The Strelitzia plant is a type genus of the Strelitziev family. In nature, there are only 5 types of flowers. Exquisite bushes live on the island of Madagascar, as well as in some South African countries. An unusual plant has won the love of flower growers around the world. So the royal strelitzia became the official flower of American Los Angeles, and at home, in South Africa, it is revered as a symbol of freedom.
Strelitzia got its main name in honor of the British Queen Charlotte, who contributed to the creation of the famous Kew Gardens. Even the specific names of these plants are related to monarchs. Strelitzia flower with its outlines resembles a bright tropical bird. This is related to its popular name - "bird of paradise".
Floral designers and bouquets are happy to use strelitzia in their compositions, as it gives a unique flavor and sophistication. Of the five species of this plant, only two of them can be grown at home - Strelitzia "Royal" and "Nicholas".
Strelitzia belongs to the herbaceous evergreens. Its size in the natural environment can be very large - up to 10 m in height, although on average the bushes usually grow only up to 2-3 m.At home, their size does not exceed 2 m.In nature, strelitzia live in forests, but are usually found on spacious areas. Growing this color at home also requires a lot of free space.
Strelitzia has a taproot extending to a great depth. The stems of the bush are almost absent. Rosettes formed from large leaves on thick petioles extend from the root. The leaf blades are oval in shape and can be up to 80 cm wide and up to 2 m long in size. They resemble banana foliage in shape, but differ in longer petioles. The leaves are colored in shades of green and have pronounced veins.
During flowering, the plant forms a long peduncle on which there is an inflorescence that resembles a bird's crest. It is placed horizontally on the peduncle. It contains orange, bluish, blue or purple flowers up to 20 cm in diameter. Each peduncle can form about 7 flowers, while several such peduncles can form on each bush at once. This significantly prolongs the flowering period and can last for about six months. Small birds feeding on nectar are engaged in pollination of flowers. At home, to obtain seeds, inflorescences are artificially pollinated. It takes about a month to set fruits with seeds, and they will ripen for about six months. Each capsule contains no more than 8 black seeds, partly covered with a bright breeder that attracts birds.
At home, strelitzia can bloom several times a year, but for this, the bush must be properly looked after. At the same time, bird flowers can also be used for cutting. In the form of a bouquet, they can delight the eye from a couple of weeks to a month.
The table shows brief rules for caring for an arrow at home.
|Lighting level||Scattered but bright beams are required. The east or west side is ideal.|
|Content temperature||During the development period, the flower will be satisfied with the usual room temperature - 20-25 degrees, but it should spend the winter in a cool place (about 14-16 degrees).|
|Watering mode||During development, the plant requires moderate watering - they try to keep the soil in a slightly moist state. In winter, the substrate is moistened about once every 10 days.|
|Air humidity||Strelitzia needs a fairly high humidity; on dry hot days, its foliage should be sprayed.|
|The soil||The soil for growing strelitzia should be fertile, light and consist of peat, leaf and sod land in equal parts.|
|Top dressing||The entire period of development and flowering, the bushes are fertilized every 10 days, alternating organic matter with mineral compositions.|
|Transfer||Young bushes are moved annually, and older specimens are moved about once every 3 years.|
|Bloom||Flowering occurs in the spring and lasts about 1.5 months.|
|Dormant period||The dormant period occurs in the winter, but is poorly expressed.|
|Reproduction||Fresh seeds, side shoots, division of bushes over 6 years old.|
|Pests||Aphids, spider mites, and scale insects or mealybugs.|
|Diseases||The flower has sufficient immunity to most diseases, but sometimes it rots due to frequent overflow.|
Features of the flower! Strelitzia juice contains poisonous substances.
Strelitzia is not very demanding in care, so it is relatively easy to grow it at home.
Diffused light is best suited for strelting, so the bush should be kept on a window on the east or west side of the house. But direct rays should not fall on it. On the southern windows, the plant is shaded.
Strelitzia is a large, spreading plant that needs a lot of space for full development when grown indoors. In order for the foliage of the bush to retain its fan-shaped position, when moving the pot to a new place, the direction of lighting should be maintained. You should not rotate the flower pot for uniform foliage development - so the plates may begin to curl.
Strelitzia is thermophilic and the entire growing season develops well at normal room temperatures in the range of 20-25 degrees. In summer, the plant pot can be taken out to the balcony or garden. But for a tropical "bird" only a place well protected from wind and bright sun is suitable. Changes in day and night temperatures will help the bush to bloom.
In winter, when the rate of development of the bush slows down, it should be kept cool (no more than 14-16 degrees). These conditions are also conducive to future flowering. In a too cool room, the roots of the plant should be insulated by placing the pot on polystyrene or wrapping it with something.
In spring and summer, strelitzia bushes are watered moderately, but quite often. The soil in the container should remain slightly damp at all times. In this case, overflow should be avoided. Constant stagnation of water at the roots can lead to the development of diseases.
Well-settled or filtered water at room temperature is best suited for irrigation. In winter, when the flower is kept cool, the frequency of watering should be reduced. At this time, you can moisten the soil in the pot about once a decade. If the flower continues to winter in the room, water and humidify the air next to the strelitzia as usual.
The air humidity near the arrow should be slightly increased. To make the plant easier to tolerate summer heat and drought, its leaves during this period can be wiped off with a damp cloth or periodically sprayed. Regularly rubbing the foliage will also help to remove dust from them. It is advisable to carry out these procedures in the morning so that the leaves have time to dry before nightfall.
The ideal potting mix for growing Strelitzia should be fertile, lightweight, and equal parts peat, leafy and soddy soil. It is recommended to add a small amount of charcoal to the drainage layer. You can buy soil mixture with good aeration and in retail chains. You can use the most common soil for indoor plants and flowers.
Strelitzia growing at home can be fed throughout the entire period of development and flowering. The optimal fertilizing schedule is once every 10 days. For this, organic and mineral compositions can be used alternately. When the plant fades, it begins a dormant period, and they take a break for 2-3 months in feeding.
Before moving the flower pot to the cool, all old flower stalks should be cut off from it. An exception is made only for pollinated specimens.
Regular transplants have a good effect on the development of young strelitzia. They are moved to new pots every year in the spring. Older specimens no longer need such frequent transplants. Due to the fragility of the roots, it is better not to disturb the strelitzia without the need. Usually, mature shrubs are moved about once every 3-5 years. The need for transplantation can be judged by the condition of the plant roots. When its sufficiently powerful rhizomes cease to fit in a pot, they begin to develop in a spiral and work like a spring. Because of this, a clod of earth together with a flower can literally start falling out of the container, tilting the plant to the side.
During transplantation, the plant must be pulled out of the pot along with a lump of earth. For this procedure, a loose and fertile soil is preliminarily prepared. It can include sand, humus, peat, leafy soil and sod. A fairly tall pot is suitable for strelitzia. For small plants, you can use plastic models, and for adults and heavy ones, more weighty ceramic ones are suitable. A good drainage layer must be laid on the bottom of the container. A little fresh soil is poured over it, and then a soil clod with a plant is placed on top. The voids are carefully covered with earth, trying to compact it evenly.
Strelitzia Emergency Transplant
If a diseased plant is transplanted, its roots should be examined. They are cleaned of old soil, the affected areas are cut off and the cuts are treated with crushed coal. Only then can the bush be transplanted into another pot.
While the plant remains in the old container, you can periodically replace the top few centimeters of soil in it. So that as the foliage of the strelitzia does not fall apart as it grows, circular supports are usually used.
Tufted flowers begin to form only on adult strelitzia not younger than 4 years old. An important role is played by a sufficient amount of light, large foliage, as well as compliance with the conditions during the dormant period. If even after this the plant refuses to bloom, you can try to activate the bud formation process artificially.
In this case, a temperature difference is created for the plant. The pot with it is taken out to a frost-free balcony or a cool veranda, where it is kept at about 11 degrees. Watering the soil in a pot should be rare. After a month of such "hardening" the bush is returned to its usual conditions, making sure that it is well lit. You can additionally feed the plant with a composition for flowering species. Some time after this procedure, the strelitzia should bloom. But after the formation of the buds, it is no longer worth rearranging the flower pot.
Only fresh strelitzia seeds germinate well. Plants can only be propagated with freshly harvested seed. It will be possible to get it at home only with the help of artificial pollination. Sometimes strelitzia seeds are purchased in a store, but they must also be as fresh as possible: after only six months after collecting, 9 seeds out of 10 have time to lose their ability to germinate.
Before sowing, the seeds should be kept in warm (up to 40 degrees) water for a day, changing it as it cools or using a thermos. After swelling, the seeds are cleaned of fibers. Another method of processing is to hold the seeds in a growth stimulant solution for several hours.
For sowing, a mixture of sand with peat and compost is suitable. It is preliminarily spilled with boiling water, and then placed in small cups (0.25 l) with large (up to 0.5 cm) drainage holes. The soil should be about 2/3 cup soil. On top of it, approximately 2 cm of sand is additionally poured. Each seed is placed in a separate glass, slightly pressing it into the sand so that only the back remains on the surface. After that, the cups are covered with foil and placed in a warm and bright place.
Some gardeners recommend keeping the seeds in the dark, but in any case, you should not expose them to direct rays. Greenhouse conditions continue to be observed until the first leaf appears from the seeds. But its appearance can take a lot of time - from a couple of months to six months. As soon as the seeds germinate, they can be aired by removing the film for about 15 minutes a day.
The sprouts that have formed can be watered as the topsoil dries up. For this, boiled water is suitable. After the young strelitzia grow up, they are transplanted into larger containers. During this procedure, you should be especially careful with the roots of the seedlings. Their damage can lead to a slowdown in growth or even complete death of the plant.
Growing seedlings should be watered not too abundantly and kept in the light. The optimum temperature for their growth is approximately 22 degrees.
Royal Strelitzia. Seed bird of paradise
Other methods can be used to reproduce adult strelitzia. Bushes over 6 or 7 years old are often propagated by division. After the strelitzia has faded, its bush should be pulled out of the pot and the young rosettes with roots should be carefully separated from it. The separated parts are planted in pots of suitable volume. The soil for them can be the same as for the seedlings.
Reproduction by vegetative methods allows you to get flowering plants earlier than when sowing seeds.
Some harmful insects can settle on strelitzia. If a spider mite attacked the plant, the bush is treated with acaricides. Against the scale insect or mealybug, treatment with Aktara will help. In this case, the procedure should be repeated after 3 weeks.
If the growing conditions are observed, Strelitzia practically does not get sick. The main danger for the plant is the constant waterlogging of the soil. In this case, rot may develop on the roots of the flower.
Yellow foliage can be caused by too low room temperatures or lack of nutrients. Due to dry air, the edges of the leaf plates may begin to dry out. Slowing bush growth is often associated with a cramped pot.
Or small-leaved strelitzia (Strelitzia parvifolia). One of the most common species in floriculture. Strelitzia reginae lives in the highland forest areas of South Africa. The size of her bush can be up to 2 m in height. Its rosettes are formed by large leathery leaves of rich green color. The length of each leaf reaches 24 cm. Their edges are slightly wavy. The leaves are arranged on long petioles, the size of which reaches 90 cm. There is a greenish-red veil on the peduncle. The flower petals are blue on the inside and orange on the outside. Their size reaches 15 cm. Such a plant blooms twice a year.
At home, the size of the bush is usually no more than 1.5 m. Flowering can occur literally in any season. The species has a smaller hybrid - "Mandela Gold". It has wider foliage.
This species was named after one of the sons of Nicholas I, who oversaw the Petersburg Botanical Garden. Strelitzia nicolai is also known as the wild banana. Such strelitzia lives in mountain gorges or forests in the Cape province. It belongs to the arboreal species. The height of such a plant can reach up to 10 m. Its petioles begin to grow stiff over time. During the flowering period, a peduncle is formed in the axils, which has four sheets at once in the form of a bird's beak. They are brownish in color. The petals are painted white on the outside and blue on the inside. Their length reaches 17 cm.
Due to its impressive size, such a plant is most often found in greenhouses.The flowers of this strelitzia are usually used for cutting.
This species lives in the very south of Africa and is considered very rare. Strelitzia caudata is also known as the “desert banana”. This strelitzia also belongs to treelike, its height reaches 10 m. The plant is distinguished by a two-row arrangement of large leaves. The flowers are white in color and have pointed red boat-shaped bracts. Their length reaches 45 cm.
In southern countries, this strelitzia can be grown as a garden plant. In more northern latitudes, it can most often be found in winter gardens.
The species lives in the east of South Africa. Strelitzia juncea is unpretentious. This plant tolerates sharp temperature drops, small frosts or long periods of drought. The flowers of this species resemble a royal strelitzia, but its leaves are narrower - this is precisely why the name of the species is associated. The bush of the plant forms dense rosettes about 2 m in diameter.
Another species that lives in the Cape Province. The lower part of the Strelitzia alba shrub begins to grow stiff over time. The plant has large (up to 1 m long) shiny foliage of light green color. It is distinguished by an oval-heart-shaped shape. Peduncles have two bracts and a purple-colored veil. The color of the flowers is white.
This type of strelitzia is commonly used as a garden plant, but can also be grown as a potted plant. In home floriculture, there is also a hybrid obtained from crossing the white and royal strelitzia.
Strelitzia is a herbaceous rhizome perennial with a shortened stem and a rosette of rigid elongated oval leaves, blooming with unusual and bright orange flowers with a blue corolla. Strelitzia flowers appear at the ends of tall peduncles (about 1 meter). The original inflorescence of strelitzia, reminiscent of the head of a bird of paradise with a perky crest, releases so much nectar that it flows out of the edges of the flower.
In greenhouses, strelitzia is grown for cutting, where it blooms from October to May (after keeping the plant cool in summer at about 14 degrees). As a houseplant, Strelitzia blooms in spring and blooms for several weeks. Strelitzia blooms in a room only when it is provided with space and fresh air, a sufficient amount of bright light (with shade from the hot sun), with moderate watering as the soil dries up, when spraying the leaves. From May to August, fertilizing of room strelitzia is carried out, making 3 times a month alternately mineral and organic fertilizers. In September, feeding of home strelitzia is stopped and watering is gradually reduced, as the plant goes into a state of relative dormancy. In winter, Strelitzia is kept in the house at a temperature of 12-16 degrees with limited watering (roots rot from excessive watering), the plant practically does not grow at this time.
An adult strelitzia, when grown in a high pot with a diameter of 25 cm, can reach a height of 1-1.3 meters. The root system of strelitzia develops mainly in length, so a tall pot is chosen for growing strelitzia. The overgrown strelitzia is propagated by dividing the bush in the spring (the strelitzia divisions bloom the next year) and seeds, which are formed after artificial pollination of flowers. Strelitzia grown from seeds usually blooms at 4-6 years of life on a young plant by the time of the first flowering 6-8 leaves develop. Young strelitzia are transplanted annually in spring (in March, April or May), the substrate is made up of a mixture of turf, humus, leafy soil and sand in a ratio (2: 2: 2: 1) with the addition of peat. In a pot with strelitzia, good drainage is arranged. Care should be taken when transplanting, since the fragile fleshy roots of strelitzia are easily damaged and broken (the wounds are sprinkled with charcoal powder). Adult strelitzia are transplanted after 3-5 years, but every year they renew the top layer of the earth after flowering ends.
Strelitzia is quite easy to grow, with proper care, it is not affected by pests and diseases. Keeping Strelitzia outdoors in summer in a sheltered area promotes good growth and flowering later.
Weekly Free Digest of Gardenia.ru Site
Every week, for 15 years, for our 100,000 subscribers, an excellent selection of relevant materials about flowers and the garden, as well as other useful information.
Gardening in The Sims 4 is not only fun and enjoyable, but it is also a great tool for your Sims to cook and make money from selling crops. A huge variety of vegetables, fruits, herbs and flowers will diversify the game process, and collecting exotic plants turns into a real quest!
Obtaining unique plants by crossing:
Pomegranate + Orchid = Flower of Death
Snapdragon + Lily = Orchid
Strawberry + Chamomile = Bonsai Shrub
Strawberry + Snapdragon = Pitaya (Dragon Fruit)
Snapdragon + Pitaya = Ruminant Berry (Cannibal Swallow)
Apple + Cherry = Pomegranate
Chrysanthemum + Tulip = Strelitzia
Sage + Basil = Parsley
Lemon + Pear = Frying Bananas (not included in Collections)
1. Mushrooms - Available in the Beginner Vegetable Pack.
Found in Forgotten Grotto (Oasis Springs), in Silvan Glade (Willow Creek). And also behind the site of Daisy Hovel and Garden Essence (Willow Creek)
2.Potatoes - Found in Forgotten Grotto in Oasis Springs, in Willow Creek behind the Garden Essence lot in the garden beds and next to the public museum.
3. Bow. - Can be found in Oasis Springs behind the Rio Verde and Erid Ridge section, in the Forgotten Grotto and behind the Aegevi Eboud lot at the fishing spot with a wooden bridge
4. Carrots - Available in the Beginner Vegetable Pack.
Can be found behind Slipshod Mesquite in the picnic and grill area in one of the garden beds (Oasis Springs).
5. Tomato - Found behind Slipshod Mesquite in the picnic and grill area in one of the garden beds (Oasis Springs).
6. Spinach - Only available in the Beginner Vegetable Pack. The base game The Sims 4
7. False Morel - Can be found in Granite Falls in the Hermit's Hideout. The Sims 4 Set Go Hike!
8. Morel - Found in Granite Falls in the hermit's hideout
1. Frying Bananas - Available in the Beginner Fruit Pack.
Can be obtained by crossing lemon and pear. The base game The Sims 4
2. Grapes - Only available in the beginner fruit pack. The base game The Sims 4
3. Cherries - Can be found in Silvan Glade (Willow Creek) and beyond the Rio Verde and Affluent Mansion (Oasis Springs) sites.
4. Pomegranate - Can be obtained by crossing Apple and Cherry or caught while fishing in Silvan Glade in Willow Creek and in the central parks of both towns. The base game The Sims 4
5. Pear - Found in Willow Creek behind Umbridge Manor, in Silvan Glade, in Central Park and next to the Library and Museum buildings. The base game The Sims 4
6. Blackberry - Behind the Saltree Springside, Erid Ridge and to the right of the Rio Verde in Oasis Springs. The base game The Sims 4
7. Strawberry 2§ - Can be found in Forgotten Grotto (Oasis Springs) and on nearly all sites in Willow Creek. The base game The Sims 4
8. Lemon - Can be found in Oasis Springs to the right and left of the Rio Verde lot, to the left of the Erid Ridge lot and behind the Slipshod Mesquite in the picnic and grill area of one of the garden beds (Oasis Springs). The base game The Sims 4
9. Pitaya 16§ - Can only be obtained by crossing strawberries and snapdragons. The base game The Sims 4
10. Bonsai Buds - Can only be obtained by crossing chamomile and strawberries. The base game The Sims 4
11. Apple - Available in the Newbie Fruit Pack. Can be found in Willow Creek behind Umbridge Manor, in Central Park and behind the Library, Gymnasium, Nightclub, and Museum. The base game The Sims 4
12. Elderberry - Found in Granite Falls National Park Set The Sims 4 Hike!
13. Harmful Elderberry Found in Granite Falls National Park The Sims 4 Set On A Hike!
14. Blackberries - Found in Granite Falls National Park and Forest The Sims 4 Set For Hike!
15. Poisonous Blackberry - Can be found in Granite Falls in the National Park and in the forest
Unlike other types of kvass, white kvass easy to prepare and does not require any special delicacies. In Russia in the 19th century, it was very popular and was used mainly for preparing cold dishes, such as okroshka, tyurya or botvinya.
He was especially loved in the central part of Russia: Tambov, Ryazan and Penza provinces. And in our time, this kvass has not lost its attractiveness. It is used both as a tonic drink and as a main ingredient for preparing various cold foods. And in the bath, he will not be superfluous.
The main advantage of white kvass (if I may say so) is its relatively low saturation with carbon dioxide, which allows people who cannot tolerate carbonated drinks to use it to quench their thirst. And lovers of steam will gladly take it to the steam room to give a couple of bread spirit.
What you need to have for white kvass:
What need to do:
P.S. This is how Ochakovsky kvass is made! How to make kvass for a bath
More articles on bath drinks:
We go to the bathhouse. How to make homemade kvass according to a recipe
Young Strelitzia require replanting every spring, and sometimes twice a year. After 4–5 years, the pot is changed as needed. Strelitzia herself will tell you when it is time to transplant. The rapidly growing root not only crawls out of the drainage hole, but also begins to literally push the plant out of the soil. From such an "earthquake" the bush can suddenly tilt.
The grown root can curl up into a kind of spring and push the strelitzia out of the pot.
If the root system is cramped, strelitzia will develop poorly. Therefore, choose a pot that provides room for a long, rod-like root. It is very powerful, but at the same time juicy and breaks easily, handle it with care when transplanting.
Strelitzia has a strong taproot, but it can be damaged by careless transplantation
The capacity should be wide enough to allow young leaves and lateral root shoots to grow, and high enough to allow the underground part to grow. Choose the size of the new pot 4–5 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. For small plants, plastic containers will do. And adult specimens with large and rather massive leaves will stand stronger in a ceramic heavier pot.
For an adult plant, choose a ceramic resistant pot
The bird flower needs a neutral and nutritious potting mix. For example, add chopped moss, river sand and humus to the universal soil. Approximate compositions of the soil substrate:
The fleshy rhizome of strelitzia quickly rots if there is stagnation of moisture in the soil. Therefore, a high drainage layer at the bottom of the pot is a must. The filler can be any: expanded clay, large perlite or vermiculite, broken red brick.
Every year, transplanting an overgrown strelitzia becomes more and more difficult. And instead, they only change the top layer (5–6 cm) of the soil in the pot. Add humus or other nutrients to new soil for nutrition.
In nature, Strelitzia does an excellent job with its oars-leaves. Extensive leaf plates sit on strong and resilient erect petioles. Only old leaves are tilted to the side.
Strelitzia leaves acquire a horizontal position with age.
At home, the plant does not develop so harmoniously. With a lack of light or nutrition, weak elongated petioles are formed. They find it difficult to hold the sheet vertically, so a circular support is required.
A bush of potted strelitzia will fall apart ugly if there is no support
Finished products can be found in specialized stores. Or make the design yourself. When transplanting, place sticks in the pot, for example, made of bamboo. And then connect them with strong twine or wire around the circumference. This support will help the leaves stay upright.
In the store you can find a circular support for the arrow
Selo.guru is a daily source of useful information for those who love and know how to grow plants, those who will not exchange a weekend at their dacha for any other type of recreation.
Our site will be useful for both beginners and experienced gardeners and gardeners. In the articles of our information resource, we share our own experience with you and consult with experts. It is with great pleasure that we plant a vegetable garden, improve the lawn and build garden pavilions together with you. We are happy to tell you everything we know ourselves about keeping poultry, planting grapes and fruit trees, about pests of the garden and vegetable garden.
If you are interested in years-proven or innovative methods of growing crops, summer cottage construction technologies and all existing methods of storing vegetables, then you have come to the right place. We are sure that by joint efforts we will definitely turn our own summer cottage into a piece of paradise.
Strelitzia is propagated by seeds, division of plants and separation of lateral shoots.
Seed reproduction the most suitable for strelitzia royal, which blooms in the 4th year after sowing. The rest of the species bloom only in the 6-8th year.
The seeds can be purchased or harvested from mature plants that set them without further fertilization.
Seeds quickly lose their germination, so they are sown fresh. Even if old seeds sprout, flowering will have to wait up to 10 years!
Strelitzia seeds have a protective waxy layer. To shorten the germination period, the seeds are thoroughly washed with soapy water or scarified with fine sandpaper. Then they are placed in a container with warm water for a period of twelve hours to two days, for swelling.
Sow to a depth of 2-3 cm and germinate in a greenhouse at a temperature of + 25 ° C. Germination takes from 1.5 to several months. Crops are regularly moistened and aired. As soon as sprouts appear, the seedlings are gradually opened.
Seedlings are first kept in a bright place at a temperature of + 20 ... + 22 ° C, with good watering. After a month, the temperature is reduced to + 18 ° C so that they do not stretch. The grown seedlings dive into handfuls with a diameter of 7 cm and then transfer to a large container 2-3 times.
Division. The optimal timing for dividing is after flowering, in late spring and early summer. Usually, division is combined with a transplant. When dividing, they try not to damage the roots, and the damaged ones are powdered with crushed charcoal. The twisted roots are removed.
Delenka should have at least three leaves - the faster the plant will bloom. Delenki are planted in pots with a diameter of 16-20 cm. It is often not worth dividing. only large, well-developed plants bloom profusely. And after division, 1 year passes without flowering.
Photo: Rita Brilliantova, Lada Khrustaleva