Clematis is a kind of decorative liana, strewn with many flowers of a wide variety of shades. Planting and caring for clematis outdoors is possible even for beginners, and recently flowers have gained immense popularity. These curly bouquets are increasingly used to decorate gazebos, fences, facades, or simply to decorate a flower garden and garden.
Clematis belongs to the buttercup family. There are about three hundred varieties of this plant, which has won the tender love of all gardeners. They strive to plant it in the most prominent places in order to create coziness and a bright mood on the site. Often it is clematis that decorates the gate and is the first to greet guests. Thanks to the various types of this plant, which can be not only a liana, but also a shrub, even flowering hedges can be created.
Clematis flowers are small and large, and their shape and shades are simply amazing with their incredible variety. Different varieties bloom at different times for 3-4 months. Thanks to this, you can create a bright kaleidoscope of blooming clematis in the garden, which will delight the eye throughout the warm season from spring to early autumn.
The main decorative value of clematis is abundant flowering.
Most often, clematis is cultivated in the ground, but it will feel quite comfortable as a houseplant.
It is usually planted in pots, boxes or tubs (at least 60 cm high), placed in a well-lit place. Several holes must be made in the bottom of the container, then drainage, fertile soil are poured, and after planting, a support for the plant is certainly installed. To provide the roots with coolness and shading, stunted neighbors are planted in a pot with clematis.
Under comfortable conditions, clematis can bloom for up to five years without a transplant.
Thanks to large-scale breeding work on the breeding of various winter-hardy varieties, clematis quite easily took root in the north-western regions of the country, in Siberia and the Far East. But in order to admire the bright colors of summer even in a harsh climate, it is important to choose the right varieties, the whips of which successfully endure frosts.
Clematis flowers are colored in almost all colors of the spectrum, also differing in an infinite number of shades.
Most often, clematis is planted in open ground in mid-May. But if the seedling was purchased in the summer, planting should be done in September so that the plant has the opportunity to take root. Previously, this should not be done because of the high probability of increased growth (which is not necessary at all before winter) and freezing.
Planting clematis consists of several stages:
During autumn planting, the entire volume of soil is filled up immediately
When planting clematis next to the walls of buildings, it is imperative to retreat 40 cm from them so that the roots cannot be damaged by rain streams from the roofs. If a composition of several bushes is planted, the gaps between them should be at least 25 cm.
The main care for clematis is timely sufficient watering and feeding.
Watering clematis is necessary at least once a week. During the summer heat, its frequency increases up to 2–3 times. At the same time, 1-2 buckets of water are enough for a baby bush, while for an adult - from 2 to 4. To reduce the frequency of watering several times and slow down the growth of weeds around clematis, filling the soil with a layer of mulch (peat, moss, humus) will help. If this is not done, you should regularly (the next day after watering) loosen the soil, simultaneously breaking through the weeds.
It is also important to know that in different periods you need to use certain types of fertilizers:
In the summer (after pruning), the plant is fed with a solution of complete mineral fertilizer (20 g per 10 l of water) and copper solution. Every spring, the bushes must be watered with lime milk (dolomite flour and chalk). During the flowering period, all feeding is stopped so as not to drown out the activity of the plant itself.
In order to protect the roots from rot during frequent summer rains, the bottom of the trunk should be covered with wood ash.
There are several types of supports for vines (arches, pyramids, fan structures, cylinders), each of which is perfect for clematis. The supports allow for beautiful compositions and support the plant stems. Another requirement is the strength of the construction material, which could withstand the weight of the rapidly growing and weighted moisture after rains of clematis greenery.
The main thing is that the place of attachment of the stem to the support is not thicker than 10-12 mm
The correct formation and beauty of the bush depends on this procedure. Pruning is carried out several times a year:
The tillering ability is a characteristic feature of clematis.
Before wintering, it is necessary to remove leaves from clematis, cut off spoiled and dried branches. After that, remove it from the support, lay it on the ground and cover it using dry grass and leaves, straw, sawdust.
Another option is the construction of a wire frame around the plant laid on the ground, covered with tar paper, film, roofing felt or a plywood box. At the same time, it is important to ensure that the shelter does not turn out to be airtight and has access to air.
Clematis usually winters well. It is much more destructive for him to delay the opening in the spring, by virtue of which he can vanish.
In the spring, it is necessary to free the plant from shelter as soon as the threat of night frosts has passed.
The beauty and health of any plant depends not only on the correct care. It is equally important to select plants designed for the climatic conditions of a particular region.
In case of any changes in weather conditions, it is necessary to carry out preventive examinations and measures in order to prevent the occurrence of various plant diseases.
A common mistake of inexperienced gardeners is improper watering of clematis, due to which its root system dies, and the stems become victims of diseases and pests.
Excessive dampness can cause damage to clematis by pathogenic fungi.
Most often, clematis is exposed to the following diseases:
No less dangerous for clematis and the invasion of pests, such as:
Slugs can be harvested by hand at nightfall
Clematis can be propagated in a variety of ways: by seeds, cuttings and layering.
We plant large seeds in January, small ones in March:
Clematis seeds are large, medium and small
The completeness of seeds, even of the same type of clematis, may be different in different years - it depends, first of all, on weather conditions.
Reproduction of clematis by cuttings is one of the most famous and popular methods of breeding this plant:
Roots will grow at the bottom edge of the cutting
Two cuttings can be planted in one container
This is the simplest effective method that does not require any structures:
By next fall, the shoots will be ready for planting. It is better to dig them out with a pitchfork so as not to damage the roots.
The most abundant flowering in clematis is observed in summer - from the end of June to August.
The choice of a variety suitable for climatic conditions, the correct planting site and optimal care will allow you to easily create a bright carpet of multi-colored clematis on the site, which will revive any gazebo, wall of an old building or veranda. And thanks to the varieties blooming at different times, there is a unique opportunity to admire the splendor of colors and shades from spring to autumn.
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Clematis is a kind of decorative liana, strewn with many flowers of a wide variety of shades. Planting and caring for clematis outdoors is possible even for beginners, and recently flowers have gained immense popularity. These curly "bouquets" are increasingly used to decorate gazebos, fences, facades, or simply to decorate a flower garden and garden.
All neighbors to envy
After clematis is planted, it needs regular care. There is nothing difficult in this. The main thing is to pay attention to the flower in time.
For good development you will need:
When watering, it is always worth remembering that the plant does not tolerate excess water. In the spring, it can be watered no more than once a week. One bush requires 0.5 buckets of water.
When summer comes, and with it comes a strong heat, watering is increased up to twice a week. The volume of water remains the same. You need to water the bushes only in the evenings.
As for soil fertilization, it must be applied during the growing period. And when the first flowers appear on clematis, all feeding stops until autumn. Once a month is enough. This technique works for an adult plant.
In the first year after planting the plant, it is not fertilized at all. Since in the first year, the bush received all the required fertilizing when planting.
Good fertilizer for this plant, concentrate for strawberries. You can also use ordinary water in which raw unsalted meat was washed. Or buy a special product from a flower shop.
In the spring, when clematis wakes up from hibernation, it must be watered with a solution of chalk with the addition of copper sulfate. This will save him from many diseases.
It is not difficult to prepare such a mixture, for 15 liters of water you need to add 500 grams of chalk and 200 grams of copper sulfate. Mix everything well and water the plants at the rate of one bush ½ bucket of solution.
Regularly from the flower bed where clematis grows, it is required to pull out all the weeds.Since this plant takes all the moisture and nutrients for itself. The best option would be to sow with special grass all the flower beds where clematis grows. Such a procedure will help protect the bush from harmful plants, as well as save it from the strong sun.
This is the kind of beauty you can grow in your home
There are about 300 main species in the plant genus. Many of them have several dozen ornamental varieties. Botanists offer several classifications of these plants according to the location of the buds, the size of the flowers and other parameters.
Clematis Jacques A group of varieties characterized by branched, flexible shoots 4-6 m long. Cirrus leaves, consisting of 3-5 segments, grow on them. Elongated flowers are arranged singly or in groups of up to 3 pieces. They are odorless and can be any color other than white. The flower diameter reaches 8-20 cm. Varieties:
Clematis hot. The woody liana grows 4-5 m in height. On it are odd-pinnate leaves with broad-ovoid lobes. Flowers bloom in June-August. They are white, have narrow petals and are 2-3 cm in diameter. The buds are grouped in lush paniculate inflorescences. The Miss Bateman variety blooms twice a year with snow-white flowers with dark purple stamens.
Clematis Manchu. A branchy perennial plant that is frost-resistant, but requires good lighting. Flexible, non-lignified shoots grow 1.5-3 m in length. Bright green leaves with jagged edges are small in size. In summer, all the greens are hidden by many small star-shaped flowers of white color with a delicate, pleasant aroma.
Clematis Tangut. A branched shrub with erect shoots drooping at the ends. In culture, it can reach 3 m in height. The rhizome is pivotal, and the shoots are ribbed. The complex, pinnate leaves with oval segments are bright green in color. They rarely grow. Flowers in the form of wide-open tulips have yellow or beige petals. Their diameter is 35-40 mm. Each flower is located on a drooping pedicel.
Clematis purple. Flexible shoots up to 3.5 m long are covered with openwork foliage. The variety attracts with large (10-20 cm in diameter) flowers. The color of the petals contains various shades of purple. Varieties:
Flowering clematis. Woody shoots up to 3 m in height are covered with large fragrant flowers in summer. Their petals are light pink in color. Popular varieties:
There are many classifications of clematis. So, they are divided into groups of M.A. Beskaravaynaya, which take into account the origin of the species on the maternal line, uses the taxonomic system of M. Tamura, as well as the classification of L. Bailey, A. Raider, V. Matthews and others.
Beginners, as well as amateur gardeners, for the most part use the simplest classifications of clematis according to the size of flowers: small-flowered, medium-flowered and large-flowered. However, the most convenient classification system is as follows:
Below, these groups will be considered in more detail, as well as the clematis varieties related to them.
The height of such a vine is about 300 cm. Leathery leaf plates are large. Tubular small flowers are blue in color. Flowering begins in August. In some cases, it is also used as a curb plant. Popular varieties:
A woody liana, reaching a height of more than 300 cm. Fragrant single flowers are relatively large, as a rule, they are painted in light color shades. There are bicolor varieties. The most popular varieties are:
This giant liana reaches a height of 9 meters. Small sharp leaf plates are collected in small bunches of 5 pieces. White flowers are located on long pedicels, they have yellow stamens, and in diameter they reach 40-50 mm. Does not have high winter hardiness. Popular varieties:
In length, this shrub vine reaches about 250 cm.Very spectacular single flowers reach about 0.2 m in diameter, they can be colored blue, white or pink. The first flowering occurs in May-June on last year's shoots, and the second - in the last summer weeks, but already on the shoots of the current season. The most popular varieties are:
The stems of this shrub vine can be about 350 cm long. Large flowers reach 15 centimeters or more in diameter. They can range in color from dark blue to white. There are bicolor varieties. Flowers can be star-shaped, simple or double-shaped. Flowering is observed in May – June on last year's shoots. Sometimes there is repeated flowering in autumn, but already on the shoots of the current season. All varieties have low winter hardiness:
These plants were obtained by crossing Clematis Viticella with Clematis Lanuginosa. In most cases, this group is represented by large shrub vines, the length of the stems of which can vary from 4 to 6 meters. The root system is very well developed. The composition of the pinnately complex leaf plates includes from 3 to 5 large leaflets. The buds are elongated. Flowers can be collected in three pieces or be single. They are open, odorless and directed to the side and upward. They can be painted in a variety of colors, but not white. The flowers reach 20 centimeters across. But there are varieties whose flowers do not exceed eight centimeters in diameter. Long and lush flowering is observed on the shoots of the current season. In winter, they should be cut to the level of the surface of the site, or the shoots are shortened to 3-5 pairs of buds. The most popular varieties are:
In this species, flowers are painted in a variety of shades of purple. The flowers are simple, sometimes drooping, in diameter they can reach 10–20 centimeters. The length of the stems does not exceed 350 cm, while they are characterized by rapid growth. Flowering is observed in June – September. Varieties:
This is a climbing shrub that does not cling to a support. In height, such clematis reaches no more than 250 cm. Bell-shaped drooping flowers can be painted pink, blue, red, purple or blue. The most popular varieties are:
It is a fast-growing vine with small, fragrant white flowers. The stems are about 5 meters long. Complex plumose leaf plates are dark green in color. The inflorescences are made up of cruciform flowers. Flowering is observed in July – August.
This tall vine is fast growing. Small bell-shaped flowers are yellow in color. You can collect seeds from this plant. It is highly resistant to frost, so it is not necessary to cover it for the winter.
The above are the main species that breeders use in their work, trying to get new, even more beautiful varieties.