When starting the construction of a house, many owners immediately get a dog, especially if the construction site is located far from the temporary housing. But, thus solving the problem of protecting the site, you should also take care of a comfortable home for the faithful campaigner. You can, of course, make a booth and put the dog on a chain near it, but this option is only suitable as temporary housing. So that the animal does not get sick and feel normal, you need to build an aviary for the dog with your own hands or buy a ready-made structure that you can also assemble yourself.
Before you build an aviary for a dog, you need to familiarize yourself with the existing standards for such structures. If you build an open-air cage without taking them into account, then housing can become a breeding ground for diseases for the dog and a source of danger for every person who comes to your territory (for example, when the dog easily knocks out the door with his chest and jumps out).
We will analyze each element in the design of the aviary and the requirements for it in more detail.
In the design of aviaries, the main parameter is length. It is selected based on how tall your dog will be when it grows up. If the dog is still a puppy, then its adult size can be determined by the width of the paws, chest, etc. Information about this is full on the sites of dog breeders.
A convenient option is the enclosures attached to the outbuildings, because the back wall is obtained as reliable protection from the wind.
For small dogs, the height of the withers of which does not reach half a meter, create six-meter enclosures. For animals with a height of 50 to 65 cm - eight meters. Large pets will need a ten-meter structure. Such norms are designed for dogs that will be in the enclosure around the clock. If the owner plans to release the animal at night, and sometimes take walks during the day, then the construction of an enclosure for a dog may be a little shorter (by 1-2 meters). If it is planned to keep two dogs on the site or puppies are expected for the bitch, then the aviary is made one and a half times longer.
The floor in the aviary is made of concrete or asphalt. Most often, the owners choose the first option, because it is easier to fill it yourself. But it should be remembered: concrete is strongly infiltrated in the cold season, and the dog can develop rheumatism of the paws. Therefore, the concrete floors are laid on top with a boardwalk (a 2 * 2 m square is enough).
On a concrete base insulated with rubble, the dog will be much warmer than on cold ground
Instead of a solid foundation, you can fill only a point, leaving ordinary grass for walking
When pouring, it is necessary to make a slope towards the facade so that moisture and precipitation do not remain in puddles in the aviary, but flow down. In addition, it will be easier to clean the structure, because the water from the hose will easily wash the dirt to the edge. It remains only to collect it on a scoop.
When starting the construction of a dog enclosure, remember that one wall, preferably a front one, should look like a lattice so that the animal can observe the area entrusted to it. It is best to weld it from pipes (except for galvanized ones, because they are harmful), having carried out the appropriate processing: clean from rust, prime, paint.
When you weld the frame, make sure that the elements do not just grab, but are welded securely, otherwise, with a strong push, a large dog will easily knock out a fragment of the wall. Check weld spots for burrs. Never replace pipes with mesh, because the animal will try to chew through it in every possible way. The metal mesh will ruin the dog's teeth, and the plastic or braided mesh will eventually not withstand the onslaught and will burst.
The walls can be made of profiled sheet, but the mesh should be replaced with pipes
The other three walls are made of any available material: boards, slate, metal profiles, etc., although for the health of the animal it is best to build from wood. When buying boards (thickness - 20 mm), check the quality of processing: there are no cracks, knots. The board should be smooth. At home, coat the tree with an antiseptic compound in advance.
The rafter system must be reliable and well sanded. Any kind of roofing can be installed, although soft materials such as shingles are preferable for dog ears. She hides too strong sounds during rain or hail, irritating the dog. An important point: the roof is mounted without nails!
The lack of a roof will make the dog sit all day in the kennel if the weather is cloudy.
The door is made in a lattice wall that faces the facade. The most important rule: the doors should open inside the enclosure and have 2 locks (outside and inside). Be sure to add eyelets to the design, which will come in handy if the main constipation fails. Then you can use the padlock for a couple of days.
An important detail has been forgotten behind the external beauty: the door must open inward, because if you forget to lock it, the dog will easily jump out of the enclosure
The device of the dog enclosure must include a booth. She serves as protection for the dog in frosty or windy weather. If you build a booth with your own hands, then you should take into account some of the nuances:
The booth in the aviary should have a removable flat roof
Related article: Do-it-yourself dog booth: building an insulated structure
Those who have carefully read the above instructions and decided to create an aviary on their own will need a welding machine and the ability to work with wood. A few tips below will help you not to miss anything. We will not talk about the design and coloring of the structure, because it is not essential.
Let's consider some aspects of installation using the example of a 2 * 4 m building, designed for a small dog, which will periodically be released for a walk:
The layout of all parts of the enclosure depends on the size of the dogs.
Fill the planks with planks so that air can flow between it and the concrete base.
If you make a dog house according to our recommendations, then your pet will receive a real comfortable apartment and will thank you with good service.
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The manufacture of dog enclosures must obey certain principles, otherwise it will be inconvenient or even dangerous for the pet to be in the territory intended for it. It is important to observe the following principles and rules for building a dog enclosure:
- height 45-50 cm - area not less than 6 sq. m.,
- height 50-60 cm - area from 8 sq. m.,
- height above 60 cm - area not less than 10 sq. m.
Advice! You shouldn't save space for your four-legged friend, but you don't need to allocate too much space. Even large dog enclosures do not have to be very free, otherwise the extra space will impede the concentration of heat in winter, which will cause the dog to freeze.
In terms of size, aviaries, among others, are so-called. "Walk-in", that is, those that the owners can enter without problems
Aviary with a booth made of wood and a part of a fence mesh open on three sides
Advice! The best option would be a dog enclosure made of wood and forged lattice, since wood, as a natural material, is familiar to pets, and forged parts are very reliable.
It is highly advisable to take care of high-quality insulation of the roof of the dog enclosure. Most often it is made gable, sometimes straight with a slope
If you buy a ready-made aviary, and do not make it yourself, check the convenience of opening the doors in it and the reliability of locking
A schematically shown device of the most common type of wooden booths
You can make your pet an exclusive cute booth, or you can buy a ready-made
The choice of ready-made kennels for dogs is huge, the kennel can even imitate the architecture of the owners' house
A lovingly made for a pet with your own hands a booth with a covered outer part - an intermediate option between a simple booth and an aviary
Advice! All of the above applies to situations when we make an aviary for a dog with our own hands on dacha or in a country house. If you need an aviary for apartments, which is used for short-term isolation of a pet, the rules for its arrangement are not so strict. Usually such indoor kennels are intended for small dogs and are only walls (lattice or net). Necessarily in such a dog's dwelling there is a sleeping place, dog toys, diapers or a tray as a toilet.
Mini-enclosure inside the house, necessary for short-term isolation of the pet. There are endless options here, one of the most popular is the use of free space under the stairs to the second floor.
Fully stationary aviary with a self-leveling foundation, inscribed in the landscape of the site, and designed for three dogs
To provide the animal with good living conditions, before you build a dog enclosure with your own hands, you should draw up a drawing. The layout of the future construction should take into account the main factors that can affect the comfort of use.
During the construction process, you need to take into account:
Diagram of the design of a typical enclosure for large breeds of dogs
The aviary will become a home for a dog, therefore, during the construction process, it is necessary to provide for all the nuances so that the design provides coziness, comfort and tranquility. It is very important that the animal is kept dry and warm. Here the pet will eat and sleep, spend most of the time playing, resting, and also looking after the territory.
Aviary can be placed as a separate building, annex or part of a household building
There must be enough space inside the structure for the animal to move freely. If an enclosure is being made for medium-sized dogs (up to 50 cm) such as spaniels or beagle dogs, a minimum of 6 m² of floor space is required for optimal living. If it is planned to build an aviary for a husky or a Labrador with your own hands, then the inner area of the fence should be increased to 8 m². This requirement applies to all breeds with a height at the withers of 65-70 cm.
Dog enclosure in an apartment: how to create a safe place for a pet
Varieties of home designs for pets, their benefits, advice on choosing and making your own hands.
For the construction of an enclosure for a shepherd dog (Central Asian, Caucasian) or Alabai, at least 10 m² should be allocated. It is desirable if there is more space.Having established the minimum size of the area, you also need to take into account the sex of the animal. Males and females need different conditions of detention.
There must be a place in the aviary for bowls of food and water
For a female dog, it is necessary to provide for the presence of a vestibule and a maternity one. These structural elements will be located inside the aviary. When puppies are born, they will not sit in one place, but will move around the territory during the games. For this reason, the structure should be protected as much as possible from bad weather conditions.
For a dog, you will need to install a reliable and large booth. When making an aviary for an alabai with your own hands, it should be remembered that males are physically strong, therefore both the castle and the aviary itself should be as strong as possible. Otherwise, the dog will just break him.
For structures of an open type, it is necessary to provide reliable fasteners
Choosing the best place is an important condition for building a good enclosure for an Alabai or a dog of another breed. Do not install the structure in a remote location. If the dog is isolated from people, he will bark loudly and worry. An aviary by the fence isn't a good idea either. The animal will be constantly interested in people passing by the yard. A large dog can easily jump over a fence by choosing a snowdrift as a foothold in winter, for example. This can lead to a lot of trouble.
Important! Do not place the enclosure next to a compost pit or other sources of strong odors, otherwise the dog may partially or completely lose its sense of smell.
The aviary should not be located on the sunny side so that the animal does not suffer from the heat in the summer.
The front of the yard will be the best location for the enclosure. In this case, the structure will be located near the gate leading to the house and the path. Thanks to this, the animal will have the opportunity to observe everything that is happening around, being in an isolated shelter. It is not recommended to choose the low-lying part of the yard for construction. In this case, the aviary will be flooded with rainwater. In addition, dogs love an overhead view, so a slight rise should be preferred.
If you place the entrance on the south side of the site, the animal will be hot in the summer. Only in cold regions is this zone allowed. But even in this case, it does not hurt if there is a tree nearby that gives shade, where the dog can hide from the sun.
The best option for the location of the aviary is the area near the house, so that the animal is not lonely and bored
If you make a do-it-yourself enclosure for a dog with a door on the north side, it is fraught with trouble. Precipitation will be the source of these inconveniences. If the region where the site is located is characterized by frequent snowfalls, in winter you will have to constantly clear these drifts in order to enter the aviary. This requires a significant investment of time and effort that the owner may not have.
For a comfortable stay, the size of the enclosure should correspond to the needs of a particular breed of dog.
If future construction involves the manufacture of an enclosure for a large dog intended for permanent residence, care should be taken to protect it from drafts. To do this, it is advisable to block the back wall and the adjacent wall.
In this case, you should use as building materials:
When choosing the construction of a wooden enclosure, all elements must be treated from time to time with safe antibacterial agents.
It is better if the open wall faces south, southwest or southeast. For its manufacture, it is desirable to use metal rods. A metal frame and rods are suitable for creating a wicket. Dogs are smart, so they can easily open many locks. The locking device on the wicket must be reliable.
Important! It is not recommended to use a net for a dog enclosure in construction. Despite the fact that this material is more affordable than metal rods, it will last much less. In addition, the net can injure the animal if it breaks.
The aviary can be built as a small house, which will provide additional storage space for food, bedding and toys for the dog
The comfort of living is possible only if the base is warm and dry. For this reason, experts recommend taking wood for the manufacture of floors in enclosures for huskies and other dogs. The coating formed from thick boards, provided that it is properly processed, will last long enough to protect the animal from drafts. For this, antiseptic agents are provided. These formulations provide protection against decay and mildew. In addition, you need to take care of the absence of protruding nails and knots so that the dog does not get hurt.
For the construction of the base, you can take concrete. However, in this case, the presence of wood flooring is mandatory, as well as ventilation underneath. Materials such as concrete and asphalt should not be used as the only uncoated base. They can seriously damage the joints and claws of the animal.
Typical design of a watchdog enclosure
The roof structure can be any, the main thing is that it has a visor. The list of roofing materials recommended for use includes:
An example of an open-type dog enclosure
When choosing a roofing material, it is better to give preference to coatings that have a high level of sound insulation. Dogs' hearing is very sensitive and during the rain the animal will feel discomfort if the drops drum loudly on the roof.
To keep a whole pack, you can build one structure that will take into account the needs of several animals. Such structures are necessary in cases where several dogs are kept on the site or the owner is engaged in breeding them. Aviaries for two dogs or more animals that are most often found in the photo are in the form of tunnel structures. They are good for keeping a pack, but they are not at all suitable for accommodating a single pet.
To keep a whole pack of dogs, a one-piece enclosure structure is usually chosen, divided into zones for each animal.
Such designs consist of several separate sections with semi-trails. Each section should be covered with a canopy for 3/4 of its length. In this case, approximately 4 m² of internal space will be allocated for each dog. The width of the section should correspond to the length of the animal's body without the tail.
In order to save money, you can make a dog feeder with your own hands from wood, using a jigsaw to cut holes for bowls and a drill with screws to fix the structural elements.
When keeping two dogs in one enclosure, it is worth taking care of a sleeping place for each animal
Important! Sections of an enclosure with several dogs must be separated by deaf partitions, otherwise skirmishes between animals are possible during feeding.
The feeder is made in the following order:
Example of an enclosure design for four dogs with a separate feeding entrance
To make the feeder look neat, all the cracks and screw heads must be wiped with a putty designed for wood. Then the surface is again processed with sandpaper and painted in any color you like. For these purposes, only safe and environmentally friendly formulations are used so that the dog's health does not suffer during operation.
The size of the enclosure for several dogs is calculated based on the breed and size of adult animals
To create a drawing, you need to know the dimensions of the structure. In this case, not only the area is important. The size of the dog enclosure also depends on a parameter such as height. The structure is designed in such a way that the animal can stand freely on its hind legs, without resting against the roof.
The dog cannot be kept in a small enclosure all the time, therefore it is necessary to determine the purpose of the building before construction begins.
The minimum permissible length of the side of the enclosure is 2 m. This is enough for the animal to move freely, but for full comfort it is better to increase this parameter. In a large enclosure, the dog can live permanently. If it has a minimum size, you will have to release the animal twice a day or at night so that it softens and runs in the yard.
As soon as the dimensional parameters of the future design are determined, you can begin to develop a drawing of the dog enclosure. To do this, you can use ready-made projects or draw up a construction scheme yourself, taking into account personal preferences.
The size of the booth must correspond to the size of an adult dog.
When developing a drawing of an aviary for a husky or a dog of a different breed, you need to add the required elements to the scheme of the future construction:
Scheme of the floor structure in the enclosure for year-round keeping of the dog
Helpful advice! To simplify the feeding process in the aviary, you can provide a window to serve food without going inside. If the dog is tall, the bowls should be placed on the platform to accommodate the animal's height.
In the drawing, in addition to dimensions, you need to designate:
Layout of the platform, booth, feeder and exit to the aviary
The preliminary drawing up of the drawing will allow rationally distributing all the elements of the aviary and calculating the required amount of materials, as well as avoiding mistakes.
You should not skimp on materials, especially for fasteners and amplifiers. The structure must be strong and reliable. It is not recommended to use slats, jibs and similar materials to strengthen the walls. A large dog will break such a structure at once.
The attachment of the net must be carried out in such a way that the dog cannot be injured.
When developing a project, you shouldn't go deep into design. A decor that a person likes will create inconvenience for the animal. It is highly undesirable to use forged items and other decorations that can become a source of injury to the animal. A dog's head or paw can easily get stuck in metal curls, which can lead to fractures and other unpleasant consequences. The aviary must be installed so that the dog has an overview and is able to control the situation.
The presence of a flower garden, alpine slide or flower bed near the aviary is undesirable. Flowering plants release aldehydes and ethylene. These substances cause irreparable harm to the health of the dog, disrupting its scent.
When using a net for an aviary, you must use special bolts to attach it to the frame
It is imperative to take into account when building walls for an aviary, the size of a shepherd or other breed if these surfaces are lattice. In this case, metal rods are installed with a step of 5-10 cm. After the construction is completed, it is imperative to check whether there are any defects on the surfaces of the structure that can injure the animal. In metal enclosures, where the elements are fastened by welding, be sure to check the seams for reliability.
To reduce the likelihood of injury during operation, during construction, it is advisable to use other options for fasteners instead of nails.
When building an enclosure made of wood, all boards and other elements must be thoroughly cleaned to avoid injury to the dog.
It is very important that the roofs have a good rafter system and are sloped. Thanks to this, the structure will be reliably protected from the wind, and precipitation will not accumulate on its surface.
When keeping several dogs in one enclosure, it is necessary to equip special windows for feeding
Before making an aviary, it is advisable to make a foundation or form a base so that the wooden flooring does not shrink and rot. The presence of such a hill will provide the necessary ventilation.
Helpful advice! In addition to the shutter on the door to the aviary, it is advisable to install eyelets. When it breaks down, these elements can be used to install a padlock.
Aviary with a dog walking area
Of course, the option we proposed is far from final, and you can always choose another, simpler and more inexpensive, or, on the contrary, modern and fashionable, comfortable for the dog and even for its owner, who only has to pay money once and do not have to waste time on work. hands. But to determine among these options the most suitable only for you, and therefore, you can safely consider them. At the moment, the most popular types are:
Ready-made kennels for dogs from composite materials
Of course, you can still go through the options for a long time and consider enclosures for service dogs, for yard and stray (as if inexpensive and low-quality, but enclosures), enclosures for small dogs made of wood and others. But we do not consider this a special need, since the most correct and practical options have already been considered, and one of them is detailed in the construction plan.
Now, referring to the list of actions and some of our recommendations, you can not only make your own dog enclosure, but also prompt neighbors, friends or relatives, how to make an aviary for a dog on their site... The main thing is to recommend on time to remove the size of the enclosure, to determine the material of manufacture, not to save money on the pet, but not to spend too much, because today there are a lot of alternative and sufficiently high-quality materials.