Characteristics and description of the potato variety Lyubava


The potato variety Lyubava is popular among our gardeners, due to its properties it included in the state register of the Russian Federation for the West Siberian region.

Potato variety Lyubava

It has many advantages, but if you do not care for the planted potatoes, you will not get a harvest.

Characteristic

Early ripe variety, the ripening period of tubers is only 70 days... This short period guarantees a double harvest from one site. If you need to get early potatoes, then the planting material is taken out of the storage place in advance, since the potatoes are germinated within 1.5 months.

The unpretentiousness of the variety is also considered an important characteristic. Therefore, it can be planted on any soil. With a general drought in the region, the potato yield does not decrease much. Tubers form amicably and give a large yield. The yield was noted up to 524 centners per hectare.

The variety is suitable for widespread cultivation.

Description

Bushes, with proper care, reach medium height and the stems grow semi-erect. It blooms with red-violet flowers. The skin of the tubers is of medium thickness and red.

The tubers themselves are oval with rounded edges. On the tuber, eyes are rarely located, which lie on the surface. The average mass of tubers in one bush is 110-215 g... This variation in weight arises from the uneven tying of tubers on the root system. The pulp is white and contains 14.5% starch.

A variety for table use and is very good for preparing various home-cooked dishes.

Advantages and disadvantages

Has many positive qualities among them:

  • Great taste tubers, both when cooking and frying;
  • Large tubers, aligned to size;
  • Output of marketable tubers reaches 95%;
  • Early formation and ripening of fruits;
  • Resilient to various diseases;
  • Unpretentiousness to external natural stimuli;
  • Drought tolerant.

Among the disadvantages only that potato plantings can be exposed to golden nematode disease.

Reviews of gardeners about Lyubava

Daria, Rostov region. Easy to grow and tastes good.

Peter, Moscow region. High yield and unpretentiousness with good table qualities.

Valentina Petrovna, Kaluga. The peculiarity is that all tubers are located very closely and aligned in size. In the garden, there were often 20 pieces in a bush. tubers.

Andrey, Penza. The variety is tasty, does not require much maintenance and is the most important plus that it keeps its grade for a long time and does not degenerate. So I renew the variety no more than once every 8 years.

Maxim, Krasnodar Territory. I have been planting this variety for a long time, because it is transportable, tasty, not damaged by various diseases and does not cause much trouble at all. It lies well throughout the winter.

Growing features

For large yields you need to watch the landingsby applying various cultivation guidelines.

Growing recommendations

Growing soil must be saturated with nitrogen fertilizers. Therefore, fertilizers are applied in the fall before digging and in the spring they are added to each hole.

The type of planting must match the type of soil - if the soil dries quickly, then it is necessary to plant tubers in trenches so that moisture is better retained. If the site is susceptible to waterlogging during rains, then planting is better done in high, up to 40 cm ridges, which contribute to better drying of the soil, and the tubers will not rot.

It is necessary to correctly assess the saturation of the soil with water and choose the correct type of potato planting.

How to increase your potato yield

To get large yields of potatoes, it is necessary to irrigate and weed in a timely manner. This variety grows a small number of tubers if it lacks moisture. Hilling will increase yields. Depending on the type of planting, on average, hilling of potato bushes is carried out 2-3 times... The correct fertilization will also help to increase the yield.

Timing and step-by-step planting process

To get a crop of potatoes, they are planted in late May and early June. The landing itself should be carried out according to these recommendations.:

  1. A place choose completely sunny and fast drying after rains.
  2. Priming should be well dug and leveled with a rake;
  3. In the fall, while digging a site for potatoes apply nitrogen fertilizers;
  4. It is worth remembering about crop rotation and do not plant potato tubers after nightshades;
  5. Hole depthdug out for potatoes should be less than 10 cm. The scheme of the dug holes should correspond to 35x75 cm.
  6. Before putting the tuber, in the hole also add 250 g each of ash and humus.
  7. If planted in dry ground, then it is worth pouring water into the hole at the rate of 500 gr. one hole;
  8. The tubers are laid out sprouts up and covered with soil.

You should adhere to this recommendation for planting potatoes, as it describes the main points.

Care rules

In order for the potato to grow and give a good harvest, it must be spilled on time to increase the yield, and also:

  • Watering;
  • Fertilize;
  • Loosen;
  • Remove weeds.

Water and fertilize immediately the next day three times.

Watering and fertilizing timesFertilizer composition
One month after planting potatoesNitrogen fertilizer.
During floweringPotassium phosphorus fertilizer.
2 weeks after floweringComplex mineral fertilizer.

Loosening and simultaneous removal of weeds carried out after watering and rains. They are loosened the next day so that a crust does not appear that prevents air from penetrating to the root system of the plant.

It is necessary to carry out top dressing precisely after watering, so as not to spoil the young potato tubers.

After reading the description and reviews of gardeners, you can see that, growing the variety Lyubava, no one will be without a good harvest, tasty and mature potatoes... At the same time, it does not require a lot of effort to cultivate this type of potato.


The best potato varieties: description and characteristics

Potatoes reproduce well with tubers, which are selected from the general harvest, so many gardeners continue to grow "grandfather's" potatoes for decades. But this approach cannot be considered correct, since over the years, viral and mycoplasma organisms accumulate in the tubers. Even with good selection of seed potatoes (sampling in the field from well-developed healthy bushes of medium-sized tubers) and observance of storage conditions, the degeneration of varietal traits occurs over time.

As a result, summer residents complain that the potatoes are getting smaller and the taste is not at all the same as before. In order to avoid a decrease in yields and an outbreak of viral diseases, it is recommended to periodically renew the potato planting material by purchasing high-quality varietal seed tubers from seed farms or from intermediaries.

Consider the popular varieties of potatoes for growing on a personal plot, when it is not the number of tubers in the bush that comes to the fore, but their size and taste. We recommend growing several varieties on the site at once with different ripening periods and varying degrees of resistance to weather factors, which will always allow you to stay with a good harvest, even in adverse weather conditions during the growing season.

It is also necessary to remember that a good variety will fully reveal its potential only in the zoning zone. By purchasing non-zoned varieties, gardeners always run the risk of being disappointed with the result.


Biological characteristics of the vegetable

Potatoes are vegetables that are intended for eating, preparing starch and alcohol, and for feeding livestock. It is the table varieties of potatoes that are grown in the garden by summer residents. In tubers of this type of starch, no more than 20 percent, and the rest is made up of vitamins, beta-carotenes, and other useful elements. The Lyubava variety belongs to the table type of vegetable culture. It is designed for salads, frying, roasting, ideal for soups.

The description of the variety includes the fact that Lyubava's tubers:

  • oval with eyes located at an average depth
  • red-skinned, rough to the touch
  • with white flesh
  • weighing from 109 to 210 grams.

The potato variety Lyubava is prized for its early ripening 70–75 days after planting. Proper care of a vegetable plant will lead to digging out 20 tubers from one bush.

A vegetable bred by Siberian specialists is noted for the compactness of the bush. The stems of medium height are covered with green leaves, slightly wavy at the edges. During flowering, the bushes look decorative. The potato field has an elegant look thanks to the lilac flowers with a yellow center.

The variety is chosen for growing in the climatic conditions of Siberia and the Far East. It also pleases farmers with a harvest of 540 centners per hectare.


Advantages and disadvantages

Lyubava potatoes have gained popularity among summer residents and farmers due to their excellent characteristics.

  • unpretentiousness
  • fairly simple traditional plant care
  • excellent taste of tubers
  • universal use of potatoes (frying, boiling, baking)
  • beautiful appearance of tubers, the highest commercial qualities
  • good yields (with the right care, the result is simply impressive)
  • early ripening.

It should also be noted that the variety is resistant to unfavorable weather conditions, the ability to give good results in hot or, conversely, too rainy summers.

Many early potato varieties are not suitable for storage or the growing period is too short. Lyubava tubers are stored in storage until spring and if the optimal temperature and humidity are provided, they do not germinate, do not deteriorate. Also, the variety is resistant to some infections (cancer, scab), but much depends on the growing conditions.

There are also disadvantages, and one of them is Lyubava's instability to the defeat of late blight. To a lesser extent, tubers suffer from this, but the tops are often affected. But since the variety is early, it often manages to "escape" from the beginning of the epidemic, in addition, prevention plays an important role.

As the reviews of gardeners show, preventive spraying, compliance with the rules of planting, crop rotation, timely planting of potatoes exclude the appearance of late blight in the beds. Also, Lyubava can be affected by the potato golden nematode.


Potatoes prefer medium to light soil. The culture grows well on sandy and sandy loam soils, in loam and black soil. In clay soil, tubers develop slowly and are prone to rot.

The best precursors for potatoes are beets, cabbage, cucumbers, green manure. Planting a crop after tomatoes, peppers, potatoes and eggplants is not recommended.

The tubers are planted in April or May, depending on the weather conditions in the region. The soil should warm up well to a depth of 10 cm. For planting, select healthy tubers weighing about 80 g, without any signs of decay or damage.

1.5 months before the start of work, Lyubava potatoes are kept in a bright place to stimulate the emergence of sprouts. When the sprouts reach a length of 1 cm, it's time to start planting. Immediately before planting, root crops are treated with Epin or another growth stimulant.

The tubers of the Lyubava variety are planted in holes or furrows. If the soil is heavy, the roots are deepened by 4-5 cm.The depth of planting in light soil is 10 cm. 30 cm are left between the tubers, the rows are placed every 70 cm.

Before emergence, planting care consists in loosening the soil. So the tubers will receive more oxygen, which is necessary for the active growth of the root system. In the course of loosening, weeds are weeded. The procedure is best done after watering or precipitation.

When the first buds appear, intensive watering of the potatoes begins. Moisture is added as the topsoil dries out. It is necessary to constantly keep the soil moist.

2-3 liters of warm settled water are added under each bush. Lyubava potatoes are watered in the evening, when there is no direct exposure to the sun. After watering, the soil is loosened between the rows.

Hilling and feeding

Due to hilling, Lyubava potatoes form stolons on which tubers develop. The soil supports the shoots and prevents them from falling apart. When hilling, the soil is raked from the row-spacing onto potato bushes. For manual processing, a pitchfork is used; to simplify hilling, a special technique is used.

Hilling is performed twice per season:

  • with a bush height of 15 cm
  • 2-3 weeks after the first treatment, before flowering.

Regular feeding ensures a high yield of the Lyubava variety. Processing is carried out 2-3 times per season, taking into account the condition of the bushes.

The procedure for feeding potatoes Lyubava:

  • when forming tops
  • during budding
  • 3 weeks before harvest.

The first feeding is necessary when potatoes develop slowly. The need to fertilize is indicated by the thin stems and pale green leaves of the plants. For irrigation, prepare a solution enriched with nitrogen. It is best to use natural ingredients: bird droppings or manure.

For the second treatment of the Lyubava variety, a complex fertilizer is prepared containing 15 g of potassium sulfate and 30 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water. The bushes are watered with a solution under the root. Processing stimulates the formation of tubers, improves their taste and keeping quality.

Feeding with phosphorus and potassium is repeated after flowering ends before harvesting. An alternative way of feeding is the use of any complex fertilizer for vegetables.


Harvesting and storage

Potatoes Lyubava belongs to the early varieties... It reaches maturity 60-75 days after planting. One to two weeks before digging up the potatoes, it is advisable to cut or mow the tops, leaving 15 cm from the stems. This will accelerate ripening and provide better storage of the tubers. The crop is stored in a dark, ventilated room with a low above zero temperature.

Potatoes of this variety are well preserved until spring if these conditions are met. Long shelf life distinguishes it favorably from other early varieties.

The potato variety Lyubava should definitely be planted on your site. It will delight caring gardeners with an early harvest and excellent taste of dishes prepared from it. And farmers will be satisfied with the marketable type of tubers, which tolerate transportation well and are well stored.

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