Cold-resistant large-fruited tomato Noble: description and features of cultivation


The Velmozha variety is one of the few tomatoes that cannot stand hot weather, but, on the contrary, feel comfortable in the Urals, Siberia and other areas with a cold climate. This tomato is distinguished by its beautiful large fruits, which, despite the northern character, are also very tasty.

Characteristics and description of the grandee tomato variety

Tomato Grandee became famous relatively recently, but it quickly gained popularity for its positive features. This is a variety that is not afraid of cold weather, bears fruit with large and tasty tomatoes, and is rather unpretentious in care.

Origin, region of cultivation

The Velmozha variety was bred in Novosibirsk, at the well-known institute SIBNIIRS, and is intended for harsh climatic conditions. Some gardeners sincerely consider the Nobleman a kind of Budenovka tomato, because outwardly they are really similar. However, the creators of the variety are convinced that there is not a drop of truth in this assumption.

The variety was entered in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2005 and is recommended for such cold climatic regions as the Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian and Far Eastern regions. However, this does not mean at all that it cannot be grown in other areas. Amateur gardeners successfully cultivate the Noble both in the central regions of Russia and in the Volga region, but in the very south of the country the variety really feels uncomfortable.

The main purpose of this tomato, judging by the official document, is the cultivation in unprotected soil of various backyards, summer cottages and other small farms. There seem to be reasons why it is not profitable to use the variety for industrial production. Although, based on the description of the tomato, such reasons are not clearly visible. Growing in a greenhouse, of course, is also possible, but unprofitable: they try to plant tall tomatoes in greenhouses in order to make the most of the entire useful volume of the structure.

General characteristics of the variety

Tomato Grandee is intended for fresh consumption, in salads. Of course, it also makes an excellent thick juice, but whole-fruit canning is impossible. This is a very tasty variety of tomatoes, which is even a pity to transfer to juices, canning, etc. In addition, the fruits are very beautiful and look delicious.

The noble's bushes are not tall, a little more than half a meter tall, the variety is one of the determinant ones. However, unlike many determinant varieties that do not require tying, this option is not suitable with the Nobleman: the stem is not strong enough, and the fruits are too heavy. Therefore, the variety requires both formation and mandatory tying to supports.

Since the grandee's harvest is heavy, it is impossible to do without supports

The noble's leaves are of normal green color and medium size, the inflorescences are complex. The first inflorescences are formed after 7 or 8 leaves, and then, after every 1-2 leaves, the next are laid. Tomatoes are ready for picking 103-117 days after germination, that is, the variety belongs to the medium early.

Since the Nobleman does not belong to hybrids, it is possible to collect seeds from his harvest: it is not at all difficult to get them from ripe tomatoes.

Fruits of an interesting heart-shaped shape, raspberry color: there are not so many varieties with such fruits, and, perhaps, there are only a few large-fruited ones. The mass of most tomatoes is in the range of 150–250 g, but half-kilogram specimens are not uncommon, even champions weighing up to a kilogram are described. The number of seed nests is 4 or more. The taste of the fruit is described by various tasters as excellent or good: the flesh is fleshy and sweet.

Productivity - at the level of the best determinant varieties. A rather limited number of fruits can be grown on each bush (usually 7–8), but due to the mass of each of them, the total yield is good: up to 7 kg / m2... Some record lovers specifically ration the harvest, removing some of the flowers in order to get especially large fruits.

Unfortunately, the fruits do not differ in transportability and long-term storage: apparently, this is one of the reasons that the variety is grown mainly in amateur gardens.

Video: large tomato noble

Appearance

The grandee has an interesting shape, and together with the size and color of the fruit, this tomato looks almost like no other in appearance, it is easy to recognize it among many others.

The grandee's fruits are large, beautiful, but prone to cracking.

Since the Noble's stems are rather weak, it cannot be said that the tree with fruits looks elegant: you can see how hard it is for him to withstand the harvest, even being firmly tied to the support.

Although the Noble's bushes are small, they cannot be kept without a garter.

Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties

Tomato Grandee is not devoid of disadvantages, but the combination of advantages and relative disadvantages makes it very popular among gardeners in most of the territory of our country. The obvious advantages of the variety include:

  • high cold resistance, and therefore the variety can be grown in almost any region;
  • increased resistance to most diseases and, in particular, to late blight, which mows down most varieties at the onset of the cold end of summer;
  • large-fruited combined with a spectacular appearance;
  • great fruit taste;
  • good overall yield.

Perhaps, it is the cold resistance that should be considered the most important advantage of the variety. While the content of this article was being pondered, unprecedented and unexpected frosts came to central Russia on the night of June 1–2. With a heavy feeling I drove to the dacha. Yes, it turned out to be scary to see it ... But among the two hundred dead tomato bushes there were two dozen green ones. And it turned out to be a Nobleman.

Not all the disadvantages of the variety are easily eliminated even with careful care, unfortunately, they are. For example:

  • poor transportability and short shelf life of fresh tomatoes;
  • the need for strong supports for the bushes, which is not necessary for many determinant varieties;
  • increased moodiness to the composition of the soil: the nobleman consumes a lot of nutrients and does not feel well in heavy soil;
  • the need to form a bush, which is rare for low-growing tomatoes.

In fact, the last three disadvantages are an unpleasant feature of the variety that distinguishes it from most other determinant varieties. However, after all, it is difficult to remember a short tomato with such spectacular, large and tasty fruits. Raspberry tomatoes are generally rare, and large-fruited heart-shaped varieties can be counted on one hand.

So, for example, an early ripe salad variety with large heart-shaped fruits, Altai honey, has recently appeared. However, the color of the fruit is orange, and the main purpose of the variety is greenhouse cultivation. The Siberian variety Batianya with heart-shaped raspberry fruits is well known, but it is distinguished by its intent. The long-grown Bovine Heart variety with red heart-shaped fruits ripens later than the Noble.

The bovine heart resembles a Noble in shape and size, but the main characteristics of the varieties differ significantly

Thus, for the entire set of positive properties and relative disadvantages, the Nobleman's tomato can be considered a very good choice for regions with a cold climate, but its cultivation requires at least minimal knowledge and skills.

Features of growing and planting tomato Grandee

Like the vast majority of tomato varieties, the Noble is grown only through seedlings. Therefore, by the beginning of spring, everything must be prepared in order to tackle this interesting business. Of course, in a city apartment for this you need to allocate a rather large area: a well-lit large window sill is required.

Landing

Growing tomato seedlings Nobleman does not differ from that for most varieties. The whole process consists of several mandatory activities.

  1. Seed preparation. Noble Seeds can be taken from your harvest, but they must be prepared for sowing. After selection of full-weight seeds, they must be disinfected (20-30 minutes in a dark-purple solution of potassium permanganate), and after pecking in a damp cloth, they are hardened (2-3 days in the refrigerator).

    Seed dressing can be combined with calibration: those that do not drown are best thrown away

  2. Soil preparation (you can also buy it in the store, but if you make it yourself, you should also disinfect it by watering it well with a weak solution of potassium permanganate). The soil must be air and water permeable, which is achieved by using peat, humus and sod land.

    Store-bought soil is usually perfectly balanced for certain vegetables.

  3. Sowing seeds in any small box or box. In this case, the soil layer should be at least 5 cm, and the seeds are sown to a depth of about 2 cm, with a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.

    For sowing a small amount of seeds, any unnecessary box will do.

  4. Close temperature tracking. Before the emergence of shoots, it can be roomy, but immediately after the appearance of the loops, it is reduced to 16-18 aboutFrom for a few days. Then - again the room, and the lighting is always the maximum possible.

    If the window sill faces south, additional lighting is not required

  5. Picking (seating in a more spacious box or in separate cups), performed at the age of 10-12 days.

    The best container for picking - peat pots

  6. Moderate watering (the soil should not dry out, but in no case should there be stagnation of water), as well as 1-2 dressing. If the soil is fertile, you can do without top dressing: the seedlings should grow in difficulties.

    If you need to feed the seedlings, it is convenient to do this with Azophos.

  7. Hardening, which is carried out a week before planting seedlings in the garden.

The correct seedling before planting in the garden usually grows up to 20-25 cm, no more, but the stem should be thick. Planting in unprotected soil is possible when the soil reaches a temperature of about 14 aboutC, which is observed in the middle zone at the very end of May, and in Siberia 1–2 weeks later. If you need to do this earlier, you will have to take care of a temporary film shelter, and warm up the bed in advance by sprinkling with hot water and covering it with a film for a couple of days.

Despite the Noble's resistance to low temperatures, a site protected from northern winds is selected for planting. The nobleman requires higher, in comparison with many varieties, doses of fertilizers, but this should not be fresh manure. Phosphorus is especially required for tomatoes, therefore, digging up a plot for tomatoes in the fall, one and a half buckets of humus or compost and 50-60 g of superphosphate are added per square meter. Wood ash will not hurt, up to a liter can.

In the spring, the bed is slightly loosened, and in the places designated according to the chosen scheme, small holes are dug, where seedlings are planted, burying the cotyledon leaves. Since the Noble's seedlings are not prone to pulling, they are usually planted without tilting. Despite the determinism of the bush, too tight planting is undesirable. The distance between the bushes is kept in the range of 45-50 cm, and between the rows - 50-60 cm.

When planting seedlings, carefully squeeze the roots with your hands so that there are no voids between soil particles

In order for the seedlings to take root faster, you must try to remove it from the box or cups without destroying the earthen coma. After planting in the holes, the tomatoes are thoroughly watered with water at a temperature of at least 25 aboutC and mulch the soil with humus or peat. At the same time, strong pegs are driven in, although they will come in handy a little later for tying bushes with tomatoes.

Care

When caring for a tomato nobleman, well-known operations are required: watering followed by loosening and destruction of weeds, rare top dressing, the formation and tying of bushes. It should be watered with water warmed up in the sun, so they do it in the evening. Watering the Nobleman needs abundant, especially during the growth of the fruits, but as soon as they begin to turn red, watering is sharply reduced, otherwise the tomato may crack. It should be watered at the root, trying not to wet the leaves once again.

The first feeding is given 2-3 weeks after planting the seedlings, the further ones - after about the same time. At first, it is better to use mullein infusions, and after setting the fruits, it is undesirable to give nitrogen, therefore, a recipe is made from 25 g of superphosphate and half a liter of ash per 10 liters of water.

Fortunately, the Noble is highly resistant to disease. If some sores overtake the variety, it is only in the greenhouse, and even then it is no worse than brown spot, from which you can save yourself with garlic infusion. In the open field, diseases are so rare that amateur gardeners, as a rule, do not even carry out preventive spraying.

Tomato Grandee is grown in one or two stems, removing all stepchildren below the first flower cluster. In this case, the two-stem version is more often chosen in a greenhouse, and in the open field, a plant is formed into one stem. The variety does not differ in unrestrained stepson formation; nevertheless, excess shoots are systematically broken out. If too many flowers are formed in the inflorescence, the extra ones are plucked out, leaving no more than four.

Tomato Grandee is rarely grown in 3 shoots (c), choose options (a) or (b)

As soon as the ovaries appear, the stems are firmly tied to the stakes using soft strings. After all, if the fruits grow a little, the bush will not be able to stand firmly without a garter. However, instead of separate stakes, you can also equip a common trellis; each gardener has his own preferences. With proper care, the Nobleman will delight you with large tasty fruits that do not ripen at the same time, so the pleasure stretches for a long time.

Video: the formation of bushes of low-growing tomatoes

Reviews about the tomato Grandee

The grandee is an excellent salad tomato variety for cold climates. Its fruits are not suitable for whole-fruit canning, since they simply do not fit in a standard jar. But for fresh consumption or making various sauces, this is a very good option. With some gardening experience, growing these tomatoes is not difficult at all.

  • Print

Rate the article:

(1 vote, average: 5 out of 5)

Share with your friends!


Tomato Sweet million - many, many cherry from each bush

Neat cherry tomatoes, characterized by a sweet taste and compact size, become the main decoration of the table. They can be plucked from the bush as they ripen and eaten like berries or salted whole. It is much more convenient to collect such small tomatoes not by piece, but with whole brushes. With the small-fruited variety Sweet Million, this became possible, because small cherries in the brush are poured evenly and ripen almost at the same time.


Description of Tomato Grandee

The variety has been tested in greenhouses and open ground in Siberia and the Urals. In 2004, it was entered into the State Register of Plants, zoned for the northern regions of the country.

Tomatoes of the Velmozha variety have a short growing season, the description says that the full ripeness of the fruits occurs in 3.5-4 months. It is accepted to count down from the moment of emergence of seedlings.

The plant is a determinant type, in the open field it rarely grows up to 80 cm. In a greenhouse, the height of the bush reaches 1.5 m. The variety is not standard, spreading, requires support. Leaves are light green, pubescent. Stepchildren's education is moderate. The shoots are fragile and may break off during the ripening period.

Inflorescences appear above the fourth pair of leaves. The bloom is profuse, but it needs to be regulated. According to the reviews of those who planted the grandee's tomato, in order to grow a tomato as in the photo, you need to pinch the brush. Only 4 flowers are left, the rest are removed. As a result, the fruits will be larger.

Description of fruits

Noble tomatoes belong to large-fruited varieties. Their average weight ranges from 200 to 500 g. You can grow tomatoes up to 1 kg, but you cannot do without special feeding.

Fruits are dense, heart-shaped with pronounced ribbing, pleasant crimson color. The pulp is rich in taste, sugary, practically free of liquid. There are no voids in the cut. Tomatoes are four-chambered, there are enough seeds to provide themselves with planting material.


Advantages and disadvantages, features and differences from other varieties

The main feature of the Golden Heart tomato is the combination of the original shape and color of the fruits with their excellent taste and ease of maintenance of the bush. As a rule, fruits of this quality rarely grow on low bushes, and in this regard, the Golden Heart variety favorably stands out among many varieties similar in purpose.

The main advantages of this tomato are:

  • excellent original fruit taste
  • interesting shape and color
  • balanced chemical composition, allowing the use of fruits in dietary and baby food
  • small amount of seeds
  • versatility of tomato use
  • not bad, for a determinant variety, yield
  • compactness of the bush
  • resistance to most diseases
  • cold and drought resistance
  • good preservation and transportability of fresh fruits.

There are no drawbacks of the variety, however, reviews of gardeners indicate that it is quite picky about soil fertility and care. The Golden Heart does not make any special requirements in agricultural technology, but it shows good yields only with careful attention to the implementation of all mandatory procedures: from filling the garden with fertilizers to forming a bush and tying it up.

Currently, there are many varieties of heart-shaped tomatoes: if fifteen years ago there was only a bull's heart, now there are almost a dozen of its varieties. More than a dozen varieties have the word "heart" in their name, and many heart-shaped tomatoes do without this title. Many of these varieties are characterized by excellent fruit taste. These are, for example, Altai honey, Angelina or Melon honey. Among these tomatoes there are varieties that combine excellent taste and high cold resistance, for example, Nobleman or Heavyweight of Siberia.

Most heart-shaped tomatoes are large to very large in size. In this regard, Heart of Gold stands out: almost any tomato of this variety can easily fit into a standard glass jar. Argue with him can, for example, a relatively young variety of Yantarina, which bears fruit with tomatoes of a similar shape and color, only slightly larger. But each orange bull heart fruit pulls at least 300 g, these tomatoes are used only for salads.

Tomato Bovine heart orange resembles Heart of Gold, but its fruits are larger

Thus, in the era of a huge number of varieties and hybrids of tomatoes, the Golden Heart variety stands out for the better among similar ones in many characteristics. At the same time, we must admit that this is not a tomato from the “planted and forgotten” series: it needs qualified care.


Planting dates and cultivation features

According to the characteristics and description, the variety Klusha is early, Superklusha is medium early. They can be sown for seedlings at the same time, or with a difference of 5-10 days, about 50 days before planting in a permanent place.

You need to focus on the climatic features of the region, long-term weather forecast. Approximate terms:

  • south - mid-March
  • Ural and Siberia - second decade of April
  • The middle band is from the end of March to the first days of April.

Growing seedlings

Before planting, the seeds are heated at a temperature of 53 ° C, pickled and soaked until they swell. Particularly caring gardeners can additionally carry out:

  • culling, which makes sense if the seeds come from an unreliable source or are old
  • bubbling
  • stimulation
  • germination or hardening (optional).

Coated or inlaid seeds are planted dry.

It is recommended to choose the soil specially designed for tomato seedlings. So you don't have to feed the seedlings before the pick.

Individual cups allow you to grow tomatoes without transplanting. They are planted in 1-2 grains. Then you will have to leave a strong sprout, and cut off the weaker one with nail scissors.

  1. Seedling boxes are filled with moist soil.
  2. With any convenient tool, grooves with a depth of 1-1.5 cm are made at a distance of 4 cm.
  3. The seeds are laid out every 2 cm.If there is not enough space, the gap can be reduced to 1 cm.
  4. Sprinkle with a 1 cm layer of substrate, or smooth out the grooves.
  5. Water from a spray bottle.
  6. Cover with glass or foil.

Germinate at 22-25 ° C. Every day the container is ventilated, collecting condensate. If necessary, watering is carried out.

When pecking seeds, Superkluz and Klushi seedlings are transferred to a room where the temperature is:

  • daytime - 14-16 ° С
  • nighttime - 8-10 ° C.

After a week, they are placed in comfortable conditions at 25 ° C. Care of the seedlings is as follows:

  • timely watering
  • supplementary lighting up to 12-14 hours a day
  • draft protection
  • daily airing.

In the phase of 2-3 true leaves, a pick is made into individual containers. At Superkluzhy it is recommended not to wait for the third plate to come out.

After about 10 days, the first feeding is carried out. A mineral complex with a predominance of nitrogen is used - it serves as a building material for the growth of green mass in plants in the vegetative phase of development.

Seedlings of Superklushi and Klushi usually do not stretch, which makes life much easier for gardeners.

Transfer to the ground

Before moving to the garden, tomatoes are recommended to be hardened for at least a week. But it is better to increase the time to 10-14 days, so that the seedlings grown in the warmth take root faster.

First, they are taken out to the street or balcony in the middle of the day for 20 minutes. The period of stay in the fresh air is gradually increased. The last 1-2 days, the seedlings should spend the night outside. If the weather worsens, it is covered with a non-woven material or film.

Superklush and Klush tomatoes are planted in open ground when the ground warms up to 15 ° C. If the weather suddenly deteriorates, which often happens in regions of risky farming, it is better to postpone moving to a permanent place for several days.

A dense planting is possible for Superklugs - 6 plants per square meter.

Tomatoes are planted in cotyledons or the first true leaf. Starter fertilizer, organic matter are added to the wells, on acidic soils - 1-2 tablespoons of lime. Mix additional ingredients with the ground, water the tomatoes abundantly.

It is recommended to immediately mulch with non-woven material, straw, grass cuttings, sawdust. It is better not to use humus even if it is completely rotten - it still contains excess nitrogen.

Further care

Superklush and Klusha tomatoes are undemanding to care. They are easy to grow for elderly people, workers, visiting the site from time to time. Bushes do not need pinching and garter. A decent harvest can be obtained even in an unfavorable year.

The next watering is carried out 10-14 days after transplanting. This will cause the roots of the Cluche and Supercluff tomatoes to rush down and to the sides in search of moisture. There is nothing to worry about, even if the leaves drop in the middle or at the end of the day. Plates that did not return turgor overnight serve as a signal for watering.

For tomatoes, it is recommended to use warm, settled water. But if this is not possible, the main thing is to keep the temperature regime unchanged.

It is unacceptable to alternately water the culture with cold water from a well or tap and heated. Plants may not survive such stress, at best they will start to hurt and slow down development.

Fertilizers must contain the entire mineral complex, only the proportions of the main elements change depending on the phase of development:

  • vegetative needs more nitrogen
  • after the extension of the second flower cluster - potassium and phosphorus.

Trace elements are given with foliar dressing - so they are better absorbed. They also provide the culture with "ambulance" in case of an acute shortage of one or another nutrient.



Previous Article

Blueberry Harvesting Season: Tips On Harvesting Blueberries

Next Article

Chainsaw Shtil-250: problems with the hot plant