Khirita is a refined and delicate flower that belongs to the Gesneriev family. The homeland of this undersized flower, the species of which can be both annuals and perennials, is the tropical regions of Asia. The plant loves limestone soils and prefers to settle on mountain slopes and steep cliffs.

Hirita has many varieties, differing from each other by the presence of a stem or rosette, the number and shape of leaves. Leaves range from oval to lanceolate, mostly pubescent, but there are also smooth-leaved plants. The most characteristic feature of all hiritis is the tubular and slightly elongated shape of the flowers. Most often, the flowers are lilac-blue, but they can have yellow or white swells and a contrasting pharynx. Peduncles emerge from the leaf sinuses and are capable of producing not one, but three or four buds. The fruits formed after flowering are boxes filled with small seeds.

Hirita care at home

Location and lighting

It is necessary to grow the plant in the bright diffused light of the western or eastern windows. The flower cannot stand the direct rays of the sun, but it can feel good under artificial lighting. To form a symmetrical rosette, the hiritu is periodically rotated around its axis.


The best thermal regime for a flower is from 18 to 24 degrees. In winter, 15 degrees is enough for the plant. Khirita is a plant with a conditional dormant period: when it is cool, its vital activity slows down, when it is warm, it grows and blooms throughout the winter. It is not necessary for her to specially create conditions for a cool wintering.

Air humidity

So that there is more moisture in the surrounding space, the flower can be placed on a pallet, where expanded clay or wet peat is poured. It is not necessary to spray the fluffy leaves of hirita, it will start to hurt.


It is worth watering the indoor beauty only when the upper soil ball becomes dry. The flower does not tolerate waterlogging - the roots rot and die, but a small "drought" hirita is quite capable of. This quality is given to the plant by fleshy, tough leaves. It is optimal to use bottom watering - this way the water does not get onto the foliage. If hiritu is kept in winter conditions, it is watered less often.

The soil

The soil for hirit is a mixture of deciduous and sod land with sand in proportions of 2: 1: 0.5 or a mixture of sod, leafy, humus earth with sand - 3: 2: 1: 1. It is good to add charcoal to the soil, as well as to the drainage, which will draw off excess moisture that is unnecessary for the plant. You can take ready-made compositions for Saintpaulia.

Top dressing and fertilizers

The plant is fertilized in the spring-summer months with compositions for flowering, where the content of phosphorus and potassium is high.


There is no need to transplant hiritu every year. The optimal frequency is once every two to three years. The pot is taken in diameter so that the leafy rosette protrudes beyond its edges.

Reproduction of the hirita flower

Khirita reproduces both by seeds and vegetatively.

Seed propagation

Annuals are best grown from seed. They are sown in a moist substrate in the second half of February without embedding in the ground and sprinkling with soil, since germination occurs on the surface. Glass is placed on top to prevent drying out and create a humid environment. The seeds hatch best at a temperature of 24-26 degrees. With this mode, seedlings can be seen as early as 12-14 days. If the temperature is lower, the process often takes a month and may be uneven.

The soil where the seeds are located must be moistened as it dries. The emerging seedlings are provided with good supplementary lighting for 12 hours, and the substrate is moistened with a syringe or syringe. This prevents the ingress of water on the leaves of chirit and their decay.

After the seedlings have cotyledon leaves, they are already able to tolerate a pick. If the number of plants is small, you can transplant them after the first true leaf is formed. The pick is carried out very carefully, since young hirit are very fragile and easily break off. In the event of a break, the leaf is removed, and its place is sprinkled with powdered charcoal (you can crush an activated carbon tablet).

Propagation by cuttings

Perennial khirit, in addition to seed propagation, are also grown vegetatively, for example, by leaf cuttings.

To do this, a healthy, well-formed, but not old leaf is cut off with a blade from the outlet, the cut is dried, fungicidal treatment is done and placed in a small container entirely vertically, or by cutting off the top to prevent the growth of the leaf itself. Place in a warm place, covered with plastic wrap. If several cuttings are planted, make sure that everyone is evenly lit. In about a month and a half, young sprouts appear. When they grow up, they are dived into separate pots.

Hiritu can be propagated with a piece of leaf. It is wrapped with the underside, placed on a board and five-centimeter strips are cut with a blade perpendicular to the midrib - it will serve as a petiole.

The material is deepened with the base of the cutting into small grooves at an angle of 45 degrees, making a distance of 3 cm and slightly compacting the soil around. Containers with future plants can also be treated with a fungicide and transferred to a warm (20 degrees and higher) place and covered with polyethylene. The greenhouse must be ventilated every day. Watering is carried out through the pallet. After five to eight weeks, sprouts will appear. The upper and lower parts of the leaflet are not used for reproduction of chirit.

Diseases and pests

Most often, Khirit suffer from invasions of mealybug, scale insects, thrips, spider mites, and whitefly.

If the plant is over-watered, it is not uncommon for a gray mold to form on all parts of the plant.

# 271. Renewed hirita blooms

Perseus (lat.Persea) is part of the family Laurel (lat.Lauraceae). The life form of the plant is a shrub or tree. It is, of course, prized for its fruits, which contain oil rich in nutrients. Many of us are familiar with this plant and we know it under another name - beautiful avocado.

Height this type of avocado reaches medium size indoors - up to 2 meters.

If it is possible to keep a tree in a winter garden or a greenhouse-type room, then the crown of the Perseus can reach 5 meters in height.

Flowering it is difficult to wait in conditions of home cultivation. This process can be observed in natural climatic conditions for the Persei.

But still, avocados are grown in our latitudes, most often based on interest and experimentation in such an event.

Although the Persei has an undeniable plus in that it is evergreen wood... The decorativeness of its oblong-elliptical long and wide leaves of green on top and bluish tint on the bottom will always attract attention.

Brownish trunk wood is first formed thin and flexible, and later lignifies and becomes more robust. In the process of growth, in order for the avocado to become more spreading, its top must be pinched several times.

It is necessary and in order to form a more rounded crown of the future tree. After all, the Perseus does not react well to forced pruning.

In general for cultivation avocado needs to be prepared for the fact that for the comfort of this plant it is necessary to take care of a spacious room with a constant level of humidity and temperature in the future. In such conditions, caring for the Perseus will be easy and minimal.


  • 1 History
  • 2 Vikonovy
  • 3 Gorshchikov culture
  • 4 Citrus cultures
  • 5 Palm trees in the rooms
  • 6 Fikusi
  • 7 Cactus
  • 8 Upper Sadi
  • 9 Winter gardens
  • 10 Greenhouse
  • 11 Bonsai and suiseki in Japan
  • 12 Div. also
  • 13 Notes
  • 14 Dzherela
  • 15 Posilannya

The room has a lot of white decal. Vono tightly knitted both with botanical predictions and knowledge, as well as with technical progress. Rooms are expanding in parallel with an axial way of living.

The rooms are especially wider in the lands with a quiet climate, even in the winter, even more of our room grows to resemble the paths or subtropics [1]. Cleverly, behind the scenes, the growth of rooms can be divided into two groups:

Vyroshuvannya and utrimannya roslin in the rooms of his own particularity and his risy and intercourse: bichne illumination, dryness in charge, inappropriate runts, stretches, rotten leaves for adolescents. More ideas for the beginning of the room may be growing in the office and the suspicious mortgage, where you can change over the great number of growing lines that require an additional and laborious look. The problem is often seen in maybutnyy from extended winter gardens and greenhouses yak in suspilnyh mortgages and offices, as well as in private donkeys, as well as legalized and introduced into the staff of the gardener-guardian in the offices.

  • Do not bathe tropical plants for a fee and do not transport them, if it is freezing [2].
  • The vologue for watering is guilty of being warm for eating at the maddened, because they are worth the rooms of the growing line.
  • Reconsider the steps of substrates with quotas frequently.
  • The lack of illumination of the appearance of an uncharacteristic hardening for roslin - a reddish or a buzzy one, as well as a filthy image of the characteristic of a roslin vizerunkiv on the leaves, or the leaves grow up to light for the barn. Navigate to windows close to the cliff of the growing line to get less than 40-60 times the amount of light necessary for photosynthesis.
  • For succulents and cactus bazhano mother okreme, for winter damping - there is a light veranda without stretches, a loggia, or a winter garden. Roslin needs to be charged a period of calm in dry, ale, light primitive [2].

Gorshchikova culture is a long-standing method of propagation and growing of tropical and subtropical grows and kits. The Gorshchikov culture has developed a special significance in the Doba of the Great Geographical Vidkritiv. The witness and the pitiless colonization of lands in America, in Holy Asia, and on the oceanic islands were sup- ported to people, vivcians and vivos in Western Europe, from small trees, growers and growers. In the ceramics and wood containers of the Bula Vivezena, the number of roslin from the Old and Central America, from the Old African (low)

Zakhidniy Evropi does not have bamboo. The history of bamboo propagation in Europe has spread to rock. The price is trivial for an hour, which is required for tying bamboo to a bamboo, and even if you see bamboos, you can give us a loss in forty to one hundred and twenty rocks. Bamboos are also built to grow in roots, and when trying to transport roses from roots to roots, they ended up in stripes. On the right, bamboo is in demand by the experts and unimportant runts, in the first place, when it was taken for an hour before the transport was carried out by the drivers. A Frenchman Ojen Mazel was taken to the factory to take bamboo from Asia alive, and he also brought spice to Europe.

Ale descho earlier for Ozhen Mazel, the tse gave way to the swift British men of 1827 rock. And then it went to the French. Augen Mazel adding 1855 p. land dilyanka on the pivdnі of France in the town of Andyuz. There was a bully roduchy runt and a middle-sea climate. Abi water the dilyanka, Mazel vibuduvav the canal through the middle of the river and nareshti hanging bamboo. This is how Franzia got a bamboo gift from Persha Promislova. 1890 Rooku Ojen Mazel zbankrutiv i buv was prompted to sell a bamboo garden. Ale the garden of La Bambucere did not disappear and at once, in a new way, there are two different types of Asian bamboo.

Gorshchikova culture is being expanded to dozens of vicoristan in historical gardens and parks from the evolution of rococo.

Batkivshchinoy citrus vvazayut India and China, the stench of the stench was consumed to Iran, Syria and Arab Egypt. At the edges of Seredzemnomor, it was introduced into culture in the 9th century, and in the 14th century. became widely cultivated. On the cob 16 tbsp. citrus fruits were grown in America, especially in California and Florida.

To the peculiarities of citrus fruits to look for їhnya dovovіchnіst - middle triviality іх life is more 100 rock, I would like to see a better picture. K. Iliyashik talked about the orange tree growing for 600 years, growing in Rome.

Orange is the warmth of vologo-loving roselin, wandering in the paths and subtropics. Ma is a round compact crown. Leaving with a rounded base and a sharpened top. Quite a lot, fragrant, with a great bit of nectar, will be filled with comas, and in Central America there are colibri. Fruits are swollen or oval, sometimes with a germinal fruit at the top of the barn from light to dark red juice, sour-liquorice fruit to put out zucri (up to 9%), citric acid (up to 2.5%), whiten in Sines A, Vitamin A, Bake fresh and refined (juices, jam, jam, tsukati). In some cases, parthenocarpic fruits become parthenocarpous, which do not ripen for a single hour. Zі shkіrki otrryuyut efіrnі olії. Batkivshchyna Roslin є Pivdenno-Skhidna Asia, de buv wild ancestor, ninth of riches. After eating an orange in Europe with two paths [3]. So, the deyakі vidi citrus consumed (middle of them - an orange) in the Ancient Greece from the turnings of the warriors of Oleksandr the Great. In the middle of the year, oranges were grown in the Arabian lands in Pivnichny Afritsa, in the Pivdenniy Spania on the Sicily Islands. In Portugal, the orange was brought to a deprivation of 1548 rock [3]. The trees popped viroshuvati in the greenhouses of the Pivnichnyh Territories at once from the 16th century. The first oranges in the greenhouse were dated in Russia - 1714 by rock [3].

U 1894 p. on the basis of the advanced Russian science of A. N. Krasnov and I. N. Klinen on the Chornomorsk Uzbek coast, the new Soviet and Sukhum of the past Fruits and technical subtropical roses have been brought in from the low foreign lands, in the first place in India, Japan, China and France.

The Institute of Science was established in a healthy way with the organization of the 1912 Batumi Botanical Garden, a great work was carried out on the development of fruit and citrus crops on the Uzbek coast. The development of citrus culture in Russia was spriyal, as written by P.M. Zhukovskiy (1964), an expedition to China and Japan on A. N. Krasnov and I. N. Klinen (1897), as long as " 12 golden gifts to Go “I brought Japanese tangerine to Nomu. Protest, the development of the subtropical subtropical vichiznyane diminished the loss of the establishment of the Radyanskaya power, since the industrial processing of citrus crops was honored in the country.

In Ukraine, the production of citrus fruits is not developed, but the processing of citrus fruits for juices and the child's harvesting isnu may be at all enterprises of the food industry, where the food is used.

Humidity and watering

Humidity air for the Persei is of high importance. With excessively dry air, the plant immediately begins to shed its leaves. This indicator should be kept at the level of 55-65%.

To fit this mode requires regular spraying of the space around the bush with water at room temperature. For this, it is advisable to use a finely dispersed spray bottle.

If a constantly there is no way to monitor the humidity, then purchasing a humidifier would be a good solution. This device will automatically maintain the set point.And, of course, well-humidified air has a beneficial effect on the inhabitants of the house.

Watering Perseus it is necessary regularly and abundantly in the summer. It should be remembered that stagnant water in a pot or sump, as well as strong waterlogging of the soil, are unacceptable for the tree.

To protect the plant from such troubles, it is important to initially take care of good drainage and high-quality soil.


Olga Gosteeva pinned post

In the presence of tick drugs with a stop effect, against all stages of pest development:
Double Face. Japan
Arubarin. Japan. - a wide range of pests, including mealybug
Oberon Rapid
Show in full.
Karate Zeon is a wide range of pests. Good for treating trees and shrubs

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Stanislav Stanislavsky pinned post

With the permission of the administrator, I post information about the competition held in our group and New Year's gifts You must be a member of the @exotic_flowers_of_the_world group and repost the record of the competition, hold at least 3 positions on your wall. As a gift, the winner will receive a set of 7 varietal violets or 4 indoor plants (Baby Dress begonia, San Miguel alsobia, Venteri plectrantus, Vertigo hirita) to choose from.
Results of the draw on December 23rd. **

** The winnings will need to be picked up either in person in Tula from December 24 to 27, in Moscow from December 27 to 30, or take care of delivery by a transport company (we do not send by mail in winter!)

Photo to attract attention. May good luck be with you))

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Please support your friends with signatures and messages about our

Hope to sign, hope to circulate the link to the petition
colleagues, friends, acquaintances, we hope that many of them will also sign

our petition. For the state to begin to consider it, we need

to collect over 300 thousand signatures in the next few months, this is impossible without mass support of people. Citizens of other states can also sign this petition. Thank you in advance for maintaining the signature of the Good Deed!

Best regards, Vladimir Ilyushichev.

Link to the petition "Kedro-park, which has no analogues and has no analogues":

Diseases and pests

Avocados can be affected by pests such as spider mites, scale insects. They should be dealt with by increasing the humidity in the room. It is recommended to remove pests manually using a soap solution. If this method of control does not help, then you need to use insecticides. Powdery mildew should be fought with fungicides.

Due to improper care, avocados can be sore. If there was little watering or, conversely, too much, and the water was cold, then the leaves may turn brown, dry out and fall off. Insufficient moisture is also detrimental to the tree. In this case, the leaves first turn brown at the ends, and later become completely that color. If there is not enough light for the plant, then the leaves become discolored. You can solve the problem by rearranging the pot closer to the window or providing additional lighting.

Important! When transferring a tree from a dark place to a light one, do not forget that it is necessary to accustom the avocado to the light gradually.

Growing an avocado at home is easy. The main thing is to provide the plant with the necessary conditions. With proper care, the American Perseus will grow rapidly, beautifying your apartment.

helped Crop Houseplants Avocado

Watch the video: Hirita

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