The number of varieties and hybrids of cucumbers is already in the thousands, and it becomes very difficult to choose the right one. It is necessary to pay attention to all the characteristics of the variety, including yield and complex resistance to diseases and unfavorable weather factors. One of the popular hybrids to look out for is Real Colonel F1.
Cucumber Real Colonel F1 appeared a long time ago, back in 2004 he received registration in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation. The applicant was the Manul seed company from the Moscow region, which has been developing new varieties of various vegetables and selling seeds for almost twenty years. As the specialists of this company themselves say, it focuses on the sale of copyright seeds of cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and other vegetable crops.
The varieties and hybrids of vegetables created by the Manul firm are zoned in various regions of the country, almost all of them are entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation on time. This colonel is officially approved for cultivation in many regions and regions. It can be cultivated both in greenhouses and in unprotected soil in most European regions of Russia. Designed for small private farms, grown by many summer residents.
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Cucumber Real Colonel - indeterminate hybrid, grows in the form of a tall bush, medium branching, mainly with female flowers. The nodes contain from one to three flowers and, accordingly, future zelents. Leaves are of normal size, green in color, slightly wrinkled. The plant is considered to be medium-growing. The hybrid belongs to the parthenocarpic, that is, self-pollinated cucumbers. Basically, they try to grow it in plastic greenhouses and other shelters, but where the climate allows, the Real Colonel grows well in unprotected soil, without reducing the yield compared to the greenhouse option.
The fruits are spindle-shaped. The ribs are poorly visible, the color of the zelents is green, with small stripes. There are few tubercles, white pubescence is present. The length of an adult cucumber is 12–15 cm, diameter is about 4 cm, weight is 100–130 g. No overgrowth of zelents is observed on the bushes.
The number of cucumbers simultaneously on the bushes is simply enormous.
In terms of fruiting times, the hybrid occupies an intermediate position between early and mid-early cucumbers: the first greens are removed 40–42 days after full germination. At the same time, the plant can contain a large number of cucumbers ripening together. At the same time, fruiting is prolonged, continuing until frost, which leads to a very high overall yield of the hybrid. Up to 13 kg of fruits are harvested from a square meter of plantings.
Zelentsy of universal purpose, sweetish taste, crispy, juicy, with no signs of bitterness. They are suitable for cutting into a salad and for any kind of culinary processing. Both fresh and in preparations for the winter, their taste is recognized as excellent.
The hybrid is completely resistant to most of the known diseases, in particular mosaic, various rot, powdery mildew. The high yield and excellent taste of the fruit, coupled with extended fruiting, made the hybrid interesting for farmers who grow cucumbers for sale. The main advantages of the variety are:
However, the hybrid has a significant drawback: with fluctuations in the temperature background, cavities can form inside the zelents. It is in this regard that it is believed that it is safer to use greenhouses for its cultivation. In addition, relatively low seed germination is often noted.
This is the main disadvantage of the hybrid, which manifests itself with a sharp fluctuation in growing conditions.
Incomplete germination of seeds (according to many sources, no more than 60%) should be taken into account when sowing cucumbers of this variety for seedlings or in a garden bed. The seedling option is not mandatory, but if you want to get early production, cucumbers are first sown in cups, and better - in peat pots. This is done about 25 days before planting seedlings in the ground. So, in the middle lane, in the absence of a greenhouse, sowing earlier than May 5-10 is not worth it. For greenhouse cultivation, you can do this almost a month earlier.
You have to sow 2-3 prepared seeds in a pot, despite their high cost. If everyone sprouts, the extra seedlings will have to be destroyed. The care of the seedlings of this cucumber has no peculiarities: the most important thing is to lower the temperature by 6-8 degrees immediately after the emergence of shoots and provide good illumination. Return the temperature to 20-25 aboutC can be done in 4–5 days. Before planting in the garden, the seedlings must be hardened.
Seedlings of this cucumber are grown according to standard technology.
Direct sowing of seeds in the garden is also carried out at the traditional time: about a week earlier than the seedlings are planted. The planting density should not be large, given the size of the future bush. Each square meter has 3-5 plants. Basically, they try to lead the bush vertically, especially when grown in a greenhouse, therefore, they pre-equip strong trellises. Tie lashes as needed. Formation of a bush This colonel does not require; remove only those lateral shoots that seem to the gardener clearly thickening the bushes.
The variety's need for moisture and nutrition is standard. Like any cucumber, the Real Colonel is often watered: in the heat, perhaps almost daily, but only with warm water, preferably in the evenings. The soil should not sour: at first it is loosened, then limited to mulching. Top dressing is applied twice a month, trying to be limited to infusions of organic matter (mullein, mown grasses) and wood ash.
With proper care, you can forget about the diseases of this cucumber; in problematic climates, prophylactic spraying with Fitosporin is sometimes carried out. They try to deal with possible pests with folk remedies: dusting the beds with ash, ground pepper, etc. It is advisable to harvest in a day, but if this is impossible, nothing terrible will happen: the greens of this hybrid do not outgrow. True, late harvest can negatively affect the overall yield.
There is no shortage of reviews about this cucumber. Sometimes there are sharply negative reviews, but the authors admit that the seeds were bought in "incomprehensible stores." In other cases, there is almost nothing but delight, but poor germination is still mentioned.
With all the variety of varieties of cucumbers, the Real Colonel F1 can be considered one of the most popular and demanded. It has almost no drawbacks, and its excellent taste and high yield make the hybrid desirable for many gardeners.
Cucumber The real Colonel F1 was bred by the Manul agricultural company and in 2004 was entered into the state register. Suitable for growing in any region of Russia. It is in demand among gardeners due to its high yield and quick fruit appearance. Can be planted in greenhouses and open ground. Produces fruit before frost. The growing season lasts 40-42 days. Some people even cultivate this variety on the balcony.
Cucumber Granddaughter is a hybrid, which was created by a group of breeders, led by M. G. Kudryavtsev and E. I. Golovatskaya. These specialists were engaged in breeding the variety at the beginning of this century and submitted it for inclusion in the State Register of Russia. Hybrid Granddaughter was tested and entered into the State Register of the country in 2009. Cucumber Hybrid Granddaughter is recommended for growing in open ground and greenhouses in the middle lane and other regions with similar climatic conditions.
We all love cucumbers for their freshness, juiciness, crunchiness, aroma and excellent pickling properties. But it's one thing to choose greens for a salad, and quite another to choose seeds for planting. Here, not only taste and color are important, but also “caliber”, “fertility”, ripening time, peculiarities of agricultural technology, resistance to diseases and other parameters. We bring to your attention a mini-rating of cucumber hybrids from the agricultural firm "Gavrish", which includes only the "best" - according to various parameters, from size to yield.
It is convenient to pick ripe fruits, since they ripen at the same time on the same bush. Ripe vegetables are the same size and have an attractive presentation. Fruiting is extended, so fresh cucumbers are guaranteed until the very frost. Fruits, as a rule, do not outgrow - reaching 15 cm, they stop growing.
The use of cucumbers is universal. They perfectly decorate and add taste to any fresh dish and are suitable for making pickles and marinades.
One of the obligatory crops in our beds is cucumbers, which are good both fresh and preserved. If you decide to start growing cucumbers, but you have doubts about choosing a suitable variety, we advise you to pay attention to Ecole F1. It has gained popularity due to its exceptional taste, high yield and unpretentious cultivation.
The Ekol F1 cucumbers are early-maturing gherkin-type hybrids. This crop was bred by specialists from the Dutch breeding organization Sygnenta Seeds. The variety is relatively young; it was entered in the state register in 2007.
Note! First generation hybrid seeds are marked with F1. They can grow an excellent harvest even in a small area, but using them for growing in the next season is useless.
The Ekol F1 variety is parthenocarpic, that is, it does not need pollination. The course grows well, gives a long vine (from 2.5 to 5 m) with medium climbing and short internodes. One of the distinguishing features of this species is the bouquet bloom. Long-term fruiting begins in the second half of May and ends towards the end of September.
Cucumbers of the Ekol F1 variety develop several fruits at once in the leaf axils.
For cucumbers of the Ekol F1 variety, the fruits are cylindrical in shape, they are dark green, dense, with a characteristic crunch. Their surface is lumpy, covered with small, rather sharp spines. Taste qualities are high: the pulp is juicy, aromatic, without bitterness.
Fruits can reach a mass of 80–90 g and sizes up to 12 cm in length and about 3.5 cm in diameter. However, it is recommended to harvest them before they grow to a length of 5–7 cm. Otherwise, the fruits will begin to barrel, their flesh will lose flavor, aroma and firmness, and the rind will become too tough.
The Ekol F1 variety is distinguished by rich and friendly fruiting. Up to 5 fruits are simultaneously formed inside the leaf sinus. Already 42 days after the seeds sprout, the first crop can be harvested.
For planting the Ekol F1 variety, light loamy soils that allow air to pass through are better suited. Try to find a place for these cucumbers under the garden where potatoes, onions, cabbage or nightshades grew last season. It will also require plenty of sunlight and good wind protection.
Before planting, dig up the soil well and add dry manure or compost to it in a ratio of 20 kg per 1 m².
Ekol F1 cucumbers can be grown by seedlings or planting seeds in the ground
There are two methods of growing the Ekol F1 variety - seedling and non-seedling.
A good time to sow with this method is April. You will need individual pots with a diameter of 10 cm.Also prepare a nutritional formula with the following ingredients:
Add 1 tsp to a bucket of this substrate. potassium sulfate, urea, superphosphate and 200 g of wood ash.
Note! You will have to place each seedling in an individual pot, since picking is difficult for cucumbers.
The sowing process has its own rules.
First of all, be sure to pre-process the planting material. Spread the seeds on damp gauze, wrap and leave to soak for 2-3 days at a temperature of 25-30 ° C.
Cucumber seeds ready to plant in the ground
When the seedlings grow up to 20 cm in height and form 2-3 full leaves, plant them in open ground.
When forming 2-3 true leaves (not cotyledons), seedlings can be planted in the ground
Seedlings are removed from the pot along with an earthen clod on the roots.
Some cucumber gardeners recommend burying the stems to a lower level. Please note that this technique is only relevant for the southern regions. In a cool climate and a short, cool summer, the overgrown root system will not allow the crop to form in the expected volume.
Please note that thickening of the plantings creates suitable conditions for the occurrence of diseases, can lead to a deterioration in the quality of the fruits and even the death of the bush. Therefore, place only 4–5 bushes on 1 m².
Sowing cucumbers in open ground is carried out in the last decade of May. By this time, a constant air temperature of 22-24 ° C is already established during the day and about 18 ° C at night the soil warms up to 15 ° C - the optimal indicator for the rapid development of the plant.
Use seeds that are 2-3 years old for a seedless method. If these are not on hand, heat the annual seeds to 60 ° C. Then you can do sowing directly.
When sowing with seeds, several pieces are placed in one hole.
Cucumbers should be thinned out by cutting off excess plants, and not pulling them out
When the seedlings get stronger and full leaves appear on them, repeat thinning. This time, there should be 20-25 cm between the bushes.
Although the Ekol F1 variety is not picky in care, you still need to follow certain rules of agricultural technology.
It is recommended to remove all ovaries at 4–6 lower nodes during the growth of seedlings. Thanks to this, the plant will form a powerful root system, which will significantly increase the yield.
Scheme of the formation of parthenocarpic hybrids of cucumber with a bouquet type of flowering
Cucumbers are very demanding on moisture, so they need frequent watering. The roots of the plant are located close to the rapidly drying soil surface. The lack of liquid in cucumbers deteriorates the taste, they begin to turn yellow. First of all, when watering, you need to focus on external conditions: in dry hot weather, water cucumbers more often, with a decrease in temperature and frequent rains, significantly reduce soil moisture in order to prevent root rot.
Water cucumbers in the morning before sunrise or in the evening after sunset
It is best to use a watering can with a spray nozzle for watering. A bucket or hose will not work; you may damage the roots. Water the cucumber bushes with warm water at 25 ° C. Watering should be carried out either in the morning before sunrise, or in the evening after sunset so you will save leaves and stems from burns.
Without proper feeding, cucumbers will not please you with a good harvest. Due to the close location of the roots at the soil surface, the plant cannot receive nutrients from the lower layers of the soil.
Feed your cucumbers regularly to get a good harvest.
Apply the top dressing 4 hours before watering the cucumbers. Be sure to wash off the salts formed during this time on the leaves so that burns do not appear on the plant.
The cucumber has thin shoots, and a large number of leaves and fruits are located on them. Therefore, it will be advisable to provide him with additional support in the form of a trellis. Of course, the cucumber will grow well without it, but the whips along with the fruits will lie on the ground, which can lead to rotting or disease. And the trellis, in turn, will provide ventilation of the bushes, their lighting in the required volume and your convenience when picking cucumbers.
Thanks to the trellis, the cucumber bushes are well ventilated, and it is more convenient to collect the fruits.
Install the top crossbar of the trellis at a height of 1.5–1.8 m. When the cucumber lash grows to it, secure the tip by wrapping it around and pinch the growing point.
The Ekol F1 cucumbers are resistant to viral mosaics, powdery mildew and cladosporia, but they are susceptible to several ailments.
White rot infects the plant through the soil
Downy mildew can completely kill cucumbers
Tobacco mosaic disrupts photosynthesis and inhibits growth
Melon aphids can kill crops
Whitefly sucks sap from plant leaves
Spider mite leads to complete depletion of the cucumber bush
Start picking when the cucumbers are 5–7 cm long. This is the stage of incomplete ripeness, but if you miss it, the fruits will quickly overripe, taste unpleasant and tough. Collect every 2 days, do not pull or twist the fruit, but cut it off with a knife so that the stalk remains on the loop.
Harvest Ekol F1 cucumbers that are not fully ripe
Ekol F1 cucumbers should be picked in the morning or evening and stored in a shaded, cool place. Fresh they can be stored for 5 days at temperatures up to 15 ° C. You can make salads from these cucumbers, as well as salt, pickle and preserve them.
Ekol F1 (Syngenta) - prickly cucumbers, choose only with gloves. I did not like it in terms of stability. When overgrown, the cucumbers turn into barrels. Some strange feature, cucumbers are small at first, small, and then bam - and already barreled ... We do not choose every day. Because for me this is a minus.
Grown this year for the first time. The yield is high, there is a lot of ovary. Collected daily, very small for canning (no more than 5-6 cm long). The first jar has already been opened - the taste is excellent, the cucumbers are dense and crunchy.
Ecole F1, of course, salted, Syngenta, Holland. Early maturing 37–38 days, pickles, 3–5 cm, cluster fruiting, suitable for growing in extreme conditions, for protected and open ground.
Thanks to their high yield and unpretentious agricultural technology, Ekol F1 cucumbers have gained well-deserved popularity among gardeners. If you have already been involved in the cultivation of cucumbers of this variety, please share your experience with us in the comments. Have a nice harvest!
published on cemicvet.ru according to the materials orchardo.ru
Persimmon is incredibly tasty, honey tomato, I use it for salads and fresh cuts. I live in Saratov, I grow the variety in a greenhouse, so that there are no problems every autumn I disinfect the soil with bleach, I add 200 g per m². In early spring, I spill the beds with steep boiling water, and a month before planting the seedlings, I water it with Baktofit twice with an interval of 2 weeks (100 g per 10 l of water). I ventilate the greenhouse as often as possible, in warm weather I do not close the windows and doors at all, but I hang them with mosquito nets. I leave 60 cm between the bushes and, despite the recommendations, I lead them into 2 stems. The result is always good - I harvest at least 7 kg of crop per plant.
I planted Persimmon in open and closed ground, in the greenhouse the taste of the fruits is worse, they are fresh and not so sweet. If you plant the bushes too densely, do not monitor the condition of the soil, no preventive treatments will help protect them from late blight. When it is not possible to regulate the humidity, it is better to give up growing Persimmons altogether. I have a vegetable garden not far from the stream, I had to build high beds, lay a good layer of drainage material on the bottom. When planting seedlings, I do not add anything to the hole, after about a week I water the seedlings with urea (40 g per bucket of water), in the summer I alternate complex fertilizer (potassium, calcium, phosphorus) with mullein infusion.
Reviews of the Persimmon tomato are ambiguous, but everyone who has already planted it has a good taste and presentation of tomatoes, as well as many have noticed that the largest fruits grow on the lower 2-3 brushes. The variety is allowed to be cultivated in any conditions, but it is more difficult to care for Persimmon in a greenhouse. The variety is no longer new, proven, which means that there will be no unpleasant surprises during cultivation, in general, the Persimmon tomato is no more capricious than other varieties, it is worth trying it.