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Here's how natural seed stratification can help you grow perennial crops and plants like primrose or strawberry easily.
For outdoor cultivation, crocuses are planted in September-October. Of course, if these are not autumn crocuses, but there are such ones too. In general, all types of crocuses are divided into spring-flowering and autumn-flowering ones.
Spring planted in late August or early September and bloom in April - early May.
Autumn should be planted before mid-summer and they will bloom in September or October, depending on the variety.
When planting autumn crocuses, you need to take into account the fact that they need to be planted without flowers. Very often, autumn species are sold in nurseries or flower shops already in bloom. I can say that they have very few chances to take root. So it's better to buy them early and plant them without buds. Then in September they will bloom in your flowerbed. If, nevertheless, you bought crocuses in bloom, planted them, and they wilted, do not be upset. Cut off the dry leaves and the flower itself and leave the plant alone. Your crocus will bloom next year. True, the plant will gain strength only after 2 years. Therefore, it is better not to plant already flowering specimens.
The bulbs are planted to a depth of about 10 cm.The distance between the bulbs is 3-5 cm.
Crocuses thrive on all types of soil, but prefer light loam. If the soil is completely "poor" then it is advisable to fertilize it before planting. You can put compost or manure in the planting hole (only rotted - fresh is impossible).
In general, crocuses are responsive to fertilizers and will not remain in debt to you. Flowers will delight. The only thing that doesn't suit them is acidic soil.
You will also need drainage. The sand will completely come off, if there is no sand, then you can pour some fine gravel on the bottom. By the way, if you have a wetland, then try to plant crocuses in the highest place.
Important! Crocuses don't like wet soils. The plant may die.
Crocuses grow best in full sun. Then the flowers will appear as soon as the snow melts. And the buds will be larger than those planted in the shade. I want to say that in the shade, flowers may not fully open up. These plants love well-lit areas.
Crocus care is quite simple. Fertilize them twice - in early spring, as soon as the snow has melted and during flowering. After 10 days of flowering, spring crocuses have a dormant period. Even without flowers, crocuses look beautiful due to the original leaves.
In late June and early July, the leaves dry out and the bulbs need to be dug up (spring varieties).
They dry out for a couple of months and in September they can be planted again. Many growers do not dig crocuses. But this must be done, if not every year, then at least once every 3-4 years. So they will bloom better and multiply faster. But you need to dig them out only in the middle of summer, during the dormant period.
Plants do not require shelter for the winter. They tolerate well both autumn and spring frosts.
Reproduction in crocuses occurs by children (daughter bulbs). Each such small bulb will bloom for 3 or 4 years. Depending on the variety. Every year more and more children are formed and then it becomes cramped for them. Because of this, the crocus flowers are getting smaller and smaller. Here's another reason to dig up bulbs during the summer.
Spring crocuses can also be propagated by seeds. But from flower seeds you will have to wait 4 to 5 years. The seeds of autumn crocuses in our latitudes do not have time to ripen.
The worst enemy of crocuses is mice. By the way, during the drying of the bulbs, the mice also do not sleep. So, don't leave the bulbs to dry in sheds or outdoors under a canopy. I take them home to my apartment. And I store them in egg cartons on the balcony. Very comfortably.
Crocuses can also be affected by fungal diseases. But here a pale solution of potassium permanganate will always save. (hold in the solution for a few minutes before planting). Throw away badly damaged bulbs. Of course, if the bulbs are not dug out every year, then these problems may not be seen.
In general, crocus flowers are not very whimsical and very beautiful. There are only yellow varieties on my site so far. (I have almost all the flowers are yellow, I really love this color).
But this year I plan to expand the color range of these beauties, so that next spring I will admire the huge amount of colors of these cute flowers.