What you need to bring from the forest to your garden so that mushrooms grow on it


For many, picking berries and herbs is a hobby. Those who want to receive the gifts of the forest on their personal plot need to know what to bring to their garden so that mushrooms grow on it.

Fruiting mycelium

The mycelium (mycelium) is underground, spreading for thousands of kilometers. And she stretches her threads to the roots of trees with which she has a mutually beneficial cohabitation or symbiosis. We remove the soil layer near the roots by 10-15 cm, carefully transport it to the house. It is necessary to take only a small part of the mycelium so that mushrooms will grow again next year in this place. In the allotted bed we dig a hole along the area of ​​the mycelium, but a little deeper than its height in order to lay specially prepared soil. Many people buy ready-made substrate in the store, but you can cook it yourself. We put compost from leaves and wood in the soil, sprinkle with a layer of earth. And then we place the sawdust of non-coniferous species or straw, providing the mycelium with cellulose. The process is laborious, but the chance to cut a porcini mushroom in your own garden compensates for this.

A stump or piece of wood affected by mycelium

You need to look for pieces with mycelium on the same trees that grow on your site. This is necessary to create conditions as close to natural as possible. We populate the mycelium inside the stump or trunk of an old tree. Water often and abundantly to ensure constant humidity, and wait for the harvest. To speed up the process, the stump can be wrapped with a foil with holes made, which will need to be removed as soon as you see white mold - this is mycelium. Thanks to this method, you will get an excellent harvest, for example, fragrant honey agarics.

Controversy

We collect our favorite mushrooms in the forest. Wormy and rotten, unusable ones are great for this method. Grind the caps and scatter them in the garden. It is better to sprinkle the soil with wood compost. In this easy way, you can get a harvest of porcini mushrooms, aspen mushrooms, boletus mushrooms.

Whole mushrooms

We select old, overgrown, rotten mushrooms in the forest. We prepare the planting material: mix flour and gelatin powder in a 1: 1 ratio and dissolve in a small amount of water. Grind the mushroom caps (you can pass it through a meat grinder) and send them into the prepared solution. Water the area marked out under the trees. Mushrooms can be harvested soon.

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GARDEN, FLOWER AND GARDEN. What mushrooms can be grown in the country

Working on a land plot in summer and autumn takes a lot of time from the owners. They cannot always choose a day and go to the forest for mushrooms.

However, those who like to tinker in the beds can grow mushrooms on their own. Those mushrooms are also suitable for growing on their own, in the cultivation of which solid experience and more capricious forest mushrooms have been accumulated.

We will try to figure out what and how to grow mushrooms in the country in the summer.


How to grow wild mushrooms from mycelium in your country house: tips, instructions

And aspen mushrooms in the beds

The mushroom season is in full swing, and people rushed into the forests to fill baskets and buckets with butter, mushrooms and milk mushrooms. However, while some mushrooms are looking for - prowling through the forest, others calmly harvest on their hacienda. Do you want the same? An expert on gardening at Komsomolskaya Pravda radio, aunt Tanya, Tatyana Kudryashova, heading the column “This is such a parsley,” will help.

Growing mushrooms on a garden plot is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. The first step is to decide which ones you want - milk mushrooms, honey mushrooms, boletus, boletus or mushrooms. If there is a piece of wood on your site, that would be ideal. However, one must understand which forest is deciduous or coniferous. It depends on which mycelium can take root there and form the fruiting body of the fungus. But even if there is no forest nearby, it doesn't matter, there is an orchard on each site.

Many people imagine: in order to grow a mushroom, you must first find it in the forest, dig it up, chop it, "sow" it in the garden. It's all much easier now. In any garden store - whole showcases of packs of mushrooms with mycelium.

It is enough just to buy a pack, on the back of which there is a step-by-step instruction on how to properly dilute and care for this particular type of mushroom.

- Be prepared for the fact that, having fulfilled all the instructions, you will not get the harvest in the first year, - Tatiana Kudryashova warns. - It will happen either next year or two years later. Such a capricious mycelium! It is better to sow mushrooms in early spring, as soon as the snow has melted and the earth has warmed up. Until it gets hot, it's bad for survival. In spring, there is a lot of moisture, it rains in sufficient quantities, and the sun is not so hot. It is also important that you need to water the mycelium more than once a week, as many are accustomed to, but as often as possible.

So the place for the mycelium should be determined now. And get ready.

You can use stumps for growing mushrooms. For example, there is a stump from some tree, do not uproot it - here you can breed a whole family of honey agarics. Buy mycelium and go! There are even winter mushrooms, with which the stump must be "infected" in the fall. Don't worry, they won't die. On the contrary, in the spring, as soon as the sun warms the shadow, they will begin to grow. You can also choose a summer variety - you won't go wrong either.

Then everything is simple: the powder with mycelium is diluted with water (according to the instructions) and the stump is watered abundantly. It must not be wrapped tightly with a foil, in which to make a hole so that the stump "breathes". After 2-4 months, looking under the film, you will see white mold. This is the mycelium. After that, the film must be removed, and there it is a stone's throw from the harvest.

You can use stumps for growing mushrooms. For example, there is a stump from some tree, do not uproot - here you can breed a whole family of honey agarics

- Remember that the appearance of mycelium depends on the temperature. The lower, the longer the formation of mycelium takes. For growing honey agarics, stumps can also be sawed. Then bury halfway into the soil sideways.

Porcini mushrooms or boletus are more difficult to breed. The first step is to dig a groove for at least a bayonet-shovel depth and width.

“Then I dig a strip on the right and left, divide it into even squares and turn the sod,” Aunt Tanya shares her “know-how”. - Boletus needs chalk and wood compost, with which I fertilize what I have in the groove. In this case, you need to act strictly according to the instructions on the pack. Humus bedding for boletus is required, otherwise it will not survive. After fertilizing the soil, we return our turf to its place and carefully spill it with water.

When the mycelium takes root, and the fruiting bodies of the mushrooms appear, watering and care can be completely stopped.

Thus, you can breed white, boletus, boletus, boletus at home. And the care for them will be the same - constant frequent watering.

Champignons need good compost, manure, preferably horse manure. Chalk, gypsum, and a very complicated soil sterilization process.

They are quite whimsical: they do not grow on the ground or in the open sun, they need shade, a certain moisture and temperature regime, so a place for these mushrooms must be found somewhere in a shady corner of the garden.

Champignon seedlings look like white mold, which gradually curls up into small nodules - these are future mushrooms. Then a tiny leg and a pinhead-sized hat appear, and then a mushroom.

As we mentioned above, you can get a good harvest of mushrooms by purchasing mycelium in the store.

And if you want to improve it, bring lands from the forest. We take a box, a shovel and look for a place in the forest with the mycelium we need. Carefully in the forest, we remove the soil 15 centimeters deep and take it with us to the dacha. On the site, we remove the sod of exactly the same size and spread forest soil on this place. We are already sowing mushrooms on it.

You can get a good harvest of mushrooms by purchasing mycelium in the store. Photo: Roman ZORIN

Another tip: found an old or wormy mushroom? Do not touch - let it "sow" disputes. Next year, several will come out in its place at once. By the way, there is a way to "propagate" mushrooms. Take, for example, an overgrown mushroom, chop the cap and chop it on the ground. Preferably in a suitable substrate, woody debris. And in the new season you will have a chance to collect a dozen mushrooms here. This can be done at your dacha.

Will mycelium harm the trees?

- Mushrooms are different, there are woody ones, and there are those that grow on the ground. Woody ones can really create a lot of trouble for fruit trees, but those that grow on the ground or, say, like boletus on pine sawdust, do not pose any threat to the garden.

- Beware of pigs - this is a very poisonous mushroom, which in no case should be eaten, - Tatiana Sergeevna warns. - Previously, they were considered conditionally edible, and many still take a pig in the forest or breed in a garden. Drop this business! In the pulp of the pig, there is a powerful poison - muscarine, which threatens life and health. So it's better not to drag this mushroom to your site.


How to grow boletus mushrooms in the country

Temperature and humidity conditions are far from the only condition for the successful cultivation of boletus in the country. Since in nature these mushrooms are found mainly in pine forests, birch, oak and aspen groves, you should try to reproduce such conditions at home.

It is advisable to plant in those parts of the site where such trees grow. Preference should be given to conifers, since they not only contribute to the development of mycelium, but also have an antiseptic and antibacterial effect, destroying pathogens.

It is important that the boletus mycelium cannot stand the neighborhood with fruit trees and absolutely does not take root. Therefore, if there are no oaks, aspens, pines or birches on your site, just place the mycelium near some kind of wooden structure, preferably from conifers. Naturally, in this case it is not necessary to count on huge yields, but you may well be able to collect enough boletus mushrooms for consumption.


How to grow wild mushrooms from mycelium in your country house: tips, instructions

The mushroom season is in full swing, and people rushed into the forests to fill baskets and buckets with butter, mushrooms and milk mushrooms. However, while some mushrooms are looking for - prowling through the forest, others calmly harvest on their hacienda. Do you want the same? An expert on gardening at Komsomolskaya Pravda radio, aunt Tanya, Tatyana Kudryashova, heading the column “This is such a parsley,” will help.

What should be foreseen

Growing mushrooms on a garden plot is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. The first step is to decide which ones you want - milk mushrooms, honey mushrooms, boletus, boletus or mushrooms. If there is a piece of wood on your site, that would be ideal. However, one must understand which forest is deciduous or coniferous. It depends on which mycelium can take root there and form the fruiting body of the fungus. But even if there is no forest nearby, it doesn't matter, there is an orchard on each site.

Many people imagine: in order to grow a mushroom, you must first find it in the forest, dig it up, chop it, "sow" it in the garden. It's all much easier now. In any garden store - whole showcases of packs of mushrooms with mycelium.

It is enough just to buy a pack, on the back of which there is a step-by-step instruction on how to properly dilute and care for this particular type of mushroom.

- Be prepared for the fact that, having fulfilled all the instructions, you will not get the harvest in the first year, - Tatiana Kudryashova warns. - It will happen either next year or two years later. Such a capricious mycelium! It is better to sow mushrooms in early spring, as soon as the snow has melted and the earth has warmed up. Until it gets hot, it's bad for survival. In spring, there is a lot of moisture, it rains in sufficient quantities, and the sun is not so hot. It is also important that you need to water the mycelium more than once a week, as many are accustomed to, but as often as possible.

So the place for the mycelium should be determined now. And get ready.

Looking for a tree stump

You can use stumps for growing mushrooms. For example, there is a stump from some tree, do not uproot it - here you can breed a whole family of honey agarics. Buy mycelium and go! There are even winter mushrooms, with which the stump must be "infected" in the fall. Don't worry, they won't die. On the contrary, in the spring, as soon as the sun warms the shadow, they will begin to grow. You can also choose a summer variety - you won't go wrong either.

Then everything is simple: the powder with mycelium is diluted with water (according to the instructions) and the stump is watered abundantly. It must not be wrapped tightly with a foil, in which to make a hole so that the stump "breathes". After 2-4 months, looking under the film, you will see white mold. This is the mycelium. After that, the film must be removed, and there it is a stone's throw from the harvest.

You can use stumps for growing mushrooms. For example, there is a stump from some tree, do not uproot - here you can breed a whole family of honey agarics Photo: Maria LENTS

- Remember that the appearance of mycelium depends on the temperature. The lower, the longer the formation of mycelium takes. For growing honey agarics, stumps can also be sawed. Then bury halfway into the soil sideways.

Boletus groove

Porcini mushrooms or boletus are more difficult to breed. The first step is to dig a groove for at least a bayonet-shovel depth and width.

“Then I dig a strip on the right and left, divide it into even squares and turn the sod,” Aunt Tanya shares her “know-how”. - Boletus needs chalk and wood compost, with which I fertilize what I have in the groove. In this case, you need to act strictly according to the instructions on the pack. Humus bedding for boletus is required, otherwise it will not survive. After fertilizing the soil, we return our turf to its place and carefully spill it with water.

When the mycelium takes root, and the fruiting bodies of the mushrooms appear, watering and care can be completely stopped.

Thus, you can breed white, boletus, boletus, boletus at home. And the care for them will be the same - constant frequent watering.

Signor champignon

Champignons need good compost, manure, preferably horse manure. Chalk, gypsum, and a very complicated soil sterilization process.

They are quite whimsical: they do not grow on the ground or in the open sun, they need shade, a certain moisture and temperature regime, so a place for these mushrooms must be found somewhere in a shady corner of the garden.

Champignon seedlings look like white mold, which gradually curls up into small nodules - these are future mushrooms. Then a tiny leg and a pinhead-sized hat appear, and then a mushroom.

Add lands from the forest

As we mentioned above, you can get a good harvest of mushrooms by purchasing mycelium in the store.

And if you want to improve it, bring lands from the forest. We take a box, a shovel and look for a place in the forest with the mycelium we need. Carefully in the forest, we remove the soil 15 centimeters deep and take it with us to the dacha. On the site, we remove the sod of exactly the same size and spread forest soil on this place. We are already sowing mushrooms on it.

You can get a good harvest of mushrooms by purchasing mycelium in the store. Photo: Roman ZORIN

Another tip: found an old or wormy mushroom? Do not touch - let it "sow" disputes. Next year, several will come out in its place at once. By the way, there is a way to "propagate" mushrooms. Take, for example, an overgrown mushroom, chop the cap and chop it on the ground. Preferably in a suitable substrate, woody debris. And in the new season you will have a chance to collect a dozen mushrooms here. This can be done at your dacha.

QUESTION WITH A RIB

Will mycelium harm the trees?

- Mushrooms are different, there are woody ones, and there are those that grow on the ground. Woody ones can really create a lot of trouble for fruit trees, but those that grow on the ground or, say, like butter on pine sawdust, do not pose any threat to the garden.

This is not worth doing

- Beware of pigs - this is a very poisonous mushroom, which in no case should be eaten, - warns Tatiana Sergeevna. - Previously, they were considered conditionally edible, and many still take a pig in the forest or bred in a garden. Drop this business! In the pulp of the pig, there is a powerful poison - muscarine, which threatens life and health. So it's better not to drag this mushroom to your site.


How to grow mushrooms in a garden

For breeding honey agarics, stumps, logs, tree branches, as well as wood waste are used. Summer mushrooms are planted in an open area, and winter mushrooms are grown indoors. At the site for planting mushrooms, they choose a shaded place or cover the beds with hay, straw to protect from the sun.

The best way to grow these mushrooms in a summer cottage is on the stumps of trees such as birch, spruce, aspen, pine, as well as pear, apple, alder, poplar. Spruce and pine stumps are less suitable for growing these mushrooms. But even those that fit better must meet certain criteria. The wood should be dense, with high humidity, without signs of infection by tinder fungus. If it is sufficiently wet, it has a dark color, and from a small part chipped off for inspection, moisture is detected by touch. The condition of the wood must be checked, since sometimes the moisture content of the surface layers does not correspond to the moisture content of the deep ones, for example, due to recent rain or the formation of condensation due to the large difference in ambient air temperature during the day and night.

The mushroom mushroom grows well on wood with uniform moisture, therefore, for reliability, it is watered with water 1-2 days before sowing. This is done in small portions, repeatedly, so that the water does not drain, but is absorbed. Chumps and wood trimmings are pre-soaked in water for 1-2 days. Stumps from recently cut trees do not need preparation for sowing with mycelium.


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