The most delicious varieties of corn


When choosing plants for our garden and vegetable garden, we try to choose not only the most productive varieties, but also the most delicious ones in order to please ourselves and our family. Corn is not only not an exception, but perhaps the banner of this rule. In this article we will look at the varieties and the best varieties of corn, how to grow grain and care for the crop, and also find out what kind of "Bonduelle" variety.

Description and characteristics of culture

Corn belongs to annual herbaceous plants, often tall with a stem up to 3 m. The main agricultural purpose of growing this crop is cobs and edible grains. The plant has a developed multi-tiered root system. The leaves are large, up to 10 cm wide, and often grow up to 1 m in length. The culture loves warmth, tolerates drought well, and grows poorly in the shade. Vegetation takes 65 to 150 days. Maize blooms on about the 60th day (depending on the variety), the stage of milk ripeness reaches 70-80 days.

The nutritional value is difficult to underestimate: the ears contain vitamins of groups B, C, E, in addition to this potassium, fluorine, phosphorus, calcium, iodine, boron, iron, that is, all the elements necessary for a healthy human body. There is also a high content of fats and proteins, which are many times higher than the amount of these elements in other cereals. The calorie content of 100 g of corn grains is 85.7 kcal.

It is possible to grow a culture both using grain, from which seeds are obtained after processing, and by pre-growing seedlings.

Common corn subspecies

Types of corn shine with a variety: flint, tooth-like, bursting, starchy, waxy, sugar, membranous. Cultural hybrids are numerous, combining the key characteristics of different species.

Toothed corn has a large, slightly elongated and flat grain. The grain is covered with a hard shell on the sides, but at the same time the center and upper part are mealy, friable. Of all the varieties, it is the odontoid that is most often planted in personal plots. The seeds are used not only for planting next year, but also for the creation of cereals, alcohol, animal feed, flour. Also grown for silage.

Round, smooth grain in flint corn. The shell of the grains is horn-shaped; powdery is noted only in the center. It is the most common species in the world. Siliceous is grown for grain for the production of cereals, flour, flakes, everyone's favorite corn sticks.

Starchy is most common in South and North America. Plants of this variety are usually medium-sized, late-ripening. Their grain is round, smooth, loose. Mostly this species is grown to create alcohol and starch.

Waxy maize is a modification of the odontoid varieties and is characterized by a two-layer shell. It was the external resemblance to a drop of wax that served as the name of the species, but in terms of strength, this shell is close to the bursting variety. The inside is mealy, contains a large amount of amylopectin, which is sticky.

One of the most popular varieties is bursting. It is from it that crispy, aromatic popcorn is obtained. Grain is of rice and pearl barley form, has a high specific gravity, powdery is observed only near the embryo.

Sweet corn is high in saccharides and is highly regarded around the world for the tenderness of its grains. Their shell is thin, contains a minimum amount of starch, which is why the grain wrinkles when dried. By the way, the beloved Bonduelle mainly consists of various varieties of sweet corn.

And finally, the most rare variety due to its uselessness is hulled corn. It is characterized by abundant growth of spikelet scales, which cover the grain with a shell. It is not used on the farm.

Red corn (it is also in some regions "black corn") - a variety of maize came to us from the depths of Peru. Its grain, which is used both for food and for seeds, is colored maroon, almost black due to anthocyanins. Cultivated in Peru, black corn has many health benefits due to its high levels of antioxidants. Often, black corn is included in the dietary menu to improve metabolism in the human body.

Sweet corn varieties

Sugar maize varieties are very diverse, are distinguished by high yields and often a short growing season. It is from them, as noted earlier, that the products, which many mistakenly consider the “Bonduelle” variety, are composed.

Dobrynya corn has an incredibly sweet taste, as well as large ears. Early ripening periods help to be among the first to get juicy cobs and either eat them on the spot or send them for processing. The shrub grows up to 170 cm in height, is unpretentious to the type of soil, has increased resistance to mosaic, rust and wilting.

Another variety with a sweet grain structure is Lakomka 121. The variety is distinguished by a high yield, increased immunity to most diseases, and a short growing season. Having reached the stage of milk ripeness, the ears of this variety are very tasty, both boiled and canned.

Early gold 401 refers to low-growing varieties with an average growing season. The ears grow up to 19 cm long and are used at the stage of milk ripeness. Moreover, the variety as a whole is resistant to most fungal and bacterial diseases.

When describing varieties of corn, Spirit F1 cannot be ignored. This variety is one of those that is convenient to grow through seedlings - so it gives a harvest 2 months after planting in open ground. Grain Spirit has a high sugar content, which makes it one of the sweetest varieties. The cobs are 20 cm long.

But the numerous trade marks of canned corn "Bonduelle", "Vernet", "Eco" are actually used in the production not of a certain type of corn, but a mixture of different varieties.

Pop corn

A favorite treat for moviegoers - popcorn is made from popcorn. Low starch content, but high fat, protein and tough but thin shell make it possible for each grain to “burst” a little when heated. The fact is that the shell does not crack immediately, but allows moisture to be pumped inside, fluffing the pulp outside when a critical pressure is reached.

Vulcan is one of the best grains for making popcorn. The bush grows up to 2 m, and the cobs up to 22 cm. The grains are yellow, rice. The variety is highly resistant to disease and weather conditions.

The Lopai-Lopai medium-early variety with yellow grains and ears up to 21 cm in height grows to 1.7 m, is distinguished by good disease resistance.

The Zeya variety is the very red corn that is so loved in Peru. The bush grows up to 1.8 m, cobs up to 20 cm. In dry weather, an early ripe variety becomes similar to a species very close in its area of ​​origin called black corn.

Care features

It doesn't matter how you planted the crop - through seeds or seedlings, the care for it is the same. After rain or watering, you need to loosen the soil so that the roots receive a sufficient amount of oxygen. It is imperative to remove weeds from the garden. These two points of care illustrate why wild maize does not grow large, sweet and rarely good for food.

After the phase of 5-8 leaves, stepchildren will appear on the stem, which must be removed so as not to slow down the vegetation of the plant. It is imperative to thin out the seedlings in the first weeks of the life of the corn in the garden in order to grow only the strongest shoots that will give the greatest yield.

Also, corn hybrids respond well to organic and mineral fertilizers, so do not spare manure, potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen for the beds. And then you will grow corn, which tastes as good as the product of the Bonduelle brand.

Video "The best variety of corn for the middle strip"

In this video, the author sums up the results of the season: what came out of planting different varieties of corn in the Moscow region.


Description and characteristics of the most productive varieties and hybrids of corn

The birthplace of an annual plant, the stem of which is several meters high, is considered Latin America. It was from there that the Spanish conquerors brought cobs with large golden grains. Their taste was quickly tasted in Europe, new varieties of corn began to be developed in different countries. Vast territories are planted with cereals. He fell in love with people and is valued as much as bread. Children adore sweet cobs. From the grains, flour, oil, cereals are obtained.

  • 1 The best varieties of corn
  • 2 Corn - varieties and hybrids
  • 3 Early corn
  • 4 Mid-season sweet corn varieties
  • 5 The most productive late varieties
  • 6 Popcorn corn
  • 7 Krasnodar corn
  • 8 Varieties of fodder corn
  • 9 Varieties of white corn
  • 10 Japanese corn
  • 11 Variety Bonduelle
  • 12 Maize for cooking
  • 13 Toothed and semi-toothed
  • 14 Flint
  • 15 Hybrid Phenomenon
  • 16 Pioneer and his hybrids
  • 17 Filmy
  • 18 Waxy

Popular varieties of corn

There are about fifty corn varieties in Russia... Consider the characteristics of the most famous of them.

Poltava

It is a mid-early hybrid, which is grown not only in Russia, but also in neighboring countries.

The plant easily tolerates drought and prolonged absence of the sun, it is not demanding for watering. The bushes reach a height of 2.5-3 meters.

The variety is resistant to insect pests and major crop diseases.

The ear has a cylindrical shape, the length of which is 25 cm. The grains are tooth-like, yellow in color.

Corn Poltava responds positively to organic fertilizing and mineral fertilizers... Top dressing with urea, carbamide, and fresh manure is especially effective. Fertilizers are used at different times of the year, as they have different periods and effects on the crop.

Orzhitsa

Produces a rich harvest even outdoors... It is grown not only in warm and fertile regions, but even in the Urals and Siberia. The height of the bush varies from 230 to 250 cm.

The cobs are small, their maximum length is 22-24 cm... Orzhitsa is resistant to sudden changes in weather, diseases and pests. The hybrid is planted by seeds or using seedlings. The latter method is more suitable - this way the plants adapt faster to external conditions.

Before planting, Orzhitsa seeds are washed and disinfected. using the drug "Fitosporin +", which destroys dangerous microbes on the surface of the seeds. Failure to do so increases the risk of plant disease. Seedlings are planted in any convenient container, placed on a sunny windowsill.

Seedlings are watered every 7-10 days with warm, settled water, 1 time in 2 weeks feeding with liquid organic fertilizers.


The best varieties of corn with high taste qualities

Dobrynya

Grows well on any type of soil, is not afraid of mosaic, rust and wilting

A very sweet taste and large cobs are the main advantages for which Dobrynya corn is valued. This early hybrid is planted in May at a steady temperature of +10 degrees, grows up to 170 cm and forms an average of one and a half full-fledged ears on a plant, at a height of 70 cm.It grows well on any type of soil, is not afraid of mosaics, rust and wilting. Dobrynya corn cobs can be harvested after sowing after 70 days, in the phase of milky ripeness, or when they turn yellow and dry out a little.

Gourmet 121

A high-yielding variety, resistant to various diseases with a growing season of 70-75 days. The corn grows up to one and a half meters in height, the cylindrical ears reach 20 cm. The wide, slightly elongated grains have a juicy sweet taste. In the phase of milky ripeness Gourmet is very tasty boiled, also suitable for canning and freezing.

Early Gold 401

Hybrid Early Gold resistant to common diseases

Low-growing sweet corn with a growing season of about 90 days. The ears reach an average size of up to 19 cm, the grains have a pleasant fresh taste in the milky ripeness phase, they are especially tasty when cooked and are excellent for canning. The Early Gold hybrid is resistant to common diseases.

Spirit

When grown through seedlings from the second half of April and planted in the ground by the end of May, Spirit corn ripens in just two months and yields a consistently high yield, regardless of the region. The plant reaches a height of two meters, the ears are 20 cm long, filled with large yellow grains. Sufficient sugar in the grains provides Spirit hybrid with an excellent sweet taste that compares favorably with other sweet corn hybrids.

Video about growing sweet early corn at home

Sundance

This early maturing variety is sown at the end of May, and the ears begin to be harvested after 70-95 days. On a stunted plant, one or two ears are formed with a diameter of five centimeters, about twenty in length. The yellow, slightly elongated grains are good fresh and canned.

Ice nectar

A popular late-ripening variety with excellent taste, it is considered almost the sweetest among other varieties. Sugar juicy grains of this type of corn in the phase of milky ripeness are good in fresh form. The yield is high, the cobs are large - up to 22 cm.


Late ripe gooseberry

In order to extend the opportunity to feast on berries all summer long, experienced gardeners, in addition to early varieties, always plant late-ripening bushes that begin to bear fruit in August. Harvesting times may vary depending on the weather and soil conditions of a particular area.

Chernomor - the variety forms compact but tall bushes with a dense crown, weak spine of the shoots and an average yield. Medium-sized (up to 3 g) berries have a very dark shade of red and a harmonious sweet and sour taste. Gooseberry Chernomor feels great in regions with harsh winters, is not afraid of powdery mildew and reproduces well vegetatively.

Serenade - late ripening variety of Michurin selection. It will delight gardeners with large (up to 6.1 g) pear-shaped berries with a dark raspberry shade of dense skin and a traditional sweet and sour taste. Vigorous bushes have a slight thickening, excellent frost resistance, low prickling and an average yield. Gooseberry tolerates dry periods well, but under adverse weather conditions it can be affected by spheroteka.

Aristocrat - mid-late gooseberry, which forms tall and strong bushes with straight and strong shoots of medium density, practically without thorns. Ripe berries are almost black in color and have a classic sweet and sour taste. Under favorable conditions, the fruits can reach large sizes (up to 5.9 g). The variety has an average yield, but excellent frost resistance and high immunity to spheroteca.


Popcorn Corn Varieties

The varieties for the popular treat have a special structure that is filled with moisture. The steam that is generated during the heating of the product explodes the grain from the inside. Small size popcorn heads with small seeds.

"Volcano"

The volcano is mid-season, fruitful, has an increased resistance to infections. Tall type with medium ear. Harvesting from the cob - 120 g of grains.

"Lopai-lopai"

Mid-early appearance. Grains of a yellow tint are large, oblong in shape.The weight of the collection of grains is 250 g per cob.

Early corn differs in the color of the grains: they are dark red, burgundy, wide, on one side they have a sharp tip.

"Ping pong"

Mid-season. The cobs are small. The grains are small, round, yellow in color.

"Hotel"

An early yellow variety, ripens in 3 months. Drought-resistant, tall with large ears.

"Granddaughter's Joy"

Early maturing, medium-sized, with small ears. The grains are light orange in color. Moisture-loving, demanding on soil fertility, fruitful, does not tolerate high temperatures.

"Red popcorn"

Early ripe species, low, with small ears. The grains are light red.


The most delicious varieties of corn

What kinds of corn do you know? Probably the first thing that comes to mind is Bonduelle's highly publicized sweet corn. However, in nature, such a variety simply does not exist, this is a good marketing move - sweet large corn, sold under the trademark of the same name, is very fond of. In fact, the seeds that vendors in the market call "Bonduelle" are different varieties and hybrids of sweet corn. For example, the Bonduelle company itself in the manufacture of canned food uses such foreign varieties as Bonus, Spirit, etc.

Common corn subspecies

In order not to grow some completely unidentified variety on your plot under the guise of Bondueli, it is better to study the most popular, best varieties and hybrids of corn, and sow those that you like the most. So you will know for sure whether the purchased variety is resistant to diseases, how long to wait for the ripening of the ears, what taste they will have, and in what form they will be most delicious.
Corn photo

Most often, early-maturing sweet corn is grown for production and for personal purposes.

Common corn, known abroad under the name maize, is subdivided into the following subspecies:

  • siliceous - used to make corn sticks, flakes, cereals, etc.
  • tooth-like - fodder corn for livestock feed, as well as cereals, flour and alcohol are made from it
  • bursting, widespread in the USA
  • starchy, used mainly in the alcohol and starch industry
  • sugar used in the canning industry.

Most often, for production and for personal purposes, early-maturing sweet corn varieties are grown, which have a pleasant sweet taste and have time to ripen well in our climate.

Among gardeners, corn hybrids offered by the Pioneer and Syngenta companies are especially popular. Syngenta corn is highly resistant to drought and other adverse factors. Pioneer corn is resistant to common diseases and pests, gives high yields even under unfavorable growing conditions. Pioneer maize seeds are suitable for growing for grain or silage.

The best varieties of corn with high taste qualities

Grows well on any type of soil, is not afraid of mosaic, rust and wilting

A very sweet taste and large cobs are the main advantages for which Dobrynya corn is valued. This early hybrid is planted in May at a steady temperature of +10 degrees, grows up to 170 cm and forms an average of one and a half full cobs on a plant, at a height of 70 cm.It grows well on any type of soil, is not afraid of mosaics, rust and wilting. Dobrynya corn cobs can be harvested after sowing in 70 days, in the phase of milky ripeness, or when they turn yellow and dry out a little.

Gourmet 121

A high-yielding variety, resistant to various diseases with a growing season of 70-75 days. The corn grows up to one and a half meters in height, the cylindrical ears reach 20 cm. The wide, slightly elongated grains have a juicy sweet taste. In the phase of milky ripeness Gourmet is very tasty boiled, also suitable for canning and freezing.

Early Gold 401

Hybrid Early Gold resistant to common diseases

Low-growing sweet corn with a growing season of about 90 days. The ears reach an average size of up to 19 cm, the grains have a pleasant fresh taste in the milky ripeness phase, they are especially tasty when boiled and are excellent for canning. Hybrid Early Gold is resistant to common diseases.

When grown through seedlings from the second half of April and planted in the ground by the end of May, Spirit corn matures in just two months and yields a consistently high yield, regardless of the region. The plant reaches a height of two meters, the ears are 20 cm long, filled with large yellow grains. Sufficient sugar in the grains provides Spirit hybrid with an excellent sweet taste that compares favorably with other sweet corn hybrids.

This early maturing variety is sown at the end of May, and the ears begin to be harvested after 70-95 days. On a stunted plant, one or two ears are formed with a diameter of five centimeters, about twenty in length. The yellow, slightly elongated grains are good fresh and canned.

Ice nectar

A popular late-ripening variety with excellent taste, it is considered almost the sweetest among other varieties. Sugar juicy grains of this type of corn in the phase of milky ripeness are good in fresh form. The yield is high, the cobs are large - up to 22 cm.


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