Agricultural technology of fruit and berry and flower crops in the Leningrad region


Read the previous part. ← Climate and soil of the Leningrad region, growing vegetables

Growing fruit and berry crops

In winter, there are often strong frosts and strong winds in Lodeynopolsky and Podporozhsky regions. Therefore, the growing season of plants is shortened. Here spring comes later and winter comes earlier, there is little fertile soil. Therefore, there are almost no gardens here. They freeze out in harsh winters. In the spring, you also need to harvest needles, last year's leaves, rags for smoking in case of frost.

For gardening, first of all, it is required to thoroughly improve the soil. To do this, it is lime, cultivated by the introduction of compost from household waste, branches, grass, leaves, sawdust, wood chips and even paper, mineral fertilizers and ash, fresh manure. Siderata are sown - lupine, phacelia. Lime and fertilizers are applied according to the needs of each crop. This is taken into account when laying planting holes, since then it is almost impossible to correct the error. Lime is introduced into the soil 1-2 years before mineral fertilizers. As a last resort, lime - in the fall, and mineral fertilizers - in the spring.


With the joint application of lime and phosphorus fertilizers, the availability of phosphorus decreases in them, in nitrogen fertilizers, nitrogen is lost, in the presence of lime, potassium is less assimilated by plants, and some trace elements pass into insoluble compounds. To lighten the structure of the soil, sanding is carried out with the simultaneous introduction of organic fertilizers. Spread them before loosening and digging. A lot of ash is introduced, which enriches the soil with potassium, calcium, trace elements, and reduces its acidity.

The winter varieties of apple trees grown in the Non-Chernozem zone do not grow here. Therefore, gardeners grow mainly small-fruited Chinese women and ranetki. At the same time, some of them grow apple-weevils. These are apple trees grown from the seeds of northern winter-hardy varieties. Of course, this is a laborious and lengthy way of obtaining varietal apple trees. But it is known that fruit trees that have grown from seeds, that is, self-rooted, more easily adapt to harsh climatic conditions than grafted ones, although they enter fruiting later - at 12-15 years. They are winter-hardy, and their life expectancy is higher. This is a unique opportunity to grow a garden with beautiful large-fruited apples. All that is needed is desire, time and patience.

Steppe cherry is also grown here, it is also called shrub, Siberian, Ural, Samara. Indeed, this is a low-growing shrub - usually 40-80 cm tall, sometimes this cherry grows up to 3 meters. Its most valuable property is winter hardiness. According to this property, it ranks first among cherries. In addition, wild cherry is drought-resistant due to the deep bedding of the root system. Fruits are sweet and sour, tart, practically unsuitable for fresh consumption. But they can be used for various types of processing. High yield, short stature, ability to give root shoots made it popular.

Selected forms of steppe cherry, its interspecific hybrids served as material for the creation of varieties that are valuable for the conditions of northern gardening: Grednevskaya, Tagilka, Zvezdochka, Mayak, Schedraia and others.

Gardeners grow fruit crops here mainly in a creeping form. Such trees are winter-hardy, since the branches are preserved under the snow, they can grow in low places. They are easy to protect during flowering in case of frost.The plate-bush-like (northern) form, arctic, minusinsk, melon-creeping, Krasnoyarsk (two-arm) form are widespread here.

The high level of groundwater forces all fruit and berry crops to be planted in these areas on hills and embankments. Hills are built up to 60 cm in height, that is, their height corresponds to the depth of conventional planting pits. Usually the hills are arranged without removing the sod. Under these conditions, enthusiastic gardeners grow currants, strawberries, winter-hardy varieties of apple trees, sea buckthorn. True, northern agriculture does not yield positive results every year.

In severe winters, branches in the upper part of the crown freeze slightly without shelter. A good way to preserve plants is to install a box of planks, mesh or plastic film around the bush in the fall at a distance of 50-70 cm from the trunk.The height of the box is up to 1.5 m.When the first stable frosts of at least 5-10 degrees begin, the box is tightly packed with straw ... In this state, the plant hibernates.

In case of damage from low temperatures, the entire crown is cut off above the sheltered place. The non-frozen part of the tree completely restores the crown in a year. At the same time, a small yield is preserved in the lower protected part of the tree, especially with an improved bush cultivation.

But man does not live by bread alone.

Flower beds

Long winter, lack of vitamins, longing for greenery, natural craving for the earth encourages many to create flower beds. Perseverance and knowledge helps to adapt to local conditions and achieve excellent results.

It is difficult to create a beautiful flower garden in cold climates. Therefore, container plants and indoor flowers are very popular here. When the danger of spring frosts has passed, they are taken out into the air. The benefits are twofold: the plants grow luxuriantly, gain strength, bloom brightly and profusely. The site is colored with bright splashes of geraniums, begonias, fuchsias and other beautiful plants.

To enhance the decorative effect, they are placed in ceramic pots, wooden containers made of slats or in other containers that hide the pots and also protect the earth from drying out. Hanging baskets and vases on stands look especially elegant. The ampelous flower decorations are impeccable. Most often, in sunny places, protected from the wind, there is ivy-leaved pelargonium with cascading shoots up to 1 m long, which is surprisingly good in wall hanging vases. Tuberous begonia with numerous hanging stems covered with flowers is very beautiful. With good care, the flower reaches 7 cm in diameter. They form a whole cascade of yellow, orange or pink buds.

Fuchsia grows successfully in shady places. Gardens are decorated with a wide variety of nettles, coleus, campanula, succulents and other flowers. Caring for indoor plants in the air is complicated by more frequent watering, as the soil in pots dries out faster than at home.

Berry and ornamental shrubs are very popular here. Common lilacs with bluish-purple or white flowers are grown everywhere. It grows in gardens, in gardens, on lawns, along roads.

In a sharply continental climate, only winter-hardy plants that are resistant to sudden temperature changes live.

This region is also rich in medicinal plants typical for the Leningrad region, so there is no point in listing them. But I will dwell on one remarkable plant separately - burdock burdock with its large leaves. It is very convenient to wrap garden greens and flowers in them in several layers when transporting them from the dacha. These leaves help keep greens fresh for several days.

Locals wrap cheese, fish, meat in burdock leaves. They also close cans with blanks. They use burdock for sunburn, tie it with leaves instead of bandages. People who do not tolerate heat put a burdock leaf with the green side to the head under a hat on the crown of their head.As a result, they are not afraid of the most intense heat.

Tamara Barkhatova

Read also:
• Rowan pomegranate - Michurinskaya
• Fundamentals of agricultural technology of columnar apple trees
• Cherry plum - fruitful varieties
• Pear in the North
• Russian cherry and other varieties of cherry

Agricultural technology of fruit and berry and flower crops in the Leningrad region - garden and vegetable garden

Grape varieties A-O, P-Z

The fern plant appeared on Earth more than 400 million years ago, they were huge and made up entire forests - these were tree ferns.

Now ferns are much smaller, found in forests. Reproduction occurs by spores. The fern has been very popular as a houseplant since the 19th century.

Read more about ferns:

Complex fertilizer with microelements "Foskamid" (TU 6-15-1166-70) is a fertilizer mixture containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements in an easily assimilable form. Contains nitrogen at least 14%, phosphorus - 14 and potassium - at least 17%, trace elements (boron, cobalt, zinc, manganese, molybdenum, copper) - from three to a complete set.


It is intended for the main introduction into the soil and feeding of vegetable, fruit and berry and flower crops grown in personal plots.


Fertilizer is packed in plastic bags, in bundles or in cardboard boxes with an inner plastic bag. Net weight from 0.1 to 3 kg.


When digging the soil in spring or late autumn, apply 30-40 g of fertilizer per 1 m2 of cultivated and 50-60 g per 1 m2 of uncultivated soils.


Under fruit trees in early spring, for digging or loosening, they apply 30-40 g per 1 m2, for berry bushes - 25-30 g. calculation of 20-25 g per 1 m2.


Garden flowers should be fed in the summer once a decade with a fertilizer solution (25 g per 10 liters of water per 1 m2).
Foskamide can be used to feed indoor and balcony flowers with a fertilizer solution (5 g or one teaspoon of fertilizer is dissolved in 5 liters of water). Flowers are watered in the spring-summer period 1 time per decade.
Shelf-life Unlimited.


Garden and Vegetable Garden, all books of the genre / 516 books - download in fb2, txt for android or read online

Choosing what to read from the category Garden and Vegetable Garden? We have collected a small statistics on the most popular authors, book cycles and subsections of the genre. Perhaps it will be useful.

Popular authors of the genre "Garden and Vegetable Garden"
AuthorBooksPopularity
Galina Kizima54 %
Absent29 %
Ilya Melnikov24 %
Anna Belyakova23 %
Editorial office of the newspaper Dacha Pressa.ru21 %
Nikolay Kurdyumov19 %
Anna Zorina16 %
Olga Gorodets14 %
Nikolay Zvonarev9 %
Oktyabrina Ganichkina7 %
Maria Kolpakova7 %
Ivan Dubrovin7 %
Maxim Zhmakin6 %
Nadezhda Sevostyanova4 %
Tatiana Kalyuzhnaya3 %
Popular series of the genre "Garden and Vegetable Garden"
SeriesBooksPopularity
33 crops24 %
Editorial office of the newspaper Dacha Pressa.ru21 %
We are building a cottage16 %
Four seasons (Ripol)14 %
Gardening ABC14 %
Smart manor14 %
Harvests. Always happy with the harvest!14 %
Harvests. Always with the harvest10 %
Compound (AST)10 %
Anti-crisis dacha10 %
Tips from Mikhalych9 %
Country school of Nikolai Kurdyumov9 %
Country tips8 %
Houseplants7 %
Whether in the garden, in the garden ...7 %

What are they writing about? The most popular subsections and selections of the "Garden and Vegetable Garden" genre. Top 50.

Books of the Garden and Vegetable Garden genre by year of publication (the number of books per year is indicated in parentheses)

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Soil and fertilization of flower plants

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Succulents are a trend that is gaining popularity every day. Do you want to be in trend and find out who succulents are and how to make friends with them? How can you turn them into a source of income? How to avoid mistakes at the very beginning of communication with plants? Then read it boldly! The book answers the very hour ...

How to prepare the soil for planting potatoes? How to water and fertilize different crops? How to deal with weeds and diseases? How to get a big harvest, how to keep it? How to achieve a quality harvest? You will receive detailed answers to these and other questions in our book. And you will also find ...

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Garlic and aromatic crops

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Storage of fruits. Apples, pear, quince, plum, apricot, peach, cherry, currant, grape, cranberry

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Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, primrose, hellebore, crocuses, etc. Growing, care, reproduction

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Apple tree, pear, cherry. Cultures that should be on each site

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Table root vegetables. Carrots, beets, radishes, rutabagas, celery, parsnips

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How not to get lost among the weeds. Strategy and tactics of the struggle for the harvest

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Pruning and grafting of horticultural crops: techniques and techniques, garden tools, crown care

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Homemade grapes without mistakes. Everything you need to grow successfully

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Sosnovsky's hogweed. How to defeat a giant alien

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Seedlings with a quality mark. Everything that is verified by personal experience

The book about seedlings is based not only on a deep knowledge of agricultural cultivation techniques, the study of modern technologies and materials, but also on a large personal experience. It is designed for those landowners who strive to plant little, but the best and most interesting, and get stable and rich yields. The book includes ...

Garden without hassle: It couldn't be easier!

This book will be of interest not only to beginners who have recently acquired a personal plot, but also to gardeners who have extensive both practical and theoretical experience. This book will be useful for residents of any region, with any climate and any type of soil. ...

Garden. My experience of getting a big harvest

Experienced amateur gardener Viktor Sergeenko, and also a well-known video blogger, shares tips and tricks for caring for the garden now not only with 60 thousand subscribers of his YouTube channel, but also on the pages of a new book. Who else but a Siberian knows the secret of obtaining a stable yag harvest ...

Secrets of decor and table setting - on a platter with a blue border. Elegant, fast, no cost

With this book you will feel like an excellent hostess and an elegant lady. You will be able to serve and decorate the table for an official reception or family celebration. In the book you will see thoughtful solutions for decorating the table for romantic moments, home dinners, stylish parties, tea parties ... Using simple ...

The garden is like Oktyabrina Ganichkina's. All about vegetables and herbs

The new book by Oktyabrina Ganichkina, the country's most famous author-agronomist, contains the most necessary information to create an impeccable vegetable garden in a summer cottage. The author's many years of experience will allow him to grow a healthy and rich harvest of the most essential vegetables and herbs on the table already in the first season ...

Here is a book about tea, a wonderful drink that has been helping people to quench their thirst for centuries. But I will talk with you today about unusual tea, which, through its energy channels, helps us to strengthen the spirit, soothe diseases, drive out depression, magic tea. ...

"Alyonin Sad" - this popular YouTube channel is known to hundreds of thousands of gardeners and gardeners. “Branded recipes” by its author and presenter Alena Volkova are quoted and discussed. Most viewers thank using the blogger's advice. But there are those who often get into a heated debate, especially e ...

Secrets of a productive greenhouse

A greenhouse is not a luxury, but a harsh necessity, and not only in the northern regions, but also in the south. The question is, what will you protect the plants from - from cold, precipitation or ... heat. Yes, even a greenhouse can protect from it, you just need to know which materials and structures are most effective in each ...

The most unpretentious and productive varieties. How to choose, combine and care for

The book will tell you what to be guided by when choosing and combining garden crops, contains the necessary tips and recommendations. Thanks to this publication, you will get acquainted with the numerous types of fruit-bearing trees and shrubs, and a detailed description of the various varieties will help you choose options, teach ...

All about the best garden and indoor plants. How to choose, grow and propagate

The book will tell you what to be guided by when choosing and combining garden and indoor flowers, contains the necessary tips and recommendations. Thanks to this publication, you will get acquainted with the many types of flowering plants, and a detailed description of the various varieties will help you choose options that take into account ...

Many people think that growing grapes on their site is difficult and problematic. Indeed, this culture requires special treatment and timely care. For those who want to try their hand at growing grapes or learn something new about it, this is our book. The reader will get acquainted with ...

Decorative ponds for swimming. Craft secrets

I believe that the most important principle of landscape design is that a harmoniously planned view of the site from above guarantees an ideal view from any vantage point. Therefore, all paths, areas with plants and landscape gardening objects must repeat figures with the correct shapes. Radii ...

Maximum amount of vegetables, fruits and berries with minimum load

The book will tell you what to be guided by when choosing and combining garden crops, contains the necessary tips and recommendations. Thanks to this publication, you will get acquainted with the many types of vegetable and fruit crops, and a detailed description of the various varieties will help you choose options that take into account about ...


Agricultural technology of fruit and berry and flower crops in the Leningrad region - garden and vegetable garden

Microfertilizers for household plots (TU 113-08-25-12-85) - are a mixture of compounds of microelements, biologically active substances that contribute to the complete and uniform assimilation of microelements by plants, stimulation of plant growth.


Produced in the form of tablets of mass (in g): 0.36 ± 0.04, 0.72 ± 0.04, or 3.6 ± 0.4. Tablet diameter (in mm): 9 + 0.5, 12 ± 0.5, or 20 ± 0.5.Micronutrient tablets are packaged in plastic or aluminum cases or glass containers. Their number in one package is 50, 40, 20 or 10 pieces. (depending on the size).


Microfertilizers are produced in four grades (1, 2, 3, 4). The set of microelements in each brand is compiled taking into account the differences in soil and climatic conditions of the areas of cultivation of fruit and berry, vegetable and flower crops and their biological characteristics.


In terms of chemical indicators, micronutrient fertilizers (in tablets with a diameter of 9 + 0.5 mm) comply with the following standards:

The content of chemical elements in tablets with a diameter of 12 mm increases by 2 times, in tablets with a diameter of 20 mm - 10 times in comparison with the indicated norms.
Correctly carried out feeding of crops with microelements helps to increase yields, accelerates the ripening of fruits, increases the nutritional value (increase in the content of vitamins, starch and sugar) and the taste of products.
Fertilizing plants with microelements will be effective if the plants do not experience nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium starvation.
The shelf life of microfertilizers is not limited.


Microfertilizer grade 1 intended for feeding fruit and berry and vegetable crops on chernozem, chestnut and sierozem soils.
For root feeding (tablets with a diameter of 9 ± 0.5 mm), one microfertilizer tablet is dissolved in 10 liters of water (one bucket) and consumed per 2 m2 (at the rate of 1/2 tablet per 1 m2). Fruit trees and berry bushes are fed annually during the flowering period with a solution at the rate of one tablet per 10 liters of water for the consumption of strawberries per 1 m2 of the near-stem circle - at the beginning of flowering cucumbers - in FA-3U 4-5 leaves, then in the phase of the beginning of budding and after 15 —20 days after the second feeding with a solution of 1/2 tablet in 10 liters of water.


Tomatoes and cabbage are fed 10-15 days after transplanting, late varieties of cabbage and cauliflower, in addition, 1-2 more times during the growing season.
For foliar feeding of fruit trees and berry bushes (at the beginning of flowering and 30-40 days after the first feeding) S micronutrient tablets are dissolved in 10 liters of water.
When using microfertilizers in large tablets (diameter 20 ± 0,.


Fruit trees and bushes: 67 books - download in fb2, txt for android or read online

Too many books? You can clarify books by request "Fruit trees and shrubs" (the number of books for this specification is shown in brackets)

Berry bushes: currants, gooseberries, sea buckthorn, etc. All the subtleties of reproduction and care for a miracle

The book tells about popular berry bushes in central Russia (red and black currants, gooseberries, raspberries, irga, honeysuckle, sea buckthorn, etc.). Proper planting and caring for them (pruning, feeding, watering, etc.) will provide you with a good harvest, a tasty treat and a supply of vitamins for the winter ...

Apple tree, pear, cherry. Cultures that should be on each site

Apple, pear, cherry are fruit trees popular in the Middle Lane. The secret of their abundant fruiting lies in proper planting, soil care, fertilizing, watering, regular pruning, and the fight against diseases and pests. Our book will help you in choosing varieties and growing these fruit and berry kul ...

Every summer resident wants his site to give a bountiful and high-quality harvest, so that beautiful flowers bloom on it. However, it must be remembered that cultivated plants grow well, develop and give a large yield only on fertile soils that can provide them with good nutrition. How to find out the composition ...

How to equip a garden and make money on it

"No matter how much I plant, for some reason it is not accepted, probably my hand is so heavy." “I planted it, and it sits, infection, in place, rooted to the spot. And no matter how much I watered, everything was in vain, at least one centimeter has grown! " "I planted a pear five times, and only tart, sour apples bear fruit." Sound familiar? Then you keep in p ...

Pruning garden plants. Self-instruction manual in diagrams and pictures

Pruning fruit, ornamental and berry trees and shrubs is a useful and necessary business. But how to properly prune, so as not to harm the plants, but, on the contrary, increase productivity, postpone the aging process of trees, and tidy the shape of the crown? In the book by Roman Petrovich Kudryavets, from ...

The most complete encyclopedia of the garden and vegetable garden

Nikolai Kurdyumov is the most famous and respected author of books on natural farming in our country. His unique talent as a popularizer allows the reader to easily and humorously understand the basic, but, alas, for most summer residents boring agronomic knowledge, without which it is impossible to get a harvest ...

Garden. How to get an overharvest

To have a beautiful fruitful garden, pleasing with abundant flowering and regular harvest, is the dream of every summer resident. Following the simple rules described in this book will allow you to regularly get overcharges of your favorite crops. From it you will learn how to correctly plan the planting, so that it is guaranteed to ...

Garden and vegetable garden effortless. Handbook of the wise summer resident

Start the sowing season anew with a new book by Galina Kizima. In the book you will find proven author's techniques that will allow you to intelligently rebuild all the processes of work in the garden and vegetable garden. You no longer have to waste energy on unnecessary watering, weed control and digging beds. Thanks to reasonable co ...

Reasonable greenhouse. The main book about the early harvest from Galina Kizima

The difficult climatic conditions of the middle zone dictate their own conditions to summer residents - without greenhouses and greenhouses, it is impossible to accelerate the harvest and protect it from severe weather. However, in the greenhouses of our author Galina Kizima, tomatoes and peppers ripen in June! In this book, a famous gardener from the age of 50 ...

Tricky beds. An explanatory book for those who like to relax

This book is specially for those who do not believe that a vegetable garden in the country can become a place of rest, and not eternal hard labor from spring to late autumn. The 50-year experience of Galina Kizima, a well-known amateur gardener in Russia, proves that ripe tomatoes in St. Petersburg can be harvested in June, watering even the most demanding ...

Secrets of the orchard. Harvest to the envy of neighbors

The pride of any suburban area is an orchard. What trees and shrubs should you start your garden history with? How many apples, pears, cherries, currants and raspberries do you need to treat the whole family and neighbors? When and in what place is it better to plant? What conditions are needed for successfully growing ...

Garden and vegetable garden without diseases and pests. How to protect, but not poison

The quality and quantity of the harvest, and therefore the result of the efforts invested in the season, depend not only on impeccable agricultural technology, but also on the competent protection of the garden and vegetable garden from diseases and pests. How can you protect your plants from risks and not poison your crops with chemicals? In a new book by a famous author, ...

Orchard. Cherry, plum and apple tree

Cherries, plums and apple trees are the most popular trees in the orchard, since even in the most unfortunate years they provide the owners of country houses with all the necessary vitamins in the summer and raw materials for harvesting for the winter. But in order for these old-timers of the garden to please with the harvest without interruption, they need to ensure the rules ...

Apple and pear. Growing technology

In this brochure you will find advice on agricultural technology for growing pome crops - apple and pear. How to plant, how to form a crown, how to protect the crop from diseases and pests - you will receive qualified answers to all these and many other questions. And, of course, extensive information ...

1001 answers to important questions of the gardener and gardener

Should the trunks be kept steaming? Why chokeberry berries were chopped? What are the best grape varieties to grow in the Northwest region? Not only a beginner, but also an experienced amateur gardener every year has thousands of questions. And for 1001 of them they will find the answers in this book. And it gives ...

In recent decades, fruit plants have appeared in the gardens of the Black Earth Region, which are not at all familiar to our places - actinidia, lemongrass, dogwood, peach. In a short time, amateur plots were literally flooded with their variety of grapes, which until recently were considered only a southern culture. And in this row, uv ...

Like any other crop, grapes require special treatment and timely care. This book answers the main questions that arise among gardeners who decide to establish a vineyard on their site. Cultural agrotechnics is described in maximum detail and step by step. A separate chapter is devoted to caring for ...

To grow a fruit tree and get a rich harvest, you will have to work hard, and in this book you will find all the necessary information about fruit crops: get to know the best varieties and hybrids, learn how to care for an orchard, improve product quality, accelerate fruiting and add ...

A hassle-free garden in the Moscow region

This book is dedicated to the creation and maintenance of a garden in the Moscow region and answers the most important questions that arise from novice and experienced gardeners. In it you will find recommendations on the selection of suitable varieties of fruit and ornamental crops, recommendations on the correct placement of plantings, tips ...

Berries and fruits. Pocket atlas identifier. Edible forest fruits and berries and their inedible counterpart

In our forests, gardens and communities, you can find numerous plants with bright, attractive fruits. Some of them are tasty and healthy, others are edible, but not tasty, and there are those that are dangerous to health and even life. Unfortunately, not all of them are well known to the population. In order to ...

The author has extensive experience in growing such a rare culture for our region as peach. The brochure details his farming techniques for personal subsidiary plots, from site selection to tree pruning and shaping and protection from diseases and pests. These developments will make it possible to grow this ...

Gardener lunar calendar 2013

Use the lunar calendar, and you will learn about the optimal planting dates for vegetable and fruit and berry crops, the peculiarities of the care and protection of flower and ornamental plants, as well as how to get and maintain a high-quality and bountiful harvest in your garden with the least effort and labor costs ...

The grapes of your garden in central Russia

In this book, you will find many practical advice and learn how to choose healthy seedlings to plant, form and care for grapes, protect grapes during winter thaws and spring frosts, protect and heal grapes. This book will help you grow grapes and ...

Workbook for laboratory studies by students of the Faculty of Agronomy. ...

How to grow southern grapes in the north

The author of the brochure has been collecting a decent harvest from his vineyard near Moscow for nine years now. About his own developments, mistakes and inventions that help him to grow not only zoned, but also some southern varieties, he spoke in an accessible textbook for beginners. Following his recommendations, ...

Big book of a smart summer resident

The book, written specifically for amateur growers, summarizes the unique experience of both the author himself and many gardeners and gardeners who successfully grow bountiful harvests on their small plots. There is no scientific terminology in the book, all useful and verified information is presented in simple language ...

Grapes. Over-harvest secrets

Many summer residents dream of getting a rich grape harvest on their site. For those who want to increase the yield of this southern crop, this is our book. With its help, you will learn how to choose planting material and how to set up a vineyard, learn about the special requirements for lighting and watering. Agricultural engineering cool ...

The most complete encyclopedia of the gardener and gardener

In this book, Nikolai Kurdyumov, a well-known popularizer of natural farming and effective gardening, will tell readers what the meaning of organic farming is, and how it differs from the usual one - lump-fertilizer-irrigation, that is, workaholic. He writes simply and easily - many people read ...

Protection of fruit and berry crops from diseases and pests

The author gives detailed recommendations for protecting plants from diseases and pests. You will learn to recognize them by their appearance and typical symptoms, get acquainted with the preventive measures that need to be taken in the garden. The measures for combating diseases and pests of fruit and berry ...

Forming and pruning fruit trees

The tutorial reveals the techniques for pruning fruit trees. ...

It is not difficult to break up a vineyard on your site and get a good harvest if you know the main features of growing this crop. In this book, you will get acquainted with the rules for choosing the most productive varieties, the features of planting seedlings, caring for them, protecting against diseases and pests. ...

Harvest without hassle: garden, flower garden and vegetable garden

This book is written for people who are passionate about the garden and vegetable garden. Readers will learn how to grow vegetables and trees on their site, how to feed them and how to protect them from pests. Gardeners and gardeners will be interested in practical advice on choosing modern varieties of vegetables, trees and shrubs. Read ...

Berry Gooseberry and currant farming guide

The manual is based on the personal experience, observations and research of the author on the cultivation of gooseberries and currants. The features of growth, flowering and fruiting of bushes, as well as the influence of climate, weather, terrain, planting site, soil and fertilizers on the berry harvest are described. Considered ways ...

Garden Pruning Express Course

This book provides information on when and how to prune to form the crowns of garden fruit trees and shrubs. She also introduces the theoretical foundations of pruning and teaches you to independently navigate in this matter. By following the recommendations of the book, you can accumulate ...

How to grow grapes in the Moscow region and central Russia

If your dacha is located in the suburbs or in central Russia, and you decided to grow grapes, then the book you are now holding in your hands has found its direct addressee. Grapes outdoors in mid-latitudes are not fantasy, they are reality. The grape bush is a system, extremely ...

What can you grow? Encyclopedia of growing berry bushes: raspberries, plums, cherries, apple trees

The key to a good and rich harvest of the summer resident is in his correct and timely care for the crops. Often summer residents do not care about berry bushes, and then they wonder why the bush does not bear fruit. So that you can enjoy a high-quality berry harvest every year, you need to know some rules about you ...

The Skilled Gardener's Handbook

This book is based on many years of professional experience of the authors and contains answers to the most important questions of gardeners. The reader will not only receive comprehensive information, but also get acquainted with the most fruitful varieties of favorite crops, the rules for pruning, grafting and shaping, the subtleties of multiplying ...

Forming, grafting and pruning of trees and shrubs

This book tells in detail about all kinds of methods and methods of forming, pruning and grafting trees and shrubs. In addition, here is information about the tools with which it is most convenient to carry out these works. Applying these methods in practice, each read ...

The proposed brochure details the significance of the stone fruit culture - cherry - in human life, provides the botanical characteristics, morphological characteristics of the tree and the biological characteristics of the culture, without the knowledge of which it is impossible to obtain high yields of an undeservedly forgotten culture. ...

Apricot. Growing technology

Author, R. G. Nozdracheva, D.Sc.-kh. Sci., Professor of the Department of Fruit and Vegetable Growing of the Voronezh State Agrarian University, sets out in detail the entire technology of growing this crop, while paying attention to the biological characteristics of apricot.You will also receive a description of varieties suitable for cultivation in Central Black Earth ...

A complete guide to the grower. Features of growing in Russia

The book is intended for both beginners and experienced winegrowers. The process of growing grapes is described in detail: planting, reproduction, caring for fruit-bearing bushes, protection from pests and diseases, etc. its processing, storage, transportation. The most high-yielding wines are listed ...

Sweet cherry. Zoned varieties. Growing experience in Chernozem region

The proposed brochure details the botanical characteristics, morphological characteristics of the tree and the biological characteristics of sweet cherry, without the knowledge of which it is impossible to obtain high yields of this crop. Currently, scientists of the Russian Federation have created wonderful varieties for cultivation in natural conditions ...

Rare plants in your garden

This brochure tells about cultures that are quite rare in amateur gardens in central Russia. But some gardening enthusiasts have successfully mastered the technology of their cultivation and reproduction in our conditions and are recommended for planting in personal and summer cottages. Author p ...

Formation and pruning of an orchard

In order to properly grow fruit trees, keep them healthy, get good yields of high-quality fruits, you need to know the structure of the tree and all the life processes that take place in it at different periods of development. In this brochure, we will introduce you to the methods of forming and pruning fruits ...

Mankind has been engaged in viticulture since time immemorial and wherever natural conditions permit. In northern latitudes, the grape boom began a little over a decade ago. Grapes literally stepped across the country and successfully masters even the most seemingly unsuitable regions for it ...

The golden rules for garden pruning. Guide to Increasing the Yield of Fruit Trees and Shrubs

This book provides information on when and how to prune to form the crowns of garden fruit trees and shrubs. She also introduces the theoretical foundations of pruning and teaches you to independently navigate in this matter. By following the recommendations of the book, you can accumulate ...

Fruit bushes in your garden

Without berry bushes, our gardens would be deserted and uninteresting, boring and monotonous. And most importantly, we would deprive ourselves of the amazing range of flavors of such native and beloved berries of central Russia. All of them contain easily digestible carbohydrates, organic and fatty acids, proteins, aromatic and pectin ...

My garden. Maximum yield easy and simple

The new series of books by Nikolai Kurdyumov, the most famous popularizer of natural agriculture and effective gardening in our country, is a long-awaited gift for millions of fans of the garden master, as he calls himself. Here you will find both materials from your favorite publications, as well as new ones, ...

Grape bunches of Chernozem region

“... A person who has grown at least one bush of grapes on his site will forever love this amazing creation of nature. So I, who grew up among vineyards on the shores of the Sea of ​​Azov, carried through all the years of my life a love for this plant ... "" ... Novice gardeners who want to be seriously busy ...

Big book of the gardener and gardener. All the secrets of fertility

This book is written especially for hobby gardeners, and therefore it is free of scientific terminology. It summarizes the unique experience of both the author himself and many gardeners and gardeners who grow bountiful harvests in their small plots. Readers will learn how with minimal effort and ...

All about pruning and grafting trees and shrubs

The book will help you master the basic principles and techniques of pruning garden trees and shrubs, the correct formation of their crown to obtain a rich harvest of fruits and berries.You will also learn about the secrets of growing fruit and berry crops, about protecting the garden from diseases and pests. For a wide range of h ...

1000 most important questions and most complete answers about gardening

Every day, gardeners and amateur gardeners have many questions: how and where to plant plants correctly, what varieties to choose, why green pets are sick, what health benefits can plants bring and what harm, what dishes can be prepared from weeds? There are many questions. We are from ...

My sunny bunches. Growing experience

I present to your attention a revised version of my brochure, supplemented with information based on your questions. If you are a beginner, this brochure is for you, but if you are an experienced grower, then you do not need textbooks. There is also a downside to the learning process. The more you delve into grapes, the more you understand ...

Berry bushes and fruit trees in your area. Excellent harvest, top dressing, watering and m

This book contains information on how to properly care for the soil and carry out grafting, feeding, pruning, and protection against pests of berry bushes and fruit trees in gardens. With its help, you can grow on your site a large harvest of your favorite fruits and berries (apples, pears, ...

All about trees and shrubs. How to plant, grow and perfect your garden

Thanks to the book you are holding in your hands, you can achieve several goals: it will help you navigate the right choice of ornamental trees and shrubs for your garden, teach you how to plant and prune plants so that your plantings always look neat, tell you how to ...

Nikolai Kurdyumov, a well-known popularizer of natural farming and effective gardening, will tell you: • about rational and natural gardening and horticulture • how to arrange a vegetable garden, where the plants and soil inhabitants will do the main work • how to understand a tree, what ...

Grafting and re-grafting of fruit crops and ornamental shrubs

With each new summer cottage season, the owners of summer cottages and household plots gain more experience, learn from neighbors, study literature, attend lectures and conversations of experienced gardeners and scientists. Most often, the following questions arise: What can be grafted with different fruit and berry crops? What time of the year ...

Growing a vine is a real art. From our book you will learn about a variety of grape varieties, the choice of a place for planting them, the peculiarities of caring for them. The grape bush has a special structure, which is taken into account when tying and pruning to obtain abundant fruiting. Good luck in ...

Vineyard on your site

How to choose the right grape variety, where to plant it, how to prepare the soil, how to water and care for the berries, how to collect and store them? You will find answers to these and many other questions in this book. Thanks to the recommendations and advice, even a beginner can avoid many mistakes and grow good ...

A fruitful garden is the dream of every summer resident, but the cultivation of horticultural crops requires special attention and careful care. This book will become an assistant and tell you how to succeed in this difficult task: to choose hardy varieties of fruit crops suitable for growing in climatic conditions ...

Vineyard. Simple and affordable

Many summer residents dream of growing grapes on their site, but they doubt whether this process can be properly organized in conditions of proximity to fruit, vegetable, flower crops, with the proximity of residential buildings and limited territory. The book you are holding in your hands will tell you how to ...

Fruit growing. Berry crops of the Middle Volga region. Part II

The textbook examines the distribution and national economic significance of berry crops, describes their morphological and biological characteristics, shows the influence of the main environmental factors on the growth and development of berry crops. The issues of resistance of berry crops to diseases and ...

The book is intended for both beginners and experienced winegrowers. The process of growing grapes is described in detail: planting, reproduction, caring for fruit-bearing bushes, protection from pests and diseases, etc. its processing, storage, transportation. For a wide range of readers. ...

What can you grow? Encyclopedia of growing berry bushes: cherry plum, quince, grapes, cherry

A rich and high-quality harvest is the goal of every summer resident. But not all summer residents succeed in collecting this. And it depends on many factors: from improper or untimely care, from indifference to diseases and pests in crops and many others. Berry bushes are usually not overly ...

Grapes. Secrets of the miracle harvest

Undoubtedly, grapes are a difficult culture to maintain. However, if you follow the simple rules of agricultural technology, a rich harvest is guaranteed! This book will tell you about the requirements of the culture, how to plant a smart vineyard and properly care for it in order to get a stable harvest of your favorite berries with minimal ...

Vine. Growing experience

All over the world, grapes are one of the main crops for which land areas are increasing every year. Viticulture is also developing in the Black Earth Region, mainly through the efforts of amateurs. This brochure summarizes the experience of winegrowing practitioners in the Voronezh region. The technological process is presented ...

Garden and vegetable garden at their summer cottage. 500 detailed answers to all the most important questions

Every day, gardeners and amateur gardeners have many questions: how and where to plant plants correctly, what varieties to choose, why green pets are sick, what health benefits can plants bring and what harm, what dishes can be prepared from weeds? There are many questions. We are from ...


Description of drugs

Aktara -insecticide of intestinal action, has translaminar activity. When introduced into the soil, the drug exhibits a systemic effect. Due to its ability to redistribute along the leaf and move along the xylem, “Aktara” well suppresses leafhoppers, aphids, whiteflies, some species of scale insects and false scale insects, beetles and other insects. The active substance of the drug "Aktara": Thiamethoxam

ACTOFIT (phytoverm, agravertin) is a preparation of biological origin for the destruction of pests of agricultural crops and ornamental plants, both open and closed ground: Colorado potato beetle, aphids, ticks, thrips, cabbage whiteworm, scoops, herbivorous and many other pests.

CALYPSO - a systemic insecticide of contact and intestinal action, which allows you to control a wide range of pests in the garden and vegetable garden.

Formulation: Suspension concentrate containing 480 g / l of thiacloprid.

Spraying of potatoes and vegetables is carried out during the growing season, when the first signs of pest damage appear. A single treatment is enough to kill many pests. Apple trees are sprayed in the rosebud phase until the flowering phase. Provided that the recommended consumption rates are observed, the product is safe for bees, which allows spraying also during flowering.

Preparations No. 30, 30a, 30c, 30 cc, 30m - oil oil emulsions, insecticides and acaricides of contact action with a short protective period. Applied in early spring, before bud break, at a temperature not lower than 4 ° against pests of fruit and berry crops openly wintering on branches - scale insects, scale insects, aphids, honey beetles, leaf beetles, leaf rollers, moths, ticks by abundant spraying (washing) 5-6% solution.

Consumption rate 40-100 l / ha. In summer, apple and pear trees are sprayed with a 2-2.5% solution of 20-50 l / ha. The drugs are safe for humans and warm-blooded animals. It is allowed to apply no later than seven days before harvest.

REACOM-SR-CO (GARDEN GARDEN) - composition of microelements in chelated form for foliar feeding of vegetable, fruit and berry and flower crops, root feeding in drip irrigation systems, pre-sowing seed treatment.

SCOR, CE - systemic fungicide with long-term preventive and pronounced therapeutic effect Active ingredient: difenoconazole, 250 g / l Chemical class: triazoles Hazard class: 3 (hazard class 2 for resistance in soil)

The most reliable and effective fungicide from the triazole chemical class for the fight against the most important diseases of pome and stone fruit

Flexible terms of application (pink bud, flowering, fruit growth)

Complete absence of phytotoxicity when applied to all phenophases of the apple tree

An important element of anti-resistance programs

TOPAZ, CE - systemic fungicide for the protection of pome, stone fruit, berry, vegetable, ornamental crops and grape vines from powdery mildew and other diseases Active ingredient: penconazole, 100 g / l Chemical class: triazoles Hazard class: 3 (hazard class 2 in terms of resistance in soil)

  • high efficiency against pathogens of powdery mildew, especially when suppressing primary infection
  • excellent plant tolerance
  • low consumption rate
  • prolonged action
  • systemic activity protects all plant parts susceptible to disease
  • preventive, curative and eradicating action
  • ideal partner in comprehensive protection mixtures

Chorus, VDH - fungicide of systemic action against scab, moniliosis and alternariosis of pome fruit moniliosis of stone fruit crops

Active ingredient: cyprodinil, 750 g / kg Chemical class: aminopyrimidines Hazard class: 3

  • highly effective protection of leaves at any infectious load, even at low air temperatures
  • new active ingredient: anti-resistance solution
  • fast absorption by the plant: not washed off by rain
  • systemic, protective and therapeutic effect
  • consumption rate is 25-250 times less than that of traditional contact preparations
  • no phytotoxicity

Zircon - the drug is intended to increase the immunity of the plant, accelerate the development of the root system, accelerate germination, increase the yield of the underground part. Growth regulator, root former, inducer of flowering and disease resistance, obtained from plant materials

EL-1- a natural stimulator of plant growth and productivity.

The active ingredient EL-1 is arachidonic acid secreted from seaweed

Penetrating into the tissues of seeds and plants in micron doses, the drug has a stimulating effect on all aspects of plant development, induces resistance to diseases and stresses, fluctuations in temperature, humidity, bacteria and viruses, improves seed germination, increases germination energy and growth force, reduces the level of broad spectrum of various types of plant diseases (late blight, rhizoctonia, bacterial rot, etc.), increases resistance to pests.

Mikosan Is a unique biological preparation of fungicidal action, intended for the treatment of orchards, berry fields, vineyards, vegetable gardens, fields, melons and gourds, as well as for the protection of indoor plants from pathogens of various kinds of diseases. Has a highly effective protective prophylactic effect. Mikosan-V - for processing vegetative plants.

The active ingredient of Mikosan, obtained from fungal cells, penetrates into plant cells and stimulates the formation of enzymes in plants (chitinases, chitosanases and glucanases). These enzymes have the ability to destroy the cell walls of phytopathogenic fungi. Thanks to this, Mikosan provides a high and long-term protective reaction of plants against a wide range of diseases, improves plant resistance to extreme climatic conditions.

Fitosporin-M Is a live spore bacterial culture of Bacillus subtilis 26D, which suppresses the multiplication of many fungal and bacterial pathogens of plants by the products of its vital activity, has the property of increasing immunity and stimulating plant growth, which is important for increasing their productivity and reducing repeated infections.

The safety of the drug (4th hazard class) allows the product to be consumed immediately after processing, without a waiting period. Consumption of the preparation 1.0-2.0 l / ha during the growing season and 0.5-1.0 l / t - immediately before storage. Shelf life is 4 years.


Abiga Peak

In different sources, the agent is called the best because of its complete safety for pollinating insects. The action of the drug is aimed at protecting garden, ornamental, vegetable and flower crops from late blight and a number of fungal diseases.

The main active ingredient is copper oxychloride. It kills fungi by slowing down their development. The drug has the following characteristics:

  • safety for bees
  • good water resistance
  • profitability.

To prepare the solution, take 50 ml of the concentrate per 1 liter of water, then the resulting solution is diluted in another 10 liters of water. Spray with a sprayer in calm weather.

Abiga-Peak is more suitable for prophylactic than for therapeutic treatments.


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