Sage is a widespread plant in the area and also in Italian kitchens, as an aromatic herb with an intense smell and flavor, ideal for dressing and personalizing dishes and dishes. However, its properties range not only in the culinary field, but also in the phytotherapeutic one, due to its varied healing properties. Sage is a plant widely present in the territory as a natural sprouting, therefore particularly suitable for the local climate and therefore relatively simple to grow. It has a bushy development and its stem can reach up to 60 cm in height, with gnarled branches that develop into tapered leaves covered with a light down. Although not purely decorative, sage has tubular flowers of a blue or white-purple color which during the flowering period, from May to July, brighten the gardens in which the sage is grown. Among the first merits recognized to sage leaves, and for this reason used since ancient times in the kitchen, there are the purifying and digestive properties, which however are not the only ones offered by the oil contained in the plant. The intake takes place mainly by cooking and mainly concerns the leaves, which are the parts richest in active ingredients. as well as, as they are richer in aromatic oil, also the tastiest ones.

Active ingredients and benefits

Sage offers various beneficial effects to men: it is an effective remedy for women as regards the irregularity of the menstrual cycle and for the reduction of related pains, thanks to the estrogen contained which for menopausal women is a valid remedy against the effects related to the entry into menopause.

Other benefits offered by sage concern sweating, which is also counteracted for days after taking the medicinal plant; a similar effect is also found with regard to milk secretion and may be useful in helping now 'grown up' children to abandon breastfeeding and complete weaning. For the health of adults, however, sage proves to be a useful element to be included in one's diet to lower blood glucose levels, therefore particularly suitable for diabetics, and improve circulation. It is an antispasmodic that also boasts anti-inflammatory properties for all organs of the body, also useful for catarrhal and flu states. Not only widely used in the phytotherapeutic field, sage is also used in the field of cosmetic body care, as a purifying agent capable of restoring its natural shine to the skin. As for the use, however, it is necessary to be careful, as it could turn out to be a plant poorly tolerated by some organisms, therefore before proceeding with the purchase of products and abundant consumption it is good to make sure that there are no problems of intolerance, which would give origin to unpleasant side effects.


Being a plant native to the Italian territory, sage is relatively simple to grow and anyone can have their own small personal supply at their disposal, to flavor the table or soothe ailments. It is a shrub that loves the sun and hot climates, while it does not tolerate too rigid temperatures. On the other hand, it does not require massive doses of water, therefore the watering must be regular but not excessive, and without water stagnation, which could cause the roots to rot. For this reason the soil must be well draining, as well as rich in potassium and nitrogen. To ensure the luxuriant growth of the sage it is possible to provide a preventive fertilization of the soil, preferably with liquid products diluted in the irrigation water. Following the flowering, which originates in spring and can last all summer, it is possible to prune the oldest branches to give ample space to the fresh and more productive ones. The multiplication can take place by sowing or by cutting: in the case of sowing it is possible to initially opt for a pot, and then move on to laying in the ground once the seedling has sprouted and has reached sufficient size.

Sage: Commercial products

Being cultivated mainly for culinary purposes, sage is purchased primarily in its natural state, together with other aromatic plants. It is of course also possible to buy seeds for cultivation, or directly sprouted seedlings, in order to limit the efforts for cultivation. Sage can also be purchased in the form of ready-to-use preparations, such as frozen leaves, pre-chopped parts, freeze-dried, to be frozen or in their natural state. Many specific products in phytotherapy can be made using the active ingredients of sage, as well as some skin creams, perhaps together with a mix of other elements to make the preparation even more effective.

Sage - Salvia officinalis

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    • Aromatic with flower in summer
    • Aromatic with flower in autumn
    • Aromatic with flower in winter
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    • Ball flavorings


The sage family is very large and comprehensive over 700 varieties.

Most flowering sages need little care, except for pruning, which is really a necessary and indispensable operation. There sage pruning, done in summer, it will not stop flowering, but rather will allow the flowering sage to rejuvenate and regain a more harmonious shape.

It is important to do this with the proper tools, that is pruning shears well sharpened, so as to avoid making the plant suffer by tearing the branches with your hands, or by making cuts with non-disinfected, rusty or dull scissors.

Flowering will then continue until the most intense cold period. These aromatic plants they are able to live even in conditions of water scarcity, tolerate stagnation well and adapt to any type of terrain. Pruning the sages is really very simple. A pruning is enough that remove 1/3 or 1/4 of her overall height. Pruning the sage is essential because it serves to prevent the bushes from becoming too woody and aging excessively.

I suggest sage lovers to prune the ornamental sage twice a year, or a March it's at July. The ideal position in which to place the ornamental sages is the full sun, I am able to live well also a half shade.

The flower sages they do not fear the cold therefore it is advisable to plant them in the period between October and March. Excellent and particularly successful the combination of ornamental sage with lavenders, rosemary, santoline, helichrysum, officinal sages, which will allow you to obtain a fragrant and generous aromatic garden.

Read the expert's answers on SAGE:

This romantic border is made up of numerous varieties of perennials, but Salvia nemorosa is the real star! Allium senescens is also a perennial plant, unlike most ornamental alliums, and the delicate purple flowers will appear as if by magic every year. There Lavender it's a evergreen shrub which will add a unique touch to your border during the winter months. And its deliciously scented flowers will be perfect for a bouquet to keep around the house.

This lilac border is ideal along a wall or fence, near a porch or porch or even for a small front garden. The combination of these flowers in shades of purple is splendid both in a border and in a flower bed or even in a large planter.

The ideal location for these perennials is sunny or partially shaded, with well-drained soil. Eliminate withered flowers to stimulate the growth of new shoots and new flowering.

In this border you will find the following plants:
Allium senescens, Artemisia 'Powis Castle', Salvia nemorosa 'Rose Queen', Salvia nemorosa 'Schneehügel', Salvia nemorosa 'Lubeca', Lavandula angustifolia 'Munstead'.


It does not need particularly rich soils, growing well even in poor and calcareous soils. It adapts to any type of terrain, as long as it is not too compact and asphyxiated.

The ideal is to provide it with a fertile, well-drained and rather light soil, perhaps calcareous. However, even a poor, stony or slightly sandy substrate is not an obstacle to its growth.

If our soil was heavy and clayey, it would be better to intervene previously by working it in depth and incorporating a good amount of sand and a bit of gravel. We can also lighten it by incorporating organic matter such as manure or a bit of blond peat.

It has various uses: as a decoration at the base of other bushes, inside mixed borders, to give color both in spring (with flowers) and throughout the year (with beautiful leaves). Excellent also inserted in rock gardens, especially if kept rather low. Beautiful combinations can be created with other Mediterranean essences and medicinal plants (with thyme, rosemary, lavender, helichrysum, santolina). The ideal is the combination with plants with yellow flowers, so that, at the beginning of summer, a striking chromatic contrast is created, even more enhanced by the spread of intense aromas in the warm air.

Types of sage plants

There are many different types of sage plants . They can be perennial or annual , with or without flowering , but each of these sage varieties is quite hardy.
The foliage is sage green, variegated purple green, or variegated gold, and the flowers range from lavender to bright blue and bright red. With so many varieties of sage, there is sure to be a variety for your landscape.

Sage plants

Common or garden sage ( Salvia officinalis ) is the most common type of sage used for cooking. Tea can also be made from the leaves. It is very hardy and bounces in spring, even after a very cold winter. This particular sage has soft silvery green leaves that can be used fresh or dried. It is also known to attract beneficial insects, which are attracted to its purplish-blue flowers.
Although hardy, garden sage usually becomes too woody after a few years to produce many aromatic leaves, so it should be replaced every 3-4 years. That said, I had a very woody sage that was losing its vigor, so I removed it last year. This year I have new tender leaves sprouting from the ground. Very strong indeed!
There are some of these common varieties of garden sage plants.

  • There is a smaller dwarf that is no more than one meter high and that blooms with blue-purple flowers.
  • Garden purple sage, as its name suggests, has young purple foliage. Not to be confused with ornamental purple sage (or purple sage), this variety does not bloom as often as other garden sage.
  • Golden sage is a creeping sage with variegated golden and green leaves that accentuate the color of other plants.
  • The tricolor garden sage looks a bit like purple sage, except that the irregular variegation has a white accent.
  • Finally, among the garden sage, there is the Berggarten sage, which is very similar to the common sage, except that it does not bloom, but has nice soft silver-green leaves.

Ornamental sage plants for gardens

Pineapple sage ( Salvia elegans ) is a perennial sage with red tubular flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Today, this beauty is mainly grown as an ornamental plant, but it is said to have medicinal uses as well.
Grape sage does not smell of grapes, but of strawberries. It can reach a height of 2 to 2.5 m. It is a late flowering plant that attracts hummingbirds. The leaves and flowers can be prepared for making tea.
Another common sage among gardeners is Salvia splendens or scarlet sage. It is an annual plant that grows in full sun, but resists partial shade in well-drained soils with regular watering. The flowers are scarlet and last from late spring until the first frosts.
Sage (Salvia farinacea) is generally annual in most areas. It grows to a height of 0.5-1 m and is dotted with spikes of blue, purple or white flowers. New varieties to look for include Empire Purple, Strata and Victoria Blue .
Mexican sage ( Sage leucanthin ) can grow up to 1 meter, is drought tolerant, but is also a tender perennial. This plant with a beautiful accent has purple or white flower tips.
There are many other sage plant varieties for the garden (too many to name here), either for their aromatic foliage or as ornamental plants, or both. Sage plants are very hardy and with so many varieties you are sure to find one that is right for you.

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