Cucumbers are deservedly considered quite capricious and delicate plants, reacting negatively even to minor flaws in agricultural technology and deviations from optimal growing conditions. Seedlings are especially sensitive in this regard. Therefore, gardeners are constantly inventing new methods to increase its resistance and quickly get healthy, powerful and developed seedlings. For example, Japanese technology is popular, which involves planting seeds in a special substrate - sawdust.
The main "trick" of the Japanese technology for growing cucumber seedlings is the use of sawdust instead of the usual substrate. In the same way, you can plant the seeds of other Pumpkin seeds - the seedlings of squash, squash, melons, watermelons, pumpkins have a delicate root system that can be easily damaged during transplantation. Planting in sawdust allows you to transfer them to the ground so that the roots do not suffer.
Cucumber seedlings grown in ordinary soil, when carried to the garden, experience severe stress, losing a significant part of the root system
Advantages of the technique:
A powerful and developed root system of plants provides an increase in the yield of cucumbers
The main disadvantage of this technique is that it is necessary to find a high-quality "substrate" for cucumber seedlings. For example, sawdust from fiberboard and chipboard will not work - they are "enriched" with glue, dyes, formaldehyde and other chemicals harmful to plants. Therefore, getting them at the nearest furniture factory is not an option. It is better to look for a sawmill in the vicinity or contact a neighbor who is sawing wood. Another great, albeit more expensive, option is woody cat litter. Sawdust is also sold in agricultural stores.
It is important to choose a filler that says that it is from hardwood trees, and not from conifers.
They are selected based on the following criteria:
Sawdust suitable for planting cucumber seeds can be found wherever natural wood is sawn
Any early maturing varieties and hybrids of cucumbers that do not require insect pollination are suitable for growing according to the Japanese method. Due to earlier dates of disembarkation, problems may arise with the latter. But it is still advisable to choose seeds that are regionalized for a given region, adapted to the characteristics of the local climate.
Practice shows that the most strongly positive changes in comparison with the traditional method of cultivating cucumbers are noticeable when planting modern high-yielding hybrids, which are usually very sensitive to flaws in agricultural technology.
The selection of cucumber seeds is so great that it is easy to get confused in the assortment; Parthenocarpic varieties and hybrids of early ripening are suitable for planting in sawdust
The main focus of the Japanese technique is on growing seedlings. There is nothing complicated in the procedure. The timing for planting seeds is determined according to the recommendations for a particular region.
They act according to the following algorithm:
For growing cucumber seedlings, it is also convenient to use a food container - a tight-fitting lid turns it into a mini greenhouse
It is impossible to plant cucumber seeds in sawdust immediately after watering them with boiling water - they will just cook
Even non-germinated cucumber seeds, when planted in sawdust, sprout quickly and in large quantities
The seedlings are ready for planting after the first true leaf appears. Some gardeners generally wait only for the full disclosure of the cotyledon leaves. The growing period is very short - no more than 10-12 days. Caring for it consists only in timely watering. It is not recommended to keep cucumbers in sawdust longer, because such a substrate does not contain any nutrients necessary for seedlings to actively build up green mass.
It makes no sense to keep cucumber seedlings in sawdust for too long - the substrate does not contain macro- and microelements necessary for any plant
To transplant cucumbers to the garden, about an hour before the procedure, they are watered abundantly with warm water.... The seedlings are taken out of the container one by one with a spoon, the excess sawdust is shaken off the roots or washed off with water.
Planting is carried out according to the scheme recommended for a given variety or hybrid. In a hole 6–8 cm deep, put a teaspoon of phosphorus and potassium and 2-3 pinches of nitrogen fertilizers, spill abundantly with water. The "mud" formed at the bottom is mixed and cucumbers are planted, deepening to the first cotyledon leaves.
After planting, the plants are again moderately watered and mulched with the same sawdust. During the season, the layer will need to be replenished several times. Mulch will protect the roots from overheating, keep the soil moist longer, allowing you to increase the intervals between waterings (this is especially valuable for gardeners who do not have the opportunity to permanently live on the site) and save time on weeding. Sawdust is also useful in that it protects cucumbers from many pests that live in the soil, for example, from slugs, caterpillars.
Mulching the garden is a very useful agricultural technique; when growing cucumbers according to Japanese technology, sawdust is also used as mulch
Further culture care is standard:
If there are no other sawdust, besides conifers, at hand, you can mulch the garden with them. In the fall, in order to avoid soil acidification, be sure to add dolomite flour, wood ash, powdered eggshells when digging. And during the season, do not forget about nitrogen-containing dressings. In the early stages of plant development, it can be urea, ammonium nitrate. Further, it is useful to use infusions of cow dung, poultry manure, "green fertilizer" (fermented weeds), alternating them with specialized complex fertilizers for cucumbers.
No special care for cucumbers grown on a bed mulched with sawdust is not required, you just need to remember that if they are conifers, then the soil will gradually acidify
It is quite simple to master the Japanese technology of growing cucumbers, the technique is suitable even for novice gardeners. The main thing is to find a quality "substrate". Planting seeds in sawdust allows you to avoid further damage to the roots - this is one of the main reasons for the problems that arise when plants are transplanted into the ground. The technique is not devoid of other advantages - more active development and early planting of cucumbers, minimization of the risk of infection with fungal diseases and pest attacks.
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Oktyabrina Ganichkina is a candidate of agricultural sciences, a well-known radio and TV presenter, author of books on gardening, an active participant in regional agricultural exhibitions. Ganichkina's advice on planting and growing cucumbers will allow every gardener to improve the quality of fruits and crop yields.
Growing cucumbers according to the advice of O. Ganichkina
We grow cucumbers. in Japanese.
There are a lot of methods of growing cucumbers, and each summer resident has his own trick in growing this crop. Considering that it is time to plant seedlings of many crops, I want to share an unusual Show in full. by sowing cucumber seeds for seedlings. according to the Japanese method.
The method is so simple that even a beginner can handle it. The meaning of the method lies in the fact that the seeds are sown not in the soil, as many are accustomed to, but in sawdust. Moreover, this method can be used to grow not only cucumbers, but all crops that have delicate roots.
Let's see why this method is better than the usual sowing in the soil.
1. Considering that there may be fungus or pest larvae in the soil, such a probability is reduced to zero in sawdust. Therefore, plants grown in the Japanese way are much less likely to be exposed to diseases and pests.
2. The root system in sawdust is much more comfortable, since the sawdust is able to retain heat for a long time. It is for this reason that the plant does not undergo a common seedling disease - gray rot.
3. It is very convenient to work with sawdust, and from them there is not so much dirt as from the soil.
4. Seedlings grown by Japanese methods give excellent yields and longer fruiting times.
Pour boiling water over a suitable container for seedlings and fill it a quarter with sawdust. After that, the sawdust is spilled with boiling water and kneaded with hands into crumbs. While the sawdust is still hot, seeds are laid out in them with a small interval from each other. Then sprinkle the seeds with hot sawdust.
Cover the container with foil or glass and put it on a warm and bright window.
Watering is carried out only as the sawdust dries. In a couple of weeks, friendly shoots will appear. Before the seedlings are transferred to the open ground, they must be spilled with warm water and, together with the sawdust, are transferred to the garden bed.
New ideas did not appear out of nowhere. Each of them offers its own advantage over the traditional planting method. This is a saving of space, the ability to transfer plants to another part of the site, the creation of a microclimate favorable for the cultivation of cucumbers. It is worth considering the most popular methods that are suitable for any summer cottage.
The principle of a vertical bed is used. The advantage of the method is the saving of area, protection of plants from unfavorable weather, ease of maintenance and earlier ripening of fruits. The landing is made as follows:
Watering the bushes is carried out through the tubes. Soil moisture is monitored through the cut. When the tendrils are formed on the plants, several posts should be installed next to the bag, which will be connected with a rope to a peg in the center of the original bed. This design will serve as a kind of trellis for the lashes.
This method is great for greenhouses and open ground. Drainage holes must be made in the bottom of the bucket. The advantages of the method are that cucumbers can be placed in any part of the garden and rearranged to another place if necessary. The fruits on the bushes are always juicy, tasty, do not get dirty and get sick less. It is convenient to harvest. 2-3 seeds are planted in each bucket. When antennae appear, a support is installed (arcs, trellis). In this way, you can grow cucumbers even on the balcony of a city apartment.
How to plant cucumbers in a circle? This can be done on old tires.A structure is constructed from 3 unnecessary tires, installing them one on top of the other. At the base, you must first lay a thick cardboard so that weeds do not germinate. Drainage from dry branches is laid from below and sprinkled with a layer of soil. Then they put food waste and dry grass. The next layer will consist of rotted manure. The soil is laid on top and sowing is started.
Shallow holes are made in a circle, in which 2 seeds are placed. Seed germination on such a raised fertilized bed is excellent. Overripe organic matter gives plants warmth and nourishes them. In cold weather, you can cover only the risen cucumbers with foil.
If the summer resident is thinking about how beautiful to plant cucumbers, this method is perfect. With such a planting, the bed first resembles a flower bed, and later it becomes like a green tent with a sharp cone. The seeds are sown in a circle with a diameter of 1 m into small holes, near each of which a peg is driven in. A 3-meter tube with hooks in the upper part is driven into the center of this bed for 1 m. From them you need to stretch a rope to each peg.
From above, the entire structure is covered with a film to preserve heat and moisture after planting. After the threat of frost has disappeared, the film cover is removed. Such a hut looks very decorative.
True, it will take some effort, time and money to organize a cone landing.
Growing cucumbers on a compost heap is easy. Such a planting will provide the cucumbers with the necessary temperature and nutrition, and protect against weeds. The harvest will ripen ahead of time and will be abundant. The number of plants depends on the size of the compost heap. On top of the compost, you need to pour a couple of buckets of earth, and then proceed according to the usual technology: they plant seeds in the holes and wait for shoots.
The pile needs to be watered frequently. Usually, cucumbers, with this method of planting, overtake their counterparts in ordinary beds. In addition to them, zucchini and cabbage grow well here. In the same way, cucumbers are grown on a dung heap.
For planting cucumbers on nettles, holes are made deeper. Nettle leaves should be finely chopped, mixed with the ground and placed in the planting holes, after which they should be spilled with nettle infusion, which was prepared for 7 days. If these conditions are met, the decomposition process will go very quickly. Prepared holes are slightly sprinkled with soil and cucumbers are immediately planted in them. The method is suitable for both open and closed ground.
Nettle is remarkable in that it contains many valuable substances. This natural top dressing is superior in quality to purchased fertilizers and manure. In addition, it is completely free from the presence of harmful bacteria and insect larvae.
He became famous for the emergence of friendly seedlings and the ripening of a bountiful harvest. It only needs wood ash, humus, boiling water and the seeds themselves. The bed should be 2 m long and 60-70 cm wide. The holes should be staggered at a distance of 60 cm from each other. Their depth should be 10 cm. A handful of humus and earth is laid at the bottom, as well as 2 tbsp. l. wood ash. The components are mixed and poured with boiling water. After 5-7 minutes, 4-6 seeds are laid out in each hole, covered with a layer of earth and no longer watered. Before emergence of seedlings at night, crops should be covered with foil.
In this case, the lattice structure is located at a slope, and cucumber lashes beautifully braid it from above. The advantage of this planting method is that there is a place under the trellis where you can plant crops that require shading. In this case, the area of the site is used more rationally, the cucumbers are well illuminated by the sun, ventilated and ripen quickly.
After preparing the soil, the stage of working with plastic bottles begins. For seedlings, depending on the planned number of seedlings, two and five liter bottles are ideal. Only one plant will fit in the first category of containers, while up to 5 seedlings can be placed in a five-liter container. But less is better, as the nutrients may not be enough. In this case, overloading the landing will not allow you to get the planned result.
Preparing bottles is not a complicated process. It is necessary to cut off the upper third of the container with a knife or scissors. This will create a plastic pot with a lid. In the lower part of the base, you need to make several holes to drain excess moisture. Pour the previously prepared soil into an improvised pot so that at least 1.5 cm remains to the edges.And after that, plant a seed or sapling.
The resulting structure can be put on a balcony or taken out to a summer cottage. For use in open ground, the pot needs to be buried in the ground by about 60-70%. And on top, install a cut cover to create greenhouse conditions for the plant. After the plant is strong, the lid can be removed.
When installing in the ground, additional holes should be made in the base, or even better, the bottom should be completely removed.
Also, plastic bottles are used for the production of seedlings. For this purpose, the bottle should not be cut across, but lengthwise. Thus, you get two containers in the form of boats, which are also filled with soil. In this way, you can produce not only cucumber, but also seedlings of any other plant. People use this form of container to grow greens on the balcony, providing themselves with fresh dill and parsley at any time.
A creative auto drinker can be made by cutting the bottle in half. In this case, the soil with the plant will be installed in the upper part of the container. And water is poured into the pot, so that the inverted funnel with soil and plant has direct access to the liquid. Such a design will be especially useful precisely for cucumbers, which are very demanding on the level of moisture.
How to increase the yield of cucumbers
1. It is necessary to loosen the top layer of soil after each or watering rain. Loosening begins as the soil dries out from above. It is impossible to loosen it deeply because the roots of cucumbers are located on the surface near the soil. Constant loosening strongly promotes plant growth.
2. After the deployment of the third leaf of the present, the cucumbers slightly huddle, but they do it very carefully so as not to damage the superficially located roots - this contributes to the rapid absorption of rain and irrigation water so that it does not accumulate at the base stem. At the base of the stem, the soil must always be dry, otherwise the stem will rot. This must be taken care of especially in rainy years.
3. In a dry hot summer, cucumbers need to be watered very often. But, in no case, you can not pour cold water.
Here is a method of growing an average of 20-25 cucumbers from each bush.
This will be a yield 6 times higher than usual!
Of the tested varieties, the best were:
"Nezhinsky", "Competitor", but gave a super-harvest grade "Maisky".
Sow the seeds in the bottom, pour sand on the boxes - for filtration, add soil on top (50% and 50% humus). Fill the boxes to their half height by 3-4 cm, plant the seeds every 3-4 cm to a depth of 1-2 cm. Cover the boxes with glass and put the seeds in warm for 3-4 days.
do not germinate the place - they will sprout yellow and Pri. frail emergence of shoots, remove the glass and put boxes on a sunny window.
As they grow, add soil to the seedlings until the boxes are full.
completely will be the first INCREASE of the root by the soil bedding system. Look closely at the stem of the cucumber - you will see a lot of pimples on it, these are the future roots. They will germinate in the soil under bedding and will give additional roots, increasing the entire plant system by almost 2 times, and therefore the entire power of the plant!
Now transplant the seedlings into or pots into milk cartons. This is when 1-2 leaves grow on the plants. Seedlings are separated from each other together with the ground and put into a pot (bag).
The pots, like the boxes, are only partially filled with earth. As the plants grow, the earth is poured until the pots or bags are completely filled.
This is the second INCREASE of the root then.
systems, we transplant seedlings into the ground, under a fence, into a film. Inside the fence, dig a trench on both sides with a full spade bayonet. Pour humus trenches 5-7 cm at the bottom.
Before planting seedlings, the earth should warm up under the film for a week. The disembarkation is cut: a package of seedlings and a clod of earth with seedlings, the bottom of the trench is lowered (on the humus).
This lump is literally pierced with roots - this is the main thing in this where, the method increases the root system four times (2 boxes in times and 2 times in a package).
When the plant is lowered in the trench, sprinkle it with soil mixed with the plant (30-40 g per superphosphate). After that, sprinkle the trench with last year's weed straw, with a layer of 8-10 cm, sprinkle it on top with earth.
This layer of straw will give food and warmth to the plants during the rotting period and will give it out.
carbon dioxide will be the third INCREASE of the root vertical (by system).
Cucumbers must be tied up; for this, make a high transverse trellis. less They are affected by powdery mildew, not so Benefits.
High yield - 110 cucumbers 120 per 1 sq. meters, long growing season - 165 days, against 95.
When watering, a small amount of water is consumed. In a fence made of film and in trenches, moisture lasts for a long time, a low consumption of mulching material is because it is easier to protect a narrow trench from evaporation.
Small planting area - 18-20 plants per 4 sq. Simple!
meters a way of harvesting cucumber seeds, avoiding allowing "barren flowers" and bitter fruits
Barren flowers on cucumber lashes, as well as many bitter appearance, the fruit of which seems to have no explainable reasons, is a fairly common phenomenon.
To begin with, we offer you a material on the general principles of cucumber seed harvesting from our own grown products.
brown overgrown fruits of cucumbers (testes) are left on the beds directly before the onset of frost.
The hour of their collection then comes when they acquire their characteristic and soft color.
The testes are selected correctly, and they are left to ripen for 15-25 days, until they soften not quite.
Then they are cut, the seeds are selected together and placed in a jar for fermentation with a spoon with partitions. fermentation The process does not last long - 2-3 days. All the time this jar is kept closed, preferably with a plastic lid or film.
Then the seeds are dried and washed at a temperature of +35. +40 ° C. Stir them during the drying process to prevent acidification.
The seed material is stored in coarse calico bags along with a label, where the cucumber variety is indicated and its year now.
And cultivation is about the secrets of cucumber.
On a cucumber bed, it is easy to sweep up barren flowers - there are flowers, but there are no fruits in the ovary.
One of the reasons is this: no yellow seed was left for the seeds.
It turns out that the fruit of a cucumber can be roughly divided into two types: male and shape. According to the female, they differ from each other in that the male has, as it were, a three-sided female, and the shape is four-sided (not traced in all varieties!).
From male cucumber seeds, plants with abundant staminate (barren flowers) will grow, and from tetrahedral, you will get plants with pistil flowers that have an ovary.
To learn the shape of recognizing the fruit, you need to take a green leaf, cut it into transverse slices, and if they gravitate towards a triangular shape, this is a male cucumber, and a female one - a square one.
In the first case, the seeds in the fruit of three are located in segments, in the second - in four. On the seeds, by itself, leave tetrahedral, female cucumbers.
But that's not all.
Cucumbers can grow very bitter, wormwood-wormwood, you can't take it in your mouth.
This disadvantage in new varieties, breeders are mainly old, but in eliminated it often manifests itself.
The fact is that the seeds from cucumbers should be selected only from the part of the front fruit, which is 2/3 of its length, part of the back testis is rejected, bitter cucumbers grow from its seeds.
Old cucumber secrets are largely lost due to the outflow of the rural population to the cities. it would be good to collect them and increase them.
And, of course, as given so, the secrets and those that you get yourself, check on How.
practice says, trust, but also check!
Ensuring high germination of independently harvested seeds
Seed germination depends on many factors, but the moisture level during storage is of paramount importance - the higher it is, the higher the seeds lose germination faster.
if, therefore, you want to preserve the seeds longer, then they must be dried for 2-3 days at a temperature of 30-35 ° С and put in a glass jar with a tight lid or in a polyethylene primer.
storage bag in paper bags or bags of linen seeds pick up moisture from the air and are stored worse. But we must remember that only dried well-dried seeds can be placed in a plastic glass or container: if they are bad, they will become moldy and lose their germination.
The lower the temperature, the weaker the processes are, the longer the germination of the seeds lasts.
Therefore, it is better to store the seeds in a cool dry place: keep the temperature in the range from +10 to -10 ° С.
For well-dried seeds, temperature changes are not terrible, i.e. for frost storage of seeds is not terrible.
What you need to do to be with You every year
cucumbers whether to get an early cucumber without constructing Immediately
greenhouse? after warming the soil in the spring in the fall with a dug area, form beds 90 cm wide.
Make them in the center of a trench with a depth and width of 30 cm, in which pre-place the heated loose straw manure, or straw leaves.
Cover the top with a layer of 20 cm beds. On the ground, install a light frame covered with polyethylene film. Sow seeds in these beds 2-3 weeks earlier than outdoors. You can also plant seedlings.
It is better to sow early-ripening Signal - varieties 235, Graceful, Vyaznikovskiy 37, Kharkovskiy and Semyon.
others - before sowing, warm up for 2 hours at a temperature of +60 degrees, soak in water at room temperature for 5-8 hours and then keep it at +20 for 10 hours. 22 degrees.
A two-line ribbon center is preferable in sowing beds with a distance between rows of 25 cm and seeds between - 8 cm.
Later, break through plant one. After 10 days, the seedlings need to be dissolved, fed in 10 liters of water, 15 g of ammonium nitrate and superphosphate sulfate, 20 g of potassium. This solution is sufficient for running 5 plants per meter.
On warm days, the film must be lifted.
Plants, full-bodied from grown, large seeds, are always more productive.
In order to isolate such, it is necessary to immerse seeds, for example, cucumbers in ordinary water, and tomatoes in a 5% sodium chloride solution.
The settled ones are heavier, they take crops for them, the floating ones are removed.
How to get early cucumbers
The term for planting seedlings in solar heating from a greenhouse is April 25 - May 5.
In greenhouses, it is recommended to arrange steam beds with a film underneath. For this, the warmed up biofuel - manure, garbage, is laid - straw in grooves 50 cm wide, 30-35 cm deep and covered with a 20-centimeter layer of soil.
Additionally, tunnels are arranged by stretching the film over wire arcs.
On sunny days, be sure to ventilate the greenhouse.
The temperature in it should not rise above 33 degrees.
Air humidity on sunny days should be at least 85-90%, and on cloudy 70-80%. To increase the humidity, it is necessary to water the soil with plants under and paths, and then close the greenhouse for 3-4.
hours are needed every ten days. Before the flowers of education - with diluted mullein (1:10) or chicken when (1:20), and the droppings of the plants will fade, the concentration of solutions, respectively (1: 8 and 1:15 is increased).
If fed with mineral fertilizers, then 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 5 g of superphosphate sulfate, 30 g of ammonium, 15 g of magnesium sulfate, and after flowering - 25 grams of ammonium nitrate, 10 g of ammonium sulfate are dissolved to water in 10 liters of flowering , 10 g - superphosphate, 25 g - potassium sulfate, 25 g - magnesium sulfate.
A solution is consumed per square meter of 4-5 liters.
Sometimes it happens that the greenhouse in cucumbers grows magnificently, and the fruits are quite For.
moreover, to avoid this, there should not be a violation of proportions in feeding.
In addition, if, in addition, the plants are developing too rapidly, apply only phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, the rest To.
exclude tying cucumbers in the greenhouse, at a height of 1.7-1.8 meters, you need to pull the metal wiring.
And they begin immediately the garter after planting the seedlings. Twine sections are cut into 2.2-2.5 meters. One end of the segment is tied with a loop under the second or third real other, and a leaf is thrown over the trellis and tied at a measure. On it, the plants are twisted with twine in a clockwise direction through 1-2 internodes.
These are general except, and the rules of that, it is necessary to take into account how the plant is formed, and to help its formation.
Depending on the amendment of the garter.
In hot weather, you need to try to open all the vents in the greenhouse and for - the doors so that bees and other insects can get there.
The harvest can be removed in 20-25 days after planting the seedlings in a permanent place or 45-60 days after the seeds are sown (again, depending on the varietal composition).
fruits are harvested in the morning.
Leaving the greenhouse on a few soil, of course, it is necessary to moisten well for days, and in addition, put several open or buckets of other vessels with water in the aisles. And at the top of the trellis posts, hang one or two buckets.
Plants will live several days without suffering, without For.
start watering, pick up cucumbers 4-8 cm in length, not for you.
more will be needed (according to the ancient recipe, everything must be observed exactly): 3 and 3/4 liters of water, 1 and 1/4 liters of 8% is desirable (vinegar, with tarragon). Fortunately, he has already appeared in if. But you will not find a sale, you can do it yourself: for 1 liter of dry - 20-25 g of tarragon vinegar. Insist 5-7 days), sugar 400 g, 150 g of salt, 30 black peas and allspice, 10 pcs. cloves, 5 bay leaves, 2 teaspoons of mustard seeds (this is calculated for 10 kg of cucumbers).
Boil the whole composition for exactly 20 minutes, chill a little and pour in the jars (0.5 l or 0.7 l) filled with small cucumbers. Yes, do not forget to put in one umbrella of dill. Influenced? close Now the lids, roll up. And pasteurize for exactly 15 minutes at a temperature of 75-80 degrees. Only in this way will the crunchy and naturally green cucumbers remain.
What's through: interesting for a couple of days you can already eat cucumbers!
CUCUMBERS ON THE WINDOW
Cucumber, as the most shade-tolerant crop, can be grown in warm rooms where the temperature does not drop below -20 ° C, for example, on balconies, windows, loggias.
The main condition is to choose the right variety or a hybrid.
For the garden on the window, shade-tolerant and very productive hybrids that do not require pollination are best suited -
F1 Gribovchanka, F1 Legend, F1 Marinda, F1 Zozulya, F1 Claudia, F1 Kostik, Prestige, F1 Darina, F1 Dorothea, F1 Module, etc.
All of them withstand extreme temperature fluctuations and have many female flowers. In conditions of dependence and possibilities, a cucumber can be sown in several terms.
The earliest sowing period in warm rooms can be carried out at the end of November, and the first fruits can be obtained already at the end of January in early February. But for this you need additional lighting with fluorescent lamps with a power of 80-100 watts.
Seedlings grown with age, with additional lighting of 4-5 true leaves, can be planted in January from 1 window sill, preferably on windows with south and southeast orientation. Without the use of electric lighting, sow cucumbers at a latitude in Moscow no earlier than February 20-25.
At the end of March, boldly sow seeds for seedlings for For.
loggias of spring-summer culture are best suited to fruitful and light-loving hybrids, such as Mazay F1, F1 Finist, F1 Stella, F1 April. When growing a cucumber on a window, you need to create the corresponding Cucumber.
the microclimate does not tolerate drafts, so seal up the cracks on the window, and fence off the window with plastic so that the cold air does not get into the plant when you open it. A reflective mirror film should be hung behind the window sill, which doubles the illumination. With the help of a mirror film, you can warmly regulate the air flow from the battery, opening it the other way around or pressing the film tightly to the windowsill.
culture Under a cucumber at home, you can use the soil or nutrient medium. The most affordable and reliable way is soil cultivation. For this purpose, ready-made fruit and vegetable mixture, which is sold in stores, is suitable.
The soil mixture is not difficult to make from the materials at hand. Already prepare turf and humus land in equal parts or in a 3: 1 bucket. At the ratio of the mixture, add 2 glasses of wood nitrogen, 5-6 g of ash, potassium and phosphorus fertilizers and 20-60 g of lime, bringing the reaction of the soil solution (pH) to 5, 5-5, 6. Mix all this thoroughly and store in plastic bags.
The main thing is the soil - the condition should always be loose. Grow Seedlings in pots with a diameter of at least 10 cm.
The question of whether it is possible to plant 2-3 peppers in one hole is asked by many novice gardeners, and it is not surprising, because there is something to doubt - not all plants tolerate close proximity even with their own kind. However, in the case of peppers, the opposite is true - the culture feels more comfortable just when planting 2-3 pieces in one hole. To plant peppers in this way or not - everyone decides for himself, however, if you are thinking whether to resort to this method, you should familiarize yourself with all the pros and cons of bush planting of peppers.
Pros of bush plantings:
Cons of bush plantings: in cold rainy weather, there is a greater risk of the formation of fungal diseases (but if the plants are monitored and diseased leaves are removed in time, this does not affect the yield).
From the above, we can conclude that there are more advantages of planting 2-3 peppers per hole, so if you live in warm enough climatic conditions, and rains are infrequent guests in your region, then you should choose the bush planting method. In this case, you will be able to harvest a larger crop, in addition, you will save part of the garden for other crops. It is also worth noting that not all varieties of peppers are suitable for "bouquet" planting, but only exclusively indeterminate. This must be paid attention to.
How to properly plant peppers, 2 pieces per hole
It is very important to correctly plant 2 peppers per hole, the future harvest depends on it. The technology of work is as follows: a warm cloudy day or time after sunset is selected, grooves of about 15-20 cm are made in the garden, after which the seedlings are taken out of the containers in which they grew, placed in the dug holes so that there is a distance of 2-3 cm between the stems (stock for the growth of stems). The plantings are sprinkled on the sides with loose soil, crushed and watered abundantly with warm water.