Until recently, it was believed that such a beautiful, but very capricious flower, like an orchid, was impossible to grow at home. However, today it is quite successfully grown by a large number of flower growers. But in order for such a flower to live for a long time and delight with its unique beauty, it is necessary to learn how to properly care for it.
Wanda is considered a royal orchid. A name such as "Vanda" has Sanskrit roots. This plant is also called in India. This species was named in this way by Sir William Jones in 1795. This orchid is of high value. This plant crosses easily and therefore has many hybrids.
Wanda is an epiphytic plant that has aerial roots. It prefers to grow on rocks as well as trees, but not on the surface of the ground.
This genus has a monopodial ("one-legged") character of growth. That is, the vanda stem grows exclusively upward and can reach several meters. This genus unites about 25 species of various plants.
This plant in natural conditions can be found in Thailand, in the East and North of India and in the South of China.
It has a fairly pronounced stem, which is completely covered with cylindrical leaves. Peduncles appear from the axils of the leaves. They bear a lot of fairly large flowers (diameter from 8 to 10 centimeters), which can be painted in different color shades, the main ones are: lilac, pink, and also blue. On the surface of the flowers, there are streaks of a darker color, which are similar to the mesh. The plant blooms for a long time, usually up to 12 weeks.
In order for the wanda to grow and develop normally, she needs special conditions of detention and proper care.
This is a fairly light-loving plant, but you should not allow direct sunlight to fall on the foliage, as they can cause burns. If there is too little light, the plant may not bloom. The duration of daylight hours all year round should be about 12 hours. Such an orchid prefers diffused, but bright lighting. If necessary, the vanda can be supplemented with fluorescent lamps. In the summer, when the temperature outside is at least 16 degrees, it is recommended to move the flower to fresh air. First, it must be placed in partial shade, and gradually it must be accustomed to sunlight.
The fact that there is enough light for a plant can be understood by the color and size of the foliage. The color should be normally green. So, if the leaves are dark green - the plant does not have enough light, if they are pale green, yellowish - the lighting is too intense. In the case when the last pair of leaves is longer than the penultimate one, the lighting is made more intense, and when, on the contrary, the penultimate pair is longer, then the illumination is reduced.
Loves warmth very much. So, when grown in the middle lane, vanda requires a temperature of 18 to 30 degrees during the daytime and at least 16 degrees at night. It should be remembered that the higher the temperature in the room, the higher the humidity required by the plant. And the frequency of airing should also increase.
To stimulate flowering, the plant shows differences in daily temperatures. In this case, the temperature difference can reach up to 10 degrees.
It is recommended to grow this kind of orchid with a bare root system, which promotes better air circulation. You can also grow in a special substrate, which consists of crushed pine bark and various impurities.
This plant needs wet and dry cycles, which should be alternated. When it's hot outside, you need to water the vanda once a day, and in the cold season - once every 1-2 days (preferably before lunchtime). There should be no stagnation of water near the root system.
Such a flower can be watered in several ways:
Orchid: Wanda. Watering and fertilizing.
Top dressing of this flower consists in moistening it from a sprayer or soaking it in water, which is 5 or 6 degrees warmer than the air temperature. This procedure is carried out in the morning, and on hot summer days also at noon. It is forbidden to moisturize the plant in the evening or at night, as this can provoke the development of the disease.
Fertilize the vanda once a month with mineral fertilizers. All components of the fertilizer should be taken in equal proportions. 13 grams of finished fertilizer is dissolved in 10 liters of water. The plant is fed during watering. Young specimens, if desired, are fed once every 1-2 weeks.
To understand if you are fertilizing the vanda correctly, you need to pay attention to its appearance. With a lack of nutrients, flowering is weak. If the plant is overfed, it becomes lethargic, and the upper part softens. Pay attention to the young leaves, on their surface there is a pale green stripe about a centimeter wide. A narrower strip indicates a lack of fertilizer, and a wide one (up to 2 centimeters) indicates an excess.
Before replanting this orchid, you should inspect the root system and remove rotten parts. This must be done while the roots are dry. Systematic transplantation is required for young plants, and for those with very long roots it will be difficult to take root in a fresh substrate.
The plant needs an urgent transplant if:
Wanda. The best way to land!
Seed propagation is used only under laboratory conditions. When grown in an apartment, Vanda can be propagated vegetatively. To do this, separate ½ part of the upper section of the stem and plant it in the ground. It must be placed in a shaded, warm place and ensure regular spraying (once a day). Do not water. Places of cuts are treated with crushed charcoal.
Wanda can contract the following diseases:
This species has a large branched stem, which can reach 3 meters in height, as well as a large number of roots. Rolled leaves reach 20 centimeters in length, and their diameter is only 3 millimeters. On the peduncle there are from 3 to 6 flowers of a fairly large size, so they can reach 10 centimeters in diameter.
Sepals and petals with wavy edges have a rounded or rhomboid shape. The lip (several petals fused with each other) has a three-lobed shape. The wide wedge-shaped central lobe has a purple color, and the side lobes are painted yellow with reddish dots on their surface.
Blooms in October.
Its straight stem can reach 100 centimeters in height. There are a large number of roots. The toothed belt-like leaves in the upper part have an oblique cut. The racemose inflorescences can be oblique or straight, and they grow exclusively upward. The peduncle carries from 6 to 15 large (up to 10 centimeters in diameter) lavender flowers, and a mesh pattern is placed on their surface.
Wide ovate or cinched sepals taper towards the base. The small lip stands out for its rich color. This plant blooms in October – November.
Its straight stem can reach a height of 150 to 200 centimeters. Belt-like long leaves grow in 2 rows. The peduncle can have from 7 to 10 fragrant flowers of large size. They are creamy or white in color and have brownish spots on their surface.
Egg-shaped petals and sepals have wavy edges. The claw is wide. The three-lobed lip is similar in size to the flowers. The guitar-shaped central blade is large enough and is colored pink or purple. The side blades are small enough. Such a plant blooms from October to January, as well as in May and June.
The orchid flower is very original. This exotic miracle will decorate the interior of any house or apartment. The beautiful orchid bloom depends on home care. If you properly follow the flower and avoid mistakes during cultivation, then the beauty will delight its owners all year round.
The homeland of the exotic plant is the tropical and subtropical forests of Asia, Indonesia, Australia, South America. Thanks to breeders, hybrids that grow well at home have appeared on the shelves of flower shops.
Spectacular orchid with a straight stem up to one meter, leaves are arranged in pairs, length - 30–35 cm. Peduncle 60 cm long, on which 10 or more buds bloom. The petals are round and convex, can be blue, blue, purple with white spots in the form of a mesh.
A fairly large specimen can grow up to 1.5–2 meters. The stem is straight and firm, with long bilateral (35–40 cm) leaves. The flowering arrow is 25–30 cm long, with 6–8 buds on it.
The color of the flowers is varied:
The petals resemble a hanging drop with reddish-brown blotches.
A popular hybrid obtained by crossing Sandera and Wanda blue. The stem is high, the leaves are green, grow in two rows, 8–12 buds ripen on the flowering arrow. The petals are pink, blue, purple, with white blotches in the form of a lattice. Wanda Rothschild blooms from one to one and a half months.
The original plant has a stem of 45–50 cm. The leaves grow in twos.
On the peduncle up to 14 buds. The petals are round, purple.
A beautiful plant with white buds. Homeland - Philippines. Small specimens - about 30–35 cm. A very beautiful orchid does not cause any trouble to care for.
The Wanda orchid does not have a dormant period, therefore, with proper care, it pleases with flowering several times a year. The flowering period lasts 1 to 3 months. In conditions of short daylight hours, plants need to arrange additional lighting using several lamps: red, blue and standard LED.
Alone, they do not give any effect, therefore, these lighting devices must be used exclusively in combination.
The breeding process for precious orchids is not complicated. There are several options for this procedure: cuttings, stem elements, bush division. The latter method is used when transplanting a flower. The bush that has grown is divided into parts, each of them must contain at least 3 processes. Planting of planting material is carried out in a previously prepared soil.
Cutting propagation can be carried out throughout the year, however, the best period for such a procedure is from April to June.
The apical cutting should have 3 leaves and at least 2 nodes. To prevent the plant from rotting, the wound should be treated with crushed coal, followed by drying. The rooting process is carried out using moss. The stalk is buried in the soil to the base of the foliage, after which the planted plant is covered with a jar.
According to some gardeners, rooting of cuttings is possible when they are immersed in water, which should be changed according to the degree of its turbidity.
For best results, add some activated carbon to the liquid.
Then the leafless stem is rooted, for this it must be cut into segments so that each of them has several internodes. The resulting wounds need to be treated with crushed activated carbon. Then the parts of the orchid should be laid horizontally on moistened moss. The plant does not require deepening; it is enough to press it in a little.
For a video on caring for precious orchids, see below.
See the video on transplanting a precious orchid below.