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Recently, many different products have appeared on store shelves designed for waste treatment in country toilets. Manufacturers promise a powerful deodorizing effect and dilution of sewage. Many summer residents already know that the natural process of decomposition of "toilet" waste occurs with the help of beneficial soil bacteria. If you are concerned about the safety of products for country toilets, then we recommend choosing special biological products that decompose sewage in the same way as it happens in nature. They simply accelerate natural decomposition processes by quickly "eating" organic waste - feces, fats, paper, etc. These products contain specially selected beneficial soil bacteria, as well as enzymes and nutrient media that allow bacteria to immediately get to work. These are sanitary products of a new generation, the use of which does not violate the ecological balance and does not poison the environment.
For those gardeners who use a yard latrine with a cesspool, a bioactivator is suitable "MICROPAN cesspool", which significantly accelerates the processing of sewage in the sump. The first results are visible within 1-2 days. The smell weakens significantly, flies disappear, and the volume of sewage in the pit decreases, which can be seen from the marks on the walls. It will be necessary to pump out the contents of the cesspool treated with this tool much less often. It is necessary to add the bioactivator approximately every 30 days. With regular use, the sewage is liquefied, and after 2-4 weeks an odorless liquid is formed in the pit, which does not require special disposal. Waste in this form can be buried in the ground right on the site, it can also be used as fertilizer for ornamental crops, shrubs and trees.
If you use a bucket toilet or other small storage tank that you take out 1-2 times a week, we recommend using a bioactivator. "MICROPAN bucket toilet"... It contains no quaternary ammonium salts and other chemical compounds that are found in many sanitizing liquids for the treatment of sewage, so the contents of the treated bucket can be safely poured into the compost, the bacteria contained there will accelerate its maturation. Waste can also be buried directly in the ground. In the soil, impurities will quickly decompose naturally to simple organic forms.
For owners of dry closets, a new product is suitable "MICROPAN Dry closet" - these are water-soluble sachets for 10 fillings of the dry closet tank. The tool will not harm the ecology of your site, unlike chemical sanitizing liquids, which are often used by owners of dry closets. You can use regular toilet paper.
Owners of suburban sewerage systems with septic tanks or wells for collecting and processing wastewater are recommended to use special series "DOMOVO". They activate the work of a local sewerage system of any design, eliminate odors from drain holes, hatches and drains, clean pipes and drains. Reducing the amount of sludge will allow you to refuse the services of sewers.
Using modern bioactivators "MICROPAN" and "DOMOVO", you will increase the comfort of your country life and improve the environmental situation in your country area
Consider one of the ways to solve drainage problems in the private sector - a method of self-cleaning outdoor toilets and cesspools.
Since everything in nature is arranged quite harmoniously, that is, some animals serve as food for others, and excrement, in turn, for other animal organisms, this allowed American scientists to remove bacteria, which became the basis for special biological products for cesspools.
These bacteria are able to adapt to chlorine-containing household products and are usually dormant.
Once in the aquatic environment (+4 C +40 C), they begin to revive and actively process everything that is contained in the cesspool: feces, paper, cleaning vegetables, fats, and other bacteria that are sources of fetid odors.
Biological products that are presented on the modern market differ in their role in the processing of toilets and cesspools:
Biological products of the third type with the help of microorganisms transform everything accumulated in the septic tank into a cloudy liquid that does not have an odor and a little about 3% of the sediment dissolving in water and draining into the soil.
With the constant use of such a tool, drainage into the septic tank is improved, the need for pumping out disappears and the stench disappears.
Liquid that forms in a cesspool or toilet when using a biological product, can serve as an excellent natural fertilizer for horticultural and horticultural crops.
Video: a method of using the biological product "Vodogray".
For the treatment of toilets and cesspools, substances are used that can accelerate the decomposition of feces, paper, cellulose and thereby prevent the appearance of an unpleasant odor (companion of rotting waste products) and rapid filling.
To accelerate the decomposition of biomass, the following can be used:
Chemistry for the country toilet copes well with the task, however, these are strong poisons - formaldehydes, chlorine-containing liquids, ammonium salts. They work at any temperature, breaking up the molecules of organic waste. The bad smell disappears, but there is a danger of poisonous (formaldehyde) and aggressive substances entering the ground. Waste after treatment with formaldehyde must be removed, they cannot be used as fertilizer.
Bioactivators are natural bacteria that are absolutely safe for the environment. The natural process of waste recycling is accelerated 1000 times, since the compositions contain various types of bacteria in huge quantities, and all this army feeds on garbage, actively multiplying. As a result, a few hours after loading the biological product, the smell disappears, and the biomass decomposes into water and carbon dioxide.
The composition of the drug depends on the place of use and technology, but they all contain:
The antiseptic for the sewerage of a country house differs in composition from that proposed for street toilets. The offered bioactivators are harmless to the environment and harmless to humans. They destroy paper, fats, human waste products, destroy pathogens. The end product of their vital activity is a cloudy, odorless liquid and a sediment of a mineral composition.
Under this trademark, dry closets and biological products (bioactivators) are produced, which allow you to quickly, effectively and safely solve the problems of local pollution, neutralize human waste, and also minimize the spread of odors released during the decomposition of organic matter.
Trademark of domestic inexpensive peat toilets from the LEX group of companies.
The factories of the company are located in China, but the goods are manufactured for the European market and according to European standards.
The Dutch company Thetford traces its history back to 1963. It all started with the usual supply of marine vessels with dry closets, and ended with mass production, not only of this product, but also of other accessories for bathrooms.
The Swedish company Separett, which develops electric dry closets, has long established itself as one of the best companies on the market.
EcoProm is a reliable domestic manufacturer of polyethylene products by rotational molding.
Finnish company specializing in the production of fertile mixtures and soil, dry closets and composters.
The second method of decomposition of waste masses is based on chemical reactions.
For this, various substances are used that can decompose and neutralize impurities.
Such funds, as a rule, are not very expensive, but can be dangerous to humans, so they are used in compliance with safety rules.
Let's take a look at the most common chemicals:
The widely known drug, bleach, is still used. This tool, like formalin, is very dangerous, but due to its low cost, it remains in demand.
Designed for effective removal of hair, organic dirt, grease, unpleasant odors, food debris in all types of drain and sewer pipes.
Weight: 70 g.
It is used to remove unpleasant odors, has a fresh long-lasting aroma.
Weight: 450 g.
The ideal symbiosis of ultra-efficient microorganisms and biologically active enzymes in the product guarantees optimal functioning of septic systems and cesspools, minimizes the need for sanitation, breaks down soap and paper.
Weight: 100 g.
Designed for 60 days, 2m³
Blockage Gel, Eliminates Unpleasant Odor
Volume: 1000 ml.
The combination of aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms in the product provides the best results both in the maintenance of country toilets and septic systems and cesspools, ensuring their optimal functioning.
Volume: 1000 ml.
Designed for processing 2 m3 of biowaste, for 6 months.
The ideal symbiosis of ultra-efficient microorganisms and biologically active enzymes in the product guarantees optimal functioning of septic systems, minimizes the need for waste disposal, breaks down soap and paper.
Volume: 1000 ml
Designed for 30-40 days, 12m³.
The ideal symbiosis of ultra-efficient microorganisms and biologically active enzymes in the product guarantees optimal functioning of the cesspools, minimizes the need for waste disposal, breaks down soap and paper.
Volume: 1000 ml
Designed for 30-40 days, 12m³.
The unique composition and high concentration of microorganisms in the product allows the use of the product for the emergency restoration of the functioning of septic systems, cesspools and for the prevention of blockages in drainage systems and pipes.
Volume: 1000 ml.
Designed for processing 10m³. biowaste.
Designed for processing 10 m³ of biowaste.
BB- Z150 is the first and only means of winter action on the market of biological products.
The need to clean and disinfect street toilets and cesspools on the territory of summer cottages and personal households causes many problems for their owners. Often, the available access roads do not allow the sewer truck to pass. Even if this is not the case, many would like to use this service as little as possible. Today the market offers household chemicals, safe for septic tanks and in many cases it is possible to do without the help of sewers.
One of the most pressing issues that private house owners have to deal with is wastewater disposal. But a properly selected cesspool agent can not only minimize the use of a sewer truck, but also provide a garden with safe, high-quality fertilizer.
We will tell you which option will be optimal for the treatment facilities of your autonomous sewage systems. We describe in detail all the formulations used in practice, evaluate their effectiveness. The information provided by us will help you choose the best remedy.
Any cesspool needs periodic cleaning, the frequency of which is determined by the intensity of operation.
Disinfection and disposal of wastewater can be carried out in several ways:
Chemical and biological technologies are associated with the use of wastewater treatment products. An option for domestic conditions is most often septic tanks with one, two or three chambers.
In the first chamber, the effluents are fermented with the assistance of anaerobes, in the following their final additional purification and preparation for discharge into filtration fields or discharge into filtration ditches.
Purpose of means for the treatment of cesspools
The use of biological products for cesspools
The principle of operation of the demanded funds for cesspools
The main component of biological complexes
Chemicals in the treatment of cesspools
An extremely simple preparation scheme
Removal of solid sediment from cesspools and septic tanks
A mechanical method for purifying waste mass in a biological station
The more chambers a septic tank has, the higher the degree of wastewater treatment. Water from three-chamber structures can flow into the ground without additional treatment. There, in natural conditions, they will be additionally cleansed, due to which they will not disturb the natural ecological balance.
Water from two-chamber and single-chamber septic tanks must flow either into a centralized sewer network, or c. Therefore, structures with one or two chambers are used mainly for the treatment of gray wastewater, and the masses from "latrines" are diverted to cesspools, backlash or powder closets.
The function of the septic tank is to separate the effluent into a soluble and insoluble mass and in the subsequent decomposition of organic matter. Treatment is carried out with the help of anaerobes, always present in the waste masses, and anaerobes, which are present or artificially introduced there.
All types of cleaning are associated with the formation of sediments, which should be periodically pumped out and removed. The sludge formed during chemical treatment is pumped out and taken out for disposal in central treatment facilities. Sediments obtained as a result of biological processing, after aging in compost heaps, are used as fertilizers.
By using aerobic bacteria, up to 95% of the effluent is purified, allowing wastewater to be discharged into gutters. However, it is desirable to carry out additional treatment in the absorption well or the drainage system shown in the diagram. Drains can be laid only if there is at least 1 m between them and the groundwater horizon
The main requirements for wastewater treatment preparations are the ability to minimize the volume of fecal matter, the ability to process filtered solids, paper and cellulose.
An important role is played by the factor of the possibility of treating domestic wastewater, which may contain compounds of chlorine, acids, alkalis, phenols.
Sewage drainage is carried out using any of the specified cleaning methods. The use of biological agents allows you to invite sewers much less often
The chemicals used to clean cesspools can be divided into several main subgroups:
The chemical compounds used for cleaning have a number of advantages and disadvantages.
The strengths of pit latrine chemistry are as follows:
Biological technologies are inferior to their chemical counterparts in terms of their potential use. microorganisms useful for cesspools die in an antiseptic-containing environment and under unfavorable temperature conditions.
Purification of effluents with the help of live bacteria allows, according to sanitary standards, to be discharged into waste water bodies and ditches or transferred into the ground after additional purification in an absorption well
Negative aspects of the use of chemical antiseptics for cleaning cesspools:
By its nature, almost any chemical cleaning agent is aggressive to the environment. Therefore, it is necessary to use as carefully as possible, avoiding the ingress of decomposition products into the soil and underground aquifers.
Recently, the use of formaldehyde was not only the cheapest, but also the most common method of disinfecting a cesspool. Due to the fact that preparations based on formaldehyde, otherwise called formalin, are highly carcinogenic, they are less and less used for wastewater treatment.
Formalin is most often used to prevent decomposition processes in the sump and suppress the development of harmful microorganisms and bacteria
Most often, formalin is used as a disinfectant, it is able not only to destroy all living bacteria, but also to stop the decomposition of the contents of the cesspool, which is often accompanied by the release of toxic gases.
Preparations based on ammonium compounds have high disinfection qualities. They not only noticeably stimulate the decomposition of sewage, but also perfectly neutralize unpleasant odors emitted from the cesspool.
Ammonium salts belong to the category of onium compounds, which contain tetravalent nitrogen structures. Under the influence of water, ammonium preparations are converted into a solution with concentrated alkali, which ensures the efficiency of decomposition of the contents of the cesspool.
Ammonium preparations work effectively in the absence of a joint sewage system in the drains, which removes fecal matter together with “gray” waters, household chemicals and constituent detergents.
It is known that ammonium salts have a very negative effect on human health and the state of the environment, but the mechanism of their effect has not been fully investigated.
Ammonium salt preparations are very sensitive to the presence of household chemicals and detergents in the cesspool, which can reduce the cleaning efficiency
In this regard, it is recommended to use ammonium salts to neutralize sewage only when a storage tank built 20 m from the house is completely sealed and when human contact with vapors is prevented. When emptying a cesspool, disinfected with ammonium salts, it is necessary to use vacuum pumping.
In comparison with formalin and ammonium compounds, nitrate oxidants are gentle drugs. When disinfecting cesspools with nitrate oxidants, decomposition products can be used in the form of fertilizers with some restrictions.
Nitrate oxidants do an excellent job with the decomposition of solid waste and fecal matter, neutralizing a specific odor and converting the contents of the sump into a homogeneous substance. To obtain the safest fertilizer, nitric acids should be used as nitrate oxidants.
Nitrate oxidizers ensure the rapid decomposition of the contents of the cesspool into liquid and silty components, the resulting sludge can be used as fertilizer
The only drawbacks of nitric acid compounds are their high cost and aggressive effect on metals, upon contact with which nitrates are deposited on their surface. In the presence of steel pipes in the sump, they can "overgrow" due to contact with nitric acids.
Chlorine lime is widely used for disinfection and due to its low cost. Like formaldehyde, bleach is highly carcinogenic. Despite the fact that it belongs to the category of disinfectants, it still has toxicity to the human body.
Bleach is an excellent disinfectant, but due to its high toxic properties, you should work with it as carefully as possible, without deviating from the instructions.
Bleach should be used with the utmost care, following the manufacturer's recommendations for handling the chemical. It should be borne in mind that the powder should be stored in a dark place, since in bright light, as a result of the decomposition of bleach, there is a loss of active chlorine.
Before buying a drug, you need to decide on the need for further use of recycled sewage and wastewater. If you want to use treated wastewater as fertilizer, then it is better to abandon chemicals. As a last resort, nitrate salts can be used, which are the least hazardous to the environment.
Due to the fact that chemical agents are inherently aggressive to various materials, it will not be superfluous to take into account the material of the walls of the cesspool, the presence of pipelines in it. Chemistry should be chosen with utmost care when using a fecal pump, the surface of which is most affected by chemicals.
If household chemicals or detergents get into the cesspool, they can affect the efficiency of the chemicals. Some chemicals, reacting with detergents and household chemicals, are partially or completely neutralized, so it will not be superfluous to study the instructions or consult about compatibility.
If for the decomposition of sewage cesspool they are used on the basis of enzymes and living organisms, then this method of cleaning is called bacterial-enzymatic.
All bacterial and enzymatic preparations for wastewater treatment have the following qualities:
It should be noted that although live bacteria are effective for cesspools, they are still not recommended for use in winter and cannot be combined with chemical agents.
Wastes fermented in the first chamber with the participation of anaerobic bacteria enter the second (and subsequent) chambers with aerobes. After that, it is carried out from additional treatment in drains or a filter well with the help of aerobic bacteria in the ground.
By their nature, cesspool microbes can be classified into 2 groups:
For bacteria to work effectively, extreme temperature fluctuations must be avoided. Preference should be given to those who have undergone adaptation to chemistry and are able to work in complete darkness.
Preparations providing biological treatment of effluents can be produced in various forms.
The release form is determined by the following parameters:
Most often, bio-based drugs are available in the form of granules and powders, liquid formulations and tablets. Each of the presented biological agents has its own characteristics of dilution and different efficiency of waste decomposition.
Produced in the form of a dry powder, the composition of which contains a group of microorganisms and enzymes. The drug is convenient for transportation, it is packed in containers and containers of various sizes.
Powder formulations are distinguished by the following characteristic features:
Most often, bacteria are activated by adding warm water in the proportions indicated by the manufacturer. Sometimes adding sweetness or organic matter may be required to activate bacteria. A sign of the awakening and the beginning of the vital activity of bacteria is the release of carbon dioxide, which is manifested by the release of bubbles on the surface.
When awakening bacteria in the powder of the bacterial agent, you must strictly follow the manufacturer's instructions, otherwise the action of the agent will not bring any effect
The instruction should not be neglected, since improperly awakened bacteria will not bring any positive effect after entering the cesspool.
Liquid biological products are characterized by a high concentration of microorganisms. They contain a complex of anaerobic bacteria that effectively decompose almost any organic waste. Under the influence of household waste, it decomposes into water and carbon dioxide.
The main distinguishing feature of liquid products is the small volume required for a large amount of waste. Due to the high concentration of the solution, 1 liter of the drug will be enough for processing 2 cubic meters of wastewater. The recommended amount of the drug is indicated by the manufacturer.
In most cases, liquid products are already ready to use, but for maximum effect, it is better to keep them at room temperature to better awaken bacteria.
Liquids may need to be diluted with warm water or directly poured into and out of the bottom. In any case, the container with bacteria must be kept at room temperature and made sure that the vital activity of bacteria is activated. The container with bacteria during the awakening period should not be left under the influence of bright light.
The tablet form of biological products is considered the most convenient to use. It is enough to place the cleaning tablets for the cesspool in a container with sewage, and anaerobic bacteria will begin their work. The amount of the drug is determined by the volume of the pit and is indicated in the instructions for use.
Tablets are based on anaerobic bacteria, which work great in the dark in the absence of oxygen. In addition to tablets, biological products can be produced in the form of cassettes with inoculated microorganisms or in the form of self-dissolving bags.
The easiest way is to work with biological products in the form of tablets, they do not require preliminary preparation, it is enough to throw 1-2 tablets monthly into the cesspool and not worry about the processing of sewage
The tablets perfectly dissolve solid bottom sediments, which avoids the work of deepening the sump. In addition, they perfectly remove suspended particles from wastewater and neutralize unpleasant odors.
When buying tablet preparations, you need to pay attention to the characteristics of the vital activity of bacteria. This is due to the fact that there are tablets based on aerobic bacteria used in septic treatment plants. Such preparations are not suitable for cleaning cesspools, since oxygen is needed for their activity.
Given that chemicals are increasingly having a negative impact on the environment, biologics are becoming more and more popular.
The most popular in the market for biological products for cleaning cesspools are:
All biological products do an excellent job with organic waste, and their effectiveness is determined by the environment that is present in the sump. There are simply no special criteria for choosing organic drugs; for their effective work, you need to strictly adhere to the manufacturer's recommendations.
The article proposed by us will acquaint you with the device and technology at the summer cottage.
Video # 1. Cleaning the cesspool with nitrogen fertilizers:
Video # 2. Tips for using bacteria to neutralize odor and decompose sump waste:
Video # 3. Recommendations for working with biological products Dr. Robik:
By choosing a chemical disinfection method, you endanger your health and harm the environment. Even a one-time use of chemistry will forever exclude the possibility of using microorganisms.
Although microbes and bacteria for the treatment of cesspools have limitations, it is still better to give preference to them as an effective and safe means of cleaning.
Would you like to tell what composition for the treatment of the cesspool you had to use? Please write your comments in the block below. Ask questions, share your impressions, tips and photos.