Pictures of famous masters are highly valued, but completeness to any canvas is given by its frame. The overall impression of the work of art depends on how the frame matches the picture. Border flowers create a kind of frame, bordering flower beds, paths, beds in gardens with a geometric layout. However, in natural-style gardens, curbs are not used at all. Bricks, tapes or fences can be used as fencing. It's a matter of taste. But using fresh flowers where appropriate is always impressive.
Many of the principles for creating borders came from the famous English gardener and landscape designer Gertrude Jekyll. Her own garden at Munstead Wood impressed with her artful flower gardens. Until now, her work is considered an example of skill and impeccable artistic taste.
Gertrude Jekyll believed that contrast was necessary to enhance harmony, but the use of neutral colors, which is considered white or silver, is also acceptable.
In order for a floral border to be functional and attractive, it is necessary to follow some rules when creating it:
Based on all of the above, it becomes clear that the choice of plants for planting in curbs is the key to creating a quality curb.
Fencing flowers are always dangerously close to feet and lawn mowers, so the rapid regeneration of plants is another principle by which they should be selected.
Annual plants have a short but vibrant life. In early spring, their seeds are sown in order to obtain seedlings. In the summer they turn into blooming bouquets, and in the fall they wither. Every year, the edging of the border flowers of annuals will have to be renewed. But this drawback is the only one, and it is completely redeemed by the advantages of an annual flower border.
Such plants, even bought already in the form of seedlings, are inexpensive, and they bloom very beautifully. Even in the very fact of their annual renewal, a positive is hidden: you can create new wonderful combinations of plants. Below is a short list of the best varieties.
Marigold... Among the many varieties of these plants, preference should be given to undersized border flowers. Marigolds bloom from June until the coldest days. There are varieties of marigolds with double and simple flowers. Slight shading does not interfere with their growth and flowering. Marigold seedlings are planted in mid-May.
Marigolds never look too simple: the plants are diverse, attractive and do not bore: there are both simple and terry varieties
Nasturtium. This plant loves warmth and light. Prematurely planted nasturtiums may freeze. Nasturtium cannot be transplanted, therefore it must be grown in peat pots. If the plant has little light, it may stop blooming and growing. Moderately fertile and moist soil is ideal for nasturtium.
Nasturtiums will decorate the site both as curbs with color, and in hanging baskets, and even just in decorative pots placed along the path
Verbena. It is important not to make a mistake and choose a low-growing plant. Verbena seeds in April can already be planted in the ground if they are covered with a film on top. This drought-tolerant and light-loving plant does not tolerate excessive watering.
With marigolds and marigolds, verbena can be in union, and for rudebec and gelenium they create a sharp contrast
Ageratum... Among annuals, flowers with such an amazing blue color are very rare. In order for the seedlings of this plant to be healthy, it must be planted closer to the end of March or at the beginning of April. Ageratum blooms in June, and blooms only by September.
It is important not to plant the plant in the shade and not over-fertilize the soil, otherwise there will be insufficient flowering, the overgrown ageratum can be cut
Iberis... In March-April, the seeds of this plant can be sown in the ground. Only they need to be placed immediately at some distance from each other, because when transplanting, the plant often suffers. Learn more about planting and grooming.
Iberis is usually planted in the curbs together with tall annual flowers: it creates a wonderful snow-white background that makes the garden elegant
Lobelia... This plant loves the sun. Its pink or blue flowers bloom in June and bloom profusely until frost. The seedlings of these plants should be placed under glass.
Take a look at these flowers and think if you would like this amazing royal blue to be present in your garden.
Cineraria... Undemanding and unpretentious cineraria look gorgeous, but are very sensitive to waterlogging. In the shade, the wonderful silvery shade of the plant can turn into an ash gray. The plant propagates by seeds.
This magnificent plant is mute like corals and, like corals at the bottom of the sea, has a strong alluring power.
Alissum... Alyssum sown in early spring directly into the ground under a film will bloom 1.5 months after germination. Loves cool weather, exudes a delicate aroma that attracts butterflies and bees.
The delicate aroma of this plant is able to lure bees and butterflies to it, and the fragile insecurity of flowers attracts the attention of people
There is simply not enough space to represent the numerous annuals that are perfect for borders.
Plants are called curb perennial flowers that allow their upper herbaceous part to die with the onset of cold weather, while their rhizomes simply fall asleep for the time being. In the spring, the time of awakening comes and new shoots grow from the roots so that flowering does not stop for many years.
Chives... Otherwise, this plant is called speed. It is a bulbous plant that multiplies very quickly. You can plant only one onion in the spring, and by the fall a valuable bunch of onions will grow from it.
Sunshine, lime-rich soils and moderate watering are the main priorities of this plant, chives can be used for food
Arabis... This melliferous plant can produce flowers in white, pink, red, purple or pink. It all depends on its grade. Small flowers can even be double.
Collected in a brush, arabis flowers appear in April and remain in excellent condition for up to 8 weeks, arabis can grow significantly
Avens... The plant reproduces well both by seeds and vegetatively. Large flowers are rich in nectar, very decorative and attractive. Gravilat seeds planted in the soil can hatch by autumn, but usually mass germination occurs only next spring. Gravilat is also valued as a medicinal plant, but it is also beautiful just as a border flower. Gravilat forms rosettes for the new year of flowering right under the cover of snow.
Gravilat is also valued as a medicinal plant, but it is also beautiful and simply as a border flower, it forms rosettes for the new year of flowering right under the cover of snow
Sedum... These light-loving plants can only tolerate minor shade. Bright and juicy stonecrops in the shade become completely different from themselves. They are even capable of losing their shape. But the sun can give this plant a real tan or a special blush. However, stonecrop, for example, cannot stand the direct sun and puts up with the shade. Stonecrops can grow in one place for about five years.
Tenacious... This variety of evergreen curb stunted perennial flowers covers the ground with a solid carpet. Differs in endurance and unpretentiousness. The leaves of the tenacious are dark green and even purple. Shade may vary depending on weather conditions and time of year.
The tenacious blooms with blue flowers at the same time as iris and Japanese spirea, this plant is often used not only for curbs, but also for rocky hills
Feverfew... This plant is notable for its numerous flowers that are very similar to chamomile. It is better to propagate feverfew by seeds. They are sown in a greenhouse in March.
The plant must undergo pickering, and in June the seedlings are already planted in open ground. The golden color of the leaves of pyrethrum will persist only if the plantings are placed on the sunny side
If anyone thought that this list represented at least a third of all the plants that are used for borders, he was mistaken. Curb plants are remarkable precisely because their list is inexhaustible. It is possible to create amazing tapes from them, as Gertrude Jekyll once did, forming the play of colors and the play of shades under the influence of impressionist painters.
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The word "border" comes from the French word "bordure", which means "edge, border, frame". In gardening, ornamental plants are used as decoration for the edges of flower beds and beds, lawns. The living border also follows the paths and makes the garden more well-groomed.
In the garden, it is often necessary to emphasize the correct or fancy shape of a flower bed, rabatka, or surround a tree on a lawn. For outlines and borders in the garden, low plants are usually chosen that will not hide the greenery planted in the depths or the permanent architectural elements of the garden. They should be compact and thicken well - then the borders look the most effective and create geometric (or irregular) patterns.
The list of curb garden flowers suitable for use in our climate is very long - so it is easy to match greens to a particular style of garden. The most commonly used:
Attention! In places where children are often, it is better to plant greens that are resistant to trampling and mechanical damage. Such sensitive border areas are often found along paths, lawns, and playgrounds.
Plants are planted for strokes in various places:
It is best to choose flowers with a long flowering period.
Such plants are used mainly for garden beds, planting in balcony boxes, containers.
In the world of annuals, biennials, perennials and shrubs, there are many options available for forming decorative green or flowering borders. When choosing an option for a garden, you need to remember the basic rule - the borders must be dense so that they immediately give the desired effect. Plants are planted side by side so as not to wait for the planting compaction, because the idea of the border lies precisely in this uniform form, without tears and wilted samples. The curb must be visible from a distance.
When choosing plants for mini hedges, position, soil type and soil response should be considered. It is also important in which area flowering borders are planted - so that the garden merges and harmonizes with the environment.
We hope that the following ideas for decorating garden areas with the help of curb plants will help you create your own unique and inimitable option.
For curb plants, see below.