There reproduction by cuttings of plants it is a very widespread agamic multiplication technique both in the hobby and professional fields.
As we know, many vegetative parts of plants are capable of developing new individuals. This peculiarity of the plant world allows to obtain plants which, deriving from the multiplication of diploid cells, have the same characteristics as the mother plants.
Reproduction by cuttings is easy to apply, just follow the right precautions.
In this article we will explain what they are. Furthermore, we will see a list of plants that can be reproduced with this technique.
Reproduction by woody cutting
A cutting is a portion of the plant, endowed with at least one bud, capable of rooting and germinating.
It is possible to distinguish plant cuttings in: herbaceous, semi-woody and woody.
The former consist of shoots with leaves. The semi-woody, have shoots with leaves in the process of lignification. Those woody, on the other hand, they are portions of branches with a year of life, taken after the fall of the leaves.
In general, herbaceous and semi-woody cuttings root faster than woody ones, having buds in full activity. The woody cuttings, however, have a better chance of survival in the long term, as they do not have transpiring leaves.
In some cases the same leaf can be used in the reproduction of the plant by cuttings, for example for ornamental plants such as sansevieria, begonia and saintpaulia.
When implanting any cutting, it is always very important to respect the polarity, or to preserve theorientation of the buds upwards.
Other factors that influence the success of reproduction by cuttings are, for example:
Cutting is among the methods of agamic reproduction most used. The most famous technique is that ofgrafting, mainly used in the multiplication of fruit trees.
There are several advantages of reproduction by cuttings.
The most obvious and sought after by the farmer is to obtain new plants with the exact desired characteristics, which are that of the mother plant from which the cutting is taken.
Other advantages are:
The reproduction of plants by cuttings succeeds well by adopting particular precautions. These are aimed at promoting rooting or, at least, ensuring that the emission of new roots precedes that of the shoots.
There are plants that self-root easily, so to have new plants, just bury the cuttings while maintaining a certain degree of soil moisture.
Some examples of this are plants such as: lives, quince, olive tree, currant, rosemary, aloe and the succulents in general.
Other species, on the other hand, need help to root. For example, tree species such as peach and plum, or herbaceous such as cannabis sativa.
The methods adopted for this purpose are called rooting techniques, of cutting you hate forcing.
The most popular techniques are basal warming and nebulization.
The basal heating technique is used in professional nurseries when it is they plant the cuttings on an artificial substrate. This is then heated in the basal part by means of electric resistances or pipes in which hot water flows.
The nebulization technique is used for reproduction of herbaceous and semi-woody cuttings. It is implemented by dropping a slight amount of pulverized water on them, which prevents the cutting from drying out due to excessive transpiration of the leaves. Nebulization is done at regular intervals and until the first rootlets capable of absorbing water have developed.
It is a technique used in the nursery, but which can be easily replicated in the home using a normal nebulizer.
It is, in fact, simple household tools, with variable functionality and prices.
Usually, for one better the success of reproduction by cuttings and have a more rapid and effective rooting, are used rhizogenic hormones (auxins). Some of these are for example theindolbutyric acid and naphthalenacetic acid.
Before implantation, the lower part of the cuttings is immersed in powdery or liquid preparations, containing rhizogenic hormones in very low concentration.
These prepared you can find them here.
Let's now see the standard steps in the preparation of a herbaceous cutting, very common among gardening enthusiasts.
After taking the cutting from the mother plant, here is the sequence of operations:
Here are some specific tips for successfully multiply plants by cuttings:
Here is a list of plants that can be reproduced by cuttings. The list is in alphabetical order. Clearly it is not exhaustive, but it can be used as a rough reference. Also, you can report others in the comments at the bottom.
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All the techniques to reproduce plants at home in an easy and practical way: short guide useful even for the less experienced and useful tips to avoid making mistakes.
To manage to reproduce plants indoors means being able to have new plants by multiplying the individual specimens, to be placed in the garden, in the vegetable garden or on the balcony. To achieve this, it is not necessary to be an expert in gardening and in breeding techniques, however it is important to follow some steps very carefully to avoid damaging the plants and not assisting in the production of new shoots. There is no single way to reproduce plants independently: it is possible to opt for the cutting technique, for grafting, for offshoot, for division into clumps and for layering.
There agamic reproduction occurs by cutting, root sucker, offshoot and stolon. It must be said that these techniques are rarely used in the garden, however knowing them allows you to use them with good reason if necessary.
“For example to get a new rosemary plant from a sprig of a variety with a special scent. Or produce the strawberry seedlings that are used to fill an entire parcel. "
⇒ The cutting it consists in rooting a part of the plant (leaf, stem, root, more often a portion of the branch), in order to give rise to a new specimen. Not all plants have the aptitude to take root from a small portion, and in fact most of the vegetables, which are herbaceous plants with an annual or biennial cycle, cannot be reproduced in this way.
⇒ The sucker radical uses the shoots, provided with their own roots, which are formed around the mother plant, for example of artichoke and thistle. Separated at the right time, the suckers easily give rise to new individuals with the same characteristics as the plant from which they were taken.
⇒ The offshoot it is a young branch - still attached to the mother plant - which has the aptitude to emit roots if properly prepared. Folded and fixed with a fork or a stone so that it touches the ground at least in one point, after a certain time the branch tends to produce roots in the points of contact with the ground. It can then be separated and treated as a stand-alone specimen.
⇒ The stolon it is a creeping stem which, in contact with the ground, emits roots giving rise to shoots that it will be sufficient to divide as new seedlings. With this method, for example, strawberries are reproduced.
THE basal shoots they are small plants that arise at the base of the mother plant if removed with a knife (including roots) and transplanted into a new pot, they give life to a new plant.
There division by tufts is a method of reproduction of perennial herbaceous plants, in order to reduce the encumbrance of a plant that has reached a large size. Each section must be equipped with roots and shoots. The new plant that forms is identical to the mother plant.
When the basal shoots they have the appearance and shape of the mother plant, let's separate them using a gardening knife.
We excise gently the sprout taking care to also remove part of the roots.
We insert the sprout in a new pot and fill it with moist soil.
The sprouts, once transferred to the pot, will grow to develop one new plant.
Before proceeding with the division we water the planta, in order to make the soil soft and work more easily.
We remove the plant from the pot in order to act directly on the earth bread containing the roots.
We divide the tufts so that each has a proportionate share of roots.
We repot with enriched moist soil and water carefully.
Corporal cherries, plums, plum and thistle can be propagated from root shoots.
However, when trying to transplant a shoot, it often turns out that it has almost no small roots. Especially often this happens with sprouts near the family tree.
After cutting the main root, we extract the "stick" from the ground. The survival rate of such seedling is not great.
A little better is the quality of the footage, taken in 2-3 m from the mother tree. There are usually more roots, but a lot less than the seedlings or rooted tiers.
To ensure that such a seedling was of high quality, it is necessary to take care of the formation of its own roots in advance. Choose a shoot away from the trunk. Advance shovel spring from him and the main root of the soil, forming a groove depth 20 cm. Fill with humus, Summer Feeding superphosphate a few times. In midsummer, half cut the main root on both sides in 15 cm from the shoot (to stimulate root formation). For the winter, the soil around the shoot is covered with a thick layer of litter or peat. And in early spring, before the buds bloom, we separate the process and transplant it to a new place.
Sliva obeyed me not right away. For starters, I planted a Smolinka seedling, which I liked, but could not wait for the harvest. K.
fortunately, an acquaintance suggested that the Smolinka variety is self-infertile, needs a pollinator, and things went well when he planted the Hungarian Fly and the Early Ripening Red in the vicinity.
Only I was happy - new excitement! Suddenly, the ovaries began to fall out, but in large numbers. I thought some kind of disease or parasite. I ran for advice.
It turned out that stone fruit trees are too abundant, "in reserve". Some of the flowers are undeveloped, they crumble soon after flowering. Through 2-3 weeks the tree bumps to 20-30% of the ovary not to cut off the excess fruit. But if in the winter the tree is frozen or the spring turned out to be arid, then the discharge will be greater. Under adverse conditions, the tree should be watered immediately after flowering, fed with diluted chicken litter or mullein. When the ovaries become the size
with a large pea, the tree performs a second "audit" and another surge of ovary secretion occurs. Here you need to be very careful, examine the scavenger - if there are holes, gum drops and other traces of parasites. At the first signs of damage, it is necessary to treat the tree with insecticides or infusions of garlic, tansy, Dalmatian chamomile. But it is better not to forget to do the processing before flowering.
Even externally, a healthy drop-in should be removed from under the tree and destroyed. At the same time, you should carry out the second top dressing, with the addition of potassium and irrigation.
But it is better not to finish the second volley of fruit. Why should a tree spend its energy on the ovaries, which it will continue to shed? It makes sense to remove excess ovaries after flowering. Then the fruits will grow large and sweet, the tree will give good growth, will lay many new buds, and next year will rejoice with the harvest.
I have a growing plum - tasty, varietal, but all fruits are always spoiled by the moth. I bought a sprayer, prepared it, insisted and filtered the herbal solution and. it started raining. Day, second, third.
Then it cleared up, but the infusion is acidic. And then the grandchildren-grandchildren were brought here, and it wasn't until the moth got fat. But he found 10 a minute and to the branches of the plum tree he tied a couple of plastic bottles from under the vitamins, half full of tar. And all the parasites like a cow's tongue licked.
This can be done thanks to reproduction by cuttings. The cutting is a plant reproduction technique thanks to which it is possible to give birth to a new one starting from a piece of an already existing plant. For example, you can give birth to a new plant by cutting a branch, leaves or roots from an old one, depending on the case.
First we need to identify the plant we would like in our garden or in our pot. Once identified, just cut one of the branches, or the leaves or roots if it is for example of succulents. In the case of branches and leaves it is necessary to cut off the young parts, which are still green and tender and are easily cut. The cut must be clean, but not horizontal. It would be better if it had a cut at about 30 degrees, as if to form a tip, to encourage root growth.
Depending on the plant, then, the cut part will be placed directly in the garden, or in pots or even in water so that the roots are formed. In case they first need to stay in water, once you have sprouted the roots make sure to dry them well before putting them in the ground, in order to avoid rot that could compromise the growth of your plant.
Another detail to pay attention to is the orientation of the piece we have cut. This, in fact, must follow the same orientation it had on the original plant, i.e. the part that was at the base of the plant is the one that must be placed in the earth or water, while the highest part is the one that must remain uncovered.
This can usually be done in spring or in Autumn, depending on whether the plant is herbaceous or woody. Also, always check that the plant is healthy and lush before proceeding, otherwise not only will the cutting fail, but the original plant could weaken and dry out.
Unfortunately, however, not all plants can be reproduced by cuttings. Among those that lend themselves to this technique of plant reproduction are the succulents, which do not require special preparation and which often just need to detach a sprig or a leaf and put it in another vase to see it spread in a very short time.
Another example are flowering plants such as geranium, jasmine or even rosemary for which I have also written a dedicated article.
In short, growing a plant by cuttings both in pots and in the garden is really simple.
To know for sure which plants you can reproduce with the cutting, contact a specialized center, where they will be able to provide you with a complete list.
Below I post a video found on youtube that explains in a simple and complete way how to reproduce a plant through the telea technique. Good vision.