Information About Victorian Box

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What Is Victorian Box – Caring Victorian Box In Landscapes

By Teo Spengler

What is Victorian box tree? It?s a type of box tree native to Australia that produces fragrant flowers. If you want more Victorian box information, including tips for growing Victorian box trees, click the following article.

All bluebirds are cavity-nesting species, and they need safe, secure locations to raise their broods. Unfortunately, they are not assertive, and more aggressive species can easily drive bluebirds out of prime nesting spaces. European starlings and house sparrows, both invasive species, will easily usurp nesting cavities, evicting and even injuring or killing bluebirds in the process. Bluebirds may also be subject to brood parasitism from brown-headed cowbirds, and young cowbird chicks can smother bluebird hatchlings and keep them from getting sufficient food and care. Continuing human development, particularly in the eastern bluebird's range, has removed many natural cavities these birds need for successful nests, making proper birdhouses even more critical.

Choosing the right sizes for a bluebird house is essential to ensure that not only are the birds safe and comfortable, but that other species are less able to use the house and the bluebirds will not be molested.

  • Entrance hole: The entrance size is the most critical dimension for a safe, effective bluebird house. The hole should be 1 1/2 inches/3.8 centimeters in diameter for eastern and western bluebirds, though mountain bluebirds occasionally prefer slightly larger holes that are 1 9/16 inches/4.0 centimeters in diameter. Over time, holes gradually enlarge as edges are worn away by talons, inquisitive hatchlings, and general wear. It is wise to regularly repair the entrance hole with a sturdy block or plate to keep it at the appropriate size and keep larger, unwanted birds from investigating.
  • Entrance height: The entrance hole should be 6 to 10 inches/15 to 25 centimeters above the floor of the birdhouse. This ensures that growing hatchlings are not able to tumble out of the opening. This distance also provides enough space that predators cannot easily reach hatchlings or brooding adults from the outside. Adding rough scoring or a piece of mesh below the hole inside the house can help birds reach the entrance when they wish to exit, but it is not strictly necessary, as their talons are ideal for climbing inside the house.
  • Interior floor space: Bluebirds raise three to eight chicks in each brood, and a large brood of growing hatchlings can quickly become crowded if the house is too small. Ideally, the interior floor space of a bluebird house should measure 5x5 inches/12.7x12.7 centimeters to accommodate the entire brood snugly but without too much excess space that can chill hatchlings.
  • Total house height: The total height of a bluebird house can vary from 8 to 12 inches/20 to 30 centimeters. The rear of the house is usually slightly taller than the front, and the roof slopes down from the back to the front to provide cover and shade over the entrance. A smaller house is too easy for predators to access, and a taller house can be too difficult for young birds to exit when they are ready to leave the nest safely.

It is easy to use the proper dimensions when building a birdhouse, but birders who prefer to purchase birdhouses should carefully measure first to be sure the size and proportions are ideal for bluebirds.

Alan Jones forced to correct attack on Daniel Andrews that ‘misrepresented' Covid research

Broadcasting watchdog’s finding followed complaint about Jones’s commentary but video remains on Sky News website and YouTube

Alan Jones made misrepresentations in his segment on Sky News criticising the Victorian premier’s Covid response, the Australian Communications and Media Authority found. Photograph: Sky News

Alan Jones made misrepresentations in his segment on Sky News criticising the Victorian premier’s Covid response, the Australian Communications and Media Authority found. Photograph: Sky News

Last modified on Wed 3 Feb 2021 04.44 GMT

Alan Jones was forced to publish a correction to his August 2020 editorial railing against Covid-19 restrictions in Victoria after the broadcasting watchdog found he had “misrepresented the research” on the effectiveness of masks and lockdowns.

Jones, who fronts the flagship opinion show on Sky After Dark at 8pm on Mondays through Thursdays, is a trenchant critic of Daniel Andrews’s Labor government.

The former radio shock jock retired from 2GB last May after a divisive 35-year career and was picked up by Sky News Australia, which is increasingly moving its commentary to the right.

The original six-minute video, “This is not a pandemic it is a catastrophic state government failure”, itself remains uncorrected on the Sky News website and YouTube, a situation the Australian Communications and Media Authority (Acma) does not object to and says “constitutes a correction in an appropriate manner”.

After Victoria went into stage-four lockdown, Jones told viewers the science did not back up the premier’s decision to introduce tougher rules.

“I’d suggest [Andrews is] fighting a virus with the wrong response,” Jones said. “Listening to the wrong experts and trashing everything in our wake.”

In September Acma received a complaint about the episode of Jones’ broadcast on Sky on WIN and assessed the complaint against the provisions of the Commercial Television Industry Code.

The investigation found Jones had “misrepresented the research” but said if he corrected the editorial within 30 days the program he would not be in breach of the commercial TV code.

Jones had cited two articles, in the New England Journal of Medicine and the Lancet, in the episode, but “failed to refer to a clarification note” in the former and “did not include any reference to the following significant qualification that appeared in the same article in the latter”, Acma found.

“Although the program accurately quoted from the relevant research article, it misrepresented the authors’ position on the effectiveness of mask-wearing outside of healthcare facilities,” Acma told Guardian Australia.

“Although it accurately quoted from the relevant research article, it misrepresented the research on the effectiveness of lockdowns.”

The Acma investigation, finalised in December, found: “The Acma considers that Mr Jones’ use of the quote misrepresented the viewpoint of the authors because it conveyed that they believed masks were ineffective in a much less limited set of circumstances than was apparent from the appended clarification.

“This misrepresentation was material because it went to the central point that Mr Jones was seeking to make – that governments are wrong to enforce mask-wearing because medical experts do not think masks are effective in preventing the spread of Covid-19.

“The information explicitly refutes the ‘definitive’ argument put by Mr Jones – that lockdowns don’t work. It is arguable therefore, by suggesting that the Lancet article supported the position that shutdowns don’t work as a public health measure, that the broadcast misrepresented the expert opinion expressed in the research. As with the comments about masks, the misrepresentation was material because it was used to prosecute Mr Jones’ central point that the decision by the Victorian government to impose a lockdown in response to Covid-19 was mistaken.”

Acma told Guardian Australia it was satisfied with Sky’s correction, which was published on Sky’s website and the WIN TV website with no link to the uncorrected video.

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