Blackberries are becoming a common garden berry in our latitudes. It is happily grown and bred for its exceptionally sweet taste, pleasant aroma.... It is a culture that is easy to breed and care for. Let's take a closer look at the description and characteristics of the Ruben blackberry.
Blackberries in the 19th century were considered exclusively as an ornamental garden plant. In Europe, it began to be grown as a fruit and berry crop a hundred years later. The development of new varieties and the improvement of existing ones were actively pursued by gardeners in America and Mexico.... There, blackberries were already an industrial crop.
The main advantages of the berry were its taste, unique aroma, richness with vitamins and good preservation during transportation.... In addition, the berry turned out to be quite easy to grow, it tolerated drought and cold well. Over time, breeders have developed thornless shrub species, which simplified the process of industrial harvesting on plantations.
Ruben is the first type of blackberry that bears fruit on the shoots of the first year. The variety was obtained at the University of Arkansas in collaboration with Hargreaves nursery in 2011. Bushes are like raspberries - erect... The berries ripen in August - October. The variety is unpretentious - it tolerates dry periods well, fully develops both in the sun and in the shade. It is good to plant along the fence as a hedge.
The repairing blackberry was recently bred, but has already gained popularity and love among gardeners. It is suitable for breeding in central Russia for personal consumption and on an industrial scale. The main part of the shoots is removed after fruiting, therefore, a root system with small shoots is required to protect from frost... The bush is covered with large white flowers during flowering.
In nature, blackberries grow in different climatic zones. It is tied up and ripens almost in the fall. Horticultural crops begin to bear fruit a little earlier - in mid-August. There are two types of shrubs - kumanika and dew... The first species has erect stems and grows in a bush like a raspberry. The second type is a creeping plant.
Blackberries have light green shoots, which turn into a burgundy color by autumn. Flowers are collected in panicles 10-15 pieces each. Of these, brushes of 7-8 berries ripen in each. Leaves are similar to raspberry or currant, the edges are serrated. From perennial roots, shoots grow every year, which have time to develop and give abundant fruits. Blackberries can grow in any soil with good drainage.
The early ripening period of the fruits makes it possible to expand the cultivation range of this crop to climatic zones with dry summers and early frosty winters - for example, in the Urals, in Bashkiria, in Western Siberia.
Ruben - berries of a round shape, black with a characteristic shine. To taste - sweet with sourness, with very tight-fitting drupes, large and juicy. Average berry weight - 10 g, and the maximum is 14 g. The berry reaches length - 4.5 cm. The harvested fruits are stored for a long time in a cool place and do not deteriorate during transportation. The yield of one bush, on average, 3-4 kg... Ruben bears fruit twice a year - in June and September.
Bush height reaches 180 cm. The shoots are strong, thick, grow straight vertically, while not breaking. Propagated by root buds. The bush begins to bloom in mid-April. Flowers are large - up to 6 cm in diameter. The berries are also large, from 6 to 8 pieces grow on one branch.
Flowering ends with abundant fruit set in a cool, protracted spring. Frosty winter does not harm the roots and shoots left... They are covered with straw, cardboard, spandbd. Blackberries love moisture, but tolerate dry periods without damage. If there is no rain, then once a week you need to water the bush with two buckets of water. It's enough.
All sprouted shoots are cut out in the fall under the root.... Ruben is the earliest ripening variety of garden blackberries. She manages to give powerful shoots, foliage and two harvests of berries. For a successful growing season, the bushes should be planted in partial shade in a place protected from the wind. Distance between seedlings - not less than 100cm.
Flowers develop well and fertilize in wet weather. 7-8 days before flowering, the roots are watered abundantly, evaporating moisture creates a comfortable microclimate for the plant. With industrial cultivation during this period, they include a small-drop irrigation system and protect the bushes from direct sunlight. To ensure bountiful harvests in the future, the root system must first be given the opportunity to develop.
New seedlings are planted in the ground at the end of autumn.
The number and size of berries depends on the correct and timely moisture of the soil. The plant should not be flooded, but the earth should not be allowed to dry out either. An important role is played by mulching the periosteal circle.... Straw or grass is placed in a thick layer.
A blackberry bush is very similar to a raspberry and should be looked after almost like a raspberry. But there are some peculiarities. Upon reaching a certain height (at the discretion of the gardener), the tip of the shoot must be pinched off... If the bush stops growing up intensively, side shoots will begin to form, which will also bear fruit.
Blackberries are cross-pollinated. This works best in a humid environment. Dry air slows down pollination and fruit setting. Intensive watering is necessary during the period of fruit pouring..
Powerful growth and fruiting depletes the strength of the bush. To restore them, the plant must be supplied with trace elements and fertilizers. In the spring, after opening, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers, urea... Roots will get good nutrition from mullein or chicken droppings diluted in water.
Once every three years, they make a thorough feeding with superphosphates and microelements. And around the bush, you can spread humus or rotted compost.
Repaired blackberries are propagated by root bud or cuttings... The bush is dug up with the root, the cutting with part of the rhizome is separated from the mother bush. Then it is planted in the prepared soil. It is better to do this in the fall, so that the bush takes root in the winter. Blackberry roots develop intensively in depth and in width. For quick rooting of the cutting, it is necessary to loosen the soil around the planting with a diameter of 60-70 cm.
Planting depth depends on the selected planting material. Green cuttings or root suckers are sealed to a depth of 8-10 cm, and seedlings with a developed root system are planted in holes 60-70 cm in diameter.
The soil mixture is prepared like this - humus and wood ash are added to the ground. Part of the resulting substrate is fertilized with 75 g of mineral fertilizers and poured onto the bottom of the hole. Then the rest of the mixture is poured cone-shaped and fathoms are placed on it. The roots are evenly laid out on the sides of the mound and sprinkled with earth.
The culture can be propagated by seeds... They are preliminarily kept in the refrigerator. Sprouts hatch better in wet sand or peat crumbs. When the second leaf appears, the plant is planted in fertilized soil in a pot or in a permanent place. In winter, you can grow planting material at home. Such a seedling will grow into a real bush in the 2-3rd year and begin to bear fruit. The quality and properties of the berries does not deteriorate.
Blackberries are becoming increasingly popular among gardeners, pleases with delicious aromatic berries at the end of summerwhen the main crops have borne. It keeps well and is easy to care for.
These berry bushes have the ability to bring a crop twice a year: young shoots give fruit in June, and last year's whips will delight with the harvest closer to September. Immediately after appearing on the Russian market, the variety made a real sensation: still, there is no need to build a winter shelter, the whips can simply be cut off. But this is not always the case.
The variety description includes the following features:
Bush with berries
The main advantage of this variety is its remontability. Currently, there are few such varieties of blackberries, but Ruben is perhaps the best of them. And despite the fact that this variety is "young" in terms of breeding, the seedlings of this blackberry are in great demand among gardeners in many countries.
This berry culture is quite thermophilic, therefore, the main areas of its cultivation are California, Spain, the south of our country. But even in temperate climates, this variety can give good yields from the first season, the main thing is the proper care of the planted seedlings. Moreover, the ripening of the crop is early enough, which is also an advantage of the variety.
The bushes grow no more than medium in size, the stems are erect, their vigor is no higher than average, the shoots are quite sparse thorns, which do not particularly interfere with the harvest. The height of the stems is from 1.5 to 2.1 m. The bushes themselves are quite massive, but grow compactly. If the distance between plants is at least 1.5 m, then the seedlings grow well. Another distinctive feature of the variety is the shedding of thorns after the berries ripen.
Shoots do not require tying to trellises and other types of supports.
The weight of ripe berries is up to 10 g, as in the famous Apache blackberry variety. There is no special information on the high yield of Ruben, but many gardeners claim that at least 5.5 kg of ripe berries can be harvested from the bush.
The harvest begins to sing in the first decade of August, and the last ripe fruits can be harvested in early November. Ripe berries do not hang on the bushes for too long, so it is better to pick them as they ripen. The harvested crop tolerates transportation well over medium distances.
Resistance to frost is average - the bushes can easily tolerate frosts down to -15-16⸰С. Therefore, on the territory of our country, Ruben blackberry is a covering variety.
Most often, one-year shoots are used for fruiting, which are cut off at the root in the fall. To get early harvests (in late June - early July), it is better to cover young shoots for the winter.
This type of blackberry can be propagated by root buds, but Ruben has practically no root growth. Some gardeners propagate this blackberry with green cuttings (but such propagation is still at the experimental stage, additional lighting should be used when rooting). But the disadvantage of this type of reproduction is the frequent rotting of buried cuttings, or poor rooting of the cut material.
The flower petals are white in color, quite large, in a radius they can be up to 3 cm. In greenhouses and greenhouses, the first buds can appear already in early April, and already in May you can harvest in greenhouses. And on the garden plot, the first flowers appear in the last days of July.
Flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences, each of which ripens up to 10 fruits. Ripe fruits have excellent taste - sweet and juicy, with a slight sourness. The aroma of ripe berries is subtle fruity.
Pleasant sweet taste without annoying sourness, really huge berries, controlled fruiting times and, of course, the excitement of a tester of new products - all this pushes you to succumb to temptation and get acquainted with a new product. A gardener who buys seedlings for the soul or for landscaping a plot will not lose in any case, a farmer who starts for commercial purposes - the question is still open (at least for the author of the article).
Patentee Hargreaves Plants Ltd. UK, breeding work began in 2005 in Fayetteville, Arkansas by crossing 2292T2 and APF-44, in Lincolnshire, England, in 2006 the HPB3 seedling was selected. In the post-Soviet space, it has been known since 2011-2012.
Positioned as a new extraordinary blackberry variety, Ruben is recommended for growing both indoors and outdoors. Foreign sources emphasize cultivation in greenhouses, tunnels, emphasizing the importance of the remontability of the variety and the ability to harvest two crops.
In the open field, as a rule, climatic conditions, frost, in particular, do not allow harvesting a double crop. In greenhouses, it is a matter of professionalism and cultivation agrotechnics: you need to be able to choose the key to the variety.
Let us dwell on the description of the overseas novelty.
The yield of the Ruben blackberry variety at the request of the copyright holder is quite good: up to 30 t / ha or 3.5-5 kg / s of a bush in the open field, depending on the level of agricultural technology, and up to 7.5 kg in a closed one.
Let us briefly explain the situation with renovation. It can bear fruit both on the shoots of the current year and on last year's. Fruiting after last year's tenderloin in the fall - in mid-September, without tenderloin - in mid-June - early July, in some regions later - a little later Natchez, Lough Tay and other early ones.
In climatic conditions suitable for cultivation, practice confirms this, in conditions of a continental climate, there is currently not enough data for any statements. A gardener who buys seedlings for the soul or for landscaping a plot will not lose, a farmer who starts for commercial purposes - the question is still open (at least for the author of the article).
When planted in autumn when grown outdoors, Ruben seedlings will sprout from a root bud in spring. To accelerate development, it is recommended to cover the plantings with agrofibre in the spring until they reach a maximum height of 0.5 m or keep them under arcs. This will allow you to get closer, i.e. to accelerate the period of obtaining the harvest by 10-14 or more days.
If your region has hot and dry summers, the best place to plant Ruben blackberries is in partial shade. Planting at a distance of 0.8m and 2m between rows.
Ruben seedlings of autumn planting in open ground, in spring they give replacement shoots (last year's are cut in autumn).
The beginning of fruiting for open ground is mid-August - early September and mid-June - early July, in the greenhouse - in late April - early (mid) May, depending on agricultural technology. It should be noted that there is no data on double collection, as in all classic open ground repairmen.
The habit of the bush is compact - at the request of the originator, it leaves 6-7 shoots - this is the best option. To enhance lateral branching in early spring, you can pinch the tops. The procedure is optional - lateral branching is sufficient.
Despite belonging to kumaniks - plants of an upright type, a garter is needed. Bending, bending, fruit twigs approaching the ground - this is no good. And a trellis with a height of 2-2.5 m will come in handy - after the third year of life, the plants reach exactly this height. Forming - if desired: E-shaped, V-shaped, fan-shaped. You can stretch three wires: the first is at a height of 35-40 cm, the second is 70-80, the third is at the height of an outstretched arm. Or you can have two - the choice is yours, and time will tell the best option for you.
Despite the advantages - dessert taste, impressive size and a tempting feature - remontability, Ruben blackberry received not the best reviews. Why? In short:
Let's summarize for the mnogobukoff written above - as they say on social networks. In order to reveal the advantages and disadvantages of any variety, it takes time - at least three years, until the plants gain strength and the harvest can be judged. Ruben, unfortunately, to date has not had time to reveal himself to many farmers and gardeners - a banal lack of time to adapt to our climatic conditions, little time to develop the right strategy for growing in a greenhouse. However, for the gardener, the above does not really matter: if your goal is not to get a large harvest, but outlandish clusters of black shiny berries of a rare size and taste, or just decoration of the site, as well as the interest of a tester of novelties, this is undoubtedly a find for you. For owners of farm plantations, there is something to think about: strategies for growing a miracle from foggy Albion or looking for alternatives. In any case, they will be found - a good harvest!
Description and varietal characteristics of Ruben blackberries
Blackberry Ruben - reviews of gardeners
A couple of centuries ago, blackberries played an exclusively decorative role in the garden. Only in the last century, Europeans began to grow it as a horticultural crop.
Repaired blackberry Ruben (lat. Rauben) is a unique variety that is known to gardeners all over the world, as it is one of the first that gave a yield on young shoots. In 2012 it was patented and named after its inventor John Ruben Clarke.
The plant is not whimsical. It tolerates dry summers very well. Grows well in the shade and on the sunny side. It bears fruit twice a season: in June and September. The shrubs of the variety are erect, similar to raspberries.
Ruben blackberry bushes are difficult to distinguish from raspberries
Under natural conditions, it grows in any climatic zone, ripening by autumn. The first time after planting, or after complete pruning for the winter, bears fruit once, around mid-August.
The remontant blackberry of the Rauben variety grows up to 180 centimeters in height. The shoots are thick and strong, do without support. They grow vertically.
The plant blooms in mid-April with large flowers. They are collected in a kind of panicles of 10-15 colors. Up to 8 large berries are harvested from one branch.
Blackberry Ruben during the flowering period
The shoots are light green in color, by autumn they become burgundy. The leaves of the plant are similar to currant and raspberry ones, have jagged edges at the edges. New shoots grow from the roots every year, giving a good harvest. It can grow in a wide variety of soils. The main thing is that there is good drainage.
Early maturation allows the cultivar to be grown in different climatic conditions.
Aromatic and tasty, with a rich vitamin composition, easy to grow, perfectly preserved during transportation - the main advantages of the Ruben variety. To improve the process of collecting berries in large areas, a variety of thornless shrubs was developed.
Juicy, large fruits have an elongated rounded shape, black with gloss. The taste is sweet and sour. Weigh from 10 to 14 grams. Length up to 4.5 centimeters. From one bush, you can harvest up to 4 kg. The fruits do not deteriorate during transportation, they are stored for a long time in a cool place.
In order for the flowers to develop and fertilize well, the roots must be watered abundantly a couple of weeks before flowering. Rainy weather and evaporating moisture from watering create the most comfortable conditions for blackberries. Large farms use a special irrigation system. The development of the root system directly affects the yield.
Blackberry variety Ruben loves wet weather, but does not tolerate waterlogging
The variety is propagated by cuttings or root buds, less often by seeds. In the fall, after digging up the bush, the process is separated from it. Then they plant and loosen the ground in the root circle.
The Ruben variety can be planted with seeds by keeping them in a cellar before planting, placing them in wet sand. After the appearance of the second leaf, they are planted in the garden. The probability of obtaining all varietal traits is more than 40%.
The depth of the planting holes depends on the material: for cuttings - 10 cm, and for seedlings - 60-70 cm. Cuttings can be grown at home during the winter. Three years after planting, the bushes will begin to produce a good harvest.
Frost will not damage the shoots and root system of Ruben blackberries if you cover them for the winter with agrofibre, lutrasil, cardboard or straw. In the spring, when opening, urea and nitrogen fertilizers are applied. Even in the cold spring period, flowering is pumped by an abundant ovary.
Blackberry Ruben can not be cut for the winter, but must be covered
In the absence of rain, it is necessary to water the bushes at least once a week. Two buckets of water under each.
This blackberry variety is resistant to many types of diseases. It rarely suffers from pests such as bronzovka and leaf aphids.
Spray the plant with a tobacco dust solution to protect it.
Reviews about the Ruben variety are only positive. Delicious, sweet and juicy fruits are versatile in use. They are used to make baked goods, canning, prepare all kinds of dishes, eat them fresh, and also freeze them for the winter.
Ruben variety can produce up to 6 kg of berries with proper care
“The plant is not whimsical in cultivation, is not afraid of cold weather and drought, but at the same time it loves moisture. The roots tolerate winter well. "
Vladislav Ilyich, 56 years old, Moscow
“Ruben blackberry bears excellent fruit both in the central regions of the country and in the south. We live in the suburbs, and my grandmother is in Sochi, we grow the same variety. Each bush yields up to six kilograms of berries. "
Maria Petrovna, 34 years old, Moscow region
“Blackberries are best grown in partial shade, next to other bushes or fruit trees. Good as a hedge. However, there is one drawback of the remontant blackberry - in the hot dry summer, flowers are poorly pollinated, and accordingly the yield decreases. "
Angela Ivanovna, 43 years old, city of Vladimir
The Ruben variety of blackberries is becoming more and more popular. Easy to care for, high yield, aromatic taste, long-term storage are eye-catching characteristics. Suitable for trade and home cultivation.
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To get a rich and tasty harvest, you need to follow some rules of agricultural technology. You can propagate the variety by cuttings, branches, dividing a bush, seedlings, or by planting seeds. Each method has advantages and disadvantages. If quick fruiting is a priority, then it is better to plant a seedling or divide a bush. Seed propagation ensures a strong and healthy shrub. However, this method is rather extended in time. The first harvest can only be obtained in the second or third year.
Ruben's blackberry prefers to grow in partial shade. This characteristic must be taken into account when breeding the variety. It is best to plant your seedlings near fruit trees or other bushes. The variety grows well on any type of soil. However, before planting, you should inquire about the depth of groundwater at the site. When they approach the surface closer than 2.5 m, in order to avoid waterlogging of the roots of the bush, a drainage system should be built. Otherwise, the plant will grow poorly and give a poor harvest.
It is recommended to plant Ruben blackberry seedlings in early spring. To plant young plants, trenches or holes should be dug. Given the rather large growth force of blackberry bushes, seedlings must be planted at a distance of 1.7-2 m from each other. The size of the pit should be 0.6x0.6x0.6 m. 2 buckets of humus mixed with the excavated earth should be poured onto the bottom. With the trench planting method, a hollow is made with a depth of about 0.5 m. The seedling of this remontant blackberry is carefully placed in a hole or trench, covered with earth and watered with abundant water. To reduce the evaporation of moisture, the soil around the young bush can be laid with mulch.
Caring for plants of the variety consists in moisturizing, fertilizing, pruning, as well as protecting against diseases and pests. The frequency of watering depends on the climatic conditions. In dry weather, the bushes should be moistened every other day. In spring and autumn, plants are watered 1-2 times a month. To moisten one bush, 10 liters of water are used.
Pruning the Ruben variety comes down to removing the entire aerial part of the plant in October or early November. Such an event increases the frost resistance of the bush and ensures its constant rejuvenation.
Also, this bushy blackberry needs feeding. Fertilizers are applied approximately once a month. In springtime, plants can be fed with nitrogenous substances or humus. In summer, the bushes are watered with mullein solution. At the beginning of autumn, wood ash and superphosphate are added under the plants.
Ruben blackberry has a high resistance to most diseases. In rare cases, it is affected by pests such as leaf aphids and bronzes. To get rid of them, it is recommended to spray the bushes with a solution of tobacco dust.