Rhipsalidopsis


The Ripsalidopsis plant is a representative of the rather extensive Cactus family. Such an unusual name "ripsalidopsis" is translated as "wicker bush". Often this plant is also called Hatiora.

In nature, this cactus can be found in the tropical latitudes of South America, and it prefers to grow in the thickets of the forest. This plant is most widely distributed in Ecuador and Brazil. Rhipsalidopsis is an epiphytic plant, which means that it parasitizes large trees. However, sometimes the cactus grows into the moss, while its further life passes on its own.

Such a plant is often called the "Easter cactus" among the people. This is directly related to the fact that its flowering is observed in springtime, or rather, in April and May. It is at this time that Easter falls, which is one of the main holidays of Christians.

What is different from the Decembrist (zygocactus)

Outwardly, the Decembrist and Ripsalidopsis are very similar. And they differ from each other in the period of flowering. As mentioned above, ripsalidopsis blooms in spring, and zygocactus - in winter, or rather, shortly before the New Year.

There are other differences that make it easy to tell one plant from another. This is especially important when buying Ripsalidopsis, since an unscrupulous seller may well sell you a Decembrist instead.

Differences:

  1. Zygocactus bloom is observed from December to January.
  2. Ripsalidopsis blooms from April to May.
  3. In the Decembrist, the protrusions on the stems are jagged, and in the Ripsalidopsis they are smoothed.
  4. The dormant period of Schlumberger is observed in February – March, and for the second plant, from the second half of October to January.

The ripsalidopsis bush has a height of no more than 0.3 m. The shoots include slightly ribbed or smooth oval segments that are fleshy to the touch. The maximum length of each segment is about 60 mm, and the width is up to 30 mm.

The bush forms many shoots. On the uppermost segments, small areoles are formed, which are the rudiments of flower buds. Thin air roots are located between the segments. In nature, these roots are used by the cactus to fix it on a support. Semi-double flowers are star-shaped. Each areola can form from 1 to 3 flowers. The shoots are colored emerald green. However, if the direct rays of the sun fall on the bush for a long time, then a burgundy thin border appears along the edge of the shoots.

Rhipsalidopsis, its differences from Schlumberger (Rozhdestvennik)

Ripsalidopsis care at home

Watering

When watering indoor Ripsalidopsis, you need to pay attention to the following points:

  1. During the period when the bush begins to bloom, it needs to provide abundant moisture to the substrate in the pot.
  2. After the surface of the soil mixture dries out by about 20 mm, it is necessary to water it. To do this, use passed through a household filter or soft water.
  3. After the bush has faded, the frequency and abundance of watering should be reduced. With the onset of the autumn period, watering should become even more rare and scarce.
  4. After some time after watering, be sure to pour the liquid that has drained into it from the pan. Remember that low air temperatures combined with stagnant water in the substrate can cause root rot.

Illumination

Since this cactus is found naturally in tropical forests, it reacts negatively to direct sunlight. The best option for placing it will be an east or west window sill. If the ripsalidopsis is on the south window, then it will need mandatory shading from the scorching sun's rays, for example, you can use a paper screen.

The flower can also be placed on the northern windowsill. In this case, it will not die, but its decorative effect will decrease. Do not forget to systematically rotate the container with the bush around its axis, this will help to ensure that the shoots are evenly pulled. Also remember that the bush will bloom more poorly on the north window.

Please note that you can only rotate the bush around its axis or rearrange it to another place before the buds start to form. When the buds are formed, the bush should never be disturbed. Otherwise, not only buds will fly around him, but also flowers.

Temperature regime

Rhipsalidopsis reacts extremely negatively to sudden changes in temperature:

  1. Throughout spring and summer, the optimal air temperature for such a flower is from 18 to 20 degrees. The plant reacts extremely negatively to prolonged heat. Move the bush as far away from the operating air conditioner as possible.
  2. With the onset of September, the bush is rearranged to a cooler place (from 10 to 12 degrees). If it is difficult to find a suitable place for Ripsalidopsis in the apartment, then it can be transferred to the loggia or balcony, but only if there is an opportunity to provide the bush with a suitable temperature regime.
  3. The dormant period lasts from October to February. Throughout this time, the cactus should be in a cool place - from 12 to 15 degrees. This promotes lush bloom in the next season.

Air humidity

The homeland of such a cactus is Ecuador and Brazil, or rather, their rugged tropical forests. They are distinguished by high air humidity throughout the year, and this is all because heavy rains regularly pour there, and tall dense trees trap wet fumes. That is why Ripsalidopsis needs high air humidity:

  1. Moistening the bush from a spray bottle is carried out in the morning and evening. In doing so, remember that water droplets should not fall on the flowers, as this will lead to the formation of brown specks. During the day, spraying the bush is not carried out, since if the sun's rays fall on the water droplets, this will lead to burns, the overgrowth of which occurs extremely slowly.
  2. At a time when the cactus is not blooming, on hot days it is regularly given a warm shower. Since the stems of the plant are characterized by increased fragility, the pressure of the jet should be weak. Otherwise, the segments may break off.
  3. During the dormant period, it will be enough for hygiene purposes to regularly wipe the shoots with a soft, damp sponge. It is also recommended to put a container with a flower in a wide and deep pallet, which is filled with wet expanded clay or artificial moss. Make sure that the filler is always wet by regularly adding a little water to the pan. Make sure that the bottom of the pot does not come into contact with water.

Substrate

Ready-made soil mixture can be purchased at a specialized store. In this case, it is important to take into account the pH of the substrate (see packaging). Its optimal indicator for such a cactus is pH 5.5–6.

The soil mixture should be good for air permeability, be loose, and large pieces of organic matter should be present in its composition. To prepare the substrate with your own hands, you need to combine leafy soil (garden humus), sod soil (an insignificant clay content is permissible) and fine gravel (crushed washed crushed stone) in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. A little zeolite, crushed charcoal or small brick chips are added to the finished substrate. A well-mixed soil mixture is acidified with superphosphate.

Ripsalidopsis transplant

Ripsalidopsis should be transplanted immediately after it blooms or just before the formation of buds. While the plant is young, this procedure is carried out regularly once a year, and each time the pot is replaced with a new one, the diameter of which should be 10–20 mm larger than the old one. Adult bushes are transplanted less often, or rather, once every 2 or 3 years.

The pot should be low but wide. The fact is that the root system of such a plant is usually superficial. Remove the cactus from the pot and carefully remove the old potting soil from its roots. Place the bush in a new container and fill any voids with fresh soil mixture, the surface of which should be lightly tamped.

Ripsalidopsis transplant.

Fertilizer

Fertilizers for cacti and succulents can be purchased at a specialist store. At the same time, for Ripsalidopsis, a fertilizer with a low nitrogen content is needed. If there is a lot of nitrogen in the substrate, then this will provoke the appearance of rot on the root system. The optimal combination of elements in the fertilizer:

  • 18 - phosphorus;
  • 9 - nitrogen;
  • 24 - potassium.

They begin to apply fertilizer to the substrate in spring and continue to do this throughout the growing season. During the dormant period, the cactus does not need feeding.

Pruning

Cut the bush when it is 3 or 4 years old. At this time, the stems become elongated, and they tilt strongly downward. As a result, there is a noticeable denudation of the central part of the plant. The shortening of the stems is carried out at the border of the junction of the segments. In ampelous species, if necessary, shortening of shoots is also carried out. In this case, the remaining trimmings, if desired, can be rooted.

Over time, new segments appear on the upper parts of the shoots, on which the apical areoles are formed. In the future, buds and flowers will appear on them. And the lower part of the stems after pruning will be neat and even.

Bloom

As a rule, Ripsalidopsis blooms in the spring. Moreover, some of the varieties are distinguished by a rather long flowering. However, there are species and varieties that bloom magnificently, but only for a few days.

Some growers are faced with the fact that the bush stops growing and does not form buds. As a rule, this is due to too poor lighting or the fact that the plant suffers from a lack of nutrients. If the problem was noticed at the very beginning of the spring period, then transfer it to a more suitable place and feed it. In this case, the plant can still please you with flowers, but later than usual. From the beginning of the formation of buds and until the end of flowering, the bush is forbidden to rearrange or even turn around its axis. Otherwise, the buds and flowers may fly around.

Often, Ripsalidopsis does not bloom due to the fact that it was not provided with the correct dormant period in the cold season. If the temperature regime was violated or the substrate in the pot was moistened excessively, then the buds on the bush may not form.

RIPSALIDOPSIS (Easter cactus). Features of care for lush flowering.

Reproduction methods

Three methods are used for propagation of homemade ripsalidopsis: cuttings, seeds and grafting on the rootstock of the prickly spiny (leaf cactus). Moreover, the latter method is suitable only for experienced florists.

Growing from seeds

In order to grow a cactus from seeds, you need a mini greenhouse. Prepare the soil mixture by combining coarse washed river sand and leafy nutrient soil (1: 1). Seed material retains good germination for a long time, so even last year's seeds are suitable for sowing.

Sowing of seed is carried out in a pre-moistened substrate. From above, the crops must be covered with glass or film. Provide regular ventilation. After the appearance of the seedlings, the shelter is removed. A pick in individual pots is carried out only after the seedlings grow up and get stronger. For planting, use a soil mixture for adult plants (see above). In order for the bush to grow lush. it is recommended to plant 3 or 4 plants at once in one pot.

Cuttings

After performing formative pruning, you should be left with pruning that can be used as cuttings. To begin with, the apical shoots are left in the open air for drying. Fill a container with a damp substrate and place the cuttings on top of it. You do not need to bury them. Wait for the cuttings to grow roots. Then they are planted in 3 or 4 cuttings in one pot.

RIPSALIDOPSIS. Reproduction, transplantation, rooting of cuttings, color mutation

Diseases and pests

Most often, scale insects, mealybugs, spider mites and false scale insects settle on Ripsalidopsis. Such pests can be found on the seamy surface of the shoots. If there are few of them, then you can get rid of them with a solution made from laundry soap. All shoots are rubbed with it. An infusion of calendula or garlic is also suitable for this purpose.

When treating cactus from pests, cover the surface of the substrate with a film. Also, don't forget to rinse the windowsill with a disinfectant solution. It is more convenient to treat a large bush with an aerosol insecticide, which can be purchased at a specialized store.

Since this plant is quite hygrophilous, it is susceptible to damage by various bacterial and fungal diseases. In a diseased plant, the stems acquire a pale gray tint, and weeping slippery specks appear on their surface. At the initial stage of the disease, the plant is treated with a solution of a fungicidal preparation. Healthy stems of a severely affected kumt are cut off and rooted. Only in this way you will definitely be able to save Ripsalidopsis.

Types of ripsalidopsis with photos and names

Rhipsalidopsis Gartner (Rhipsalidopsis gaertneri)

This cactus is presented in the form of a shrub, while its drooping shoots are colored green. The plant is not tall - about 20-25 centimeters. Compared to other species, its segments are the narrowest and longest. Their width is about 20-25 mm, and their length is up to 70-80 mm. On the edge of each segment there are 3-4 rounded protrusions. Areoles are located on the protrusions of the uppermost segments, they have pubescence, consisting of brown villi.

The opening of the buds occurs gradually, while the beginning of flowering occurs in mid-April. The base of the flowers is bell-shaped, the petals pointed at the tops can be painted in crimson or scarlet. Today there are many varieties that differ from each other in the color of the petals, for example:

  1. Nina... The buds and flowers are painted in a lilac shade.
  2. Eliza... Such a plant has burgundy buds, and the flowers themselves are carmine.
  3. Sirius... The variety stands out for its snow-white flowers.

Rhipsalidopsis rosea

The shoots of this bushy plant are rich green, while they retain their shade in any light. Segments that are not very large are usually flat, but they can also be slightly ribbed. In diameter, the flowers reach about 60 mm, while they have a very attractive pink color. The flowers are distinguished by a bell-shaped base and petals, which are pointed at the top. The petals are slightly bent down.

Rhipsalidopsis Aurigia orange

This plant is very similar in shape to zygocactus in its segments. Its rather long drooping stems consist of short segments. The flowering of such a cactus occurs later than that of all other species. The flower petals are colored bright orange. Often you can meet specimens whose petals are colored red along the edge, while the middle is orange.

Rhipsalidopsis Andromeda (Rhipsalidopsis Andromedia)

The form of this variety is bushy. It has long stems of a dark green hue. The cactus is highly decorative throughout the year. During flowering, the bush is decorated with large flowers, painted in a shade of fuchsia, while their center is orange.It differs from other species and varieties in very long flowering.

Rhipsalidopsis King's dream

This variety was born thanks to the work of breeders. This ampelous plant is decorated with long hanging stems. During flowering, deep pink flowers appear on them, and the petals have an orange border. The bush looks spectacular in a hanging planter.

Rhipsalidopsis White magic

To obtain this variety, Gartenra's Ripsalidopsis was used. A low bush does not exceed 0.3 m in height. Medium-sized segments have rounded projections. Thick fleshy segments are dense. During flowering, the plant is decorated with snow-white flowers. Lush flowering, but short-lived. In order for the bush to retain its decorative effect and bloom longer, it is recommended to pick off wilted flowers in a timely manner.

How to distinguish Ripsalidopsis from Schlumberger? / flower Decembrist


Rhipsalidopsis: how to properly care for an Easter cactus

The flower is native to the rainforests of South America. It is much easier to get moisture from the air there than in the desert or savanna, so there is no need for thorns. Instead, Ripsalidopsis grew aerial roots and learned to use trees and stumps as support.


Description of homemade ripsalidopsis

The indoor flower grows up to 30 cm, its branched stems are thickened ribbed segments of a pale green color, reddish shades appear on their edges in sunlight. Flowers bloom at the tips of the segments in shades of burgundy, red, pink, white.

The buds open gradually, you can enjoy the view of Ripsalidopsis, pleasing with its beauty for several days, as in the photo of the best glossy magazines. After flowering, berries are formed on it. The houseplant is unpretentious, but requires special attention.


Ripsalidopsis care at home

Ripsalidopsis flower will bloom profusely and demonstrate visual beauty under favorable conditions. In the process of leaving, growers should take into account the following parameters:

  • room temperature
  • lighting intensity
  • soil condition
  • the frequency of feeding (and whether they are necessary)
  • features of the transplant.

All steps must be completed in a timely manner.

Room temperature and lighting

Succulent Ripsalidopsis home care, which must take into account the origin of the plant, does not like prolonged exposure to direct sunlight. At the same time, the room temperature is important.

Important! The cactus does not like sudden changes in temperature. He can get sick and die.

Key indicators to consider:

  • in summer and spring, for comfortable conditions, temperature values ​​of 18-20 degrees are required
  • prolonged heat for a succulent is destructive
  • from air conditioners and other devices for creating a microclimate in an apartment, the plant must be removed a considerable distance
  • in the first weeks of autumn, it is recommended to reduce the temperature to 10-12 degrees
  • in houses and apartments, it is necessary to take out containers to a loggia or balcony to regulate the growing season.

The dormant period for the cactus is October - February. It is recommended to maintain indicators in the range of 12-15 degrees during these months. This is necessary to ensure abundant flowering and powerful shoots for the next year.

With regard to lighting, the florist should take into account the following recommendations:

  • exclude direct sunlight
  • put pots on east or west windows
  • create a shade in the daytime (cover the window with a light cloth or use a paper screen).

If the container is placed on a northern windowsill, then for a sufficient amount of light, it is recommended to turn the pot in different directions during the day to the largest light source. In this case, the flowering will be moderate. You need to continue turning the plant until the buds appear.

Soil and top dressing

Ripsalidopsis will bloom beautifully and not hurt if you feed and change the soil in a timely manner. Ripsalidopsis plant, its growth and reproduction at home depend on the condition of the soil and the timely introduction of dressings. In order to care properly, it is recommended to choose a ready-made soil composition.

The acidity of the substrate is mandatory. Optimal pH values ​​are 5.5-6. The soil should be loose in order to increase the amount of moisture and air entering. The composition should also contain large lumps of organic matter.

Note! If the soil for a flower is made on its own, then it should consist of 1 part of sod land with a slight interspersed with clay, 2 parts of garden humus (leafy soil) and 1 part of fine stone (gravel). You can also use washed and crushed gravel.

To improve the quality of the composition, it is recommended to add a little charcoal powder, zeolite or small brick chips. All components must be thoroughly mixed together. To regulate acidity, a little superphosphate should be added to the soil.

Top dressing is essential to maintain the health and strength of the plant. This exotic species requires formulations with little nitrogen. Its increased content leads to decay of the root system. According to the indicators, the composition of dressings should be in%:

  • nitrogen - 9
  • phosphorus - 18
  • potassium - 24.

Bright flowers decorate the interior

The time of the first dressings is in the spring (growing season). The last time to feed the cactus should be in the fall (before the dormant period in October). In the summer, you need to supplement the composition of the soil 2-3 times. In winter, feeding is not carried out. Cutting off the stems is not required until the plant reaches 4 years of age.

Transplant features

Ripsalidopsis cactus suggests that the care will be carried out using transplants and circumcisions. It is recommended to transplant at the moment when the plant begins its budding period. If this time is missed, then you can transplant after the end of flowering.

Note! Young plants are replanted annually. Feature - you need to increase the volume of pots by 1-2 cm. Adult cacti are transplanted less often - 1 time in 2-3 years. The pot should be wide for the plant to be comfortable. The process focuses on the root system.

It must be carefully freed from the old soil. The new pot should contain soil and some fertilizer. After transplanting, sprinkle the plant on top with a small amount of substrate.


Conditions of detention

Rhipsalis is a plant that at home will not give the grower unnecessary trouble. However, the fundamental factor on which the health and flowering of a culture depends is the correct selection of a place to place a flower pot.

As for the level of lighting, the perennial will need a dim, diffused light; the cactus also develops well in partial shade. Direct sunlight will negatively affect the growth and appearance of the ripsalis, therefore, it is recommended to shade the windows facing the south side in the summer. In the warm season, the flower can be taken out to the balcony or loggia, as well as the veranda.

The most suitable room temperature for a cactus will be a thermometer, varying in the range of + 18-22 ° C. To avoid overheating in the summer months, the room where the flower grows, it is recommended to ventilate regularly. The culture is not afraid of drafts, the shoots retain their structure even with tangible gusts of wind. In winter, the temperature in the room for the ripsalis should be lowered to + 10-12 ° C.

The cactus, unlike many varieties of indoor flowers, does not require maintaining high humidity, so even during the heating season there will be no problems with it. Periodic bathing under a warm shower has a positive effect on the culture.


Transplanting cacti

Transplanting cacti is much easier than transplanting any other plants. Firstly, because cacti are more hardy, and secondly, since the substrate has a large fraction, the root system of the plant is easier to get rid of it.

The transplant process is in full swing

Before starting the transplant, you must not water the cactus for at least a week. At the same time, the substrate will dry out enough, it will become easier and it will not be difficult to remove it from the pot. In order not to injure your hands with cactus thorns, you can use various devices - from gloves to specially made ribbons.

Holding a cactus during transplanting with household sponges

  • Usually, when transplanting, a new pot is selected with a diameter of 2-3 cm larger than the previous one.
  • Drainage and a little new substrate are laid at the bottom. After that, a cactus is installed in a new pot and sprinkled to the level of the root collar.
  • It is undesirable to sprinkle more, since the stem is higher than the root, immersed in the substrate or even powder can begin to rot.
  • The first watering after transplanting is carried out no earlier than two days later. It is advisable not to expose the cactus to drafts for the first week after transplanting.

VIDEO: Care rules

Care rules

Types and varieties of home cacti with photos - names, descriptions, care

Cacti are great pets to grow at home. Few of the plants can boast of such a successful combination of a variety of colors and shapes with ease of care and unpretentiousness in keeping conditions. Cacti are able to give their owner thousands of unforgettable hours of an interesting and fruitful hobby, with which in the plant world there is little that can be compared. We have tried to collect useful and interesting information on this issue for you. If you disagree with these ratings, leave your rating in the comments with the reasons for your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users.


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