Bush plant alpinia (Alpinia) is directly related to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is native to the subtropical and tropical regions of Southeast Asia.

This genus was named after the Italian Prosper Alpino, who is a rather famous traveler and physician.

Such a plant is a perennial. It has brown-red tuberous rhizomes that have a pungent and strong odor. A powerful, leafy stem grows out of each branch of the rhizome. In this regard, if alpinia develops well, then it has about 40 stems. Lanceolate-shaped, two-rowed leaves encircle the shoot rather tightly.

The apical inflorescences are racemose, spike-shaped or panicle-shaped, and they bear large flowers. The color of the flower is white, red or yellow. The inflorescences can hang down or be directed vertically upward (depending on the species). The fruit is presented in the form of a box. If you grind or break a leaf plate, you can smell a specific smell. There are types of alpinia whose rhizomes are used in oriental medicine. And this rhizome is also used as a spice.

Climbing care at home

Illumination

Loves light very much. You should choose a place with bright, but always diffused lighting. In summer, shading is required from direct sunlight. In winter, the plant must be supplemented.

Temperature regime

In spring and summer, alpinia grows normally at temperatures from 23 to 25 degrees. However, in winter, the room should not be too cool (at least 15-17 degrees).

Humidity

High humidity is required, so foliage must be systematically moistened from a sprayer.

How to water

In the spring-summer period, the potted substrate should always be slightly damp (not wet). With the onset of autumn, watering should be gradually reduced. In winter, watered only after the top layer of the substrate dries out 2-3 centimeters deep.

Top dressing

Top dressing is carried out in spring and autumn once every 2 weeks. For this, fertilizers are used for flowering indoor plants.

Transplant features

The transplant is carried out in the spring. Young plants need to be transplanted once a year, and adults - when it is necessary (for example, if the roots no longer fit in the pot). To prepare the soil mixture, it is necessary to combine humus, leafy soil, sand and peat, which must be taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 2.

Reproduction methods

You can propagate the seeds and divide the rhizome.

It is recommended to divide the rhizome in spring together with a transplant. In this case, it should be borne in mind that on each division there should be 1 or 2 kidneys. It is recommended to sprinkle cuts with crushed charcoal. Disembarkations are planted in wide low containers. Stems tend to emerge and grow fairly quickly.

Seeds are sown in January. The optimum temperature is 22 degrees. Timely watering, protection from drafts, as well as systematic ventilation are necessary.

Diseases and pests

Differs in high resistance to pests. It rarely gets sick with proper care.

Video review

Main types

Alpinia officinalis (Alpinia officinarum Hance)

This rather large plant is a perennial. Its brownish-red strongly branched rhizome can be up to 2 centimeters thick. Several shoots extend from the rhizome. Alternately sessile leaves have a linear shape and reach 30 centimeters in length. The short apical spike-shaped inflorescence bears flowers. The petal lip is white with reddish stripes on its surface. The fruit is a capsule.

Alpinia sanderae

This compact plant is a perennial. Its height, as a rule, does not exceed 60 centimeters. The stems are highly leafy. The sessile green leaves can be up to 20 centimeters long. They have a linear shape, and whitish oblique stripes are located on their surface. The apical panicle inflorescence consists of crimson flowers.

Alpinia drooping (Alpinia zerumbet)

This rather large plant is a perennial. Its height can reach 300 centimeters. The lobed leaf plates are narrow at the base, and widen towards the end. The drooping racemose inflorescences, reaching a length of 30 centimeters, are composed of whitish-yellow flowers.

There are several varieties with variegated foliage:

  1. «Variegata Chinese Beauty»- on the surface of the leaf plates there is a marble pattern of dark and pale green color.
  2. «Variegata»- leaf plates have a large width, and on their surface there are yellowish stripes of different direction and width.
  3. «Variegata dwarf"- this small plant reaches a height of about 30 centimeters. The flowers are white and the leaves are greenish yellow. This variety is quite compact, and it is most convenient to grow it at home.

Alpinia purpurea (Alpinia purpurata)

The height of this perennial reaches 200 centimeters. The bracts are red and the flowers are white.

Alpinia galanga

This perennial has a smooth rhizome of almost cylindrical shape, the diameter of which is 2 centimeters. The stems can reach a height of 150 centimeters. The entire lanceolate leaves are about 30 centimeters long. Dense, conical racemose inflorescence bears white flowers.

Alpinia vittata

Such a plant is a perennial. On the surface of the elongated leaf plates, there are stripes of cream or white color. The flowers are pale green and the bracts are pink.


Campanula

Campanula flower is a herbaceous plant of the Bellflower family. The plant is quite ancient, and its original deposit is considered to be the Mediterranean. Campanula is considered to be a symbol of family happiness in the house. In modern times, bells are cultivated in Asia, Europe, the Caucasus and even in parts of North America.

Campanula takes root well in a wide variety of areas (forest plantations, meadows, etc.). Rocky areas are no exception, as Campanula can be found even on the slopes of the Alpine Mountains.

Due to the shape of the inflorescence, the name of this beautiful flower is translated as "bell". The plant reaches no more than half a meter in height, and the color of campanula flowers varies from snow-white to purple. Usually, light green shoots of campanula hang down under their own weight.


Types of Mandeville

There are up to 40 types of diplodesy in the family. The plant can be easily grown at home, it grows and blooms beautifully. Some decorative varieties are especially popular among flower growers.

Diplomatic property brilliant (Dipladenia splendens)

Flexible shoots of climbing liana reach 4 m in length. Oval leaf plates with a blunt edge grow up to 20 cm in length.

The wide petals of huge flowers are pink, bracts dark crimson, throat color - yellow.

Diplomas Sander (Dipladenia sanderi)

Evergreen vine with long, smooth shoots, up to 3 m long with good care. The green, pointed, leathery leaves are opposite. From the sinuses, racemose delicate inflorescences rise. The diameter of bright pink flowers with a yellow throat is 8 cm.

Loose Dipladenia (Mandevilla laxa)

A powerful plant that grows rapidly. Curly shoots are covered with warts. In their natural habitat, the stems can reach 6 m in length. Egg-shaped leaves are colored gray-green. The upper surface of the leaf plate is glossy, the lower one is pubescent. Length - 15 cm.

Fragrant cream or white flowers with a diameter of 5 cm are collected in 5-8 pieces. in one brush. The species is not afraid of dropping temperatures down to +9 ° C. Liana is considered a deciduous plant, but does not shed foliage when grown at home.

Bolivian Diploma (Dipladenia bolewiensis)

The stems of the graceful plant are slightly pubescent. Dark green small leaves with a glossy surface are opposite. Bolivian rose blooms with pink flowers. In shape, they resemble a swirling funnel - funnel-shaped. A light border runs along the edge of the wavy petals. One brush contains from 5 to 8 buds.

Diplomas excellent (Mandevilla eximia)

The thin stems of the evergreen climbing plant are slightly pubescent. Wide oval leaves with a pointed tip are attached to the stem with short petioles. In racemose inflorescences, there are up to 5-6 bright pink flowers with red bracts. The flowers are 8 centimeters in diameter.


Diseases and pests

Lantana, like most plants, is susceptible to a wide variety of diseases. As a rule, their occurrence is associated with improper care. Diseases such as root rot, gray rot, rust and brown spot are fungal in nature, therefore, various types of fungicides are used in the fight against them. Signs of root rot: the formation of black spots at the base of the shoot and leaf plates, the surface of the soil is covered with mold colonies, from which a specific smell emanates (a mixture of carbon dioxide with essential oils). Having previously cleaned the roots from the soil and soaked them in a fungicide solution (2%), the plant is transplanted completely, replacing the substrate and disinfecting the pot. Close observation is carried out for 3 months.

Signs of gray mold: the formation of spots of beige color on the foliage with a characteristic grayish bloom, against the background of which microscopic dotted blotches are visible. Getting rid of rot is possible only if the affected foliage is removed and the lanthanum and soil are sprayed with preparations such as Horus, Teldor or Tsineb. Within 3 months, the plant is sprayed using "Fundazol", "Baylon" or "Topsin", having previously prepared a 0.1% solution from the selected product.

Rust, with its characteristic yellowish-orange spots on the inside of the foliage, can be destroyed by spraying the plant. For this, a 1% solution is prepared from such a drug as "Baktofit". The affected leaves are removed. Re-spraying is carried out in two weeks. Brown spot is characterized by specks with a light olive color.located on the front side of the plate. Over time, brown spots form on the inside, and the leaves begin to turn yellow. The plant can be cured with the help of drugs such as Vectra or Fitosporin. The procedure must be repeated at least 2 times after 7 or 10 days.

When affected by aphids and mealy worms, foliage and shoots are treated with soapy water, and then washed well with lanthanum in the shower. When repeated signs appear, the plant is treated with insecticides. You can use a fumigator or duct tape to fight whitefly. The pests are collected with a vacuum cleaner, and the plant is sprayed using an infusion, in which the main components are mustard powder, pepper and tobacco chips.

For information on how to properly care for lantana at home, see the next video.



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