The muscari are a genus of plants that belong to the Liliacee family, the species of muscari are more than sixty but they are all characterized by rather narrow and very long styliform leaves, just think that they can reach up to thirty centimeters. Muscari are perennial bulbous plants and are also characteristic for their small size.
This plant does not fear the cold at all and it is not at all necessary to protect it in a particular way in winter; however, it should be noted that i muscari they love the sun very much, in fact this plant needs a few hours a day of sun exposure and therefore the position in which it is planted is very important. If the plant is too exposed to the shade it will tend to produce more leaves than flowers and it is therefore an absolute necessity, so that its direct exposure to sunlight has a beautiful and long flowering.
Muscari prefer well-drained soils rich in organic matter. The ideal solution is to bury them in a soil composed of peat, sand (just enough to make the mixture draining) and a good quantity of fairly mature organic fertilizer.
The muscari must be planted at a depth of at least 5-7 centimeters, the plant, as already pointed out, is not particularly afraid of the cold and also resists rather harsh temperatures; we advise you not to remove it from the ground because over the years the plant gives its best, however in winter it is possible to unearth the bulb and store it in a dry and cool place, and then put it back home with the beginning of spring, however we repeat that this operation is not at all necessary. Repotting is not necessary.
During the period of vegetative rest it is necessary to make sure that between one watering and the other the soil is dry, in any case the muscari have the particularity of being plants that if they are watered even in the period from February to May, that is the period vegetative, they will give their best during flowering. Note that muscari are not very afraid of drought but it is still a good idea to let the plant never run out of water to have brighter colors and very green leaves.
As we have already pointed out, it is necessary to add well-ripened organic fertilizer to the mixture that makes up the soil where the bulbs will be buried, subsequently the fertilization will be resumed only at the end of flowering, when the flowers are withering. In fact, every 15 - 20 days it is necessary to strengthen the plant with a good fertilizer for bulbous plants in order to prolong flowering and make it more brilliant.
The muscari propagate through the bulbils and in autumn, before the bulb goes into vegetative rest, it is possible to take them from the ground and place them in a cool and dry place waiting for the summer to arrive, during which the bulbils can be put to mansion.
Even the muscari, as well as other bulbs, do not need particular pruning, it is in fact sufficient to remove flowers and damaged parts at the end of flowering.
The muscari usually bloom in the summer, but there are some species that begin to bloom from February and therefore we can establish that the flowering period is indicative from February to June, always depending on the species of course. The flowers of this plant are small and usually purple, blue or white, the perigonum of the muscari is oblong or globular.
The greatest attention when growing this plant must be given to the soil, the muscari must stay in a very well drained soil because they are subject to mold, in particular the penicillium is particularly aggressive towards this plant and obviously, as indeed also in in other cases, prevention is the best possible "cure"; obviously in case of attack by molds or other parasites it is always good to contact your trusted garden who will be able to advise you on a targeted treatment.
When you go to buy an adult plant keep in mind what we have just read, the soil must be well drained, this means that the soil in which the plant dwells must be slightly damp but not too much, above all there must not be very harmful stagnations. 'water.
Muscari are mostly known for the species called Armeniacum, in fact, although there are more than sixty species, Armeniacum remains in any case the most sold and cultivated. This species is renowned because the flowers are very fragrant and their flowering is long and very showy, the flowers are of an intense blue.
This plant is known by many names, in Italy it is in fact known as Pian del Cucco or as Pentolino or Muschino; also in England there are several nicknames with which the plant is known, the most famous is Grape Hyacinth, that is grape hyacinth, this because of its inflorescences and for the similarity with wild hyacinths.