The generally accepted technology for growing existing varieties of raspberries, bearing fruit on two-year-old stems, is very laborious and energy-intensive. And it is no coincidence that the growing interest of gardeners is caused by the raspberry varieties, which yield the harvest in the year of the formation of young shoots.
Indeed, the appearance of such remontant varieties, bearing fruit in autumn, radically changes the standard technology of cultivation of this berry crop.
In the previous publication ("Flora Price" No. 10 (75) on raspberry varieties of the Rashbush type, fruiting on annual shoots, a detailed technology for growing such varieties was presented. Continuing this topic, we will consider brief characteristics of the most common varieties of well-known Russian breeders of a corresponding member of the RAAS I.V. Kazakov and professors VSTISiP (Moscow) V.V. Kichina - Apricot, Augustine, Indian summer, Indian summer-2, Hercules, Kalashnik, Reliable, Elegant other.
The development of shoots of these varieties from the beginning of growth to ripening of the crop fits in one season, flowering and fruiting in them occurs once on the entire shoot that has grown during a given growing season, which significantly distinguishes them from varieties with double fruiting. In recent years, at the Kokinsky strong point, I.V. Kazakov also developed a number of new remontant varieties of raspberries that bear fruit on annual shoots: Bryanskoe Divo, Golden Domes, Monomakh's Hat, Diamond and others.
Below is a brief description of the most common remontant varieties that bear fruit on annual shoots in late summer - early autumn.
Apricot. The variety was created by I.V. Kazakov at the Kokinsky support point of the VSTISiP. Yellow-fruited remontant variety of complex interspecific origin. Recommended for the Central and Central Black Earth regions.
The bush is medium-sized (1.3-1.6 m), slightly spreading. Shoot-productive ability is average (5-6 replacement shoots). Shoots are erect, highly branching, the zone of autumn fruiting exceeds half of their length. Annual shoots of medium thickness, green, with a waxy bloom, slightly spiny. Thorns are thin, curved downward, with a base, green, concentrated in the lower and middle parts of the shoot. Leaves are medium in size, slightly wrinkled, green.
Autumn harvest in the Central region is over 1.5-2 kg per bush. Weakly affected by raspberry mites and didimella.
It begins to ripen in the first ten days of August (in conditions of central Russia), fruiting continues until frost, the potential yield is realized by 65-75%. Berries are medium, weighing 2.8-3 g, blunt-conical, golden-apricot color with small, firmly adhered drupes, dessert taste, universal use.
Advantages: high yield, original, attractive color of berries and their high taste.
Disadvantages: tender, poorly transportable berries.
Augustine. The variety was obtained by I.V. Kazakov at the Kokinsky support point of VSTISiP from free pollination of interspecific elite seedling No. 96. Recommended for the Central and Central Black Earth regions.
The bush is medium-sized, slightly spreading. Shoot-forming ability is average (5-6 replacement shoots). Shoots are erect, the fruiting zone is half their length. Annual shoots are thin and medium, green, waxy, prickly. Thorns are thin, short, concentrated in the lower part of the shoot, light brown. The leaves are large, wrinkled, dark green.
Autumn harvest in the Central region is 1.2 and 1.7 kg per bush.
The variety is resistant to the main fungal diseases and pests.
It begins to ripen in the first half of August, fruiting is prolonged, until the onset of autumn frosts, the potential yield is realized by 60-70%.
Berries are medium-sized, weighing 3-3.5 g, round-conical, dark raspberry color, with uniform drupes, sweet and sour taste, universal purpose.
Advantages: high yield, resistance to fungal diseases. Berries can hang on the stalk for a long time without decay.
Disadvantages: a prolonged period of flowering and ripening of the crop.
Indian summer. Received by I.V. Kazakov at the Kokinsky support point of VSTISiP from crossing the varieties Sentyabrskaya and Kostinbrodskaya x Novost Kuzmina. Shoot-forming ability is average. Shoots are erect, strongly branching, the fruiting zone is more than half of their length. Annual shoots of medium thickness, at first green, by autumn they become gray-brown, with a waxy bloom, prickly. The thorns are hard, thin, straight, light purple. Leaves are medium in size, almost flat, green. Winter hardiness is high.
Autumn harvest in the conditions of the Central Black Earth zone is up to 1 kg per bush, and in more southern regions 1.5-2 kg. In the North-West, the autumn harvest is formed only on the tops of annual shoots, therefore, after harvesting the berries, the dried top is cut off, leaving the shoot for a summer harvest next year, like in ordinary varieties.
Berries are medium-sized (up to 3.5 g), round-conical, bright red, with heterogeneous, loosely linked drupes, sweet and sour taste, universal purpose. They are indispensable for the preparation of "raw" autumn jam (berries, mashed with sugar without heat treatment), which is stored for a long time in an ordinary cellar without hermetic sealing.
Advantages: a remontant variety, productive, resistant to low temperatures and fungal diseases.
Disadvantages: weak shoot-forming ability.
Indian summer - 2. The variety was bred by I.V. Kazakov at the Kokinsky support point of the VSISiP from crossing the varieties Ottom Bliz and Indian Summer. Recommended for the Central and Central Black Earth regions.
The bush is medium-sized (1.2-1.6 m), slightly spreading. Shoot-forming ability is moderate (4-5 replacement shoots). Shoots are erect, strongly branching, not lodging under the weight of the crop, the fruiting zone is 2/3 of their length.
Annual shoots are thick and medium, at first green, by autumn bright purple with a waxy bloom, prickly. Thorns of medium hardness, prickly, thin, straight, with a base, purple, located along the entire length of the shoot. Leaves are medium in size, slightly wrinkled, slightly curled, green, by autumn they acquire an anthocyanin hue.
The autumn harvest in the middle zone of Russia is 2-2.5 kg of berries per bush. Differs in high tolerance to major fungal diseases and raspberry mite resistance.
Begins to ripen in the first decade of August, long-term fruiting, potential yield is realized by 80-90%.
Berries are medium-sized (3-3.5 g), broadly blunt-conical, raspberry-colored with homogeneous, firmly adhered drupes, sweet and sour taste, universal purpose.
Advantages: high yield, almost complete ripening of the crop before the onset of autumn frosts, resistance to major fungal diseases.
Disadvantages: strong thorniness, insufficient shoot-forming ability.
Hercules. The variety was created by I.V. Kazakov at the Kokinsky support point of VSTISiP when crossing the Ottom Bliz variety with an interspecific seedling 14-205-4. Shoot-forming ability is low (3-4 replacement shoots). Shoots are strong, erect, do not need a trellis, the fruiting zone is half of their length. Annual shoots of medium thickness, at first green, by autumn they become purple with a waxy bloom, prickly.
Thorns are hard, prickly, thin, straight with a downward slope, light brown, along the entire length of the shoot. Leaves are medium-sized, wrinkled, twisted, dark green.
The autumn harvest in the middle zone of Russia is 1.5 kg per bush. The variety is resistant to raspberry mites, slightly affected by fungal diseases.
The berries begin to ripen in the first half of August, fruiting continues until frost, the potential yield is realized by 60-70%.
The berries are very large, average weight 5-6 g, maximum - 10 g, truncated conical shape, ruby color, with homogeneous, firmly fastened drupes, sweet and sour taste, universal purpose.
Advantages: high yield, very large, dense berries with increased resistance to decay.
Disadvantages: weak shoot-forming ability, prolonged fruiting period.
Kalashnik. The variety was obtained by V.V. Kichina from free pollination of interspecific remontant forms at VSTISiP (Moscow). Recommended for the Central region of Russia.
The bush is medium-sized (1.3-1.5 m), spreading. Shoot-forming ability is good (7-12 shoots of replacement). Shoots are well developed, prickly, resistant, highly branched. The potential of the variety is already being realized in September.
Productivity - 2 kg per bush, potential - up to 2.5 kg. The beginning of ripening is the first decade of August, the main harvest is at the end of August.
The berries are medium-sized, weighing 2-3 g, the maximum weight of the first harvest reaches 4-5 g, they are red, sweet and sour, dense, well separated from the fruit. The variety is distinguished by its increased survival rate under unfavorable conditions.
In the Pushkin fruit and berry nursery "NPTs Agrotechnology", for three years now, remontant varieties of raspberries of the selection of I.V. Kazakova, fruiting on annual shoots - Apricot, Augustina, Hercules, Elegant and Nadezhnaya, - which begin to ripen in mid-August and bear fruit for a long time until stable frosts.
Varieties Elegant and Reliable are medium-sized, the mass of berries in the Elegant variety is 4-5 g, in the Nadezhnaya variety - 3-4 g, both varieties have good taste, and the latter also has a specific raspberry aroma, although it is inferior to the Elegant variety in terms of yield.
The characteristics of the varieties Hercules, Apricot and Augustina correspond to the above.
Despite the fact that in the North-West the potential harvest of all studied varieties does not fully ripen due to the lack of autumn heat, all of these varieties are of great interest for amateur gardening in our region, and the planting material of these varieties is in great demand.
At the end of September, in agreement with I.V. Kazakov Pushkin fruit and berry nursery has replenished with new large-fruited remontant varieties - Bryanskoe Divo, Babe Leto-2 and some others.
Galina Aleksandrova, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Any gardener wants to have the largest, sweetest, earliest berry, to the envy of neighbors. Breeders also want to bring out the very best variety, and when something works out, they give their pets ambitious names, for example, "Inaccessible". It was then, in the 90s of the last century, probably unattainable, and among modern varieties it looks not particularly outstanding. So you don't need to be guided by names. Sellers' descriptions also need to be treated with caution.
For Russian varieties, which today look very dignified, you can refer to the State Register of Breeding Achievements.
The State Register lists 24 varieties of remontant raspberries, in brackets are tasting ratings on a five-point scale: "Apricot" (4.1), "Augustine" (4.1), "Atlant" (4.2), "Babe Leto" (3.9), "Babe Leto- 2 ”(4.1),“ Diamond ”(4.1),“ Bryansk Divo ”(4.1),“ Hercules ”(4.0),“ Eurasia ”(3.9),“ Firebird ”(4.0),“ Golden Autumn ”(3.9 ), "Golden Domes" (4.0), "Caramel" (4.6), "Raspberry Ridge" (4.5), "Nizhegorodets" (3.9), "Orange Miracle" (4.0), "Penguin" (3.7), "Gift to Kashin ”(4.3),“ Bow to Kazakov ”(4.3),“ Praise ”(4.2),“ Ruby Necklace ”(3.8),“ Samokhval ”(4.2),“ Elegant ”(4.0),“ Amber ”(3.8).
All of these varieties have remarkable characteristics. But different.
Repaired raspberry "Diamond". © Borealis55
The earliest listed in the registry is "Penguin", it is suitable for regions with short and not particularly warm summers. His taste, however, is very mediocre. Nizhny Novgorod "The Little Humpbacked Horse" (it is not in the register yet) ripens even earlier, but its taste is many times better. The early ones also include Atlant, "Eurasia", "Gift to Kashin".
Early varieties are able to ripen in a season completely in all regions of raspberry cultivation, since they begin to ripen from late July to early August.
A huge number of varieties of Russian origin with good characteristics that are not indicated in the State Register also roam the vastness of the country. This does not mean that manufacturers are trying to deceive gullible buyers once again. Registration in the State Register is a long and expensive event, so new varieties are bred and scattered around the country, without waiting for registration, and with them their brothers and sisters. Time will tell which ones will be in demand.
Although there are negative precedents: the variety "Cap of Monomakh", due to its instability to fungal diseases, it did not get into the State Register, it was removed from production by breeders, and it walks through the vastness of the country.
Common early varieties of remontant raspberries that are not in the register today:
"August miracle" (4.1), "Inaccessible" (3.9), "Reliable" (4.1), "Bryansk Jubilee" (3.9), "Paradise pleasure" (3.9). Have "Heavenly Delight" and "Out of reach" extended fruiting until cold weather, the entire crop does not have time to ripen.
Repaired raspberry "Penguin". © frukti-yagodi Repairing raspberry "Atlant". © Alexey RT Repaired raspberry "Inaccessible". © sort-malina
Mid-early and mid-season varieties begin to ripen in early to mid-August, here it is already necessary to see if the climatic conditions will allow the crop to ripen completely.
These are "Apricot", "Caramel", "Bryansk marvel", "Elegant", "Kalashnik", "Golden domes", "Golden autumn", "Rhino", "Mulatka", "Merchant", "Yantarnaya", "Raspberry ridge "," Red Guard "," Orange Miracle "," Bow to Kazakov ".
Of these raspberries, they stand out for their sweetness and aroma. "Caramel", "Bow to Kazakov", "Red Guard" (also large-fruited), "Orange miracle", "Raspberry Ridge", "Golden domes", "Elegant".
It makes sense to grow late-ripening varieties only in the southern regions, in greenhouses or with shelter for an earlier start, just like tutimers. Here, perhaps, foreign varieties are in the lead.Repairing raspberry "Apricot". © dachnica Repaired raspberry "Red Guard". © Fedorova Zinaida Repairing raspberry "Caramel". © severin-71
Raspberry varieties with high yields and frost resistance make it possible to cultivate crops under certain climatic restrictions. The cultivation of traditional raspberries has been known for over 500 years, but here's how to adapt this product for widespread breeding. For this purpose, breeders can submit special samples, yield and taste, and the presentation of which does not suffer from the middle band.
A new modern variety, originally from Switzerland, which is distinguished by its resistance to diseases and pests. From an elegant bush about 2 meters high, up to 9 kg of ripe fruits can be harvested already in July-August, which retain their taste and shape during transportation. Dense, dessert-flavored berries are used for freezing and preservation.
Raspberries can be divided into 4 groups (types):
• Plain garden raspberry - these are traditional varieties of the last century, with a berry size of up to 4 g. Previously, there were no raspberries with large berries. Harvest from a bush no more than 2 kg. The best varieties of regular raspberries are here >>>.
• Large-fruited raspberry - the weight of the berries of these varieties of raspberries is up to 12 g (for forest raspberries, the berries are 0.3-0.5 g). The bush is relatively low and thick. True, due to drought, large-fruited varieties may be left without a crop. The best varieties of large-fruited raspberries are here >>>.
• Stock raspberry - The best varieties of standard raspberries are here >>>.
• Annual (remontant) raspberry - yields a harvest in the first year, that is, one summer passes from germination to harvest (that is why it is called one-year), the term for the consumption of raspberries is right up to October 10-20. In terms of yield, taste, size of berries, it surpasses ordinary raspberries. Tapestries are not required for her. The best varieties of annual remontant raspberries are here >>>.
Hercules is one of the most productive summer berry varieties
When choosing a raspberry variety that will give an increased amount of berries, many factors must be taken into account:
The most beautiful and largest berries, powerful shoots, resistance and vitality - this is how you can characterize the raspberry varieties recognized as the most productive:
Breeders create hybrids and varieties of raspberries that have increased yields and allow you to collect several buckets of berries from 1 bush of a plant. However, even simple gardeners in their summer cottages can achieve an impressive harvest, paying due attention to the selection of planting material, protection of shrubs from pests, proper care and adherence to the basic rules of agricultural technology.
Planting material is best purchased in a nursery or from trusted gardeners, but you can also select it yourself from the available bushes. In this case, you need to systematically select and transplant the strongest and most fruitful shoots into a separate raspberry tree.
Raspberries: how to care for them to have a good harvest? In spring, summer, autumn and winter: features of watering, feeding, pruning of shrubs and its remontant varieties
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Raspberries grow in almost every garden plot. This culture is unpretentious, yields a crop even in the absence of care. But there are methods to increase yields by changing agricultural practices. Double pruning raspberries using the Sobolev method about 100 years ago became a revolutionary way. It allows you to collect about 6-7 kg of berries from one bush. The features of this method, how justified it is, how to achieve results, will be discussed in detail in the article below.
Varieties Atlant and Bryansk Divo
Repaired raspberry is a crop that can yield a rich harvest in the first year after planting. In subsequent years, she usually yields twice a year. So early ripe varieties bear fruit in the middle of summer, then rest for a month and bear fruit again. Gardeners appreciate this feature, because thanks to this, you can not only eat plenty of fresh berries, but also make preparations for the winter.
The danger of buying remontant raspberry seedlings is that buyers often forget to clarify the period of their ripening. For northern latitudes, only early maturing varieties are suitable. Otherwise, the second fruiting will fall at the beginning of frost - either there will be no harvest, or it will be weak. For the southern and middle zones, remontant raspberries of any ripening period are suitable.