Most gardeners believe that they know everything they need to know about how to grow potatoes on their site, but only a few are satisfied with the harvest. What's the matter? Maybe numerous diseases and pests are to blame, or is it time to change the planting site? Or maybe it is worth experimenting, abandoning the traditional method of growing and trying one of the non-standard technologies?
Conservative potato growers may argue that planting potatoes has been proven for a long time and does not work that badly. In reality, the traditional method, where one person digs holes and the other throws a vegetable there, has both advantages and significant disadvantages. The first drawback is the destruction of part of the rhizomes in the aisles during hilling. The second drawback is the lack of sunlight due to densely planted bushes. This leads to the development of diseases and pests. This is why it pays to take a scientific approach to growing potatoes in order to get a good harvest.
When hilling in the aisles, part of the root system, which is the most active, is destroyed
There are various methods of growing tubers (new and well-forgotten old), which can significantly increase the yield, reduce the time and effort spent on planting, as well as improve the quality of tubers.
Video about growing potatoes in straw
Several popular growing methods are based on the same principle - increasing the distance between plants so that they receive more sunlight and develop better. These technologies are successfully applied both in Russia and abroad.
Mittlider is an American agronomist who has worked out the ideal vegetable planting scheme for many years. If this vegetable is planted too thickly, it will lack light and nutrition, and if rarely, the tubers will be too large. This scientist's theory is also called the narrow bed technique.
According to Mittlider's method, everything in the garden must be calibrated down to a centimeter. So, the width of the beds is 45 cm, the length is 9m, the distance between the beds is from 90 cm to 1 m. The holes in such beds are staggered at a distance of 30 cm from each other. The main condition: you only need to water and fertilize the soil in the beds so that water and fertilizer do not get into the aisle. In the first few years, weeds will still grow between the rows, but then they will disappear, as the earth is compacted.
The advantages of the method:
Please note that this method is not suitable for shaded, lowland and wetland areas.
If there is a slope in the garden, long boxes are built for planting potatoes
This method is somewhat the opposite of the Mittlider method, as it requires a lot of free space for each bush. It is also called the pyramid method. Gülich's method appeared in 1909, it was distributed by thematic publications of that time. More than a hundred years have passed, but the method has not gained popularity among gardeners. Probably, the whole point is in its shortcomings: a large area is required and serious time costs. However, the advantage of the method is significant: up to 16 kg of crop can be harvested from one bush! Let's take a look at the Gülich landing method step by step:
As a result of all the procedures performed, you should form a voluminous bush, which will give 16 kg of harvest. The main thing is to properly care for such a bush. Remember that it requires regular watering and abundant fertilization.
Holland is famous for many products, including potatoes. Here are the most popular Dutch varieties: Mona Lisa, Jarla, Cleopatra, Frisia and others. This method will allow you to achieve excellent yields, but it requires strict adherence to all conditions. Here's what to look out for:
One of the most important steps in this technique is soil preparation. At the beginning of autumn, it is necessary to carry out autumn plowing with the addition of manure, potassium salt and superphosphates. If the soil is heavy, then you need to add more potash and phosphate fertilizers. Autumn plowing is best done with a reversible plow, penetrating 23-27 cm deep into the soil. Urea should be added during spring plowing. In the spring, you need to cultivate the land with a cutter or a pitchfork, if we are talking about a small summer cottage.
It is important to choose the right landing time. To do this, squeeze a handful of earth in a fist and throw it on the ground. If the earthen lump has crumbled, then the soil is ready for planting. You need to plant potatoes at a distance of 70 cm from each other. A little wood ash should be added to the bottom of each hole.
2-3 weeks after planting, you need to carry out the first treatment: removal of weeds and the formation of earthen ridges with a height of 20 cm. Watering according to the Dutch method is carried out three times per season: before flowering, during the flowering period and 10 days after the end of flowering. Before flowering, cuts should be treated with an anti-Colorado potato beetle agent. Preventive treatment against diseases is carried out 6 times per season. When it comes time to harvest, the tops must be mowed, and the tubers must be removed from the ground only 2 weeks after that. So they will have time to "reach" the desired condition.
Thanks to the Dutch method, it is possible to get up to 2 kg of selected large potatoes from one bush
A resident of the Tula region for 8 years has developed his own method, which allows, under favorable weather conditions and good planting material, to get from 600 to 1000 kg of wonderful tubers from one hundred square meters. The cultivation of potatoes consists in the following:
In addition to increasing the yield, many gardeners are also worried about how to reduce physical and time costs for planting and caring for potatoes. For those who are accustomed to using their time rationally, you can try non-standard growing of potatoes: the video in the tab will give you an idea of how to grow tubers in straw, in moss or in a box. In addition, you can plant potatoes in barrels or bags - you definitely won't have to waste time on hilling!
Video about planting potatoes
This unusual method has many advantages:
Did you know that you can plant potatoes in a barrel earlier than in the ground and harvest earlier, since the ground in a small enclosed space warms up faster.
Prepare a drum with a capacity of 70 liters or more. Paint it white to keep the potatoes from overheating. Punch 1 cm holes on all walls 20 cm apart for ventilation. Mix the EM-1 preparation, ordinary soil and drainage soil in equal parts. Fill in the mixture with a thickness of 20 cm. Next, fill in ordinary soil about half the height of the barrel. Plant potatoes in it at a distance of 20 cm from each other, water them and sprinkle with a layer of earth 10 cm. When the first shoots appear, cover them with 10 cm of earth, repeat this procedure 4 more times. This will allow the tubers to grow and not the stems.
Water the vegetable abundantly in a barrel 3-4 times per season, but if the weather is hot, you can increase the frequency of watering. Apply a mixture of EM-1 and woody soil as fertilizer twice a week.
Fun fact: if you don't have a barrel, you can use a regular pit instead! To do this, dig a hole 40 cm deep in the garden and repeat with it all the same procedures as with the barrel. In this case, it is better to choose the largest tubers as planting material.
This is another unusual method that competes with the previous one in its simplicity and economy of the gardener's efforts. The advantages of the method are the same as for potatoes in barrels, but you can add the following: humus in bags heats up perfectly and fertilizes tubers, there is no stagnation of water, they do not rot, and the fruits are clean during harvesting.
Here are step-by-step instructions for planting using this method:
The main condition for caring for bagged potatoes is frequent and abundant watering, since moisture in this case evaporates faster than from ordinary soil. Regular watering during flowering is especially important. It is also important that moisture reaches all soil levels. From top dressing, preference should be given to potash fertilizers. Add them in moderation. With this method of cultivation, nitrogen fertilizers should be abandoned.
If you want to simplify things even further, make a hole in the bottom of the bag that you can open and close. It will allow you to periodically ventilate the tubers and significantly reduce the harvest time. It will be enough just to open the hole and remove the ripe tubers. In addition, before planting, it is advisable to make small cuts on the bag for ventilation if it is made of too dense material.
Material updated on 28.02.2018.
At first glance, growing potatoes is not difficult at all. But to obtain a plentiful and high-quality harvest, there must be suitable weather conditions, the required amount of nutrients in the soil, high-quality seeds and the absence of diseases and pests. In order for this unpretentious vegetable culture to delight gardeners every year with its delicious fruits, it is necessary to take advantage of foreign experience and try to grow potatoes using Dutch technology.
For the successful cultivation of potatoes, it is important to choose the right variety that is most suitable for the area where it will grow.
All varieties differ in early maturity, starch content, disease resistance, temperature extremes and other natural factors.
As a result, the following ripening groups were formed:
To get a high-quality crop, it is better to select several varieties with different ripening periods.
Landing dates are linked to weather conditions... Usually planted when the soil warms up to 6-8 ° C at a depth of 10 cm in spring. During this period, there is enough moisture in the soil, and its temperature will not allow the tubers to rot.
The planting sequence is as follows: first early varieties, then mid-season and late.
This method is good if the size of the garden is small, but you want to get a large harvest. Better to use old barrels. For these purposes, you can take metal, rusty containers that do not have a bottom, or plastic counterparts. Numerous holes are made in their lateral surface to improve air exchange.
The barrels must be dug into the ground to a depth of 15 cm, in a sunny place. Any bags are useful: from sugar, flour, cereals. Even plastic trash bags will work, but you need to make side holes in them, just like in barrels. The edges of the bags are wrapped outward and installed where they will not interfere, but always in a bright, draft-free place.
Twenty centimeters of a mixture of earth and compost are poured onto the bottom of the prepared containers. The tubers are lightly tamped and placed on top at a distance of 18-20 cm from each other. Sprinkle them with an earthen mixture 10 cm, watered. As soon as the sprouts hatch, they are again sprinkled with moist earth. It is not necessary to tamp it, so that in the future it will be easier for young tubers to grow. The wrapped edges of the bags are turned away as they are filled with soil. This is done until the earth in the container reaches a height of just over half a meter.
The sprouts should not be allowed to turn green while the process of filling them with soil is taking place, otherwise a bald stem will form along the entire height of the barrel instead of the root system with tubers.
Planting care consists of regular watering. The soil should always be moist. In addition, plants need to be fertilized regularly, including foliar feeding before flowering.
You can use any of the methods described, without neglecting all the recommendations for growing potatoes. This is the only way to get a high yield.
This technology of growing potatoes is suitable for those gardeners who have a small plot and no place for planting a vegetable. The method is very simple. The nutrient mixture is poured into large plastic bags: humus, soil, manure and compost. They are hung in a warm, ventilated place. Then, along the perimeter of the entire bag, cuts are made into which sprouted roots are planted. Harvesting is easy - just shake out the tubers.
The space on the site, potatoes grown in bags, takes up very little.
Dutch methods of growing vegetables and berry crops are already known to many of our gardeners and vegetable growers. For example, the Dutch technology of growing strawberries is successfully applied. Now strawberries can be enjoyed throughout the year.
With potatoes, you can also achieve the same result if you accurately and accurately fulfill all the requirements related to agrotechnical measures. For example, one of the important details of Dutch technology is the frequent and regular loosening of the soil for maximum aeration. Potatoes are grown in special earthen ridges at a great distance from each other. Compliance with all developed agrotechnical processes, care rules will help to get a decent harvest from each bush - about 2 kilograms of potatoes.
Not everyone succeeds in harvesting the expected rich harvest. There are various reasons for this. One of them is insufficient land area. Often the beds are located very close and densely, and the crops - predecessors are not taken into account at all, plus the low quality of the planting potatoes.
Another technique for which Dutch technology is famous is the obligatory removal of the aboveground part of the plants from potato bushes 10-14 days before harvest. This technique allows the tubers themselves to ripen well and form a strong peel that will help the potatoes to be stored for a long time and not be so susceptible to various mechanical damage.
The potato itself is harvested early enough to protect it from outbreaks of late blight and other diseases. Ware potatoes are harvested no later than late August - early September. And the timing of harvesting seed potatoes, in general, is very early - late July - early August.
As you can see, apart from automated machine processing, planting and harvesting, as well as strict adherence to all technological processes of cultivation, there is nothing super new in Dutch technology. And the yield of potatoes is achieved in no small measure due to the excessive use of chemicals. Therefore, it is necessary to use the most interesting and useful moments from it and enjoy the magnificent harvests.