7 fruitful varieties of carrots


We all know about the benefits of carrots since childhood. It can be consumed not only fresh, but also prepared for the winter, which will allow you to stock up on vitamins. Therefore, it is best to choose the most productive varieties for your garden.

Mirzoi yellow

Root crops of this variety are light yellow, almost lemon color. The homeland of this carrot is Uzbekistan. It is she who is used to prepare pilaf with lamb and gives the dishes of oriental cuisine a specific taste with a slight bitterness. In warm regions, "Mirzoi Zheltaya" develops better. There, the fruits grow up to 150 g, and in the middle lane, one carrot weighs 70-100 g.

Nantes

This is the most widespread variety of carrots in the territory of the former USSR, which is grown not only in garden plots, but also on an industrial scale. It includes several varieties:

  • "Nantes red";
  • "Nantes Semko";
  • "Improved Nantes";
  • "Nantes 4".

The taste of this carrot is considered a classic, reference, it contains an increased amount of carotene and sugar. In addition, it contains many useful substances - phytoncides. Fruits of a cylindrical shape ripen within 120 days. Their average length is 20 cm, and their weight is about 150 g. If all conditions are met, the presentation and taste of this variety of carrots can be preserved until spring. It is widely used to make carrot juice. The variety is mid-season, resistant to diseases and pests, high-yielding.

Cascade

"Cascade" is distinguished by a high content of sugar and carotene, so it is perfect for preparing salads, natural vegetable juices, and puree for baby food. The taste of this carrot is very good, and it also contains many useful vitamins and minerals, such as magnesium, potassium, calcium. To obtain the required daily dose of carotene, just one such carrot per day is enough. The variety is hybrid, perfectly tolerates adverse weather conditions. It is resistant to disease and has very high yields. The fruits grow up to 23 cm, and their weight ranges from 130 to 170 g. The shape of the root crops is conical, even, the vegetables are large and tasty. The "Cascade" variety tolerates long-term storage well, does not fade, does not rot.

Parmex

The variety has an original round shape, unusual for carrots. "Parmex" refers to early maturing hybrids, it is sometimes called carrot radish. At the same time, the root crops have excellent taste, they are sweet and juicy. This variety is very popular with children, they are happy to eat unusual fresh carrots. It can also be used to make juices and baby purees, and freeze for the winter.

Nandrin

This hybrid Dutch early maturing variety is suitable for growing not only in central Russia, but also in the more northern regions of our country. The growing season is up to 105 days, due to which the roots have time to ripen during the short summer season. Carrots of this variety have an attractive appearance - fruits of an even cylindrical shape with a rounded tip. They usually grow in length about 20 cm, and weigh from 150 to 250 g. There is practically no core in root crops, therefore, during industrial cultivation, nitrates do not accumulate, and the nutritional value is higher than that of other varieties. "Nandrin" also favorably distinguishes from other types of carrots by high yield and excellent preservation of fruits.

Dragon

A very unusual carrot, which has an exotic purple skin color, while its core is orange. In a mature state, it reaches a length of 25-30 cm. The shape of the fruit is conical, its diameter is from 15 to 30 cm. It has a sweet taste and contains a lot of beta-carotene and other useful substances. A peculiarity of purple carrots is the presence of lutein in it, which is very useful for vision. During culinary processing, the vegetable stains the hands and everything with which it comes into contact during the cooking process - dishes, cutting boards, and other products. During cooking, the water turns purple. Most often, "Dragon" is consumed fresh, dishes with it look beautiful and unusual, and a peculiar taste diversifies the everyday menu.

Chantenay 2461

This variety was developed in France. The fruits are cone-shaped with a blunt tip, 13-14 cm long, equally even and smooth. The vegetable contains a fairly large amount of sugar - about 10%, has a juicy and dense pulp. The variety has gained popularity due to its high yield and resistance to diseases. "Shantenay 2461" is suitable for transportation and long-term storage, it is used for household items. Early maturing varieties of these carrots can be grown in a greenhouse, which allows them to be harvested twice a season.


Top 20 best super early varieties of tomatoes for open ground: choosing the right one together

Tomatoes are successfully grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. If you have the opportunity to create greenhouse conditions for vegetables, that's great. But if this is not possible, do not be discouraged.

There are many varieties that produce excellent yields outdoors, too. Moreover, early maturing varieties are especially popular. In the article we will consider the best of them, identify the distinctive features.


Description and reviews of the variety

The unpretentious and fruitful variety of Sentyabrina carrots has many undeniable advantages:

  1. it is resistant to many vegetable diseases
  2. has excellent taste
  3. even and neat root crops fit perfectly into any container, and this is convenient during transportation
  4. during winter storage of beds
  5. suitable for both canning and raw consumption
  6. frozen for winter use

The main advantage of Sentyabrina carrots among other types is the yield of marketable products up to 94%. This type of root crop has many positive reviews from gardeners and gardeners cultivated carrots. The Sentyabrina carrot variety belongs to mid-season and very productive crops. From the moment of sowing to harvesting, 120 days pass.

To accelerate the germination of seeds and better ovary, growth stimulants specially developed for this type of plant can be used.

Siberian carrots have the shape of a semi-spreading rosette. Its medium-dissected leaves are bright green and medium in size. The fruit has a blunt, slightly rounded tip, a thickened cylindrical shape and reaches 17 cm in length. They are characterized by an even and smooth surface, delicate and thin skin. Their average weight reaches 150 grams. Carrots are characterized by rich orange juicy sweet pulp, which contains on average up to 18% carotene and many other substances useful for the human body. Carrot yield reaches 230-550 centners per hectare.


Varieties of large-fruited spring garlic

Spring garlic is usually planted in spring. It grows quickly, yields a large yield if you adhere to the rules of cultivation. Large varieties of spring garlic are not represented by a wide assortment, but if you wish, there are plenty to choose from.

  • "Gulliver" - spring, shooting garlic variety. It has an average late ripening period of 87-98 days. It has a large head, the average weight is 120 g, but with proper care you can get heads up to 300 g. There are 3-5 cloves in the bulb. The husk is grayish. It has a high content of nutrients, therefore it is often used for medicinal purposes.
  • Orlovsky - an early variety of a large variety of spring-type garlic. Ripening occurs in 85-90 days. The heads are dense, large, can weigh up to 100 g. Each has 15-20 teeth of medium or large size. The husk of the bulb is white with purple veins, and the scales of the teeth are pale pink. The taste is spicy. Storage for more than 7 months, sometimes lays until the next harvest.

  • "Kledor" - non-shooting spring variety. The heads are light, weighing an average of 80 g. Each bulb contains 15-20 medium-sized cloves. The pulp is light creamy, the scales are pinkish. It is stored for a very long time - 10-12 months. It is immune to fungal and bacterial diseases. The taste is mildly spicy, the application is universal.
  • "Flavor" - a variety obtained by French breeders. Distributed throughout the world. It is planted only in spring, as it does not tolerate winter frosts. After full maturation, the heads weigh on average 80 g, the diameter is 55-60 mm. The husk is light, and the scales of the teeth are pale pink. The teeth grow in 2 rows, up to 20 pieces in total. The taste is medium sharp, the pulp is light, juicy and dense. The main advantage of the variety is a long shelf life (10-12 months) without visible changes, the heads do not germinate or dry out.


Description of carrot varieties

There are more than 40 types of carrots, but not all of them can boast of good yields, sweet taste, juicy pulp and long shelf life. We present several varieties of these vegetables that have most of these properties.

This is what the TOP 10 best carrot varieties look like:

  • Vitamin 6 - was bred in 1969 on the basis of Nantes and Amsterdam. Peat and mineral soils are suitable for it. It is frost-resistant and relevant for sowing for the winter.
  • Losinoostrovskaya 13 - vegetable crop, included in the State Register of Plants of Russia in 1964. The name was given to her by breeders from the Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing. Seeds are sown in areas open to sunlight, preliminary plowing of the land is encouraged.
  • Canada - a hybrid added to the State Register for the Central Region of the Russian Federation. It is intended for cultivation in areas with unfavorable climates. The output of marketable products is about 93%. The maximum yield was established in the Vladimir region - 709 c / ha.
  • Samson Is a Dutch variety that appeared in 2015. It belongs to the Nantes type and forms a voluminous tops of a bright green color. On the territory of Russia, this carrot has been cultivated since the early 2000s. It is often grown for sale because of its presentation.
  • Moscow winter - refers to one of the sweetest, suitable for long-term storage in the cellar, retains its taste and presentation well. The seeds do not require any special soil preparation. Shoots are strong and healthy. The sugar content here is about 12%.
  • Shantane - mid-season type, easily growing on almost all soils - loamy, chernozem, etc. It is heat-resistant and has a long shelf life - over 5 months. In terms of yield, this is not the most profitable option, but it can be increased by cultivating the vegetable on the ridges.
  • Autumn queen - Late type, which is often grown in temperate continental and subtropical climates. It belongs to the "Carotene" type due to the high concentration of the corresponding substance in the composition. In view of this, this variety of carrots is considered the best for people with eye diseases.
  • Nantes 4 - is grown in the countries of Asia and Europe, including in most of the territory of Russia. It was brought out by Soviet scientists around the 30s of the twentieth century. It is often used as a basis for breeding other types. The fruits tolerate transportation well and are not susceptible to decay.
  • The emperor - the leader in the content of carotene and sugar, so it should be used with caution by patients with diabetes. Sowing seeds before winter is allowed. It is widely used in baby food and in the factory production of juice, puree, and canning.


Early varieties of carrots

Carrots with a short ripening period are chosen for eating. Such varieties are not suitable for long-term storage; they, as a rule, have low yield indicators (compared to late-ripening ones) and insufficiently high taste qualities (compared to mid-season carrot varieties). We invite you to get acquainted with atypically productive and tasty early varieties of carrots.

1. Carrots "Amsterdam"

Carrots "Amsterdam". © good-harvest

The most delicious and aromatic, grown in all climatic zones. Carrots "Amsterdam" - medium size, color - bright orange. The fruit is about 17 cm long and weighs 50-120 grams. It has the shape of a cylinder, a rounded end and a narrow orange center. This is one of the few early ripe carrot varieties, the pulp of which is juicy, tender and sweet.

With proper care and favorable weather, the yield can reach six kilograms per 1 sq. m, ripening period 70-90 days. To obtain a good yield, seeds are sown thicker than usual. The variety is resistant to "blooming" and fruit cracking even with excessive soil moisture.

For growth, you need a light, fertile soil with a plowed layer of great depth. The plant requires regular watering, especially during the growth of root crops, and careful loosening of the soil. The emerging seedlings are thinned out and fed after three weeks. For feeding carrots, only mineral fertilizers are used.

Carrots "Amsterdam" are good in their natural form, in the manufacture of juices, salads, children adore it, it is used in dietary nutrition. It retains its taste during heat treatment.

2. Carrots "Tushon"

A distinctive feature of this variety is its trade appearance, sufficient availability of useful components, pleasant taste and juiciness. The body of the carrot is smooth, smooth, dark orange in color with a reddish tint, cylindrical in shape with a blunt end. Reaches up to 21 cm in length, weight 85-200 grams. The core is small, the same color as the flesh.

It is sown in spring or autumn (winter sowing). The growing season is 70-80 days. Spring planting dates vary by region. You can sow when the soil temperature warms up to + 10 ° C. Productivity reaches up to 6 kg / 1m².

The soil is preferable loamy or sandy, soft, loose. Before sowing, soak the seeds in water for a day. The open field sowing site should be well lit by the sun. After sowing the seeds, the beds are watered with warm water and mulched with a thin layer of straw or compost. After thinning, the distance between shoots should be 5 cm, the rows are placed at a distance of 20 cm.

To obtain juicy and sweet carrots, the "Tushon" variety is grown at an air temperature of at least + 20 ° C; at low night temperatures in spring, the plants should be protected with a canopy made of foil.

Tushon carrots are consumed fresh and used to prepare various dishes. Suitable for baby food due to its good taste and high carotene content (11.9%).

3. Carrots "Parisian carotel"

High-yielding variety. The root crop is small, only about 5 cm long, round in shape. Fast ripening, maturing period less than 72 days. The yield is quite high, has an excellent taste, and is immune to common diseases. The lack of sprinkling and "color" make this variety attractive to most gardeners.

Observing the rules of caring for the plant, they harvest up to 8 kg from 1 sq. m. Stored for a long time, compared to other varieties of early carrots.

Carrots "Parisian Carotel", with juicy tender pulp, are perfect for making juice and eating raw, as well as for dietary nutrition.

4. Orange nutmeg carrots

A relatively new, delicate variety of bright orange carrots, the fruits of which, when ripe, take the shape of a cylinder with a slight narrowing at the bottom. It grows up to 16 cm long, weighing 120-160 g. There is practically no core inside the root crop.

The ripening period is surprisingly short, only 55-70 days. Seeds are sown in open ground in April-May in grooves one centimeter deep. The gaps between the rows are kept 20 cm. Thinning the seedlings, leave five centimeters between the plants.

High-quality care allows you to get a high yield - up to 6.5 kg per square meter. Stores well, suitable for collection in bunches.

The excellent taste, juiciness and sweetness of Muscat Orange carrots make them ideal for feeding children, making juices and purees.

5. Dragon carrots

One of the most attractive early ripening carrots with an unusual bright purple skin. The core of this carrot is orange.

Unusual coloration does not require any special growing conditions. Seeds are sown in the ground in early spring. It is necessary to ensure that the ground does not dry out, but also not too wet. Stagnant water is unacceptable. In the process of carrot growth, the soil is loosened, fertilized, weeds are removed and the seedlings are thinned out.

The root vegetable has a sweet taste, contains a large amount of vitamins A and beta-carotene. Carrots "Dragon" are recommended by nutritionists for use to strengthen immunity, normalize blood pressure and improve blood composition, maintain heart function and improve appearance.

It is better to eat fresh. When cooked, carrots lose their exotic purple color and some of the nutrients.


Protection against diseases and pests

In order to grow a good harvest of carrots, you need to know what diseases this type of vegetable is predisposed to. "Sentyabrina" most often affects:

  • Features: it is quite difficult to completely get rid of the carrot fly, since it lays eggs all the time and its new generation appears twice a year.
  • How to fight: autumn plowing of the soil, pre-sowing treatment of seeds with insecticides, frequent weeding, double treatment of crops with "Decis Profi", "Aklellik", "Inta-Vir", "Sharpey".
  • Folk remedy: tobacco dust is mixed with slaked lime (5 g per square meter), the aisle of the planted culture is sprinkled with the mixture.

  • Features: a small insect flies to a bed of coniferous plantations and affects carrot tops in early spring. The larvae laid by the female suck the juice from the tops of the plant, as a result of which the greens dries up.
  • How to deal: in order to avoid infection, do not sow carrots near conifers and cover the garden with special fiber. You can water the seedlings with infusion of orange peels or sprinkle with tobacco.

  • Features: it harms all celery plants. Eggs are laid by the female during flowering of the carrots.
  • How to fight: spray the carrot tops with a decoction of tomato tops and laundry soap. For its preparation, 3 kg of tops are finely cut and poured with 10 liters of boiling water (infused for a couple of days), filtered and 40 g of household soap is added to the finished solution.

  • Features: affects the plant towards the end of its growth. The disease most often occurs during storage of a vegetable, dry rot appears on it, where subsequently depressed dark spots form in small black dots (fungus spores). At air temperatures above 10C, spore germination increases and the root crop dies. Spores can overgrow the sand and the vault itself.
  • How to fight: the plant's resistance to disease will occur due to an increase in potassium fertilizer (potassium chloride) when digging a garden, a solution is used for this (40-50 g per 10 liters of liquid). Warming up the seeds before planting to 50C can also save the day. The sand for storing carrots should be new every year.

For many fungal diseases and bacteria, the preparations Guapsin and Mikosan are used, Trichodermin removes root rot well, Verticillin fights against aphids.

More information can be found in the video:

Proper care of Sentyabrina carrots, attention to the appearance of the tops and elimination of possible diseases in the early stages will significantly increase the yield of juicy, sweet and tasty, self-grown carrots.


Watch the video: Which Carrot Varieties Will Grow Best in Your Soil Type?


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