Detailed description of the pear variety August dew


In a wide variety of pear varieties, you always want to choose sweet, high-yielding, unpretentious and easy to care for.

This is August dew, which is loved by gardeners and farmers... Below is a description of the variety, advantages and disadvantages, how to choose the right seedling, plant and care.

Characteristics and description of the variety Avgustovskaya dew

August dew - a summer variety of pears... It grows in the Central Black Earth Region (since 2002). Obtained by crossing the variety Tenderness and Triumph Pakgama.

The resulting variety combines the positive features of the “parental” ones: from the Tenderness variety, resistance to disease and frost, high yield and excellent taste from the Triumph Pakgama variety.

The variety was bred by S.P. Yakovlev at the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants named after V.I. I. V. Michurin.

The height of the tree reaches three meters. Harvests annually, starting from the 4th year of planting in the ground. The yield is high, up to 200 kg / ha at the most fertile age.

The first harvest is about 15 kg per tree. Handles winters wellthat are characteristic of areas of germination.

Disease resistant... High ability to form shoots and buds.

Characteristics of the structure of the tree:

  • light gray color of the bark, smooth;
  • lowered crown with medium density;
  • straight branches. Arrangement of fruits on long and short rings and spears;
  • light brown, wide and curved shoots. A large number of small lentils;
  • conical buds of medium size, slightly bent to the side;
  • oblong ovoid leaves with a wedge-shaped base of dark green color. Average value. Serrated edges. Small saber-shaped stipules;
  • petioles of medium thickness and length;
  • white flowers are saucer-shaped, small. Sepals are long, directed towards the peduncle. The pistils are long - higher than the anthers. One inflorescence has 7-10 flowers.

Characteristics of the fetus:

  • the fruit is of medium size, weighing from 100 to 200 g. Pear-shaped, not ribbed;
  • smooth skin with dots. The color at maturity is green or greenish-yellow with a slight "blush" on a small area of ​​the fruit;
  • white and fine-grained pulp with a sour-sweet taste and delicate texture;
  • the peduncle is curved, long and wide enough;
  • small funnel has a conical shape;
  • small, closed cup;
  • the saucer is small, slightly widened, has a ribbed shape;
  • the core is large, onion-shaped;
  • medium-sized seeds, closed;
  • stick well to the tree;
  • ripening period - mid-August - September;
  • the storage and use period is two weeks;
  • pear for table purposes;
  • the best pollinator is the Pamyati Yakovlev variety.

Features and benefits:

  1. Winter hardiness and frost resistance.
  2. Not picky about droughts.
  3. High productivity.
  4. Early maturity.
  5. Excellent presentation.
  6. A small percentage of cases of damage to the tree by diseases or pests.
  7. The fruits are easily processed into preserves, jams and dried fruits. Good taste.

disadvantages: with high yields, fruit heterogeneity occurs.

The benefits and harms of pears

The benefits of pears August dew is great. It is useful for adults, children - does not cause allergies, intestinal discomfort and has a beneficial effect on the body.

Promotes increased immunity. One pear per day - prevention of colds.

Actively used in traditional medicine with cough, chills, inflammation of the genitourinary system, stone disease. A good helper in the fight against fungus, dermatitis.

In addition, the pear contains:

  • vitamin C (ascorbic acid) helps to strengthen the immune system and increase the elasticity of blood vessels;
  • vitamin K - a source of calcium;
  • vitamin B9 an active participant in the process of hematopoiesis;
  • cellulose useful for the gastrointestinal tract, because it lowers cholesterol levels and normalizes the intestinal microflora. Fights constipation. Improves appetite;
  • sulfur helps to strengthen hair and nails;
  • potassium performs a protective function of the heart and helps to restore cells. Prevents the appearance of edema;
  • cobalt supports the work of the thyroid gland, kidneys. It accumulates hemoglobin and helps in the rapid absorption of iron.

It should be noted that with a huge "set" of useful properties of a pear she can still harm... This applies to the use of fruit for gastritis, colitis and ulcers.

The danger is unripe, hard fruits for children and people of age.

How to choose the right seedling?

The choice of a seedling is a guarantee of a high yield. To choose the right seedling, you must adhere to these rules:

  1. The Avgustovskaya dew variety will take root and yield crops only in an area with favorable climatic conditions (central and southern regions with black soil).
  2. Buy seedlings only in special nurseries to avoid cheating and buying another variety or tree.
  3. It is worth paying attention to the roots of the seedling - fresh, not dry, not frozen. The longer (from 30 cm) and the more ramified the root system, the greater the likelihood of good survival of the seedling.
  4. If the root is cut, it should be white. A change in color indicates that the seedling is frozen or dried out.
  5. Examine the root carefully. The presence of swelling indicates disease (root cancer).
  6. The trunk is straight, not damaged.
  7. The age of the seedling is about a year or two.

Preparing to disembark

In addition to choosing a seedling, it is necessary to prepare the soil well to his landing - a guarantee of survival.

The Avgustovskaya Dew variety is unpretentious, but in order to get a good and sweet harvest, you should choose a sunny, windless place. It is worth choosing an elevated place, which is due to the intolerance of stagnant water.

Pre-fertilize for the future planting site (type, amount of fertilizer depends on the soil). Pear August dew has a small crown, so the distance between seedlings is 5 m.

Planting seedlings

It is necessary to plant seedlings autumn (early October) or spring (late April). Regardless of the season, the planting technology is the same:

  1. Prepare the pit. The hole is 1 m in diameter and 0.5 m deep. The roots should be located freely in it.
  2. Fill in fertilizers (humus, saltpeter, potassium).
  3. Spread the roots.
  4. Holding the seedling, put it in the hole, cover it with earth so that the root collar disappears underground, tamp it and water it.

Rules for tree and fruit care

After choosing the right seedling, preparing the soil and directly planting a young tree, care is important.

Land cultivation... Weed and loosen the soil as needed before watering.

Watering... About 5 times (in summer) a month (1 bucket - 1 tree). Watering should be done slowly so that all the water is absorbed into the pear hole and "watered" the roots. In a drought, it is better to water in the early morning and evening, half a bucket at a time.

Reduce watering by autumn and then stop. In the spring, start watering gradually. Water volume is adjusted for rainfall and season.

Pruning... Every spring, remove excess vertical shoots at a level of 0.5 m from the ground. Pruning in the fall can lead to the death of the tree - the cuts may not have time to tighten before the first frost. This does not apply to damaged and dry branches.

It is not worth neglecting tree pruning, because the size and sugar content of the fruits depend on this.

Top dressing... August dew loves organic fertilizers - manure, which contains all the substances necessary for a tree. It is worth bringing in no more than 2 kg of manure per 1 m2 of a near-trunk area.

Top dressing is best done in spring (March-April), annually. In the fall, after leaf fall, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers or the same manure.

Preparing for winter... In late autumn, the tree is treated with limestone mortar. This will protect the bark from sunburn and bark-loving pests.

In cold and little snowy winters, create additional, artificial heating by wrapping the trunk with non-woven material (agrofiber is perfect - it allows air, moisture and does not allow frost to pass through).

Harvesting falls in August-September, depending on weather conditions. The older the tree, the greater the yield.

Store pears no more than two weeks in a cool place and about three months in a cellar (in wooden boxes) or refrigerator.

Diseases and pests. Control methods

Despite the fact that August dew is a fairly resistant variety to pests, it is necessary to carry out prevention every spring... For this, both chemical agents (fungicides, insecticides) and folk (herbal infusions) are suitable.

When wounds and cracks with brown spots appear on the root (black cancer) it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and bark, capturing 2 cm of healthy areas. Treat with copper sulfate.

Noticing mealy spots on leaves and flowers it is necessary to remove the affected areas and treat with Topaz. Use colloidal sulfur when watering.

Remove fruit rot and will warn the appearance of the drug Oxyhom and a solution of borod liquid 1%. Process after flowering.

With insect pests it will help solution of Nitrafen, Kinmix, Spark, etc.

Gardeners reviews

“Finally this year the tree has borne its first fruits, the first two pears. August dew is a great variety according to reviews, but ...! These two pears are big, beautiful, but the taste is ... green! Not ripe, but in the yard in a week in October and frosts. Slavka. "

“Pear August dew is not a rather capricious fruit tree variety. Due to its high yield, early maturity and compactness of the tree, it can quickly gain respect. Compliance with the basic conditions of care will bring a rich harvest of delicious fruits. A pear is lighter than an apple tree. Very juicy. And almost everyone has a short keeping quality ... Filifonka. "

“I raised A. Rosa from a grafted cuttings, there was such a purchase at the forum in the old years. Sumakh, narrow-leaved sucker, shepherdia, robinia, growing nearby - everything froze to the root, but she somehow reached fruiting and did not sneeze. Filifonka. "

“Once I just wanted to plant the August dew, it was grown in our nursery. But then I talked to its director, he said that they had abandoned her - not winter-hardy in our conditions (east). lubov. "

“After the frosts, which suddenly returned, pear varieties froze in seedlings that supposedly have a high degree of winter hardiness: August Dew, Gratsia, Zimnyaya, Glazkova, Martian, Tenderness and Chizhevskaya. Aleksandr Kuznetsov."

With a wide variety of pear varieties the variety Avgustovskaya Dew has earned justified confidence... And not for nothing, because it has a lot of advantages.

This is resistance to frost, pests, unpretentious care, marketability and excellent taste.


Why the August dew pear is good and why it is worth growing

The summer variety of pears Augustowskaya dew has valuable economic and biological characteristics, thanks to which it has earned popularity among gardeners. The culture is grown mainly in the conditions of the Central Black Earth Region. However, given its resistance to severe frosts, the variety is also suitable for regions with more severe climates.

In the article we will talk about the advantages and disadvantages of the variety, the rules of planting and care.


Planting pears

The conditions for the successful cultivation and fruiting of the August dew pear are:

  • Lack of stagnation of water in the root zone. Wetlands and areas with high groundwater levels are excluded. This is due to the tendency of the pear to damp roots and stem.
  • Good illumination and ventilation in the absence of drafts and cold northerly winds.
  • Loose, drained soil rich in humus. The acidity level is pH 5.5-6.0, in extreme cases, pH 4.2-4.4 is suitable. But on alkaline soils, the pear will hurt and most likely die.

Summary: The best place to plant pears is on a southern or southwestern slope with natural protection from cold northerly and northeasterly winds. Thick trees, a fence or a building wall can act as such a fence, but the pear should not be in their shadow.

Due to the small growth of the August dew tree, the distance between neighboring plants in a group planting may be slightly less than usual. It is enough to observe the interval in a row of 3–3.5 m, and between rows - 4–4.5 m.

In the Central Black Earth Region - the August dew growing zone - seedlings are planted in early spring before the buds awaken. A tree planted at such a time will take root well by autumn and will get strong enough.

Selection and storage of a seedling

Experienced gardeners acquire seedlings for spring planting in the fall. At this time, the nurseries produce a mass excavation of planting material, which means that you can choose the best quality planting material. You need to give preference to seedlings at the age of 1-2 years.

For seedlings with a closed root system, age restrictions do not apply - at the time of purchase they may be 3-5 years old or more. They can be planted in a permanent place at any time - from April to October.

When choosing a seedling, you need to make sure that its root system is well developed, without any cones and growths. The bark of the trunk and branches must be smooth, healthy, free of cracks or other damage.

Well-developed roots should be free of outgrowths and bumps

For winter storage, the seedling is usually dropped in the garden:

  1. The roots of the seedling are covered with a layer of talkers (a creamy composition of clay, mullein and water) to protect them from drying out.
  2. They dig a hole 30–40 cm deep and 80–100 cm long.
  3. A small layer of sand is poured at the bottom.
  4. Lay the seedling obliquely with the roots on the sand, with the top on the edge of the pit.
  5. The roots are covered with a layer of sand and poured over with water.
  6. Before the onset of cold weather, the pit is completely covered with earth. Only the top of the tree remains on the surface.

For winter storage, the seedling is usually buried in the garden.

Planting pit preparation

The planting pit is a kind of food storage for the plant during the first years of its life. The poorer the soil, the larger the pit should be in size and quantity. On average, its dimensions are 70–80 cm in diameter and in depth, but on sandy soils they increase to 100 cm or more.

Drainage must be laid at the bottom of the pit, which will avoid stagnation of water on heavy soils. This layer of broken brick, crushed stone or expanded clay should be 10-15 cm thick.

On sandy soils, instead of drainage, a layer of clay is laid to retain moisture.

A nutrient mixture is prepared, consisting of equal parts of black soil, peat, humus, sand. Before mixing the components, add also 300-400 g of superphosphate and 3-4 liters of wood ash. The mixture is filled to the top with the mixture, after which it is covered with some kind of waterproof material so that the melt water does not wash out the nutrients.

Step-by-step instructions for planting a pear

  1. Dig up the plant and examine its condition. If damaged roots are found, cut them out with a pruner.
  2. Roots are soaked in water for several hours, you can add Kornevin, Heteroauxin, Epin or other growth and root formation stimulants there.

Before planting, the roots of the seedling are soaked in water

A few days after planting, the soil is loosened and mulched.


Flowering and pollinator varieties

By mid-May, white flowers are blooming on the curved peduncles of the pear, collected in inflorescences of 5-10 pieces.

Breeders reported low self-fertility of August dew. Gardeners in their reviews say that the culture does not require pollinators.

Opposite opinions are explained by the growth of pears in different climatic conditions, where the tree exhibits properties in varying degrees of severity.

Summer and late summer varieties are suitable for pollination of August dew:

  • In memory of Yakovlev
  • Marble
  • Cathedral
  • Commemorative
  • Lada.

The flowering dates partially coincide with the varieties Irista, Tyutchevka, Yeseninskaya.

Size of an adult tree

The Avgustovskaya Dew variety is distinguished by its dwarfism (2.5–3 m), which makes it easier to collect fruits and take care of the crop.

Planting pears increases the decorative effect of the site. Through the green, egg-shaped leaves, cranked, arched brown shoots, a smooth gray trunk, shine through. The drooping crown of medium density looks sophisticated and refined.

Description of fruits

Usually, gardeners are most interested in the description of the fruit - shape, taste, color. And this pear variety is one of the best in these indicators. The fruits of the August dew are large and juicy. The average weight of ripe pears is 120-145 g. And with good care, the weight of the fruit can increase to 190-195 g.

Another advantage of the Avgustovskaya Dew variety is that all fruits are of approximately the same size and weight, such a presentation is very much appreciated when selling the crop on the market.

Pears of this variety have a classic shape. Their skin is smooth, has no ribbing. In the process of maturation, the green skin acquires a yellowish tint. And on some fruits, a pinkish blush appears. A large number of small dots are clearly visible under the skin.

The fruits are attached to the shoots with thick stalks. The skin is dull, but smooth, practically not felt when eaten. The pulp of a pear is snow-white with a small graininess, in its center there is a seed chamber containing 4-5 small brown grains.

Ripe fruits have an excellent taste - sweet, juicy and at the same time tender, with a slight sourness. The pulp literally melts in your mouth. Experts consider this pear to be one of the best among table pear trees. Tasting assessment of ripe pears of the Avgustovskaya dew variety - 4.6 points out of 5 possible

The sweetness of this variety is attributed to a large amount of sugars - about 8.5%.

Also, these fruits contain the following substances:

  • pectins
  • tetratable acids
  • vitamin C
  • arbutin
  • P-active substances.

A set of these substances can be of great benefit to the human body, in addition, it gives a special taste to ripe fruits. And pears with such a composition of valuable substances can be given in the form of mashed potatoes from 5 months.

Taste qualities

The popularity of the variety Avgustovskaya dew is due to the harmonious sweet and sour taste of the fruit, juicy and melting texture, as well as a delicate pleasant aroma. On a five-point tasting scale, the taste of a pear is rated at 4.6 points.

Fruit storage

Pear August dew is very juicy and does not store for a long time. Gardeners have different opinions about the timing of the harvest. Some say that the first pear that falls to the ground is the indicator of the beginning of the harvest. Others advise not to wait for full ripeness, but to remove the fruits two weeks earlier, and then store in a cool place. Still others advise paying attention to the color of the seeds: dark - it's time to shoot.

In a cool place, pears can be stored for no more than two weeks, but only if they are plucked from a branch, and not a carrion.

Pears should not be left on the tree for a long time. In the fruits of this variety, the pulp darkens if it is overripe. Therefore, the presentation is deteriorating.

Features of the variety

The harvested crop has a universal purpose - it is used for preparing baby food, fresh, for cooking preserves, jams, compote. Experts do not recommend drying ripe fruits of this variety, since they are too juicy.

Pears perfectly tolerate transportation at any distance, without losing their presentation and taste, they can be stored for a long time - up to 2 months in room conditions, and in a cool cellar, pears of the "August Dew" variety lie for up to 5 months.

This pear tree is distinguished by its high endurance and frost resistance. This pear is not afraid of cool rainy seasons or extreme heat. And after damage or light frostbite, the August dew pear is restored within a short period of time.


The Avgustovskaya dew variety was bred at the Michurin Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding. The author is S.P. Yakovlev, for his experiments he used materials of the Triumph Pakgama and Soviet Tenderness varieties. The result is a successful variety with a lot of attractive qualities.

Pear August dew is a typical summer variety with appropriate characteristics. This is the fast ripening of fruits and the versatility of their use. The variety is undersized, fast-growing and resistant.

Tree characteristics

The growth of the August dew tree reaches 3 meters, no more. This makes growing and harvesting much easier. The crown is pyramidal, drooping, medium in thickening. The foliage is dark green, the flowers are pale white, collected in inflorescences of 10 pieces.

Description of fruits

August dew has a regular, pear shape. The shade of the fruit is green, slightly covered with a yellow-orange blush. Fruits are medium in size, sometimes slightly large. Their purpose is dessert:

Pollination and reproduction

The tree is not self-fertile, although in some sources this is exactly what they say about the Augustow Dew variety. In order for the ovaries to be as large as possible, it is necessary to plant a pollinator next to it, which blooms at the same time.

  • Clappa
  • Muscovite
  • Yakovlev's favorite.

Reproduction

Forms and subspecies

The pear, when grown on a trunk, has a fairly high winter and drought resistance. But even when growing a variety on a rootstock, these qualities are preserved. The tree is medium-sized, grows quickly to the desired size, but does not differ in early maturity.


Pest and disease control

Julienne August mold is resistant to common diseases such as scab, but several other diseases as well as pests can be affected.

Table: pear diseases and their treatment

Tables: Insect Pests and Control

Photo gallery: Pests and diseases of fruit trees

Caterpillars eat up all the pulp of the leaves, and sometimes damage the fruit

Hawthorn caterpillars feed not only on leaves, but also make nests for the winter.

The mite causes premature drying and leaf fall

Rust can be caused by juniper

B Septoria leaf blight is a fungal disease that affects leaves and fruits


Testimonials

The description and photo of the August dew pear indicate that it has thick shoots with a large number of lentils. The leaves are medium in size, they are dark green in color, with a serrated edge of medium length. The flowers are small, white, in each inflorescence of 7-10 pieces. According to gardeners, this variety is distinguished by its rapid growth and shoot formation. He wakes up perfectly in the spring and is a little sick.

According to fruit lovers, the plant produces sweet and tasty medium-sized fruits. They look beautiful and make good jams, preserves and compotes from them.

According to breeders, this is an unpretentious variety with high yields and wonderful taste. Thanks to this, many summer residents choose it, as it is an excellent option in order to get good harvests every year.

Summer residents fell in love with this plant for its compactness, because often there is not much space on the garden plot to grow a large number of fruit trees. The main "disadvantage" that both gardeners and summer residents distinguish is that there are always few fruits, they are so tasty. No matter how many of them grow, there is always not enough.


Watch the video: Pears How-to and Varieties


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