A personal plot is a place where you want to relax in hot summer. Ornamental pumpkin shoots will decorate any garden. At the beginning of summer, bright flowers appear on them, and by mid-July, multi-colored fruits. There are many types of ornamental pumpkin, which can be grown from seeds - and in the form of a mushroom, a climbing pear. In this article, we will look at one of the unusual varieties - the Turkish turban.
Turkish turban - a plant with beautiful faceted leaves up to 2.5 meters long... The pumpkin flowers are bell-like, bright yellow, rather large (10 cm in diameter).
The shape of the fruits resembles a headdress from Turkey, a turban or a turban. They are miniature and colorful. One plant can bring up to 30 fruits.
The Turkish turban is growing rapidly. Stems reach 6 m or more (if not pinched). They quickly climb the vertical support, decorating the garden and creating a cool shade on the site.
Ornamental gourd is drought tolerant and thermophilic. Reacts well to organic fertilizers. Shoots and fruits do not tolerate frost.
In the southern regions of Russia, pumpkin seeds in the middle of May planted in the ground. The decorative pumpkin grows quickly. In one season, she manages to grow and bear fruit with proper care.
At a temperature of -1, the sprouts die, therefore, in the regions to the north, the seeds are planted in seedlings. In addition, the seedling planting method will accelerate growth and maturation.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked for an hour in warm water or in a growth preparation. Then the seeds are transferred to cheesecloth and left warm for 2 days. There they germinate. The seeds are planted in separate containers of 500 ml each.
Seedling soil is needed fertile, loose and slightly acidic... To do this, take soil from the garden and mix it with:
Before planting, the soil is disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to avoid the development of fungal diseases in pumpkin.
For the first week and a half, the sprouts are actively stretched, and after that their growth slows down. Plants feed mineral fertilizers and manure, soil loosen and watered.
Transplanting a pumpkin is unacceptable, stress will destroy an immature plant.
Two weeks before disembarkation, seedlings tempered - taken out into the open air and left for 15-20 minutes. The time is gradually increased to 2-3 hours.
In a month, when the sprouts appear 2-3 leaves, seedlings are planted in open ground. IMPORTANT. There should be a solid vertical support near the sprouts, such as a wall or arch, along which they will grow.
Turkish turban - light-loving plant, variety requires a lot of sunlight... Before planting, the soil is dug up and fertilized with organic (manure or compost) fertilizers.
A hole is prepared for each sprout and watered abundantly with water. Sprouts from seedlings are planted in holes at a distance of half a meter from each other.
Decorative pumpkin is an unpretentious plant. It requires constant abundant watering and loosening soil. When the first ovaries appear, the sprouts are generously fertilized.
In addition to loosening and weeding, gardeners sprinkle the soil around the sprouts. sawdust or humus (mulch). It helps:
The top fertile soil layer is important for the pumpkin due to the structure of its root system. It has a long main root and many small roots that grow closer to the surface.
Mulched plants bear fruit more abundantly and are less susceptible to disease.
To make a "lush hedge" from the Turkish turban, gardeners pinch the upper shootswhen they reach a length of one meter.
The fruits are cut along with the stalk before the first frost, in September... Frozen pumpkins are not stored for a long time. To prevent their bright color from fading, after collecting them, they are stored away from direct sunlight.
From ripe fruits, skillful hands are able to make crafts for home decoration... Gardeners carve beautiful patterns and compositions on a pumpkin, varnish them. They are used to make jugs, cups and lamps.
Children are happy to paint on the crust with paints. With the help of plasticine and old things, they make funny characters and cute animals.
Both adults and children can do creative work together and collect an autumn still life from pumpkins, spruce branches and fallen leaves, which will remind you of a productive year.
The fruits of the Turkish turban are edible.
As long as the skin on them is not hardened, they can be eaten and given to animals. The upper part - a hat - is suitable for making soup or stews, it can be boiled. The lower part of the fruit is full of seeds and is therefore unsuitable for food.
Pumpkin fruit tasteless... They are more likely to delight the gardener as a decorative decoration for the home and garden than as a tasty treat on the table.
vRoot rot... Affects stems and roots. The reason for its occurrence is cold water and temperature drops. To avoid it, the sprouts are looked after, they are mulched. Affected plants are treated with a mixture of copper sulfate and zinc sulfate, dissolved in water.
It is easy to grow a Turkish turban on the site and does not take much time. The effort put into planting it will more than pay off. The variety is unpretentious. While growing, he will delight with beauty for more than one month. Its green massif will make the garden shady and cool in the heat. And the fruits of the Turkish turban are a source of beautiful handicrafts that will fill the house with comfort.
Often, when decorating a garden, ordinary flowers and other decorative elements are used. However, some gardeners use unusual vegetables for this, which include a decorative pumpkin. In the past few years, the plant has been gaining popularity among vegetable growers. Pumpkin bushes have rather strong shoots, on which large fruits with an unusual shape appear over time. They are also painted in bright colors, which will delight the eyes of not only the owners of the garden or vegetable garden, but also the guests.
It is here that you will see unusual fruits of one-color, two-color, spotted and striped colors. Their skin can be smooth or ribbed from white to dark red or deep bottle color.
In shape, pumpkins can be round, elongated, flattened or curly. And it’s impossible to say which one is the most beautiful.
Take a close look at how decorative pumpkins look, photos and names of varieties, depending on their appearance.
Ornamental pumpkin seeds are often collected in seed mixtures, depending on the shape, color or size of the fruit. They can resemble mushrooms, stars, light bulbs, bottles, as a result of which the names of varietal mixtures of the most interesting herbaceous plants of the genus Cucurbita were formed.
Pumpkin is a melon culture that came to our latitudes from the African continent. Some seeds of Cucurbita pepo var.ovifera came to us from Mexico and also from China. The plant is thermophilic and prefers to grow in sunny areas.
Among all the introduced species and those that are cultivated in our environment, there are both liana-like and bush forms that bear fruit with pumpkins. Pay attention to the variety of species, and how decorative pumpkin bears fruit, photos and names of varieties of this amazing plant.
The lush curly greenery of the plant itself is successfully used as a garden decor. They are wrapped around gazebos, verandas and fences. In addition, the large leaves of the plant give a dense shade. Look at the photo, how the decorative arch, entwined with weaving shoots, looks original. Bush varieties are planted in flower beds for the sake of gorgeous greenery and all the same original colorful fruits that the culture gives.
In early summer, the rapidly growing green thickets are decorated with large, bright flowers. True, not all of them have a pleasant aroma, but they quickly fade. As a rule, flowers are odorless at all. And already in the middle of summer, fancy pumpkins of various shapes and colors develop on the plant.
Unlike cultivated plants, ripe Pepo fruits are practically devoid of pulp, but their shell is very dense and does not allow water to pass through. This dried large-fruited pumpkin was used as a vessel for liquids by ancient peoples.
In the modern world of design, pumpkins in the form of stars, bottles, mushrooms, citrus fruits or pears have long found their application. Due to the originality of forms and a variety of colors, they are used in the interior to decorate the space - all kinds of non-trivial vases, exquisite boxes with lids, all kinds of candlesticks.
This is the most extraordinary eco-style decor, and you can do it yourself, even involving children in the event, especially to celebrate everyone's favorite Halloween party on the eve of All Saints Day.
Cucurbita pepo is not considered edible in cooking.
The pulp of Lagenaria can be eaten, and even then with a "stretch", since not only the skin of the fruit is hard enough, but the flesh under the skin is not tasty enough, in contrast to the cultivated plant.
Only in a state of milky ripeness, something can still be cooked from exotic fruits. But there is no guarantee that your food will not taste bitter.
Important! It is not recommended to use decorative fruits for livestock feed due to their extremely dense and coarse pulp.
Decorative pumpkins are not considered particularly whimsical, but even minor frosts are dangerous for them. Shoots die already at 0-1 ° C. Therefore, planting seedlings is the best option for growing.
The soil for the culture should be loose, light. Fertile limed soils are excellent. Cucurbita pepo can be grown on sandy loam, sandy loam or loamy chernozems. Plants do not tolerate acidic soils, but they still grow well in slightly saline areas.
The sunnier the area, the faster the shoots grow, the flower appears, and the Pepo fruits develop. Moreover, in the bright sun, the color of the fruitlets is much brighter than that of relatives growing in partial shade.
In addition to growing seedlings, the sowing method is also used, sowing seeds directly into the ground, when the threat of spring night frosts completely disappears. When planting seeds, it should be borne in mind that the flowers are capable of pollination.
Especially a decorative pumpkin in the form of a pear, a climbing vine, and from the seeds collected for planting for the next season, fruits of a completely different shape can grow.
Watering in both the first and second cases should be fairly regular. And, in addition, in order for the vine to fully develop, it is necessary to apply fertilizers to the soil every 20-21 days. With a large thickening, it is better to thin out the lashes by cutting out the side shoots. Then the flowering will be more abundant, and the fruits will develop better.
Improper or insufficient care can lead to damage to shoots by pests or diseases characteristic of the culture - powdery mildew, bacteriosis, root or white rot.
At the first signs of disease, the affected parts (or the plant itself) are removed, and the soil and shoots are sprayed with insecticides or fungicides.
The most dangerous pests for melons and gourds are melon aphids and slugs.
Thank you for your interest in the Pepo Pumpkin article. Please comment on the material. Be sure to mark in the x how helpful the information was to you and what you would like to add to the published article.
Do you have a plot or summer cottage, and how did the relationship develop with the decorative varieties of pumpkins? Do you grow this plant with unusual fruits? Leave your feedback at the bottom of the page in the comments section below the article.
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Getting to know the fruits of common varieties of decorative pumpkins:
True to its name. They are just as small, orange, round shape, weighing up to 300 g .
White pumpkins grow up to 10 cm in diameter... They have a smooth crust and are considered edible.
The fruits of the variety reach 500 g, they look very original. Pumpkins with yellowish or white ribs, between which there are dark stripes with white dots.
Surprises with pumpkins from two hemispheres... Half of the skin is white and the other half is green or red
By the end of summer, the plant of this variety surprises with small pears, painted in two colors. Below - dark green with yellow stripes, above - yellow... The plant belongs to the group Lagenaria siceraria (bottle lagenaria).
Torticollis variety, fruits are located among the foliage - swans with a blistering, sunny orange shell.
The pumpkin is called:
Fungus is the most common disease of ornamental pumpkin. Quite often, the bushes become infected with black mold and die. You can distinguish this sore by the small specks covering the leaves of the plant. Then these spots dry and voids appear.
Powdery mildew is another disease. A white bloom appears on diseased plants. Gradually diseased leaves dry out and fall off.
The insects that are dangerous to pumpkin are slugs. They feed on pumpkin leaves. There are especially many of them after long rains. It is better to get rid of them right away, otherwise they may stay for more than one year.
The plant is decorative, so the concept of yield is not applicable to it. Most of the fruits are small in size and weight (from 10 to 50 g), in rare cases there are large-fruited varieties, for example, Orange, weighing up to 300 g. However, as noted earlier, the vast majority of varieties are not suitable for food.
The plant has low frost resistance. With significant cold snaps, when the temperature drops below + 10-12 ° C, the growth of shoots stops and no longer resumes.
Possessing a branched horse system, ornamental pumpkin can do without water for a relatively long time. The plant will not die, but at the same time the growth rate of the green part is significantly reduced and the process of fruit formation slows down. In general, pumpkin loves abundant watering; it is not recommended to expose it to drought for too long.
Like any other member of the pumpkin family, the decorative curly pear has an average resistance to diseases and pests. The risk of being attacked by certain diseases and pests depends, first of all, on proper agricultural technology and plant care.
Among the diseases, the most common are powdery mildew and various types of rot (gray, root, etc.), as well as bacteriosis. Pests are also typical for pumpkin plants: melon aphids and spider mites.
Disease and pest control methods are standard. Fungal diseases are stopped with solutions of copper sulfate (from 1% to 3%) or colloidal sulfur preparations. Acaricides or folk remedies (tincture of onion and garlic husks) are used against pests.
As a preventive measure, several spraying of the foliage with a 1% solution of copper sulfate is recommended every 2 weeks, carried out in June-July.
The plant has the following advantages:
Disadvantages of decorative pumpkin:
If not cared for properly, this magnificent plant can be infested with diseases and pests. The most dangerous for pumpkin plants are slugs, aphids, powdery mildew, white and root rot, bacteriosis. At the first sign of illness, you need to take decisive action to keep the pumpkins healthy.
Powdery mildew - white or grayish powdery spots on the leaves and stem, which gradually grow over the entire surface of the affected plant and it dries up. The disease is actively developing with a lack of sunlight and sudden changes in temperature. To combat this disease, various chemicals are used, and the affected fruits and plants are necessarily destroyed.
White rot is extremely dangerous for both the plant and its fruits. The affected areas become wet, covered with a cotton-like neoplasm. High air humidity contributes to the development of this disease. If signs of white rot are found, all affected parts are carefully cut out and processed (sprinkled) with chalk or charcoal.
Root rot appears at the base of the stem and root. The disease is caused by soil fungi that attack the plant under poor plant growth conditions. You can prevent the development of this disease by disinfecting the seeds before planting. To save an already affected plant, and this is possible only at the initial stages of the disease, you need to add new soil, peat and humus.
Bacteriosis most often affects the leaves, but it is also dangerous for the stems and fruits. It appears as angular brown spots. Bacteriosis develops especially actively in a warm and humid environment. For the prevention and treatment of the disease, a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid is used. The leaves and stems of the pumpkin are treated with it.
Slugs are dangerous for almost all vegetables. They appear en masse in rainy years. Adults attack plants at night. To protect the pumpkin and other plants on the site, you can treat them with a mixture of slaked lime and ash (1: 1).