Ideal cabbage seedlings at home


Growing cabbage seedlings at home has become easier thanks to the wide range of products you need in specialized stores. However, you should not completely rely on the latest agricultural technology, because growing seedlings requires certain knowledge. And only if you approach the matter correctly, it will be possible to grow a strong plant, ready for planting in the ground.

Selection rules and preparation of seeds for seedlings

For growing seedlings, it is very important to choose the right seeds and, depending on the variety, plan the planting time. It is then that you will have the opportunity to reap the fruits of a delicious harvest all summer, starting in June. Cabbage varieties, depending on the ripening period, are divided into:

  • Early ripe

The most famous varieties of early white cabbage: June, Skorospela, Transfer F1, Golden hectare. The average growing season is 100-120 days from the moment of sowing the seeds. Early cabbage is not suitable for harvesting for the winter. It is good fresh - juicy soft leaves, loose head of cabbage. Early maturing varieties are sown for seedlings around mid-March.

  • Mid-season

Video about growing cabbage for seedlings

Among the mid-season varieties, gardeners distinguish the following: Menza F1, Slava, Nadezhda. The ripening period is from 130 to 150 days, therefore, the sowing of these varieties is carried out at the end of April. These varieties, due to the presence of dense heads of cabbage, can be used for salting and for fresh consumption.

  • Late ripening

Among the late-ripening varieties, the following are especially popular: Aros F1, Amager, Türkiz. The ripening period of late-ripening varieties is from 160-180 days, you need to plant cabbage for seedlings in early April. As a rule, late-ripening cabbage can be kept fresh for a very long time. But it is also good in conservation - salted, pickled, pickled.

  • Ultra-ripe

The most famous varieties: Express F1, Strawberry. The term for growing ultra-ripe cabbage is 40-50 days, so it can be sown starting from the end of March. This type is not suitable for salting and storage, but fresh cabbage is very tasty and is a source of many vitamins and minerals.

The term for growing ultra-ripe cabbage is 40-50 days

In addition to the correct choice of seed, it must be prepared for planting, and it does not matter whether the seeds were purchased or grown independently. First of all, the seeds must be sorted out, too small and clearly diseased must be discarded. Then soak the seed material that has passed the first selection in a 3% saline solution (taking 15 g of salt for half a liter of water). Those seeds that float to the surface within 5 minutes must be removed immediately - they are not viable. Rinse the rest thoroughly under a small stream of water at room temperature and pat dry on a paper towel.

It is also important to disinfect the seeds when processing seed. This can be done in two ways:

  • soak the seeds for half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then rinse and dry the seed again;
  • the second option is heat treatment. The seeds are placed in a calico bag or in gauze folded in several layers and in this form are lowered into a container with hot (about 47-50 degrees) for 20 minutes.

It is necessary to carefully monitor the temperature of the water and not allow it to be above the upper limit, since the seeds may lose their germination, but the temperature should not be less than the lower limit either, since otherwise the heat treatment will be wasted, the desired effect will not be achieved.

Those seeds that floated to the surface within 5 minutes must be removed immediately

If you carefully read the recommendations on the packaging of cabbage seeds, then on some of them you can find information that the seed has already passed everything necessary. In this case, only heat treatment can be carried out, discarding everything else. But nothing bad will happen, even if such seeds are fully prepared.

Soil preparation and containers

Large containers should be used for growing seedlings. These can be specially prepared oblong boxes or any other suitable container. Peat pots or special cassettes for growing cabbage, which can be purchased at any specialty store, are also ideal.

Seedlings of cabbage at home are finicky and for its successful growth, a nutritious soil with neutral acidity is needed. You can do one of two ways, purchase a soil mixture ready for growing at a point of sale, or create it yourself. If you are more inclined to do everything with your own hands, and the second option suits you more, then you can prepare the soil for seedlings by mixing the following ingredients in a certain proportion:

Seedlings of cabbage at home are finicky

  • Peat - 75%
  • Sod land - 20%
  • Sand - 5%
  • Ash - 10 tablespoons for every 10 kg of soil mixture.

Mix all components thoroughly. When preparing the soil, remember that it should be moderately loose, breathable and completely nutritious.

Correct sowing

You also need to sow cabbage seeds correctly, you can't just put them in the ground and wait for shoots. In order for cabbage seedlings to be large and stocky, a pick will need to be made at a certain time. If you are not a supporter of crop transplantation, the seeds will immediately need to be sown in special cassettes, which were discussed above.

You also need to sow cabbage seeds correctly, you can't just put them in the ground and wait for shoots

Before planting, the soil in prepared containers must be thoroughly watered and, if possible, not watered again until the first shoots appear. Such measures are an excellent prophylaxis against black leg disease. Abundant watering is also necessary for the fact that cabbage seeds need a lot of water to germinate.

If the emerging seedlings are too frequent, they must be tilled, leaving an area of ​​2x2 cm for each individual plant.When the seedlings grow a little, about two weeks after the emergence of seedlings, they must be dived, planting in separate cassettes, deepening the stem to the cotyledons. After another two weeks of cultivation, the pick must be repeated, replanting the seedlings in a more suitable container - peat pots, plastic cups. Planting cauliflower seedlings is carried out in a similar way.

Caring for cabbage seedlings

Video about caring for cabbage after transplanting into open ground

In order not to wonder how to grow healthy cabbage seedlings, and to make sure that it does not stretch out during germination on the balcony or windowsill, it is necessary to take proper care of it:

  • Supplementing. Cabbage loves a lot of light, so its daylight hours should be extended to 12-15 hours using a fluorescent lamp. With a lack of light, the seedlings are pulled out and become less suitable for planting in open ground
  • Timely watering is half the guarantee of growing good cabbage seedlings. The plant loves water very much, so it needs to be watered regularly, but it is not worth pouring, as root decay may occur.
  • Creation of the optimum temperature. Before the emergence of shoots, the optimum temperature is 18-20 C. After the emergence of shoots, the temperature must be lowered by moving the seedlings to a cooler place. Moreover, ideally, the temperature should be 15-15 C during the day, and 7-10 C at night. Such a temperature regime can only be used for seedlings of white cabbage. Temperature drops - hardening and prevention of stretching of plants.

Temperature changes - hardening and prevention of stretching of plants

  • Top dressing. Proper cultivation includes mandatory feeding. It is very important for young plants to get a balanced set of nutrients on a regular basis. The first feeding should be done within a few days after the first pick. For this, a special purchased fertilizer is suitable. However, it is better not to be too lazy to prepare the fertilizer yourself by mixing the following components: 1 liter of water, 4 g of superphosphate, 2 g each of ammonium nitrate and potassium fertilizers. It is important to fertilize only after watering, otherwise you can "burn" young plant roots. The second feeding must be done two weeks after the first, taking fertilizer in a double volume for 1 liter of water. The third feeding is necessary two days before planting the seedlings in the ground. In this case, it is necessary to increase the proportion of potash fertilizers to 8 grams, which will have a positive effect on the survival of seedlings in the ground.
  • Disease prevention. It is important to inspect the plants in a timely manner and, if necessary, remove diseased seedlings and take measures to combat pests and diseases.

Cabbage seedlings: when to plant and how to grow at home

Cabbage is a tasty and healthy vegetable loved by many. It is successfully grown by gardeners, used for food, and is also included in traditional medicine recipes.

This vegetable occupies a worthy place in our diet, if all the rules for care are followed, you can get a decent harvest and enjoy it all year round.

We have already prepared with you when to plant radishes, and how to grow pepper seedlings, and now, we will discuss in detail the cultivation of cabbage.

It is important to grow good seedlings of this wonderful vegetable, otherwise the whole growing process will cause a lot of difficulties.


Optimal sowing dates for cabbage

The timing of sowing cabbage seeds for seedlings depends on the climate of a particular area and the variety of vegetables. There are early, mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties that differ in the duration of the growing season.

It is considered correct to plant cabbage in open ground, which has from 5 to 7 true leaves. This development corresponds to the age of 6-8 weeks. Taking into account the increase in time for seed germination (about 5-7 days), it turns out that the optimal time for sowing cabbage seeds is 8-9 weeks before planting in the ground.

The vegetable is not afraid of frost, but it develops better at a temperature not lower than +18 degrees.

Depending on the climate, cabbage seeds are planted:

  • in the suburbs and the middle lane in April
  • in the Urals and Siberia - in the second decade of April
  • in southern Russia, seeds are sown in March.

Early ripe varieties of cabbage give a harvest in late June - early July. They are sown very first, planting seedlings as soon as the soil warms up.

Advice. The device of high warm beds can significantly accelerate the planting of cabbage seedlings. They are built from a layer of plant residues, straw and manure, and fertile soil is poured on top. Due to the height of the structure and the burning of manure, the garden bed is much warmer for the roots of the plant than ordinary soil.

You should not rush to plant late varieties (they are grown for storage and fermentation). If the heads of cabbage are poured too early, before the first frost arrives, they will be poorly stored.


Lunar calendar for planting cabbage for seedlings

Since ancient times, gardeners have chosen the date of planting seeds, guided by the lunar calendar. This is still true today.

Favorable days when to plant cabbage for seedlings and in the ground in 2021 according to the lunar calendar. Suitable for all types of cabbage:

Auspicious days
January17-27, 30, 31
February1-3, 12-19, 22-24
March2-9, 14-24, 30, 31
April1-5, 7-10, 13-24, 28-30
May1, 2, 5-10, 12-25, 28, 29
June1-8, 11-13, 16-18, 20-22, 28-30

It is important to remember that cabbage is a light-loving culture. Therefore, when sowing seeds, it is worth calculating when to plant it in open ground. It's simple - add 45 days from the date of sowing seeds. It is necessary that these were already sunny days.

Small frosts of cabbage are not terrible (up to -3 ° C). But if there is little sunlight, the sprouts may die.

Unfavorable days for planting

Along with favorable sowing days according to the lunar calendar, there are unfavorable days.

First of all, it is important to remember that it is necessary to sow seeds on the growing moon.

In 2021, unfavorable days fall on the following dates:

  • January - 13, 14, 28, 29
  • February - 10, 11, 26, 27
  • March - 12, 13, 28, 29
  • April - 12, 27
  • May - 11, 26, 27
  • June - 10, 25

It doesn't matter which type or variety of cabbage you choose, but it is important to sow the seeds at the right time and then the harvest will delight you.


Soil for cabbage seedlings.

Soil (ground) for cabbage seedlings.

Soil for cabbage seedlings , as for other vegetable crops, is prepared in the fall. It must be fertile, breathable, free from infections typical for cabbage crops, i.e. on the growing cabbage seedlings you cannot take garden land from those places where cruciferous crops were previously grown.

For ingrowing cabbage seedlings at home best suited the soil consisting of two parts of humus and one part land ... A tablespoon of ash is added to 1 kg of the mixture. Ash is not only a source of macro- and microelements, but also an antiseptic that prevents the appearance of a black leg on theeyantsakh at growing cabbage seedlings .

Seedlings of cabbage. Growing cabbage seedlings.

GROWING CABBAGE

The main methods of growing seedlings

There are two common ways to grow cabbage seedlings:

  1. The first way... As soon as shoots appear, the seedlings are discharged (excess shoots are removed). The distance between the remaining seedlings is 1.5 cm. A week later, the remaining sprouts are transplanted (dived) into cassettes (wooden or plastic) with 3 by 3 cm cells. When diving, the plant must be deepened into the ground until the cotyledon leaves. After 2-3 weeks, the seedlings from the cassettes are transplanted into cups, the size of which is 6 * 6 cm. The sprouts are removed from the cassettes with a lump of earth, after which they are placed in cups until the cotyledon leaves and sprinkled with soil. The last stage will be the transplanting of seedlings directly into the ground.
  2. Second way... Cabbage seedlings from boxes are transplanted directly into cups, bypassing the stage of transplanting into cassettes. The size of the cups for early maturing seedlings is 5 * 5 cm, and for late maturing - 8 * 8 cm. When transplanting, the main root must be cut by 1/3 of the length. This is necessary in order for the root system to be better branched. The sprouts are buried in the cups up to the cotyledonous leaves using a lance.


Sowing ornamental cabbage seedlings

Ornamental cabbage varieties are divided into mid-ripening and late-ripening. Such plants reach their maturity in the period from 140 to 160 days, that is, mature heads of cabbage appear from the first shoots.

In ornamental cabbage, rosettes of leaves open up in the last months of summer. It can also occur from September to October, and in some cases, delight with its beauty in November.

Based on the facts described above, the earliest time for planting ornamental cabbage for seedlings is mid-March. It is important not to forget that this vegetable is cold-resistant and does not need additional shelter.

Subject to the conditions for growing and caring for ornamental cabbage, it will be possible to wait for the first heads of cabbage in the first months of summer and enjoy the beautiful appearance of the plant.

Elena

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One comment:

I gave up growing cabbage seedlings at home. It stretches a lot for me. There is simply not enough light. I plant cabbage for seedlings in a greenhouse, where it grows better and tolerates transplanting more easily.

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