Description and characteristics of strawberry varieties asia


Strawberries are a favorite summer berry for both children and adults. Regardless of the variety, it conquers with its sweetness, aroma and unsurpassed, incomparable taste. This berry can be consumed both raw, immediately from the garden (only after washing it), and in all kinds of dishes and drinks. Various delicacies are prepared from strawberries: preserves, jams, compotes, marmalade and jelly. And many different varieties, for example, Asia, allows each gardener to choose his best option.

Brief characteristics of the variety Asia

First bred in Italy in 2005. But, despite his overseas origin, he quickly took root and fell in love in our latitudes.

Asia positions itself as an industrial variety with excellent taste and transport qualities.

Medium early, begins to bear fruit at the very beginning of June... The yield is slightly above average: per season, one bush is harvested 1-1.2 kg... ripe delicious berries. It has proven itself both on an industrial scale and in small summer cottages.

The berry itself is elongated, in the shape of a cone. It has a bright scarlet color, with a shiny glossy sheen. The average fruit size is 30 grams. In isolated cases, at the very beginning of active ripening of fruits, individual fruits reach 70-90 grams in size.

The peduncle is strong, the leaves are large, shiny. The bush itself is quite large in size, throws out a moderate number of antennae.

It has excellent taste: the pulp is soft, tender, has a high sugar content, and only a slight tinge of sourness.

The species is drought-resistant, but frost resistance is moderate according to the description: in winter withstands frosts down to -15 degrees.

Ideal for mild climates, but if the climate is moderately continental, then in winter and early spring it is necessary to additionally cover the bushes.

If in winter the temperature drops to -15 degrees, it is imperative to cover the bushes, otherwise the strawberries will die.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main benefits include:

  • Excellent taste.
  • The density of the berries, which allows them to be transported over long distances.
  • Quite decent yield.
  • Resistance to all kinds of root diseases.
  • Early ripening.
  • Drought tolerance.

The disadvantages include not very high frost resistance... In the temperate continental climate of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, in winter it requires careful care: it is necessary to cover the plant with agrofibre.

Planting strawberries

Soil preparation

It is necessary to approach the choice of a place for planting this variety with all seriousness.

Asia is very demanding on the composition of the soil: it grows poorly on sandy, clayey and carbonate soils.

Theoretically, it can be grown on such a composition, but very careful care is required, since in such soil the variety is susceptible to a disease such as chlorosis.

The soil high in humus Is a great place to plant these strawberries.

Regardless of the type of soil, it must be prepared for planting: loosen it well, remove all weeds, and disinfect it with an ammonia solution. After disinfection, the soil must be allowed time to dry out and only after that can the planting of the bushes be started.

Landing

Planting bushes at a distance 30-35 cm apart... The bush itself is quite large in size, a lot of berries are formed on it, therefore, space is needed between the bushes to ensure good ventilation and nutrition of the roots.

It is necessary to plant bushes on flat terrain, or slightly on a slope. The soil should be well lit, not protected from sunlight.

Strawberries cannot be planted both in the lowlands and in the hills. In a lowland, the roots may suffer from constant dampness, and on a hill there will be an acute lack of moisture.

Watering and fertilizing

Although Asia positions itself as a drought-resistant species, just like other varieties, it needs abundant and regular watering.

If watering is limited, such a variety will not disappear, but it will give a much lower yield, and the fruits will be of much worse quality, small in size.

To increase fruiting, when planting, you can slightly nourish the bushes, exclusively with organic fertilizers.

Care

The variety needs regular care, throughout flowering, fruiting, and even after the ripe berry season is over. It is necessary to remove weeds in a timely manner, loosen the soil in order to retain moisture - mulch the soil.

After harvesting, you can feed the beds with wood ash. In autumn and spring, potash and phosphorus fertilizers must be applied to the soil.

Unlike other varieties, it needs constant fertilization.

In the fall, be sure to carefully remove all dry leaves on the bushes, weed the soil well and cover the bushes with either agrofibre, dry leaves, or straw (depending on winter temperatures).

Reproduction

This variety reproduces mainly sockets... Bushes do not give abundant tendrils, and independently form new rosettes, from which a new bush can be formed. This is the easiest and most optimal way to propagate strawberries.

Pests and diseases

This strawberry variety is resistant to various diseases of the root system, but susceptible to chlorosis, anthracnose, powdery mildew.

In order not to let the plant get sick completely, it is necessary to observe the bushes, and at the slightest hint of a disease, treat them, otherwise the disease will quickly spread to the entire area.

Means for combating this or that disease must be purchased in a specialized store, and strictly adhere to the instructions for use.

Strawberry variety Asia, despite the average yield, has excellent taste... And the vitamin composition and benefits of the berries of this variety are in no way inferior to even the most high-yielding species.

The fruits are also suitable for freezing. With proper care, this berry will delight you with its sweetness and aroma all year round.


Description

We start with the description of the strawberry variety "Asia" with the main characteristics:

Parameter Characteristic
Culture Strawberry
Ripening period Mid-early
Fruiting One-time (extended), partly remontant
Photoperiodic type Short daylight hours
Yield On average 2.8-3.2 kg / m2 outdoors, up to 1.0-1.2 kg per bush
Appointment Universal
Tasting assessment 4.6 points (out of 5)
Average weight of berries 28-34 g (the first larger ones - 50-70 g, some specimens up to 80-100 g)
Registration in the State Register of the Russian Federation Turned off

The variety belongs to the medium early, the first berries ripen mainly in early June or in mid - late May (in the southern regions), 5-7 days later than "Alba" (NF 311). The fruiting period is extended and lasts quite a long time - 3-4 weeks.

Simultaneous flowering, formation of ovaries and sequential ripening of fruits lasts about 3-4 weeks

Plant features

The bushes are vigorous, erect or semi-spreading, with a powerful root system and dense foliage. Leaves are medium in size, bright green, wrinkled, with a glossy sheen. The inflorescences are flush with the leaves, composed of small bisexual flowers with overlapping white petals. Whiskers are thick and strong, rather short, medium to high on plants.

Berries

The berries are large in size, have an average weight of 28-34 g. In shape, they are generally elongated-conical or diamond-shaped, the first fruits are sometimes very large (up to 80-100 g) and comb-like.

Ripe berries acquire a rich, bright red color with a pronounced glossy shine.

Outside, the berries are bright red, at the stage of technical ripeness, the tip may remain greenish-whitish, when fully ripe, evenly colored, with a glossy shine. The core is lighter, the flesh is moderately firm. Compared to other large-fruited strawberry varieties, voids are rare in it (sometimes they are formed with a lack of moisture). A distinctive feature of this variety is considered to be small cups with sepals bent upwards, easily separating from the berries along with the stalk.

Taste qualities of the strawberry "Asia" according to the reviews of summer residents are excellent, the tasting score is 4.6 points (out of 5). The pulp is juicy and sweet, with a slight sourness and rich strawberry aroma. The culinary purpose is universal: the berries are very good on their own and in any fresh desserts, they perfectly tolerate freezing, retain their shape during heat treatment, therefore they are suitable for all types of homemade confectionery products and preparations (jams, compotes).

Berries have a high marketability and keeping quality, they tolerate transportation and storage well.

Yield

Yield indicators for "Asia" are very high. When grown outdoors, producers receive 280-320 c / ha. An average of 550-700 g of berries are harvested from a bush, and up to a maximum of 1-1.2 kg. Cultivation in greenhouse conditions or in film tunnels, the level of intensity of agricultural technology significantly increases the potential of the variety.

Sustainability

The great advantage of this strawberry is considered resistance to diseases: verticillary wilting of the root system, spotting, rot of the heart. However, plants are susceptible to chlorosis, anthracnose and powdery mildew, therefore, experts recommend timely preventive treatments with folk remedies or specialized biological products, such as Vaxiplant SL.

To protect against freezing of the root system, strawberry beds are covered with non-woven material or a layer of vegetable mulch

Strawberry "Asia" has average drought and frost resistance. It winters safely at temperatures of -15-17 ℃, but the alternation of thaws with severe frosts in the absence of snow cover can lead to freezing of the root system of the bushes. To protect the plants, it is advised to cover the beds in autumn with non-woven material or abundantly mulch with organic matter (straw, fallen leaves, needles). And in the spring, to reduce the risk of damage to buds and flowers by recurrent frosts over strawberry plantations, it will be useful to build film tunnels.

Reproduction and the necessary agricultural technology

The variety is very picky about light, fertility and soil composition - it prefers nutritious, light, breathable, with neutral acidity. The lack of essential trace elements often reacts with yellowing of the leaves (chlorosis).

Bushes "Asia" are powerful and voluminous, they are advised to plant at a distance of at least 30-40 cm from each other in order to provide a sufficient area of ​​food and ventilation

The variety is propagated mainly by young rosettes (own or purchased) and frigo seedlings. Since plants produce a sufficient number of whiskers, reproduction by dividing uterine bushes or by seeds is rarely used. The optimal dates for planting are considered April - May or September - October. You need to choose the most suitable period taking into account the advantages and disadvantages:

Planting period Benefits disadvantages
Spring (April - May) Seedlings take root well, immediately grows, winters more safely The harvest can be obtained only the next year. To form a powerful root system, you will have to cut off the mustache and flower stalks throughout the season.
Autumn (September - October) The first crop will appear next summer without removing the whiskers and peduncles. Insufficiently strong bushes can freeze out over the winter

Experts of the garden firm "Victoria" (Magnitogorsk) tell about the characteristics of the strawberry variety "Asia" and the possibilities of acquiring frigo seedlings in the following video:

Before planting, it is necessary to prepare the soil in advance: dig it up, choosing the roots of weeds and carefully loosen the ground. At the same time, it is advised to bring humus or compost, rotted manure, high moor peat, sand, ash and urea. Further feeding is carried out regularly:

  • at the initial stages of growth and before flowering with a high nitrogen content - solutions of rotted manure (1:10), poultry droppings (1:15) or urea with ash (50 g + 2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water)
  • after fruiting, potassium and boron supplements are needed, and in the fall - superphosphate.

For strawberries, it is necessary to organize stable irrigation, since with a lack of moisture, the berries become smaller, internal voids appear in them, the formation of ovaries and the filling of fruits are inhibited. During periods of heat and drought, it is advisable to water the beds every 2-3 days.

The mustache is removed from bushes not intended for breeding, and, if necessary, to obtain seedlings, peduncles

It is recommended to mulch the land on strawberry plantations in order to reduce moisture evaporation and inhibit the growth of weeds, to exclude the contact of overflowing fruits with the soil.


Growing features

Soil selection

Plants of the Asia variety are best suited for sandy and sandy soils, which are characterized by a loose and light structure. In such soils, strawberries take root quickly and can give excellent yields. However, to obtain such yields, it is imperative to fertilize with organic fertilizers.

Growing place

To harvest good yields of this variety, you need to be very careful about the choice of places for its cultivation. In this case, the selected site must meet the following requirements:

  • Smooth soil surface and good illumination.
  • Lack of flooding by spring and groundwater.
  • Minimum infestation by annual (scythe) and perennial (thistle, wheatgrass) weeds.
  • In the selected area, the old strawberries should not be grown earlier than 5-6 years ago.
  • The best predecessors of this variety are peas, beans, cucumbers.
  • The soil should be acidic at a pH level of 5.8-6.4.
  • Having dug a hole 20 cm deep and 30-32 cm wide, you need to carefully examine the excavated soil for the presence of the guise of May beetles (beetles) and clicker larvae (wireworms). If you managed to find more than two of the above pests in one hole, then such a site for growing strawberries is not suitable.

Preparing the soil for planting

It is very important to prepare the soil well in the selected area before planting the seedlings. This processing should begin immediately after the site has been freed from the predecessor:

  • They loosen the soil by 5-6 cm and rake the felled weeds and plant residues of the previous crop with a rake.
  • As mentioned earlier, the cultivar needs a fair amount of organic fertilizer. Therefore, half of the norm can be brought in in the fall for plowing or digging. Rotted manure should be used as an organic fertilizer. This type of organic fertilizer should be spread evenly at least 8-9 kg. for 1 sq. m. After that, you can immediately start the main tillage to a depth of 19-21 cm.
  • When spring comes and the soil dries up, it is necessary to level the plowed area. To do this, you can use rakes, harrows and various scraps. You can do all this work with a walk-behind tractor or a mini tractor. The choice of agricultural implement for leveling the soil depends on the size of the site. It is not worth being late with the spring leveling of the soil surface, since the dried breasts will be difficult to destroy in the future.
  • From April to mid-August, the soil surface must be kept free of weeds. Weeding is carried out at the first emergence of weeds. In this phase of development, weeds are easily pulled out. Weeding depth can vary from 2.5 to 5 cm. Deeper weeding is not recommended, as it can dry out the soil layer in which the seedlings will be planted.

Seedling selection

Seedlings of the Asia strawberry variety can be prepared with your own hands on the mother plantation or purchased. It should be remembered that high-quality seedlings should have the following indicators: height 4-9 cm, thickness 5-6 mm., Roots at least 5 cm long. Seedlings must be healthy.

Transplanting

You need to plant seedlings no earlier than the first days of August and no later than the end of September:

  • Dig holes 15 cm deep and 12 cm wide.The layout of such holes is 70 x 50-55 cm.
  • Pour into each hole: a handful of rotted manure and 10 g of nitroammofoska.
  • Fertilizers are mixed with soil and poured over with water.
  • After absorbing water into the soil, it is necessary to start planting seedlings. One plant is planted in one hole. It is necessary to pay attention that the heart of the planted plant is 1 cm below ground level and is not covered with earth.
  • Around the seedlings, you need to mulch the soil with straw, hay or sawdust.

Loosening the soil

After 5-6 days, when the seedlings have taken root, you need to start loosening the soil. This event is very important. At this time, weed shoots are already beginning to appear. In addition, loosening the soil gives the strawberry roots a better flow of soil moisture and air.

Top dressing

The variety needs to be fed, as this leads to an increase in flower stalks and strengthening of plant resistance to various diseases and bad weather conditions.

  • In mid-March, a solution of urea is prepared (14-15 g per 10-11 liters of water) and watered with the aisles in the norm of 4.5-5 liters. solution for 1 sq. m.
  • In early April, the aisles are watered with chicken droppings. The solution is prepared by dissolving 0.5-1 l. litter in 12-13 liters. water. For 1 sq. m. pour 2-3 liters.
  • Before flowering, strawberry bushes are sprayed with potassium humate fertilizer (10 ml. Diluted with 7-8 liters of water).
  • At the end of flowering and the beginning of the formation of berries, plants of this variety should be sprayed with a solution of nitroammophoska. To do this, grind 20 g of fertilizer and dissolve in 7-8 liters. water. The resulting solution is passed through cheesecloth and the bushes are treated with it.

Watering

Water the strawberries regularly. The frequency of watering depends on the age of the strawberry plants:

  • After planting seedlings, water it every other day. One plant needs to spend 2-3 liters. water.
  • From the spring of next year, you need to water the strawberries once a week. The rate of irrigation water is doubled (4-6 liters per bush).
  • In the third and subsequent years, watering should be of the same intensity, but 8-10 liters should be spent on one plant. irrigation water.

Fight disease

The Asia variety can be sick with chlorosis, anthracnose and powdery mildew.

Chlorosis. This disease occurs on strawberries with a lack of trace elements in the soil. The leaves turn white and fall off prematurely. To treat this disease, you need to treat strawberry plants with the drug Helatin (10-11 ml per 10-11 liters of water).

Powdery mildew. At the beginning, single spots appear on the affected plants, similar to a bloom of white. Gradually, this spot grows and merges with neighboring spots. Leaves begin to wrinkle. The ovary stops growing and dries up. The fruits become covered with a white bloom and begin to rot. The mustache is also stained and rotted. Disease control measures:

  • Planting healthy seedlings at the recommended distance.
  • Do not overmoisten the soil.
  • Disinfection of seedling roots with 1% copper sulfate solution.
  • Treatment of strawberry bushes with Topaz fungicide.
  • Feeding in full to maintain a high level of immunity of strawberry plants.
  • Ailing bushes are sprayed with a solution of soda ash (45-50 g per 8-9 liters of water).

Anthracnose. Damages almost all parts of strawberry bushes. The fungus enters the plant in rainy and cool weather. Brown-red spots appear on the bushes. The center of the spot is light. Anthracnose on the roots of plants causes their decay and subsequent death. On ripe berries, spots of small size and watery in structure also appear. In the future, the berry begins to dry and darken. Control measures:

Spraying strawberries with Bordeaux liquid (3%). You need at least two treatments per season: before flowering and after flowering.

  • The correct scheme for planting seedlings.
  • Collection and burning of old leaves.
  • Feeding strawberries with mineral fertilizers.
  • Spraying diseased bushes with fungicides: Ridomil Gold, Quadris, Metaxil.

Pest control

Variety Asia can be damaged by spider mites and slugs.
Spider mite. This pest is located at the bottom of the leaf, where it places its web. The spider mite in appearance is a small insect of light green color. This pest feeds on plant sap, biting holes in the leaf tissues. In this case, such leaves are covered with light dots and later die off.

  • Spraying strawberry bushes with insecticides Omite, Nurell D., Flumite.
  • Spraying strawberry leaves with tobacco infusion (100 g of tobacco per 10 liters of water).
    Slugs. The pest is nocturnal. The females lay eggs during June. Slugs damage berries and leaves. Control measures:
  • Mulching the soil around the strawberry bushes with wood sawdust.
  • Spreading the Acaricidal preparation Slimax on the soil surface.
  • Dusting strawberry bushes with wood ash.

Picking berries

Harvesting of berries should be carried out systematically and in good sunny, dry weather. You need to pick the berries carefully and together with the stalk. Such berries are stored longer. Plucked berries need to be carefully examined and specimens that have rotted or damaged by various pests and diseases must be discarded. Good berries are sorted by size and carefully arranged in boxes. The harvested crop is transferred to the basement, where at the optimum air temperature (+ 2 degrees) they can be kept fresh for 5-6 days.

Wintering

After the end of harvesting, you need to start carrying out agrotechnical measures to prepare strawberries for wintering:

  • Mow, collect and burn the leaves of the strawberry bushes.
  • A solution of chicken manure is introduced into the aisles with a rate of 3-4 liters. for 1 sq. m.
  • The bushes are covered with dry peat or bedding manure in case of a cold winter.


Growing under cover

Increasingly, gardeners are using various shelters to accelerate the development and ripening of strawberries. These can be greenhouses or greenhouses. For shelter, film or white agrofibre is used. They will help you taste the first strawberries a week or two earlier than usual.

Black agrofibre is used to cover the ground between strawberry bushes. To do this, mark the area where strawberries will be planted, taking into account the size of the film. The soil is loosened well. During planting, the site is covered with a film, leaving the aisles free. The film is fixed by sprinkling the edges with earth. Cross-shaped holes are cut in it, into which young strawberry rosettes are planted. The corners of the slots are first turned outward, and after planting, they are wrapped inward. The film will protect the berries from dirt, prevent them from touching the ground and rot in wet weather. Watering seedlings under the film is needed less often. In addition, weeds will not germinate through the sheeting. Strawberry "Asia" will be protected from them all summer. Reviews indicate that ants, bears, slugs will not live on a site covered with agrofibre.

Strawberries covered in this way tolerate frost better.

First, each bush is watered separately. Then watering is set. You can lay a drip irrigation system before planting seedlings, connect it to a water tap. Then the maintenance of the site becomes very simple and easy.

But not all gardeners like this way of growing strawberries. First, it is labor intensive. Secondly, the growing mustache has nowhere to go to grow. They cannot do this through tape. But if you do not plan to use plants from this site for seedlings, then this method will facilitate your work at the stage of cutting the antennae. The rosettes will not grow, it will be easier to lift them off the foil and remove them.

Strawberries love moisture and respond well to watering. If they are regular, then there will be no small berries.

Asia is a pretty hardy strawberry. Doesn't require any special personal care techniques. Reviews say that the seedlings of "Asia" take root worse than other varieties of Italian selection.

Like all "mustachioed" varieties of strawberries, "Asia" needs to trim the mustache. They are removed completely or left one outlet at a time for further reproduction.

During the season, planting is weeded several times from germinating weeds, the soil is loosened. After harvesting, the bushes are spud up so that the roots are not exposed.

In autumn, unnecessary plants, whiskers and old leaves are carefully removed. Leave a couple of sheets.


Strawberry Asia is considered average in disease resistance. However, she is amazed:

powdery mildew - before the buds appear, the plants are treated with a special solution (20 g of copper sulfate and laundry soap per bucket of water)

anthracnose - according to the instructions they are treated with "Horus"

chlorosis - the soil is sprinkled with Heterophos granules and watered.

For the prevention of diseases, plants are treated with garlic tincture, the soil is watered with potassium permanganate in spring and autumn. The roots of the seedlings are soaked for half an hour in a fungicide solution.

The most common pest is the mite. To combat it, plants are treated with colloidal sulfur in early spring. And also it is worth avoiding weevils and strawberry nematodes. In order to prevent the damage to the bushes by diseases or pests, all decayed or infected bushes must be dug up.


Strawberry variety Asia - cons

Strawberry Asia - a description of the variety, the photo of which is already familiar to you, according to gardeners' reviews, it grows well in the summer cottage and bears fruit perfectly subject to the conditions of agricultural technology. In Italian strawberries, they are satisfied with almost everything - an attractive appearance, an incredibly sweet taste. I also like the fact that the strawberry of the Asia variety gives a good harvest, is stored for a long time and is excellent for conservation. But, not always the reviews about this strawberry are positive, there are also about the disadvantages of the variety:

  • the tendency of strawberries to chlorosis
  • exactingness to the high content of microelements in the soil
  • the need for careful care
  • moderate frost resistance

Not everyone is satisfied with the average strawberry yield in Asia, given the amount of time and effort spent on its care. In general, the strawberry variety Asia has relative disadvantages, which are easily covered by a large number of its advantages. It is enough just to admire the fragrant berry, and then eat it, to forget about such minor flaws.

Strawberry Asia - a description of the variety, the photo of which is given above, has taken root well in the conditions of the Russian climate and has found its admirers, it is distinguished by large beautiful berries with a rich taste and sweetness. Such strawberries look incredibly beautiful fresh on the table and will give a real holiday as conservation in winter, while in return they will only require careful care.


Watch the video: 7b. Strawberry Varieties English


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