hot in summer and mild in winter, with no frost. Annual rainfall of 300–400 mm occurs in summer and winter, but there is a tendency to winter dryness.

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Euphorbia obesa grows very slowly into something that resembles a football sized green and brown zebra's egg.

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Euphorbia obesa grows very slowly into something that resembles a football sized green and brown zebra's egg.

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Euphorbia obesa grows very slowly into something that resembles a football sized green and brown zebra's egg.

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Epithelantha pachyrhiza is a slow growing rare miniature species, erect to prostrate usually unbranched [or rarely branched], not deep-seated in substrate. Strictly endemic species found on a very small area on the Southeast and Northeast of Saltillo, Coahuila, Northern Mexico.

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The popular Eulychnia saint-pieana is a morphological form of Eulychnia breviflora , very priced for its especially hairy areoles, but both plants with scarcely woolly areoles and plants with very woolly areole (with all intermediate forms) are found throughout the distribution range of the species and it is difficult to classify Eulychnia saint-pieana as a separate variety. It is one of the showiest Eulychnia species sought-after by cacti impassioned.

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Cactus species monstrose form Cleistocactus strausii-Monstrose form Same origination, growing info. etc. as the species Cleistocactus strausii but a monstrose form of it, very unusual. The monstrose growth makes this species variety a dwarf seldom growing to the size of the non-monstrose species. Makes for a conversation piece with its odd multiple arms with white hairs randomly appearing on main stems from the base up. Could even be trained by pruning into a miniature frosted looking Christmas tree. Can easily fit on a small display table.

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Euphorbia francoisii is a very variable caudiciform shrublet up to 15 cm tall. Without question, it is one of the most popular Euphorbias in the Euphorbia ambovombensis group with beautiful leaves coming in a dazzling array of shapes and colours that change with the seasons. If the unique leaf coloration and shape from one plant to the next were not enough the individual leaves on a single plant can vary in color and shape. In its natural habitat it is a seashore plant with underground stolons which does not make any stem growth above ground whatever apart from a rosette, flat on the ground.

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Euphorbia francoisii is a very variable caudiciform shrublet up to 15 cm tall. Without question, it is one of the most popular Euphorbias in the Euphorbia ambovombensis group with beautiful leaves coming in a dazzling array of shapes and colours that change with the seasons. If the unique leaf coloration and shape from one plant to the next were not enough the individual leaves on a single plant can vary in color and shape. In its natural habitat it is a seashore plant with underground stolons which does not make any stem growth above ground whatever apart from a rosette, flat on the ground.

U.S. SHIPPING ONLY
Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

Euphorbia francoisii is a very variable caudiciform shrublet up to 15 cm tall. Without question, it is one of the most popular Euphorbias in the Euphorbia ambovombensis group with beautiful leaves coming in a dazzling array of shapes and colours that change with the seasons. If the unique leaf coloration and shape from one plant to the next were not enough the individual leaves on a single plant can vary in color and shape. In its natural habitat it is a seashore plant with underground stolons which does not make any stem growth above ground whatever apart from a rosette, flat on the ground.

U.S. SHIPPING ONLY
Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

Euphorbia francoisii is a very variable caudiciform shrublet up to 15 cm tall. Without question, it is one of the most popular Euphorbias in the Euphorbia ambovombensis group with beautiful leaves coming in a dazzling array of shapes and colours that change with the seasons. If the unique leaf coloration and shape from one plant to the next were not enough the individual leaves on a single plant can vary in color and shape. In its natural habitat it is a seashore plant with underground stolons which does not make any stem growth above ground whatever apart from a rosette, flat on the ground.

U.S. SHIPPING ONLY
Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

Euphorbia francoisii is a very variable caudiciform shrublet up to 15 cm tall. Without question, it is one of the most popular Euphorbias in the Euphorbia ambovombensis group with beautiful leaves coming in a dazzling array of shapes and colours that change with the seasons. If the unique leaf coloration and shape from one plant to the next were not enough the individual leaves on a single plant can vary in color and shape. In its natural habitat it is a seashore plant with underground stolons which does not make any stem growth above ground whatever apart from a rosette, flat on the ground.

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Avonia grows in full sun among quartz rocks together with Tanquana hilmari , Gibbaeum heathii , Bulbine mesembryanthotdes , Aloe variegata , and Glottiphyllum sp. The unique white scales reflect much of the light and act as sun-shades over the tiny leaves beneath. Plants are highly cryptic and well camouflaged. They resemble the quartzitic pebbles among which they are found in karroid veld. Whole plants have been fancifully compared to coral or bird droppings and have been regarded as "mimicry plants", for long escaping the eyes of even the most attentive field workers. The population trend is stable.

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Tephrocactus geometricus is an extraordinary species that shows a strong adaptation to extreme desert habitat, with dwarf growth and geophytic habit. It is one of the showiest “opuntia” species sought-after by cacti impassioned, a strange "geometric" plants but fabulous flowers.

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Tephrocactus geometricus is an extraordinary species that shows a strong adaptation to extreme desert habitat, with dwarf growth and geophytic habit. It is one of the showiest “opuntia” species sought-after by cacti impassioned, a strange "geometric" plants but fabulous flowers.

Currently growing in 3.5" pot

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Astrophytum asterias 'Super Kabuto' with its inimitable fuzzy epidermis is actually the most popular cactus cultivar. It is easily distinguished from the normal Astrophytum asterias by the epidermis, that does not have simple dots, but a mosaic of extensive white spots that make the plant look intensely maculate.

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Welwitschia mirabilis is a very curious relict gymnosperm with only a single pair of extremely wide, persistent adult leaves. Its barrel-shaped woody stem or crown (caudex) in the center is deeply imbedded in the ground and rooted by a very long tap root. During all its long life-cycle the hypocotyl continues to enlarge forming a short “trunk”, for this reason it is said it is a persistent seedling. It is a very long living plant and some specimens is assumed to be 1000 (or even more) years old. It is one of the most bizarre of all the seed plants often described as unlike any known plant on earth.

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They grow in the shade of bushes and occasionally in open areas. They grow underground with only the apex of the leaves rising above the soil surface so that they are difficult to find. This is an excellent protection against herbivores . This very singular plant has contractile roots that will pull the plant into the ground during times of drought, leaving only the windowed tops exposed.

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Euphorbia leucodendron is found in subhumid, dry or subarid south-western bush areas of Madagascar, as well as the inselbergs and rock faces of the southern central high-plateau. Plants growing in the south-west don’t seem to be restricted by the nature of the soil whereas individuals from the high-plateau require well drained rock outcrops to grow, greatly limiting potential localities. This species is common throughout its range. The area is very rich in succulent plants, some of which are endemic to the region.

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Euphorbia baioensis is a species of flowering plant in the Euphorbiaceae family.
This spiny succulent plant is originally from Kenya. It is found in tropical deserts and flourishes in hot dry conditions

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Gymnocalycium buenekeri was originally published as a variety of Gymnocalycium hortsii , but the description was technically invalid. However the two species are very similar, both have very similar great pink flowers and the same (usually) five ribbed appearance, and good, yellow spines. It can clumps and is quick to grow.

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Astrophytum myriostigma var. nudum (nude form also known as “Hekiran” in Japanese speech) is very similar to the other myriostigma , it only deviate from the well-known typical form for lacking or mostly lacking white flecks, giving a bright green, blue-green, gray-green or mauve-green color overall depending on clones.
It is by some considered an extreme form of the subspecies potosinus.

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Euphorbia pachypodioides is a highly desirable species with high horticultural appeal. It forms short pachypodium-like stems with attractive bright red cyathia at the top and bright frosted blue leaves.

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Lithops is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. Members of the genus are native to southern Africa. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek words λίθος, meaning "stone," and ὄψ, meaning "face," referring to the stone-like appearance of the plants.

Purchase is for one plant.

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Lithops is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. Members of the genus are native to southern Africa. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek words λίθος, meaning "stone," and ὄψ, meaning "face," referring to the stone-like appearance of the plants.

Purchase is for one plant.

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Uebelmannia pectinifera is a solitary cactus 10-50(-100) cm tall. It is a multiform species and very variable in habitat, comprising a complex of numerous local forms, where each form is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate characteristics. Three subspecies are recognized, the nominate form (subsp. pectinifera), subsp. flavispina (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves and subsp. horrida (P.J. Braun) P.J. Braun & Esteves. The circumscription into subspecies possibly represents convenient over-simplification of the situation in nature.

currently growing in 2.5 inch pots

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Tephrocactus alexanderi is a small low depressed or erect succulent plant with some spherical branches forming spiny cushions.

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Also known as Pilosocereus flexibilispinu, is a very nice columnar cactus, the bluish color of the body contrasts with the golden spines. This cacti species can grow up to 20 feet tall.

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Mammillaria perezdelarosae is one of the more beautiful Mammillaria , with smallish stems densely covered with curious bicoloured spines. It combines clean, glassy white radial spines with hooked dark-brown centrals. At first it stay solitary but will offsets with time. Occasionally, plants will offset when quite young, and dense clumps of spherical bodies will result. Growth is slow to moderate, and the best plants are grown somewhat slowly to conserve the dense spination. It is closely related to Mammillaria bombycina .

Currently growing in 3.5 inch pots.

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Mammillaria carmenae has a very small range, Between Ciudad Victoria and Iaumave, Tamaulipas, Mexico, Northern America. Extent of occurrence is less than 100 km².
It was originally found by Marcelino Castañeda in 1953 near the La Reja ranch, but it was soon lost in cultivation after its description until 1977, when it was rediscovered by Alfred Lau. It is known from a two contiguous localities that can be treated as a single location. The estimate for the species abundance at the only known locality is 71 individuals/23 m², and the population is decreasing.

Mammillaria carmenae has a very small range, Between Ciudad Victoria and Iaumave, Tamaulipas, Mexico, Northern America. Extent of occurrence is less than 100 km².
It was originally found by Marcelino Castañeda in 1953 near the La Reja ranch, but it was soon lost in cultivation after its description until 1977, when it was rediscovered by Alfred Lau. It is known from a two contiguous localities that can be treated as a single location. The estimate for the species abundance at the only known locality is 71 individuals/23 m², and the population is decreasing.

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Related to the yam, Dioscorea elephantipes is the world’s most special potato. Some extremely old plants in habitat have been recorded reaching up to 7 feet in diameter. Although most Dioscorea in cultivation are much smaller, they are no less impressive—shooting off a vine that grows faster than you can water it. Because this species was almost harvested to extinction in the 1950s, and due to the fact that it grows very slowly, a specimen this large is a serious statement piece for collectors in-the-know.
A perfect windowsill plant.

These are currently growing in 3.5 inch pots.

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Ceraria namaquensis is a waxy, fleshy and very slow growing, woody stemmed desert shrub or small tree. It grow 1.3 to 1.8 (-5) m high and presents a unique appearance. The stems are stout and grow upwards, forking and are covered by many short, spiky semi-deciduous, succulent leaves.

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Euphorbia polygona is a spiny dioecious spurge with simple or basally clumping stems of glaucous grey-green with beautiful “heads” of dark purple flowers. These are very minute in themselves, but each is dotted with bright yellow stamens and pollen and the whole effect is very pleasing. In age it will forms clumps of upright columns of unequal length up to a metre wide that bears a very close resemblance to the unrelated cactus. It is heavily armed with spiny protuberances ("peduncles", otherwise known as persistent flower stalks), however the spination is extremely variable some have lots of spines, and some have few.

Currently growing in 4 inch pot

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This plant has been found in grit in a dry tropical environment with lots of sun. These plants, like most of the succulent milkweeds (stapeliads), are generally fly pollinated, and conveniently smell like rotten meat or some type of manure.

Currently growing in 3 inch pots

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Echinocereus rigidissimus is a low growing solitary (very rarely few branched) cactus. This species is a great favorite in collections, although it does not last long. Each year’s growth is differentiated by differently coloured band of spines, hence the common name "Rainbow Cactus".

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Epithelantha micromeris is a miniature globose cactus, erect, unbranched or in small clumps, not deep-seated in substrate, appearing ashy grey and relatively rough in general aspect.

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Mammillaria hahniana is a popular sun-loving succulent that forms large groups. It is readily identified by its long, white, thin, flexible hairs which can densely cloak the plant's body and increase in thickness, richness and length in age. This cactus flowers prolifically, even when young, making it a good species to have in a collection.

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Euphorbia aeruginosa is a very decorative spiny, succulent, forming dwarf, shrubs 15-30 cm in height (up to 40 cm recorded north of Punda Milia) and a subterranean caudex. Branches bluish-grey or brownish-green with many brownish spines. Branching occurs at or below ground level and above too. Its name, which means 'verdigris', refers to the coppery-green branches which have contrasting reddish-brown spines. This species, like the closely related Euphorbia schinzii , shows considerable variation.

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Pachypodium rosulatum subs. gracilius is a beautiful caudex plant with bright yellow flowers. It is smaller growing than the type and has fewer thinner leaves, slimmer branches and a shorter corolla tube. The crested form Pachypodium rosulatum subs. gracilius f. cristatum - despite to its beauty - is still very rare and sought after by collectors, for its unique features.

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Ariocarpus retususus commonly known as the "Star Rock" is one of the largest species that distinguishes for the fat triangular tubercles forming a starry rosette. It is a widespread and extremely variable plant. Tubercle size and shape vary widely, a terminal areole is sometimes present at the tip.

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This species grows on volcanic rock and other extremely porous soils on rocky cliffs, steep bluffs and canyons in coastal sage shrub and chaparral near the Pacific coast. The general climatic conditions consist of fairly wet winters and extremely dry summers.

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Mammillaria plumosa grows on limestone cliffs in sparse xerophytic shrubland, there is continuing decline due to ongoing collection, but the number of locations probably exceeds ten and the population is not likely to be severely fragmented. The species is illegally collected for the ornamental trade. The local community in the area also collects plants from the wild and sells them at local markets at Christmas time, as they are used to decorate nativity scenes.

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It occurs in high mountains, in Quercus (oak) forests on steep slopes and grows in leaf-litter and sometimes on inaccesable cliffs together with Arctostaphylos pungens, Acacia farinosa, Agave filifera, and Opuntia jaliscana. In the past illegal collection was a major threat, however, today this species is widely available from propagation and the pressure in wild populations is minimum.

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We at CS are suckers for Chilean spines.

Miqueliopuntia miquelii, sometimes called the Atacama blue Tephro, is a monotypic species endemic to Chile where it is found in the regions of Coquimbo and Atacama from Elqui Valley to Copiapó. It grows at elevations of 0 to 1,500 m asl. This is listing for an unrooted cladode of Miqueliopuntia.

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Solitary or clumping slowly (occasionally dichotomously branched) by offsets at the base. Two subspecies are recognized, the nominate and subsp. laui (Diers). G.J.Charles (Hunt et al. 2006). However, most experts consider subsp. laui to be a separate species.

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Bervillea sonorae is a spectacular perennial desert plant relative of the cucumber with climbing vine and a large caudex, it produces yellow flowers in summer and little bright miniature red-orange melons in autumn. In the dry season if you see this plant in the desert, you see only a dried chunk of loose wood often resembling a large cow dropping or weathered rock. It has neither roots nor stems. But it is alive. Each year before the rainy season comes, it sends out a few roots downward and shoots upward. If the rain arrives, it grows flowers and fruits. While in many years, when no rain arrives, the ephemeral vine are absent patiently waiting for the next thirst-quequing rain.

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The rainbow cactus ( Echinocereus pectinatus ) commonly remains single, but old plants sometime branch and form a a loosely clumped cluster. It has yellow, pinkish or brownish spines loosely pressed to the surface or spreading widely, pectinate, and intertwining with those of the other areoles. It produces very beautiful, brilliantly coloured flowers with spiny tube, which later develop into Gooseberry-like fruits rich in sugar and said to be very delicious.

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Uebelmannia pectinifera is a solitary cactus 10-50(-100) cm tall. It is a multiform species and very variable in habitat, comprising a complex of numerous local forms, where each form is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate characteristics. Three subspecies are recognized, the nominate form (subsp. pectinifera), subsp. flavispina (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves and subsp. horrida (P.J. Braun) P.J. Braun & Esteves. The circumscription into subspecies possibly represents convenient over-simplification of the situation in nature.

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Euphorbia bupleurifolia is a low-growing, spineless, plant with a short caudiciform trunk that looks like a small pine cone topped with a crown of green leaves. The whole plant abounds with milky juice. Last two photos show mature plants and are over 10 years in age.

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This Fouquiera is the most prized of the genus- developing a bottle shaped trunk over time with bluish green patterning. As it ages, narrow leaves give this plant a bristly appearance that is almost pine tree like. This tree species of Fouquieria also does well in Bonsai cultivation.

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Tylecodon cacalioides occurs primarily in the Klein Karoo. Farmers have been removing them from fields for hundreds of years as they are poisonous to herbivores. As is the case with some of this genus the plants shed their leaves for the summer period. They have no leaves then, when flowering, much like the larger T. paniculatus (Botterboom) and others.

This is grown from a cutting so it will grow more compact and low to the ground. This species grown from cutting will also branch out more regularly than from seed.

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Premium cactus soil for your xeric friends. This is a special mix with pumice and and a sterilized soil blend — dries out quickly to prevent over watering. Extra pumice to encourage better root structures.

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Haworthia cooperi is a low growing densely clustered succulent which rosettes are usually withdrawn in the soil. Its short stem is located several centimetres underground, and produces many cylindrical leaves that are just long enough to reach the soil surface, the transparent tips allowing light into the factory below. In transverse section the leaf is so transparent you can read through it. It is excellent for transmitting light to parts of the leaf that are underground.

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This cross between two of the most popular truncated leaf forms is quite attractive. Within the leaves, there are ones that more resemble one of these species than the other, and the agglomeration is quite interesting and colorful with some reddish-brown highlights.

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Have you seen anything so precious?

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Gymnocalycium occultum is a beautiful, slowly-growing plant with a noticeably flatten body, at first solitary, later clustering.

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Rebutia albipilosa is a plant from northern Argentina. It's a white-furrowed cactus with dense, long, white bristles and a large main body, with several offsets that bloom sparely but regularly.

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It is found in high, dry, rocky grasslands in rocky slopes of the Andes in fully exposed sites. The dense covering of spines reduces the interception of solar radiation by the stem surface lowering the risks of overheating the apex during a summer day and of freezing during a winter night.

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Escobaria sneedii subsp. leei grows in dense clusters with as many as 100 or more stems in a clump.

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This plant from the highlands of central Mexico needs no introduction.

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Haworthia Cymbiformis Variegata is a bright green succulent with white variegation and almost translucent leaves. This plant does well in low light environments.

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Bursera is the fragrant Sonoran desert tree that copal incense comes from. This slow compact grower assumes the poise of a bonsai without requiring trim or training and will out live your grand children's children.

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Mammillaria matudae is endemic to Mexico, where it is distributed in the state of and Mexico close to the border with the state of Michoacán, Guerrero Mexico.

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Haworthia truncata grow in the shade of bushes and occasionally in open areas. They grow underground with only the apex of the leaves rising above the soil surface so that they are difficult to find. This is an excellent protection against herbivores . This very singular plant has contractile roots that will pull the plant into the ground during times of drought, leaving only the windowed tops exposed.

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Crassula ‘Ivory Pagoda’ is a very slow growing hybrid between C. falcata and C. barklyi made in 1962 by Myron Kimnach in USA. It’s a dwarf succulent whose stems forms many peculiar “Ivory columns” because of the densely stacked leaves which hide the stems completely.

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Echinocereus rigidissimus subs. rubispinus is one of the local form of Echinocereus rigidissimus. It distinguishes for the very short dusty red-purple spines (not pink and white) and dull purple-red (not green) stigma lobes. It is also up to 50% smaller in all its parts. Its blossoms are bright magenta red and are large and showy in comparison with the small size of the stem.

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Echinocactus horizonthalonius is a species which covers a large habitat range , from the Big Bend National Park in Texas almost as far south as Mexico City.

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Grows in relatively dense coastal evergreen forest on the calciferous coastal dunes and on cipolin marble rock outcrops near Ambatofinandrahana.

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Leuchtenbergia principis is the sole species of the genus Leuchtenbergia, it is a unique looking cactus with very long tubercles, making the plant resemble an agave. It is slow-growing but can eventually grow up to 70 cm high.

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Tylecodon schaeferianus is a branched perennial succulent, often forming tufted mounds with very short gnarled, interwoven stems (rarely extensively branched) with light coloured, fissured bark and small egg-shaped green leaves.

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Lobivia aculeata, is one of the many geographical or morphological form of Echinopsis p entlandii . Many variant of Echinopsis pentlandii was early classified as different independent species, but nowadays all this plants are considered part of a multiform species, where each form is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate characteristics.

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Related to the yam, Dioscorea elephantipes is the world’s most special potato. Some extremely old plants in habitat have been recorded reaching up to 7 feet in diameter. Although most Dioscorea in cultivation are much smaller, they are no less impressive—shooting off a vine that grows faster than you can water it. Because this species was almost harvested to extinction in the 1950s, and due to the fact that it grows very slowly, a specimen this large is a serious statement piece for collectors in-the-know.

A perfect windowsill plant.

Currently growing in a 1 gallon pot. Vine will be cut back for shipping purposes and safety of the plant.

Plant is approx. 5-6 years old.

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Related to the yam, Dioscorea elephantipes is the world’s most special potato. Some extremely old plants in habitat have been recorded reaching up to 7 feet in diameter. Although most Dioscorea in cultivation are much smaller, they are no less impressive—shooting off a vine that grows faster than you can water it. Because this species was almost harvested to extinction in the 1950s, and due to the fact that it grows very slowly, a specimen this large is a serious statement piece for collectors in-the-know.

A perfect windowsill plant.

Currently growing in a 1 gallon pot. Vine will be cut back for shipping purposes and safety of the plant.

Plant is approx. 5-6 years old.

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Astroloba herrei is a relatively rare species, which is closely related to the widespread Astroloba spiralis and can be hard to distinguish when not in flower. Like its relatives, it has sharply-pointed matt-surfaced leaves. It also has inflated, puffed-up cream flowers.

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Melocactus azureus is one of most desirable of the Brazilian melocacti because of its striking frosty blue epidermis, this plant has a reputation for being more difficult to cultivate than most.

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Related to the yam, Dioscorea elephantipes is the world’s most special potato. Some extremely old plants in habitat have been recorded reaching up to 7 feet in diameter. Although most Dioscorea in cultivation are much smaller, they are no less impressive—shooting off a vine that grows faster than you can water it. Because this species was almost harvested to extinction in the 1950s, and due to the fact that it grows very slowly, a specimen this large is a serious statement piece for collectors in-the-know.
A perfect windowsill plant.

These are currently growing in 3.5 inch pots.

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Plants ship bare root, pot/soil not included

Related to the yam, Dioscorea elephantipes is the world’s most special potato. Some extremely old plants in habitat have been recorded reaching up to 7 feet in diameter. Although most Dioscorea in cultivation are much smaller, they are no less impressive—shooting off a vine that grows faster than you can water it. Because this species was almost harvested to extinction in the 1950s, and due to the fact that it grows very slowly, a specimen this large is a serious statement piece for collectors in-the-know.

A perfect windowsill plant.

Currently growing in a 1 gallon pot. Vine will be cut back for shipping purposes and safety of the plant.

Plant is approx. 5-6 years old.

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Only occurs naturally on the island of Cedros, off the west coast of northern Baja California and possibly on a neighboring island, West San Benitos, with some reports of it on the adjacent peninsula.

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It grows in scattered colonies, on different mountains, on warm steppes, and in pine forests or bushes, at altitudes of around 1900-2100 m., on lime with a high content of organic parts and a slightly basic pH. Localities are difficult to reach, and the main danger comes from fires.

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Dorstenia is a huge genus known for its unusual flowers and growth habits. When two of these weirdos make a baby, you get weido squared.

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A Somali mariner who spent time marooned on Abd-al-Kuri island famously dubbed it “a hellish place where time stands still”. Very few humans in modern recorded history have visited the island due to its treacherous rocky coastline and equally treacherous ocean currents. Also, these waters are patrolled by pirates.

All known Euphorbia abdelkuri specimens in cultivation are rooted cuttings from an original parent plant collected by our friend, the late John Lavranos, in the 1960s.

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Parodia leninghausii is endemic to Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. This species grows in hilly grassland and on walls between cracks in the rocks or in the shade of larger growing plants in pine forest. This species is abundant where it occurs. Many of its subpopulations have been extirpated. It grows in one of the most temperate region of the countries with warm and cool seasons and weather can become very cold during the winter nights, often it will fall to just above freezing without harming the plants as it is also very dry.

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Easily our favorite Frailea, this cryptic velveteen treasure is near impossible to spot in its habitat (Brazil & Uruguay) during the dry months as it shrinks like a shameful satanic raisin almost completely from view.

Colors range from minty green to a deep reddish brown. Its tiny pectinated spines resemble baby spiders, and it has a papery yellow flower.

Plant is shown in a 3 inch pot.

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The coveted "A-clone" of Opuntia suphurea grows a long thick curly spine and a fat pad. This is for an unrooted cladode.

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A mature variegated Gymno. Sweet lord, So precious.

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This small packet will contain 5 seeds of Bursera Fagaroides. In 4-5 years you can have a remarkable bonsai if done correctly. This tree is very aromatic and has often been used for perfumes, incense and oils for centuries.

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Myrtillocactus geometrizans cv. Fukurokuryuzinboku is sometimes referred to as "boob cactus" because it resembles.

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Pachypodium brevicaule is the smallest and strangest species of its genus, growing no more than 3 inches tall after many decades. When mature these plants look like molten metal blobs crawling along the crevices of sandstone faces in the mountains of Madagascar. Because this botanical curio is tough to grow on its own root, they're often grafted to make them easier and much faster to grow.

*Once sexually mature, Pachypodium brevicaule flowers profusely.

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Endemic to the Little Karoo area South of the Swartberg Mountains in the Western Cape, Dioscorea hemicrypta grows a caudex that looks like a stone and a vine that looks like a plant. These sweet Dioscorea bbs have been weened and are now ready for adoption.

A perfect windowsill plant.

These are currently growing in 1.5 inch pots

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From the Northern Cape of South Africa, this Pachypodium is sometimes referred to as "halfmens" by the Nama people, which means "semi human" in Afrikaans. Pachypodium namaquanam grows excrutiatingly slow and can only be enjoyed by those who value a journey over its destination. Zygomorphic.

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Sulcorebutia Rauschii is an eye-catching Bolivian geophyte with magenta flowers and small dark pectinated spines, famous for its pink coloration when grown in bright sun.

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Designed for reliable and steady heat release for 72+ hours. Helps protect succulents from cold weather during shipping.

Highly recommended for winter shipping to cold areas, especially ones with temperatures below 32 degrees.

Myrtillocactus cv. fukurokuryuzinboku is sometimes referred to as "boob cactus" because it resembles.

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Thelocephala is a rare and tiny Chilean geophyte with variously solitary and clumping spherical stems that grow atop a thick underground taproot. This slow grower is sold here on graft for ease and speed of cultivation.

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Notocactus grows in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina. The plant pictured is a crested Notocactus on a Myrtillocactus graft.

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Pyrrhocactus strausiana is a rare slow growing cactus from La Pampa, San Juan and Mendoza, Argentina. This grafted beauty will reward you radiant flowers if kept in a bright filtered light position.

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This mondo rare Turbinicarpus is one of the most unusual cacti in the galaxy. With its extremely thin neck and enlarged bulbous stem (barely able to support itself vertically), T. subterraneus is a sculptural beauty that knows how to turn heads.

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Once a Melocactus reaches maturity, its stem will stop growing and its cephalium (that bristle-coated structure on the apex of the plant) begins to grow, and will continue growing for the remainder of it’s life. This makes mature cephaliated Melocacti highly prized amongst rare cactus collectors.

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Pediocactus knowltonii is the smallest and rarest species of Pediocactus on the planet. Famously difficult to grow on its own roots, Pediocactus is usually only cultivated by experts who know what they're doing. On graft however, Pediocactus is as easy to grow as a bowl of sea monkeys.

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Obregonia is a monospecific genus considered by some to be an intermediate form between Ariocarpus and Lophophora (Peyote). It is one of the rarest and most desirable of the "living rock" cacti for its unmistakable shape resembling an inverted green pine cone with a woolly top. Colors range from green to pinkish when grown in brighter conditions.

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We at CS are suckers for Chilean spines.

Miqueliopuntia miquelii, sometimes called the Atacama blue Tephro, is a monotypic species endemic to Chile where it is found in the regions of Coquimbo and Atacama from Elqui Valley to Copiapó. It grows at elevations of 0 to 1,500 m asl. This is listing for an unrooted cladode of Miqueliopuntia.

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Plants are individually boxed, pot/soil not included

This plant from the highlands of central Mexico needs no introduction.

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Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

These remarkable plants live in the rocky substrates of Chile's Atacama desert. Surviving in a region with little-to-no rain, Copiapoa calderana subsists primarily on the moisture of coastal fog.

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Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

I want to know what CACTUS is, I want you to show me.
I want to feel what CACTUS is, I know you can show me.
I want to know what CACTUS is, I want you to show me.
I want to feel what CACTUS is, I know you can show me.

This Cactus Propagator's Kit if for those ready to mount the hobby horse. It comes with one or more rare plant cuttings hand selected from our private collection, a terra cotta pot, cactus soil, and instructions on how to cultivate your new plant cutting.

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In habitat this shy little guy likes to live partially buried under the soil.

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Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

Cacti typically grow from a single point at the top of the plant. When a cactus is "crested" it grows more like coral, along many points in a line--causing it to undulate like a brain. Because this is a rare occurrence, crested plants are highly prized by collectors.

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Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

This remarkable cactus grows on rocky Mexican hillsides under shelter of trees and shrubs where it gets intense but infrequent rains. Colors can range from grey to green to red on older hard-grown specimens. At the top of Stenocereus beneckei is a snow cap of white powder that acts like a natural sunscreen during the summer.

In winter, brown flower buds form to reveal a cluster of remarkable yellow blooms which are then pollinated by bats, moths, and desert dwelling bees. Due to its preference for semi-shaded locations, Steno beneckei is perfect for the indoor cactus cactus collector. Grown outside, this plant is known to be temperamental in extremes of hot and cold.

Plant pictured is 36" tall.

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Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

This South African geophyte grows amongst grass and pebbles, often with its semi-subterranean tuber exposed while embedded firmly in rocky crevices. As the name suggests, its branches radiate from a central stem and lay prostrate against the ground.
The plant pictured is a mature specimen with a rare red patterning on its branches.

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Plants are individually boxed and ship bare root, pot/soil not included

"Fred" is one of the ugliest rare cactus cultivars on the planet boasting weird lumpy rubberish smooth squishy green globs for stems. The individual pictured is a vomit-inducingly rare red-crested form that makes it look like a disemboweled parakeet.


Watch the video: Haemanthus albiflos - Blutblumen aus der Familie der - Amaryllisgewächse #9


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